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Children born with severe brain-based developmental disabilities frequently experience persistent unexplained periods of pain and irritability, often compounded by a limited capacity to communicate their distress. The investigators call this entity Pain and Irritability of Unknown Origin (PIUO). The investigators have designed a systematic approach, called the PIUO Pathway, to address the management of these children's pain and irritability with the goals of reducing pain symptoms, improving the day-to-day lives of the child and family, and simplifying treatment options for clinicians.
Fibromyalgia (FM) patients have increased windup (WU). However, WU of FM patients is only quantitatively but not qualitatively different from healthy controls (HC). Thus WU abnormalities of FM patients could be the result of supra-spinal and not the result of spinal pain mechanisms. The study team will test this hypothesis by sensitizing FM patients with topical capsaicin. The study team hypothesize that at baseline the slopes of sensitivity adjusted WU of FM patients are not statistically different from HC. However, after capsaicin application, the slopes of sensitivity adjusted WU will be significantly different from baseline and greater than those of HC, suggesting central sensitization. This would imply that FM patients are sensitive to heat pain but not sensitized.
Can acupuncture be quantified. This study sets out to observe if there are measurable effects of fine motor control that are attributable to acupuncture. The study utilizes an FDA approved medical device for measurements of fine motor control called the RU-Fit.
This study will evaluate pain, management of pain, behavioral symptoms, and the quality of staff-resident interactions between residents with and without dementia, test the relationship of these variables to participation in function focused care at baseline, and consider if there is a differential impact of FFC-AL-EIT between those with and without dementia with regard to participation in function focused care, functional outcomes and physical activity over the 12 month study period. Findings from this study will provide new information on how to optimize function and physical activity among older adults with dementia in assisted living.
The simplicity of the implementation and the effectiveness of hypno-analgesia (via the magic glove technique) has already been proven in some research work, during the installation of peripheral venous route. An unpublished preliminary study has shown that this method appears to be the most effective in preventing pain during pediatric propofol injection. The purpose is to compare the effectiveness of hypno-analgesia of the hand by the "magic glove technique" to lidocaine used in an extemporaneous mixture in the prevention of pain with injection of propofol during intravenous induction in children aged 7 to 14 years
Aim of the study: To evaluate the efficacy of lymphatic drainage treatment associated with the application of kinesiotaping in the reduction of lymphedema, pain and in the recovery of knee joint ROM in patients undergoing surgery of total knee arthroplasty in osteoarthritis. Inclusion criteria: Operated patients of total primary knee arthroplasty in osteoarthritis not later than 5 days after surgery, Patients of both sexes aged between 65 and 85, Presence of lymphedema and volumetric difference with the contralateral limb of the cirtometry equal or greater than 3 cm. Exclusion criteria: Patients operated for re-implantation or revision, presence of inflammatory, neurological, important cardiological diseases and active tumor pathologies, absence of DVT of the lower limb. Study design: Prospective, open, randomized, lasting 12 months GROUP 1 (33 pts) KINESIOTAPING + STANDARD REHABILITATION GROUP 2 (33 pts) LYMPHODRAINAGE+ STANDARD REHABILITATION GROUP 3 (33 pts) KINESIOTAPING + LYMPHODRAINAGE + STANDARD REHABILITATION Outcome measures: Pain: evaluation with NRS scale 0-10, Edema: cirtometric evaluation (in 4 standard points), ROM: goniometric measurement of the knee joint excursion. All measures at the beginning and end of treatment (6 days).
To date it is unknown how physical activity levels in adults is limited before and after lumbar spine surgery and if physical activity level is associated with disability and limitations of quality of life. The main objective is to compare physical activity preoperatively and 6 and 12 weeks postoperatively in patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery with norm data. In addition, we will study the association of changes in physical activity, disability and quality of live.
Approximately 40% of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty develop acute to moderate post operative pain. Furthermore 20-30% develop chronic post operative pain. The objective of this work is to study the effectiveness and safety of pulsed radiofrequency of the saphenous nerve realized during the pre-operative period of total knee arthroplasty. The study design is a randomized, blinded clinical trial. Patients scheduled for total knee arthroplasty are divided into two groups. The first group procedure consists in pre-operative pulsed radiofrequency under ultrasound guidance of the saphenous nerve and standard postoperative pain management by the pain clinic. The second group receives only the standard postoperative pain management by the pain clinic. Patient follow ups are performed 3 times (after 2 weeks, 2 months and 6 months) within a period of 6 months, evaluating pain severity using the VAS.
After conduction a pilot study, pupillary dilation reflex (PDR) is measured in response to nociceptive stimulation perioperatively in infants, children and adolescents.
Primary aim: examine a possible connection between cigarette smoking, disease activity and perceived pain in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. Secondary aim: Evaluate cardiovascular risk in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.