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Study Title Subject-reported treatment efficacy and procedure satisfaction (steps) study.BURST study- a prospective observational clinical study examining the changes in quality of life and pain following spinal cord stimulation for the treatment of chronic intractable lower back and lower limb pain.
More research is needed to investigate methods of pain control for cervical preparation for abortion procedures. Women report pain with paracervical block injection as well as with osmotic dilator placement. This study seeks to compare a 12 mL, 2-site 1% plain lidocaine paracervical block for pain control during cervical preparation (osmotic dilator insertion) for Dilation and Evacuation (D&E) to a 20 mL 1% lidocaine 2-site paracervical block.
Sparing the phrenic nerve by administering ultrasound-guided low volume superior trunk block (STB) and interscalene block (ISB) for arthroscopic shoulder surgery (labral repair, stabilization, rotator cuff repair).
This study aims to explore patient, support person, and health care providers' experience and satisfaction with social support in the abortion procedure room. Although some providers do allow a support person in the abortion procedure room, no study has formally examined the effects of this practice. If this study demonstrates higher patient satisfaction and lower perceptions of pain and anxiety levels in patients who have social support in the in-clinic abortion procedure room, this could change standard procedures in the in-clinic abortion procedure room, allowing for more positive patient experiences.
The proposed study seeks to develop and test a novel psychosocial pain management intervention for patients with advanced cancer. It is hypothesized that the intervention will demonstrate feasibility, acceptability, and preliminary efficacy. The first aim is to develop a combined pain coping skills training and meaning-centered psychotherapy intervention. The second aim is to test the intervention's feasibility and acceptability as well as preliminary efficacy for improving primary outcomes (i.e., pain, pain interference, and meaning in life) and secondary outcomes. Two efficacious, theory-driven interventions will be integrated to address pain management by teaching pain coping skills with a novel emphasis on enhancing a sense of meaning in life. Participants will be patients with advanced cancer and moderate-to-severe pain. The study will be conducted in two phases. Phase I of the study will be intervention development. The intervention content will be guided by theory and mentoring from a team of leading experts in pain management and meaning-centered psychotherapy. Initial intervention content will be further informed by interviews with patients with advanced cancer. Content will then be refined through an iterative patient testing process. Phase II of the study will be a single-arm pilot trial testing the intervention. The intervention will be delivered in-person and consist of four, 45-to-60 minute therapy sessions. Study measures will be collected at baseline (0 weeks), immediately post-intervention (5 weeks), and 4-weeks post-intervention (9 weeks).
Cancer pain is one of the problems of treating cancer pain. Although, there is a WHO analgesic ladder to improve this problem, it is still inadequate pain control. Pain does not affect only physical but also emotional and quality of life. From review literatures we found that patients' knowledge about cancer pain management is inaccurate; for example, fear to use opioid, try to patience of pain, concerning only cancer treatments, which can cause of unfavorable pain management outcome. Therefore, we will conduct the RCT of using pain education by video comparing to conventional face to face pain education by nurse in hospitalized cancer pain patients.We will use 25 MCQs examination for testing pre-post intervention to test level of understanding of patients. The measurements are NRS, ThaiHADs and FACT-G at the first and last day of study. We expect that NRS should improve more than 50% at the seven day of study.
Pain is a common experience in youth and influences youth long after the painful situations are over. Youth memory of pain after surgery can affect painful experiences in the future. Negative memories and feelings of pain, like remembering more pain than the actual level of pain experienced are linked to anxiety for future surgery. Research has found that children's memories of pain is linked to anxiety, pain-related fear, and confidence. Children's memories for pain can be altered after a visit to the hospital, but only a couple of studies have look at this. The study will be one of the first to look at how well a parent-led memory reframing intervention to reduce youth's negative memories of surgery. We want to look at how a parent-led memory reframing session on youth's post-surgical pain memory. The study will include 90 youth who have a chest wall surgery or a spinal fusion surgery at the Alberta Children's Hospital. They will be recruited at the Alberta Children's Hospital. There will be pain tests in the form of surveys 1-3 weeks before surgery, pain monitoring in the hospital for a couple of days, pain monitoring 1-2 weeks after surgery, a clinic visit 2-4 weeks after surgery for a memory reframing session, and pain monitoring 6 weeks after surgery in the form of a telephone interview.
Newborn infants have blood work procedures for newborn screening and bilirubin testing in their first days of life that cause pain, distress and physiological changes. Breastfeeding (BF), skin to skin care (SSC), or giving small amounts of sweet solutions (sucrose or glucose) with or without a pacifier, effectively and safely reduce pain and distress in newborn infants during painful procedures. However, studies of neonatal pain management practices in Ontario and throughout Canada demonstrate inconsistent use of these strategies. There is a clear need for developing and testing acceptable parent-targeted interventions, alongside health care provider-targeted knowledge translation (KT) interventions, to support parents' involvement in comforting their infants during painful procedures. To address this knowledge to action (KTA) gap, Denise Harrison's Be Sweet to Babies team developed the BSweet2Babies video, which demonstrates the effectiveness of BF, SSC, and sucrose during infant bloodwork and how parents can use and advocate for these pain management strategies. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of a parent-targeted and mediated KT strategy, the BSweet2Babies video, when shown to parents of newborns prior to newborn screening or bilirubin testing, on subsequent use of the three pain reduction strategies during the blood test. The target sample size for the study is 20 hospitals. Following consent, hospitals will be randomized to one of two groups: the intervention group (showing parents the BSweet2Babies video prior to their baby's newborn screening blood test) or the control group (no education or information provided). Hospitals in the intervention group will show all parents the 5 minute BSweet2Babies video before newborn bloodwork. BORN Information System (BIS) data will subsequently be analyzed to evaluate the use of BF, SSC and sweet solutions. The investigators hypothesize that hospitals randomized to the BSweet2Babies video will have a higher rate of use of BF, SSC or sucrose as measured by the systematically collected Better Outcomes Registry & Network (BORN) Ontario pain data elements during newborn screening or bilirubin testing, compared to hospitals randomized to usual Health Care Provider (HCP)-targeted education.
The investigator's are conducting a randomized, blinded study to determine if the extra-capsular local infiltration analgesic (LIA) administration of 20ml 0.25% bupivacaine-epinephrine can improve the postoperative pain management of hip arthroscopy patients. Participants will be randomly assigned to the LIA group or non-LIA group prior to surgery. Participants, anesthesiologists and PACU nurses will be blinded to group assignment, however the surgeon administering the LIA will be unblinded.
This study is being done to evaluate pain management regimens following ambulatory hand surgery. Improved pain control may be associated with decreased complications, decreased pain scores, decreased opioid dependence, improved patient comfort and satisfaction, and reduced healthcare costs. Liposomal bupivacaine is an FDA-approved local anesthetic. There will be two groups. One group will receive liposomal bupivacaine. One group will not. The results will be compared. Patients will be over the age of 18 ambulatory hand surgery. Approximately 40 subjects will participate in this study at LLU.