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Study to Assess the Absorption, Metabolism, and Excretion of [14C]AZD9977 after a Single-Dose Oral Administration
In clinical practice, AZD5718 will be co-administered with CYP3A substrates. Therefore, it is important to determine the impact of AZD5718 on the pharmacokinetics (PK) of CYP3A4 substrates. The primary objective of this study is to evaluate the effect of AZD5718 on the PK of midazolam, a known sensitive CYP3A4 substrate.
Many epidemiological studies support that 20-30gr of alcohol consumption per day is related with lower risk for cardiovascular diseases, heart attack as well as mortality related to these diseases. Since the French paradox was reported, a number of experimental and clinical studies have demonstrated the protective effect of red wine compared to other alcoholic drinks on different pathways of the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis. The investigator's previous results revealed that wine contain micro-constituents that exert potent in vitro anti-platelet and anti-inflammatory actions. Also, the wine consumption along with a standardized meal reduced platelet aggregation and biosynthesis of Platelet Activating Factor in healthy men. Although a large number of studies have reported protective effect of wine against atherosclerosis in healthy people there are few data about the effect of long-term moderate wine consumption in population with CVD. Therefore, the aim of this randomized, intervention clinical study, with control group was to report the effects of regular light to moderate wine consumption on cardiovascular biomarkers in people with CVD.
The Sponsor is developing the test medicine, AZD4831, for the potential treatment of cardiovascular disease (CVD). CVD is a general term to describe a range of conditions that affect the heart and blood vessels, examples of CVD include angina (chest pain caused by restricted blood flow to heart muscle) and heart failure (where the heart is unable to pump blood around the body properly). AZD4831 is an inhibitor of a protein that has a role in the formation of fatty deposits in arteries (blood vessels that take blood to the body). It is hoped that by inhibiting this action, AZD4831 will help with the management of CVD. The study involves radiolabelling (labelling the molecule with radioactive 14C) which is used to locate the molecule within the body. The study will try to assess how much radioactivity can be recovered from the urine and faeces (mass balance recovery) after a single oral dose of [14C]AZD4831. It will also look to identify the breakdown products (metabolites) of the parent drug. It will additionally determine the rate and route of elimination of [14C]AZD4831, along with the level of test medicine in the blood. The safety and tolerability of the test medicine will be assessed. The dose of radiation administered is very low, therefore the risk associated with this is very small. The study will consist of a single study period involving up to six healthy male volunteers. Up to six male volunteers will receive a dose of 10 mg of the radiolabelled test medicine as an oral solution. Blood, urine and faecal samples will be collected from volunteers whilst they are resident in the clinical unit for up to 336 hours post-dose (Day 15). A follow-up visit will take place seven to ten days after discharge for safety assessments.
This is a nationwide cohort study on real-world patients (n≈30,000) surviving a first myocardial infarction (MI) 2006-2013 and alive to attend a routine 1-year follow-up. Associations between Socioeconomic Status (SES) and secondary preventive actions (SPAs) throughout the first year is studied and assessed as possible mechanisms underlying the increased risk of a first recurrent hard cardiocvascular (CV) outcome, recurrent atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (rASCVD), in patients with low Socioeconomic Status during long-term follow-up (2006-2018).
The objective of the study is to evaluate the ability of a combination of plant extracts (BSL_EP025) to reduce the levels of LDL-cholesterol and oxidized LDL-cholesterol in individuals with LDL-cholesterol levels between 100 and 190 mg/dL.
Special metals (e.g. Germanium, Titanium, and π element) can be used to produce far-infrared radiation. The applications of these metals in promoting blood circulation are worth investigating. This clinical trial recruited subjects for using tape made up of Ge, Ti, and π element developed by Green Energy Nano Technology Co., Ltd. We assumed that the experimental tape can improve the participants' peripheral blood circulation and their quality of life. In this clinical trial, the clinical efficacy and safety of the test products were assessed using physical examination and questionnaires.
The Sponsor is developing the test medicine, AZD5718, for the potential treatment of cardiovascular disease. The study is an open-label, single dose study involving 6 healthy male subjects. The volunteers will receive a single dose of 200 mg radiolabelled AZD5718 (14C-AZD5718 Oral Suspension) containing not more than 9.9 MBq of radiocarbon. Volunteers will attend the clinic for 9 days (Day -1 to Day 8) to receive a single dose of the test medicine. It is planned that the volunteers will be discharged as a group once all volunteers have reached the discharge criteria. This may result in the subjects being discharged as a group prior to completion of the planned residency period. If the discharge criteria are not met by volunteers by Day 8, the individual volunteers who have not met the criteria will remain in the clinical unit for a further 48 h (until Day 10). A follow-up call will take place 7 to 10 days after discharge to ensure the ongoing wellbeing of volunteers.
In this study researchers want to learn more about the effect of low-dose Aspirin on cancer that develops in the colon (the longest part of the large intestine) and/or the rectum (the last several inches of the large intestine before the anus), diseases that affects the heart or blood vessels and safety outcomes. Study will focus on two groups of adults aged 50-59 and 60-69 years having an increased risk of heart and/or blood vessel disease who are taking either low-dose aspirin or no low-dose aspirin for heart and/or blood vessel disease prevention. The model will be based on information publicly available either on government organization websites or in scientific journals. Based on these data researchers will focus in a first step to build a model of 2 million adults (1 million for each age group) for the UK population and in a second step, the model will be modified for use with other European countries, to reflect the epidemiology and guidelines for aspirin use in these countries.
Ineffective hospital discharge communication can significantly impact patient understanding, safety, and treatment adherence. This is especially true for cardiology patients, who leave the hospital with complex discharge plans, a multitude of high-risk medications, post-procedural care instructions and recommendations for drastic lifestyle changes, all delivered in a time-pressured discharge discussion. The goal of this pilot trial is to determine if it is possible to use audio recordings to supplement usual discharge communication to improve cardiology patients' ability to understand and self-manage care after leaving the hospital.