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The aim of this study is to compare the effect of Neem (azadirachta indica) and 2.5% sodium hypochlorite as root canal irrigants on the intensity of post-operative pain and the amount of endotoxins in necrotic teeth.
The societal impact of heavy alcohol consumption and chronic pain is substantial and warrants the existing research investment into their etiology and treatment. Moreover, evidence of significant co-occurrence between these conditions offers an opportunity to examine mechanisms in the alcohol-pain connection that may inform the development of novel treatments. Consistent with NIH PA-15-026 (Mechanistic Studies of Pain and Alcohol Dependence), the goal of the proposed study is to examine several complex and potentially bidirectional relations between pain and alcohol in one overarching model, which has never been attempted in a human experimental paradigm. The primary study aims are as follows: (1) to conduct the first test of both pharmacological and expectancy effects in acute alcohol analgesia among humans; (2) to conduct the first test of pain as a proximal antecedent of urge to drink and ad lib alcohol consumption, and to test whether acute analgesic effects predict pain-induced alcohol urge/consumption; (3) to test associations between study outcomes and candidate genetic polymorphisms that have been implicated in pain-alcohol processes; and (4) to conduct exploratory analyses of gender and pain relevant cognitive-affective factors as moderators of these outcomes. Participants will include 280 moderate-to-heavy drinkers recruited from the local community. Experimental methods will include alcohol administration (moderate dose vs. low dose vs. placebo vs. control) and pre/post assessment of static/dynamic pain responses (study visit 1), and capsaicin/heat pain induction (vs. no pain induction) followed by assessment of urge to drink and ad lib alcohol consumption (study visit 2). By employing a novel experimental paradigm, the study results will provide internally valid data with clear and direct implications for translating these findings to clinical applications. Itis our expectation that this work will catalyze future research and inform clinical practice by establishing an experimental platform that allows for the demonstration of causal effects, the evaluation of treatment components prior to conducting costly clinical trials, and the identification of important theory-based biopsychosocial mechanisms that can inform the development of novel integrated treatments for individuals with co-occurring pain and alcohol use disorders.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect on QoL, PI and the AROM° in patients with non-specific chronic low back pain. This after following an episode of 6 weeks 2 times a week physiotherapeutic back rehabilitation according to the 4 times T method by orthopaedic disorder ® (4MTOR®). The results in this research will be analyzed and reported. In this study, 7 dependent variables will be independently examined relative to 2 independent variables.
Veterans seeking compensation for musculoskeletal (MSD) conditions often develop chronic pain and are at high risk for substance misuse. The Investigators propose to test the effectiveness and cost-effectiveness of Screening, Brief Intervention and Referral to Treatment for Pain Management (SBIRT-PM), designed to reduce pain and reduce risky substance use, in part by helping Veterans get comprehensive pain treatment. The study will involve a 2-year period to arrange for clinicians at a single site to counsel Veterans throughout New England by phone with SBIRT-PM as part of a clinical trial, and a 4-year period to conduct the trial and disseminate its findings.
Chronic pain is one of the most prevalent and debilitating medical conditions and opioid analgesics are a commonly prescribed class of medications in the United States. Opioid efficacy has been proven in terms of managing acute and chronic pain; however, opioid overdose deaths, addictions, and diversions have all continued to increase over the years. The purpose of this study is to increase patient engagement in pain management and education, and to decrease opioid use by 10% over the study period. This study will also help present opportunities for future studies to obtain insight regarding the chronic use of opioids.
The goal of the proposed study is to develop and implement a comprehensive strategy to address pain management in the inpatient setting while appropriately managing pain and optimizing patient safety in the inpatient setting. This strategy involves developing a new health Information Technology tool in the Omnicell and electronic medical record, implementing a "menu" of pain management and relaxation strategies, and developing educational materials for staff and patients to change the culture of pain management.
This prospective randomized clinical trial evaluates the effects of a monitor-guided opioid analgesia during general anesthesia. To date no standard-monitoring device exists to specifically reflect the analgesic component of general anesthesia. Quality and safety of general anesthesia are of major clinical importance and should be improved by limiting the opioid analgesic's dosage to the minimum amount needed. The study compares the effects of monitoring nociception during general anesthesia with different innovative techniques in comparison to routine clinical practice.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate safety and efficacy of EMA401 compared to placebo in patients with painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN).
Some patients with dry eye may have severe disabling neuropathic pain. They describe spontaneous pain, dysesthesia, hyperalgesia or even allodynia. It is classical to note an important discordance between the high intensity of the symptoms and the poverty of the clinical signs. These pains are often unrecognized and therefore often not sufficiently treated. A significant impact on patient's quality of life may occur. The concept of ocular neuropathic pain being relatively recent, few studies have focused on the subject at present. Our study aims to shed light on these pains in patients consulting for dry eyes at the Ophthalmological Foundation A. de Rothschild. The objective of our study is to describe precisely the characteristics of neuropathic eye pain and the visual, general and psychological repercussions in these patients.
This randomized, crossover sham controlled trial with sham intended to study the effect of electrical stimulation on peripheral nerve (spinal accessory nerve) with acupuncture needle in healthy subjects aims to access the effect o electrical stimulation of accessory spinal nerve in cortical activation, muscular perfusion and autonomic response in healthy subjects. Participants will be assessed through measure changes in cortical activation, local muscular peripheral perfusion and autonomic responses before and after intervention and intervention-sham, and crossed after a period of wash-out. The design aims to contribute to assessment of one electroacupuncture's techniques by measuring some of the physiological effects caused by peripheral stimulation.