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Cardiovascular Diseases clinical trials

View clinical trials related to Cardiovascular Diseases.

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NCT ID: NCT05440422 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Disease

The Role of Anifrolumab in Improving Markers of Vascular Risk in Patients With Systemic Lupus Erythematosus (SLE)

Start date: July 6, 2022
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

Background: People with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) are at risk of developing complications in their blood vessels. This can increase the risk of heart attacks or stroke. No medications have been effective at reducing this risk in people with lupus. Objective: To test whether a drug (anifrolumab) can improve blood vessel function and reduce blood vessel inflammation in people with SLE. Eligibility: People aged 18 to 80 years with SLE. Design: Participants will undergo screening. They will have a physical exam. They will have blood and urine tests. They will have a test of their heart function and a chest X-ray. They will answer questions about their SLE symptoms. Participants will visit the clinic 9 times in 8 months. After screening, visits will be 4 weeks apart. Each visit may take up to 4 hours. Participants will receive infusions from a tube attached to a needle inserted into a vein in the arm (IV). Some will receive anifrolumab. Others will receive a placebo treatment. They will not know which one they are getting. At some visits they will have additional tests: CAVI (cardio-ankle vascular index) tests blood vessel function. Participants will lie still for 20 minutes. Small electrodes will be placed on both wrists with stickers. A microphone will be placed on their chest. Blood pressure cuffs will be wrapped around their ankles and arms. FDG-PET/CT is an imaging procedure. Participants will receive a substance through an IV line. They will lie on a table for 110 minutes while a machine captures images of their body.

NCT ID: NCT05437094 Recruiting - Heart Failure Clinical Trials

Effect of Coadministration of Itraconazole on the Pharmacokinetics of CRD-740

Start date: June 27, 2022
Phase: Phase 1
Study type: Interventional

This is a Phase 1, single-site, open-label, fixed sequence crossover study to investigate the effect of coadministration of itraconazole on the pharmacokinetics of CRD-740 in healthy male and female subjects. Subjects will be admitted into the study site on Day -1 and will be confined to the study site until discharge on Day 16. Subjects will receive CRD-740 orally on Days 1 and 10. Itraconazole will be given once daily, orally, on Days 7 through 15.

NCT ID: NCT05435898 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Diseases

Assessment and Digital-health Based Intervention on Subclinical Organ Damage and Cardiovascular Risk in Chinese

Start date: October 1, 2022
Study type: Observational

To comprehensively evaluate subclinical organ damage of Chinese adults and its association with future cardiovascular disease and events. To observe the significance of intervention based on digital health in preventing the onset and/or progression of subclinical organ damage and cardiovascular disease and events.

NCT ID: NCT05434273 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Diseases

Effects of Integrated Cardiovascular Health Education Program on Older Adults at Risk of ASCVD

Start date: February 2023
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Despite older adults being exposed to an increased risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (ASCVD), they are generally underrepresented in cardiovascular prevention programmes. The aim of this study is to examine the effects of an integrated exercise and cardiovascular health education programme (HE programme) on community-dwelling older adults at risk of ASCVD.

NCT ID: NCT05432921 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Diseases

Phase III Cardiac Rehabilitation in Austrian Outpatient Facilities.

Start date: July 1, 2022
Study type: Observational

Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is a key component of the treatment of cardiac diseases. The Austrian outpatient CR model is unique, as it provides patients with an extended professionally supervised, multidisciplinary program of 4-6 weeks of phase II (OUT-II) and 12 months of phase III (OUT-III) CR CR including a "refresher". The aim of this retrospective analysis is to pool data from preferably all Austrian outpatient rehabilitation facilities and to analyze the efficacy of the Austrian cardiac rehabilitation model with a special focus on phase III. Data of patients who completed OUT-III between 1.1.2019 and 01.07.2022 will be analyzed. All patients undergo assessment of anthropometry, resting blood pressure, lipid profile, fasting blood glucose, exercise capacity, quality of life, anxiety and depression at the beginning (T1), in the middle (T2) and end of CR (T3).

