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The purpose of the Million Veteran Program- Return of Actionable Results (MVP-ROAR) Study is to develop a process to return medically actionable genetic results to living MVP participants nationwide and to determine the impact of doing so on medical management and outcomes and Veteran quality of life.
This research is being done to evaluate the short term and long term effects of ketogenic diets on measures of cardiovascular health. Such measures include cholesterol levels, blood pressure, weight, and thickening of the blood vessel wall over time. Adults aged 18 or older who are already on a ketogenic diet for at least 12 months or who are interested in beginning on the modified Atkins diet may join.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of death in the United States. Other studies have shown that stress, early in life, could be a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, later in life. This study will look at the effect of early life stressors on your cardiovascular health.
Check your health is a prevention intervention designed to create awareness and action on health condition with focus at physical activity at a population-level to 30-49 years of age. It consists of a behavioural and clinical examination followed by either (I) referral to a health promoting consultation in general practice (II) targeted behavioural programmes at the local Health Centre or (III ) no need for follow-up; stratified after risk-profile. The CORE trial (Check your health) aim to investigate effectiveness on health and social outcomes of the preventive health check and to establish the cost-effectiveness according to life years gained; direct costs and total health costs. A pragmatic cluster randomised controlled trial has been established to meet the aims and in total 10.600 individuals from 35 practices have been randomized in to two groups that will be invited in 2013-14 and 2017-18 respectively. The group offered the preventive health check in 2013-14 will constitute the intervention group and the group examined in 2017 - 18 the control group. A follow up of the intervention group in 2017 - 18 will provide data for the intention to treat analysis revealing the effect. Outcome measures are level of physical activity, risk of getting cardiovascular disease, sick leave and labor market attachment.
Coordinated project whose objectives are: a) to assess the effectiveness of a physical activity intervention (MOVI-KIDS) on preventing obesity and improving fitness during the adiposity rebound period; and b) to examine the effectiveness of MOVI-KIDS on reducing the carotid intima-media thickness.
The CONFIRM study was developed to examine the prognostic value of cardiac computed tomographic angiography (CCTA) findings for prediction of future adverse cardiac events related to coronary artery disease (CAD) in a large, international patient population. The purpose of this multicenter registry is to correlate coronary and non-coronary cardiac findings by CCTA with demographic and clinical data for refinement of risk stratification of individuals with suspected or known CAD.
There is growing evidence that psoriasis is a systemic disorder which enhances atherosclerosis and the risk of cardiovascular disease. Epidemiological studies have shown an independent association between psoriasis and atherosclerosis, stroke and coronary artery disease. The main goal of this on-going study is to register data which will enable the identification of new markers of atherosclerosis activity and carotid plaque instability in patients with severe psoriasis.
Life expectancy of hemophilia patients has improved considerably during the past decades and is approaching that of the general population. Hemophilia patients are therefore likely to be confronted with age-related disorders in addition to their primary illness and related diseases. Little is known about the occurrence of age-related co-morbidity, especially cardiovascular disease (CVD), in these patients. Low clotting factor levels are hypothesized to protect against both atherosclerosis and thrombus formation, resulting in a reduced risk of ischemic CVD. CVD mortality has been reported to be lower in haemophilia patients than in the general population, but data on non-fatal CVD are lacking, and no adjustment for CVD risk factors has been made so far. The aim of our study is to assess the occurrence of CVD and its risk factors in a large cohort of haemophilia patients. In this prospective multicenter cohort study in a group of 700-800 male patients with haemophilia A or B aged 30 years or older from The Netherlands and the UK, data on CVD history and CVD risk factors will be collected at baseline and compared with the general age-matched male population. Overall QRISK2 cardiovascular risk scores will be calculated and also compared with the general population. During a follow-up period of 5 and 10 years the occurrence of CVD events will be recorded and compared with the expected occurrence based on the QRISK2 scores and with data from the general population.
Introduction: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is now an important public health issue. While 0.1% of the population is on dialysis, approximately 4.5% of subjects have renal dysfunction (glomerular filtration rate <60 ml/min/1.73 m2). These patients have a high mortality of cardiovascular disease (CVD) with low quality of life and survival, despite high expenditure on their treatment. Hypertension (SAH) is both a cause and a complication of CKD. In addition, CKD and hypertension are risk factors for CVD. The nephropathy that are not on dialysis are less studied than those on dialysis. Strategies are needed to maintain renal function in these patients and mitigate the risk factors for CVD. A sedentary lifestyle can be an important determinant of morbidity of mortality. This study aims to determine the effect of exercise in patients with CKD not yet on dialysis. Methodology: A randomized clinical trial in hypertensive patients with CRF. After recruitment of participants and completed baseline surveys, those eligible for inclusion and consented to participate in the study will be randomly assigned. We use the technique of randomization in blocks of fixed size of six persons. Variables to be collected: demographic, socioeconomic, behavioral, anthropometric, blood pressure, laboratory tests (anemia, the lipid profile, blood glucose, inflammatory markers and number of peripheral endothelial progenitor cells) and quality of life. These patients will be re-interviewed in the middle period of the study (10 weeks) at the end of the intervention (20 weeks) and 10 weeks after the end of the intervention. The intervention group will participate in two weekly sessions of exercise. Therefore, facing the epidemic of CKD, this study intends to fill the data gaps about the impact of physical activity in patients with CKD on dialysis.
Objective: Recruit 3 cohorts with 1000-1200 subjects each: people with normal glucose metabolism, impaired glucose regulation (IGR), and with Type 2 diabetes. To study the risk factors in development of type 2 diabetes.