View clinical trials related to Pain.Filter by:
Brain injured patients are at high risk of pain due to the illness itself and a variety of nociceptive procedures in intensive care unit. Since the disorder of consciousness, speech, and movement, it is usually difficult for them to self-report the presence of pain reliably. The Critical-Care Pain observation Tool (CPOT) has been recommended for clinical use in the critically ill patients when self-report pain is unavailable. Besides, it seems that the bispectral index (BIS), a quantified electroencephalogram instrument, can be used for pain assessment along with the CPOT tool in some nonverbal critical ill patients (e.g., intubated and deep sedation). However, the validity and reliability of CPOT and BIS for pain assessment in brain injured patients are still uncertain so far. So the aim of this research is to investigate the value of CPOT and BIS for pain evaluation in this specific patient group.
Plantar fasciitis is seen common in clinics and responsible from most of foot related pain problems. There are many treatment modalities in the literature as well as there is no golden standard to treat plantar fasciitis in non-surgical ways. The aim of this study is to compare intensive physiotherapy program, home based exercise program and control group decide the most effective rehabilitation program in plantar fasciitis.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the influence of leukocyte- and platelet-rich fibrin (L-PRF) on impacted mandibular third molar (IMTM) extraction wound healing, patient postoperative discomfort, and incidence of alveolar osteitis (AO). Thirty patients (18 female, 12 male) who met the inclusion criteria for this split-mouth study underwent bilateral IMTM surgical extractions. Following extraction, randomization was done. One socket received L-PRF, and the other socket served as a regular blood clot control. Postoperatively, the soft tissue healing index (HI), pain according to visual analog scale (VAS), facial swelling using a horizontal and vertical guide, and incidence of AO were evaluated 1, 3, 7, and 14 days after surgery.
The purpose of this trial is to explore if a novel vagal neuromodulation approach provides analgesic benefit through central mechanisms in patients with chronic pancreatitis
Tramadol is a grade II analgesics as World Health Organization definition. It can both be an agonist on mu receptors, which provides it a low opioid action, and also be a Serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor, which act on neuropathic pain. Tramadol is metabolized by P450 2D6 cytochrome (CYP2D6) in O-desmethyltramadol (O-dt) which is the most active form on the pharmacologic side (analgesic effect 2 to 4 times more powerful than tramadol itself). In caucasian population, 5 to 10% of patients are genetically qualified as "poor metabolizer phenotype"; this status is correlated to a lower analgesic efficiency compared to "rapid metabolizer". A multicenter study, CYTRAM, is under publication and allowed measurement of blood ratio O-dT/tramadol as a way to know the phenotype of CYP2D6 to detect "poor metabolizer phenotype" status. Indeed, blood ratio O-dT/tramadol threshold under 0.1 detects " poor metabolizer phenotype " status for postoperative patients treated by tramadol, with a good sensibility (87,5%) and specificity (83.8%). Which impacts for current practice? The next step is to know if this blood ratio is linked to an analgesic efficiency and a good tolerance for tramadol. A "poor metabolizer phenotype" patient would have no benefit of tramadol posology increasing. Therefore, phenotype detection, thank to blood ratio, could allow to switch quickly tramadol to another analgesic treatment for "poor metabolizer phenotype" patients. The main objective of the study is to forge a link between O-dT/tramadol ratio and analgesic efficiency. Secondary objectives investigate side effects and frequency related to O-dT/tramadol ratio and pain relief, and also impact of CYP2D6 - inhibitor treatments on the blood ratio. If there is a correlation between this blood ratio and treatment efficiency and tolerance, O-dT/tramadol ratio's detection will allow a better adaptation for some treatments metabolized by CYP2D6. Therefore, this evolution will contribute to health quality and health safety improvement.
Background: Complementary Spiritist Therapy (ECT) based on a range of therapeutic resources including prayer, spiritist "passe", fluidotherapy (fluidic water or magnetized water), spirit education. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of ECT in individuals at UFTM Hospital de Clínicas. Methods: Randomized controlled trial, patients were randomly. Patients will then be allocated into groups: - The group submitted to ECT (prayer, spiritual education, spiritist "passe" and fluidized water or prayer or spiritist "passe" or laying on of hands with intent to heal or laying on of hands with intent to heal or fluidized water or no-fluidized water or Control group (CG) will not be submitted to any intervention.
More research is needed to investigate methods of pain control for cervical preparation for abortion procedures. Women report pain with paracervical block injection as well as with osmotic dilator placement. This study seeks to compare a 12 mL, 2-site 1% plain lidocaine paracervical block for pain control during cervical preparation (osmotic dilator insertion) for Dilation and Evacuation (D&E) to a 20 mL 1% lidocaine 2-site paracervical block.
The purpose of this study is to learn if using an Interspace between the Popliteal Artery and Capsule of the Knee (iPACK) injection technique (also called a "nerve block") that numbs the nerves going to the back part of the knee to aid in physical therapy after surgery. The iPACK technique uses a numbing solution (local anesthetics) that is injected behind the knee to reduce pain and to help straighten the knee. This block may affect movement in the leg and make the legs weak, but thing is rare. A few institutions use the iPACK block for patients having total knee replacements, with the hope of providing good pain relief combined with improved mobility after surgery.
In addition to fatigue, pain is the most frequent and persistent symptom following breast cancer and breast cancer treatment. Despite the effectiveness of different physical therapy modalities, such as manual techniques, passive mobilizations and exercises, many patients still experience pain and subsequent difficulties in daily functioning at short and long term. Past decades, the awareness on the important role of educational interventions in the management of pain in general has increased. Educational interventions aim at explaining and improving the knowledge, control and attitude of the patient regarding his/her pain complaint. However, these educational interventions are often restricted to more biomedical pain management instructions and general advice on physical activity and analgesics (= traditional biomedical education). Only recently, increased knowledge on pain mechanisms led to a more modern educational approach. This modern approach is suited to explain more complex issues associated with pain and takes into account many more factors related to pain. To our knowledge, only one controlled trial investigated the effectiveness of a modern educational intervention in the early stage of breast cancer treatment. The results were very promising for shoulder function. However, only short-term effects were examined, no randomization was performed and no pain-related and socio-economic outcomes were evaluated. Therefore, the aim of the proposed project is to investigate the effectiveness of a similar modern educational program, in addition to standard physical therapy care, in the early treatment phase of breast cancer in comparison with traditional biomedical education. A randomized controlled trial will be performed with a long-term follow up period. The primary outcome parameter is pain-related disability. Secondary outcomes are different dimensions of pain, physical and mental functioning, return to work and health-care related costs.
Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) is a procedure that has been shown to improve pain in chronic sufferers. It is a well-tolerated procedure that can be performed on an outpatient basis. It uses a plastic covered coil that sends a magnetic pulse through the skull into the brain and by targeting particular areas in the brain it can be used to help modulate the perception of pain. The study intends to use this technique to treat such a disabling symptom in patients who suffer from Parkinson's Disease (PD). Initially the aim is to study this technique in ten patients who are suffering from pain and have PD. These patients would initially require an MRI scan which allows us to map the brain and target the correct brain areas for the delivery of the stimulation. The stimulation would be performed over ten sessions and the patients would be assessed by a clinician using well recognized clinical tools. It is anticipated that there will be a meaningful improvement in pain. It is also anticipated that TMS is a safe technique to use in patients with PD. The study will be used to help plan a future study that compares TMS with sham technique to prove whether TMS could be an option in the treatment of such a disabling condition.