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The purpose of this observational study is to assess whether the use of AI (Transpara®) can lead to an improved quality of a double reading mammography screening program. This is investigated by performing AI as a third reader and as a decision support during the consensus meeting, compared with conventional mammography screening (double reading and consensus without AI).
This study tests a novel, risk-stratified approach for low risk breast cancer survivor follow-up care that reduces burden for survivors and their oncologists while simultaneously delivering more comprehensive care. The intervention is called Remote Electronic Assessment of Survivors with Feedback Communication and Directed Referrals (REASSURE). 50 participants will be enrolled into 2 cohorts, 25 into an interventional REASSURE cohort and 25 into an Observational pre-REASSURE cohort. Participants in the interventional cohort can expect to be on study for up to 9 months.
This clinical trial evaluates the added role of contrast-enhanced mammography (CEM), as well as imaging and blood biomarkers, for predicting the presence or absence of high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) or invasive cancer on pathology. Screening mammography is the mainstay of population-wide early breast cancer detection, and mammography-detected cancers are usually of an earlier stage, giving women the best chance of survival. However, the main drawbacks of this type of screening are false positive results and potential over-diagnosis of breast cancer. Suspicious microcalcifications detected with mammography pose a particular diagnostic problem, as they may be associated with invasive and high-grade in-situ cancers like DCIS, but are more often benign or require further workup to verify diagnosis. As such, microcalcifications detected by mammography pose a risk of both over-diagnosis and underestimation of disease severity. This study evaluates the impact of using CEM, compared to standard full field digital mammography (FFDM) for the management of suspicious microcalcifications and prediction of breast cancer in women with this finding.
Hypofractionated radiotherapy could provide more convenient treatment and had similar toxicities.However,reports of hypofractionated radiotherapy with two-stage expander/implant reconstruction are rare,Some studies have shown that hypofractionated radiotherapy had similar toxicities to conventional fractionated radiotherapy in patients with breast reconstruction. So,investigators conducted a phase II study to observe the reconstruction failure in hypofractionated radiotherapy with two-stage expander/implant reconstruction.
This project is a case-control study which seeks to identify modifiable risk factors for breast and colorectal cancer in Nigeria. Both cases and controls will be required to complete a risk factor questionnaire which contains information about their diet, physical activity, past medical history and life style factors. They will also be required to provide information on their body composition through the use of a bioimpedance machine which measures the body mass index, fat and total body water percentage. Based on the existing ARGO platform where a current colorectal cancer study is going on, approximately 400 patients with a prior diagnosis or a new diagnosis will be recruited into this study. Comparatively, we will select our 400 controls from two groups of participants who are free of cancer and gastrointestinal diseases.
To evaluate the diagnostic performance of Tc99m sestamibi (MBI) compared to breast MRI in women who are at high risk for developing breast cancer. To assess the relationship of tumor size, histologic subtype and location of lesion and how it affects lesion conspicuity and sensitivity in MBI detected cancers.
This clinical trial studies the effect of myofascial release in decreasing post-mastectomy pain compared to standard of care trigger point injections in patients with post-mastectomy pain syndrome. Patients who have mastectomies often experience pain that does not go away after time. This is known as post-mastectomy pain syndrome. Myofascial release is a form of physical therapy in which pressure is applied to the affected areas. Myofascial release may be an effective way of decreasing pain in patients with post-mastectomy pain syndrome without the use of medication.
Breast cancer is a chronic disease that has seen a boom in research into its treatments, improvements and effects in recent decades. These advances have also highlighted the need to use physical exercise as a countermeasure to reduce the cardiotoxicity of pharmacological treatments. Patients need a correct daily individualisation of the exercise dose necessary to produce the physiological, physical and psychological benefits. To this end, the present study will use, in a novel way in this population, heart rate variability (HRV) as a measure of training prescription. The primary objective of this randomised clinical trial is to analyse the effects of a physical exercise programme planned according to daily HRV in breast cancer patients after chemotherapy treatment. For this purpose, a 16-week intervention will be carried out with 90 breast cancer patients distributed in 3 groups (control group, conventional preprogrammed physical exercise training group and physical exercise group with HRV daily programming). Cardiorespiratory capacity, strength, flexibility, agility, balance, body composition, quality of life, fatigue, functionality, self-esteem, anxiety and depression of patients before and after the intervention will be evaluated in order to compare the effects of exercise and its programming.
In this study, the safety, tolerability and preliminary effectiveness of GNC-035 in participants with locally advanced or metastatic solid tumors will be investigated to assess the dose-limiting toxicity (DLT), maximum tolerated dose (MTD) or maximum administered dose (MAD) for MTD is not reached of GNC-035.
The purpose of this study is to complement Study CBYL719C2301 (SOLAR-1) and obtain more comprehensive data on the efficacy and safety of alpelisib (BYL719) in combination with fulvestrant compared with placebo plus fulvestrant in men or postmenopausal women with HR-positive, HER2-negative advanced breast cancer with a PIK3CA mutation who progressed or relapsed on or after treatment with an AI plus a CDK4/6 inhibitor.