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Hypothesis: Intravenous administration of Ketorolac 10 mg and 20 mg is as effective as 30 mg in treating renal colic pain in patients presenting to the emergency department
In patients with cancer induced bone pain, addition of Syndros will improve pain relief and decrease opioid requirement.
The purpose of this project is to quantify normal and abnormal skin blood flow regionally in different areas of the body(face, extremities, over burns and wounds) at baseline and over time in response to treatment or environmental changes, such as temperature, light and pressure.
To determine the analgesic efficacy of CL-108 5 mg by comparison with placebo and the anti-emetic efficacy of CL-108 5 mg by comparison with hydrocodone 5 mg/acetaminophen 325 mg.
This study aimed to compare experiences between adult patients receiving clear aligners and fixed appliances during the initial stage of orthodontic treatments.
The aim of this study is to validate the Critical-Care Pain Observation Tool (CPOT) in the setting of the Intensive care unit (ICU). Prior to patient recruitment the tool will be translated by the method of translation-back translation by Greek and English native speakers. The tool will be administered to patients who are admitted into the ICU.
The purpose is to investigate whether non-invasive acupuncture - NIA (i.e. acupuncture without needles) will help reduce pain for babies in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) during their routine weekly eye-exam for Retinopathy of prematurity. Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) is an eye disease most commonly affecting premature babies born weighing less than 1250 grams. Retinopathy of prematurity occurs because these premature babies require oxygen because of their immature lungs. The oxygen then stimulates the growth of blood vessels in the retina, causing the retina to be detached from the eye, which causes vision impairment. To examine if the vessels grow at the back of the eye, an eye-doctor visits bi-weekly once the baby is 32 weeks corrected age to assess if the blood vessels change. If there is a lot of growth, the eye-doctor would use a laser to treat the eye to prevent further growth. During the bi-weekly eye-exam, the premature infant receives sucrose (a type of sugar) for pain management. The investigator will assess pain a premature babies experience during this exam and found that there are extremely high scores of pain despite sucrose and the investigator believe this pain and stress caused by these procedures could be reduced by adding: Magnetic Acupuncture Also, untreated pain causes stress (lower oxygen levels, higher heart rates), discomfort and poorer long term outcomes. Finding the best treatment and prevention for the pain caused by procedures in the NICU is therefore extremely important for any baby.
Pilot study of an exercise program among patients with all stages of lung cancer examining feasibility and acceptability. Preliminary outcomes include objective measures of physical function, depression, adherence to lung cancer treatments, Quality of Life (QOL), and social support.
Central venous access is an imperative measure used in neonates whether being a peri-operative measure for children undergoing cardiac procedures for congenital heart diseases or as a mean of nutrition in neonatal enteral malnutrition and drug administration in oncology patients. Central catheters fall into two categories, a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line or centrally inserted central catheters (CICC). Although these two modalities practically have the same aim, identifying the more effective technique is imperative for deciding which procedure should be applied to ameliorate patient outcomes. Many studies have been previously done that delineate the indications for central venous access with practically no absolute contraindications. These indications include central venous pressure (CVP) monitoring, poor venous access, volume resuscitation, and prolonged venous access in critically ill patients, total parenteral nutrition (TPN), cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and medication administration. Centrally inserted catheters have evolved from being blindly inserted catheters using landmarks techniques, is the usual standard of care, to being placed under direct visualization using ultrasound guidance. Since its first use back in the 90's, ultrasound guided insertion of central venous catheters has gained attention and successful attempts have been made to improve this technique. US-guidance initially used acoustic Doppler techniques but is now largely replaced by two-dimensional (2D) imaging and internal jugular vein (IJV) being the preferred site of insertion by US over femoral and subclavian vein. Several studies have compared these two techniques. Small-caliber vessels remain a great challenge in the pediatric population which backup the use of imaging modalities for a successful and safer insertion of CVCs. This study aims to develop a better understanding of pain during central line insertions, compare pain scores between the two techniques in order to adopt the less painful technique and ultimately provide insight about the use of analgesics during these procedures for a better outcome.
All early breast cancer patients are offered adjuvant breast radiation therapy (RT) after breast conserving surgery for an early breast cancer. Breast cancer is heterogeneous, and selected patients have a very low gain from RT, whilst they still have risk of acute and late side effects from RT. This trial will try identify selection criteria for low risk breast cancer patients who can safely omit adjuvant RT without unacceptable high risk of local failure.