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XueBiJing, a Chinese herbal derived therapeutic, has been approved to treat severe infections (sepsis) in critically ill patients (China Food and Drug Administration; Beijing, China, Number Z20040033). Cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) will produce large amounts of inflammatory mediators and oxygen free radicals, which causes the lipid peroxidation damage and mononuclear cell migration, thus aggravating organ inflammation and damage. Therefore, exploring new methods to prevent and alleviate organ injury caused by CPB is an important topi in clinical practice. However, little knowledge is regarding the effect of Xuebijing injection on CPB-related organ injury. To answer these questions, the authors conducted this randomized trial to compare XueBiJing with placebo in critically ill patients with cardiovascular surgery.
Background: In the U.S., over 6.5 million people have heart failure. Researchers want to develop new testing methods for cardiovascular problems using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) to improve the clinical diagnosis and management of people with heart failure. Objective: To develop and test new methods for imaging the heart and blood vessels using MRI. Eligibility: People ages 18 years and older who are having an MRI of their heart or blood vessels. Healthy volunteers are also needed. Design: Participants will be screened with a medical history. Participants will have a physical exam and blood tests. They will have an electrocardiogram (ECG) to measure the heart s electrical activity. Then they will have their scheduled MRI scan. The MRI scanner is a large, hollow tube. Participants will lie on a table that moves in and out of the tube. During the MRI, they may have contrast dye injected through an intravenous line inserted into their arm or hand. ECG may be used to monitor their heartbeat or coordinate pictures with their heartbeat. A flexible belt may be used to monitor their breathing. A finger probe may be used to track their heart rate and/or oxygenation level. Their blood pressure may be measured. Pictures may be taken of their blood vessels, heart, and lungs before, during, and after they get medicine to increase blood flow. They may lie flat and pedal a stress bicycle to increase their heart rate. Participation will last for 5 years. During that time, participants may receive a yearly survey about their health. They may be contacted for an optional follow-up MRI within 2 years of their MRI.
The research team has developed a deep learning algorithm that predicts anthropometric factors from fundus photographs and an algorithm that predicts cardiovascular disease risk. Fundus photographs are taken for various cardiovascular diseases (myocardial infarction, heart failure, hypertension with target organ damage, high-risk dyslipidemia, diabetic patients, and low-risk hypertension patients), and a deep learning algorithm for predicting developed anthropometric factors will be validated. Fundus photographs will also be taken twice in the first year, and additional fundus photographs will be taken two years later. Major cardiovascular events will be followed up for 5 years to verify the deep learning algorithm predicting cardiovascular disease risk prospectively.
Background: Hypertension is a risk factor for heart disease. Low-sodium diets rich in fruits, vegetables, and other healthy foods are a good way to reduce blood pressure in people with hypertension. Researchers want to learn more about why African Americans seem to have the greatest benefit from certain dietary interventions. Objective: To better understand the body s response to adding more salt to the diet. Eligibility: U.S.-born African American adults ages 21 to 65 who are in good general health and took part in the GENE-FORECAST. Design: Participants will be screened with a medical history and physical exam. If needed, they will take a pregnancy test. These tests will be repeated during the study. Each day for 2 weeks, participants will take 3 capsules that contain either placebo or salt. Then they will take no pills for 3 weeks. Then they will take placebo or salt capsules for 2 more weeks. Participants will talk about the foods and drinks they have consumed over the past 24 hours. They will take a survey about their physical activity and sleep. Participants will complete taste tasks to obtain their responses to sweetness or saltiness. Sucrose and salt detection thresholds and preferences will be assessed. Participants will give blood and urine samples. Saliva samples will be collected from their mouth by passive drool or by spitting into a sterile tube. Skin samples will be collected from behind their ears and the inner part of their elbow, using sterile swabs. Participants will get kits to collect stool samples at home. Participants will have 4 study visits over 7 weeks.
Health information technology (HIT) has the potential to improve the quality, efficiency, consistency, and availability of cancer survivor care. PREVENT is a novel HIT tool designed by our team for adolescents (12-19 years). PREVENT aggregates and displays the American Heart Association's (AHA) Life Simple 7 cardiovascular health (CVH) risk factors and provides tailored, evidence-based, behavior change recommendations inclusive of community resources that are delivered to overweight/obese adolescents at the point-of-care to improve CVH. The investigators seek to expand this tool for patients beyond 19 years of age to increase this tool's reach to the entire adolescent and young adult (AYA) age range and then evaluate its effectiveness among AYA cancer survivors.
Part A of this study is a Phase 1, First-in-human (FiH), randomized, single-blind, placebo controlled study to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), and pharmacodynamics (PD) of AZD3366 following single intravenous (IV) ascending doses. Part B of this study is a randomized, single-blind, parallel group placebo-controlled study to assess the safety, tolerability and PD of a single IV administration of AZD3366 with concomitant loading doses followed by repeated maintenance dosing of ticagrelor and acetylsalicylic acid (ASA).
The present study aims to investigate the chronic effect of treatment with doxorubicin and cyclophosphamide on neurovascular control and blood pressure in women undergoing adjuvant treatment for breast cancer.
The VA is the largest single provider of HIV care in the US and Veterans with HIV use significantly more healthcare services and have a 1.5-2x higher risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD) compared to uninfected Veterans. The goal is to improve BP treatment for Veterans with HIV to reduce ASCVD risk. Within a RCT, the investigators hypothesize that the VA adapted nurse-led intervention will result in a clinically significant 6mmHg reduction in SBP over 12 months compared to those receiving enhanced education only. The study is innovative because of the use of stakeholder-engaged design process, multi-component nurse-led intervention, and VA Video Connect (VVC) to monitor CVD risk factors. The project meets VA strategic priorities including: 1) greater choice for Veterans; 2) improve timeliness of services; 3) focus more resources more efficiently (strengthen foundational services in VA). If shown to be effective, this intervention will have substantial impact among high-risk Veterans, potentially reducing ASCVD events by more than a quarter.
Patients undergoing liver transplantation (LT) have a high risk for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Frailty is a frequent condition among LT candidates. Together, CVD and frailty are major causes of morbidity and mortality before and after LT. Conventional methods to diagnose and predict CVD in LT candidates lack sensitivity and clinically relevant application. However, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) can directly estimate coronary artery disease, cirrhotic cardiomyopathy, and indirectly assess frailty. Such versatility of CPET has caused it to become the standard of care in many LT centers outside of the United States. In preliminary work that will be used to fund a more definitive study (RO1), the investigators plan to investigate CVD and frailty in LT candidates, both from existing standard of care (SOC) methods and CPET. The investigators expect results to improve the current capacity to assess and prognosticate CVD and frailty in LT, ultimately changing practice.
The purpose of this study is to test the feasibility of a novel, Health Information Technology behavior change tool in a single clinic setting. The PREVENT tool is the first electronic health record (EHR)-compatible tool that both tailors evidence-based behavior change strategies and incorporates community-level data specific to each patient into routine care. The central hypothesis is that PREVENT will improve patient's attitudes towards behavior change recommendations, increase adherence to recommended behavior change and improve cardiovascular health. Fifty adolescents will be randomized to intervention or wait-list, routine care control to assess the preliminary effectiveness of PREVENT. Qualitative and quantitative methods will be used among patients, parents and providers to examine barriers to current and future implementation of the PREVENT tool to inform adoption and maintenance.