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This study was a transnational pooled analysis of biological material from patients with resected high risk breast cancer who had received adjuvant chemotherapy with epirubicin and cyclophosphamide followed by weekly docetaxel or weekly paclitaxel.
In this study, it was aimed to evaluate the effect of the Mediterranean diet on body composition, oxidant stress and proinflammatory markers in overweight and obese breast cancer women.
Background: Data on the benefits of preoperative prophylactic antibiotics for breast surgery are conflicting and there is no guideline for their use for wire-localized lumpectomy. The aims of this study were to determine whether a single dose of pre-operative antibiotic reduces surgical site infection (SSI) for wire-localized lumpectomy and to identify risk factors for SSI. Methods: This was a prospective randomized trial carried out from April 2018 to June 2019 at the "Centre des Maladies du Sein du CHU de Québec - Université Laval", a tertiary center specialized in breast surgery. After informed consent, patients who underwent wire-localized lumpectomy were randomized to receive or not a pre-operative single dose of prophylactic antibiotic (cefazolin 2 g or clindamycin 900 mg in case of penicillin allergy). Data regarding demographics, comorbidities, perioperative details, and SSI were analyzed. SSI was considered if: 1) patient had positive wound cultures; or 2) required abscess drainage; or 3) received antibiotic treatment for breast symptoms (e.g., swelling, erythema, congestion) within 30 days after operation, in the absence of wound culture or in the presence of negative results. The patients and the investigator responsible for data collection were blind to grouping. All patients were called 30 days after surgery to be sure that they did not consult at another hospital for surgical wound infection.
Previous cross-sectional studies have shown that informing cancer patients about potential chemotherapy-related cognitive symptoms may negatively affect perceived cognitive symptoms and verbal memory performance. A multicenter, randomized study in newly diagnosed breast cancer patients receiving (neo) adjuvant chemotherapy was performed to evaluate this Adverse Information Effect (AIE) over time and investigated whether inviting patients to self-affirm can reduce such AIEs on perceived cognitive symptoms and cognitive test performance.
Post-operative loco-regional (LR) hypofractionated radiotherapy (Hypo-RT) is an attractive approach in locally advanced breast cancer (LABC).
ABSTRACT Object: The impact of morbidity and the deterioration in health-related quality of life for patients with lymphedema after axillary lymph node dissection for breast cancer justify the implementation of prevention programs to decrease the incidence of this chronic condition. The aim was to compare the effectiveness of an experimental prevention program with that of our conventional prevention program. Methods: Clinical randomized trial in two parallel groups over a two-year period. Key words: lymphedema, breast cancer, prevention, rehabilitation
This study aims to evaluate the effects of the treatment for breast cancer lymphedema. After taking a detailed history and giving a physical examination, breast cancer related lymphedema patients(n:30) will be informed and will be given Complete Decongestive Therapy, which includes decongestive exercises, manual lymphatic drainage, compression therapy(either through short stretch bandaging and/or pneumatic device) and exercise. Patients will be evaluated with limb volume, lymphedema index acquired through bioimpedance device, QuickDASH for upper extremity function, hand dynamometer for upper extremity grip strength and CLUE(Breast Cancer-Related Lymphedema of the Upper Extremity standardized clinical evaluation tool) scoring for lymphedema before and after the intervention. The values will be compared in order to show whether there are significant differences between before and after scores, and whether CLUE score is correlated with the other indicators of breast cancer related lymphedema.
The purpose of this study is to test the acceptability, feasibility and explore the possible effects of an early physical therapy education intervention for breast cancer survivors.
Background: Breast cancer ranks first among cancer types seen in women in our country and all over the world, and second after lung cancer in cancer-related deaths. Despite the recent increase in its incidence, mortality has decreased due to early diagnosis and advances in neoadjuvant therapy. Classically, lymph node status, tumor size, histological type and grade, age, and ethnicity are prognostic factors for this type of cancer. Bone marrow activation results from malignancies and inflammation. Tumor-related inflammation has gained importance in each stage of tumorigenesis. Host-dependent systemic inflammatory response has been found to be effective in carcinogenesis, tumor development and progression. Inadequately controlled or uncontrolled inflammatory activity may be responsible for malignant transformation. Inflammatory cell stimulation occurs in lymph node metastasis and distant organ metastases like primary tumor.As the cornerstone of the adaptive immune system, lymphocytes inhibit tumor cell proliferation, migration and destroy metastatic lesions. Monocyte-macrophages inhibit angiogenesis, tumor growth and distant spread. On the other hand, tumor-induced neutrophils can accelerate tumor metastasis. Many studies have examined the relationship between the ratios between different cell types, such as the platelet-lymphocyte ratio (PLR), and the neutrophil-lymphocyte ratio (NLR), with malignant tumors(4,10).Apart from these, mean platelet volume (MPV), which can be automatically studied in routine blood counts and shows platelet activation, has been used to show tumor activity in breast, stomach, colon and ovarian cancers. Recent studies have identified the delta neutrophil index (DNI), which indicates the percentage of immature granulocytes (IG) in peripheral blood due to increased bone marrow activation in inflammatory conditions.It is based on counting granulocyte precursor cells under microscope. With the technological developments,IG count and DNI can be automatically evaluated from complete blood count parameters in automated systems. In this study,the investigators aimed to determine the diagnostic value of preoperative IG number and DNI level before clinical detection of axillary lymph node metastasis, which plays an important role in the prognosis of breast cancer, and to compare these parameters with other routine inflammation markers such as white blood cell count (WBC), MPV, NLR and PLR. Material - Methods:Patients who were older than eighteen and operated for breast pathology in Kahramanmaras Sutcu Imam University,Department of General Surgery between February 2015 and February 2020 were evaluated retrospectively.Patient data were obtained from patient epicrisis forms and preoperative laboratory and postoperative pathology results recorded in the computer system.Demographic data of the patients,routine blood tests,preoperative imaging methods, preoperative tumor size,presence of axillary lymph node metastasis and distant organ metastasis,presence of pathological axillary lymph node metastasis in the postoperative period were evaluated. In the preoperative period, patients without axillary metastases and who did not receive neoadjuvant treatment were examined by dividing them into two groups as pathologically non-metastatic(Group NM) and metastasized(Group M) in axillary lymph node sampling. White blood cell(WBC)count,neutrophil count,lymphocyte count,platelet count,mean platelet volume(MPV),IG count and DNI(IG percentage)were measured using an automated hematological analyzer from blood samples obtained at the preoperative previous month of surgery.Neutrophil to lymhpocyte ratio(NLR) and platelet to lymphocyte ratio(PLR) were manually calculated from the complete blood cell results.
study aim is to determine the effect of whole body vibration training (WBVT) on body mass index, serum prolactin concentration as a risk factors for breast cancer and severity of hot flashes in obese postmenopausal women.