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Pain is defined by IASP (International Association for the Study of Pain) as "an unpleasant sensory and emotional experience associated with the damage actual or potential tissue or described in terms that suggest such harm". Episodes of pain and discomfort experienced by children are one of the main factors for fear and anxiety in dentistry, especially those that present the condition of Molar-Incisive Hipomineralization, where we observed increased levels of anxiety in relation to the treatment. In order to improve the painful sensation that patients with Molar-Incisor Hipomineralization present as well as anxiety demonstrated by these patients in face of dental treatment, the objective of present study will be to evaluate the occurrence and degree of pain after procedures dentists with administration of pre-emptive analgesia or placebo, in children with Molar-Incisive Hipomineralization. Fifty patients will be selected in the Pediatric Dentistry courses of the FORP-USP undergraduate course, aged 6 to 12 years, of both sexes, who present at least 2 (two) upper and / or lower molars affected by Molar- Incisors that need some kind of restorative treatment, extraction or endodontic treatment. Also, these patients should present enamel and dentin fractures caused by MIH, atypical restoration and / or atypical caries, and that present pain above the moderate degree (6>), after stimulation with air/water jet for 5 seconds.
The war in Syria began in 2011 and refugees from this country have faced stressors including security risks, lack of access and availability of basic services and resources as well as family, community, and socio political tensions. Exposure to stressful events or situations, either short or long lasting, of exceptionally threatening or catastrophic nature is likely to cause pervasive distress in almost anyone, which might disturb daily life function, integration in society and ability to function in work and society, although this stress does not necessarily need to become an established medical diagnose. For a long time now, somatic and mental health systems have been overburdened and inaccessible both in Syria and in transit countries, and there is little available evidence of the effect of interventions targeting common health problems among refugees once established in their host countries. In this project, the University of Bergen, in close collaboration with the Centre for Migration Health (Bergen municipality) and the Centre for Crisis Psychology, have developed two treatment interventions that are both theoretically sound and practically scalable if shown to be effective. Among resettled asylum seekers and refugees, the primary aim of the project is to separately study in a quantitative way the effect on both physical and mental health of two different interventions: Physiotherapy activity and awareness intervention for participants with pain disorders and Teaching recovery techniques for participants with post-traumatic symptoms In addition, in a qualitative mode, our secondary aim is to analyse the processes by which the interventions help/do not help the patients to improve their health. Last, as the third aim of the study, cost effectiveness analyses will be conducted.
Good clinical care relies on precise evaluation of patients' conditions. Chronic pain and other neurological and psychiatric diagnoses pose challenges because their assessment depends on subjective patient-reported outcome measures (PROs). The investigators have recently developed the Focused Analgesia Selection Task (FAST), a method that allows assessing pain reporting accuracy. Preliminary results suggest that those who more accurately report their pain show diminished placebo response. The underlying mechanisms for this observation cannot be explained by current theories. Therefore, the investigators have conducted a pilot study to further characterize this relation in healthy population.
In the situation when intravenous access is not readily available or unobtainable, sub-dissociative dose ketamine can be administered via intranasal route (IN). The data supporting intranasal route in pediatric patients is somewhat conflicting with regards to the optimum intranasal dose (range 0.75-1 mg/kg) and frequencies of administration. Hence, another non-invasive route such as nebulization via Breath-Actuated Nebulizer which allows a controlled patient-initiated delivery of analgesics in titratable fashion might be considered in the ED. Administration of fentanyl via BAN for pediatric patients presenting to the ED with acute traumatic musculo-skeletal injuries was found to be safe and effective and comparable to intravenous fentanyl and intravenous morphine. Nebulized administration of ketamine however, has only been studied in the areas of acute postoperative pain management, cancer palliation, and status asthmaticus therapy (ref). To our knowledge, there are no prospective randomized trials that evaluated a role of nebulized SDK role in managing a variety of acute and chronic painful conditions in the ED.
The primary aim of the study is to investigate the effects of supervised exercise therapy and education on the immediate response to using a soft knee brace in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA).
Noise in the ICU can worsen patient outcomes through factors such as increased cardiovascular stress, alteration in sleep, and increased discomfort or pain The purpose of this study is to determine the benefit of therapeutic music in the ICU on patients, their families, and ICU staff.
Clinical evidence is urgently needed to be able to advise patients on which cannabis-based products to take, or to avoid, in managing cancer-related symptoms. This trial was therefore designed to determine which cannabis extract combination (High THC-Low CBD, Low THC-High CBD, or Equal amounts of THC and CBD) is most effective at treating cancer related symptoms for each patient relative to placebo. Investigators propose a randomized, double-blind, N-of-1 trial to test the effectiveness of each cannabis extract combination using cannabis oils in a minimum of 120 patients on 4 cancer-related symptoms: nausea, pain, anxiety and sleep disturbance. The three active treatments will be the following cannabis oil extract combinations: High THC/Low CBD, Low THC/High CBD, and Equal amounts of THC/CBD. - THC = Tetrahydrocannabinol - CBD = Cannabidiol The placebo treatment will be coconut/olive oil. The overpowering flavor of the olive oil in the active oils and the placebo will effectively blind subjects. Primary objective: To identify whether there is an active cannabis extract that is more effective than placebo in managing overall cancer-related symptoms for individual subjects who completed at least 1 treatment cycle for the entire patient population represented by those individual subjects, and for subsets of that subject population defined by relevant baseline patient characteristics. Secondary objective: To identify whether there is a cannabis extract that is more effective than placebo in managing each of the 4 index symptoms (pain, nausea, anxiety and sleep disturbance) for individual subjects who completed at least 1 treatment cycle, for the entire patient population represented by those individual subjects, and for subsets of that subject population defined by relevant baseline patient characteristics. Tertiary objectives: To investigate the safety (e.g., serious adverse events) of each of the three cannabis extracts. To identify subject preference of each of the 4 oils (if any).
Pain management during medical care is considered to be a basic human right and also affects patient satisfaction. In addition, effective management of acute pain contributes to improved patient outcomes. Patient satisfaction is a subjective state that indicates whether the healthcare provided has met the patient's needs and expectations. Many nurse theorists, including Florence Nightingale, have expressed the importance of providing comfort and relief for patients. In fact, comfort has been a crucial aspect of patient care since Nightingale's days, and has been considered an indispensable constituent of integrated nursing care. Studies to improve comfort may contribute to improving individuals' health outcomes, enforcing health-improvement behaviors, and improving healthcare quality as well as satisfaction and contentment of the individual and the nurse in the process of administering healthcare. In the literature, although the efficacy of various pharmacological methods for reducing pain associated with the insertion of PIC has been evaluated in adults, studies on nonpharmacological methods are limited. However, most of the studies were performed in healthy adults. Easy, inexpensive, and fast methods with unlikely side effects are needed to control pain and distress due to the PIC insertion in adults. Therefore, this study was performed to evaluate the effectiveness of distraction methods.
This early phase I trial studies how well fingolimod works in treating patients with chemotherapy-induced nerve pain (neuropathy). Fingolimod acts by suppressing immune reactions in the brain. This study is being done to see if fingolimod can reduce neuropathy caused by chemotherapy.
The cases of scorpion stings are matters of medical importance, where Mexico is considered as one of the main countries of such public health problem.