NCT ID: NCT05432856 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Diseases

Impact of Metabolic Health Patterns And Breast Cancer Over Time in Women

Start date: July 2022
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Background & Rationale: Breast cancer (BC) is the most commonly diagnosed malignancy in women worldwide (2.1 million diagnoses in 2018, 25% of new cancer cases). In Canada, early stage BC mortality rates have decreased by 48% over the past 30 years as a result of advances in prevention, detection, and treatment. However, competing risks for mortality from non-cancer causes have emerged, where cardiovascular disease (CVD) is now a leading cause of death for BC survivors. The direct toxic effects of BC treatment on the heart (cardiotoxicity) are well characterized by the investigators and many others, as a contributor to elevated cardiovascular risk. However, BC treatment and the associated lifestyle changes (i.e. physical inactivity, poor diet quality, stress) are increasingly recognized to also strongly affect metabolism negatively manifesting as insulin resistance, dyslipidemia and adipose tissue (fat) accumulation. These adverse metabolic changes are strongly linked to CVD risk and represent a currently underappreciated contributor to the elevated CVD risk among BC survivors. Preliminary data and recent publications demonstrate that regional fat accumulation occurs during BC treatment and that the fat burden in key locations is associated with poor cardiorespiratory health. A trigger of these adverse metabolic and inflammatory effects is excess fat specifically within ectopic fat (viscera, intermuscular, or hepatic) regions. In 2019, a member of the study team found that the volume of visceral and intermuscular but not subcutaneous fat at BC diagnosis were linearly associated with CVD events within 6 years, even among those with normal BMI and after adjustment for pre-existing CVD risk factors and for BC treatment type. Using MRI, investigators found that ~1 year after chemotherapy, BC survivors had significantly larger depots of visceral fat (49% larger) and thigh intermuscular fat (41% larger) compared to age and sex-matched controls, despite similar BMI and subcutaneous fat volumes in the two groups. Investigators also showed that the fat fraction within the thigh muscle and visceral fat volumes independently explained ~50% of the variation in cardiorespiratory fitness (measured by peak VO2). In particular, peak VO2 is one of the most powerful predictors of all-cause and CVD mortality and health care costs, and is the most consistently reported negative sequelae after treatment for BC. Unfortunately, there are no known therapies to recover long-term myocardial damage (i.e. cell death, fibrosis) from cancer therapies. There are several reasons to target fat as a therapeutic target in BC patients: 1) The study team have compelling preliminary data showing accelerated formation of ectopic fat during BC treatment. 2) Investigator's recent data showed that high fat content in key fat pools was associated with reduced peak VO2. 3) The burden of fat and the associated metabolic abnormalities are dynamic and malleable, and thus highly treatable. Research Question & Objectives: The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of a behavioural intervention involving supported time-restricted eating (TRE), diet quality improvements, and reduced sedentary time versus usual cancer and nutrition care in BC patients receiving chemotherapy treatment on ectopic fat, cardiometabolic profile, and chemotherapy outcomes. The investigators hypothesize that the intervention will attenuate the growth of ectopic fat during chemotherapy and reduce chemotherapy symptoms.

NCT ID: NCT05431894 Completed - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Diseases

Behavioral and Recovery Support for 30 Day Post-Discharge Care

Start date: February 18, 2021
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This study will provide behavioral and mental health support to a select group of participants to supplement the hospital-provided discharge and recovery plans, based on clinical guidance and dedicated post-hospitalization behavioral protocols, with the goals of reducing readmission rates and costs.

NCT ID: NCT05431400 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Diseases

Reduction of Risk for Cardiovascular Diseases

Start date: January 1, 2020
Study type: Observational

To establish and evaluate a new prediction model for assessing cardiovascular disease risk in community-dwelling adults.

NCT ID: NCT05425953 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Diseases

Endocrine, Metabolic, Cardiovascular and Immunological Aspects of Sex Chromosome Abnormalities in Relation to Genotype

Start date: June 13, 2022
Study type: Observational

Observational study of 160 patients with sex-chromosome abnormalities and 160 matched controls. Blood, fat, muscle, skin, buccal swaps, urine will be collected and analyzed for DNA, RNA and methylation patterns. The goal is to associated genotype and epigenetic changes with the phenotype of patients with sex-chromosome abnormalities. Patients participate in questionaries, dexa-scan of bones, fibroscan of liver, ultra sound of testicles and blood will be analyzed for organ specific blood work as well as immunological and coagulation components.

NCT ID: NCT05425641 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Cardiovascular Diseases

MoST-Influenced Behavioral Intervention for Walking

Start date: June 25, 2022
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This study is a randomized, factorial experiment using the basic Science of Behavior Change (SOBC) approach to efficiently test the effects of four distinct behavior change techniques (BCTs), goal setting, action planning, self- monitoring and feedback, thought to engage one key behavioral mechanism of action (MoA) for improving daily walking by at least 1000 steps per day in persons who have been objectively verified as sedentary (average <5,000 steps per day) and are at risk for cardiovascular disease.