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This study is an experimental randomized controlled study conducted to compare the effect of balloon blowing, coughing, and ball squeezing methods applied during venous blood sampling from on pain and fear level in 7-12 year-old children. The population of the study consisted of all 7-12 year-old children who were referred to the blood-letting room for venous blood sampling in a state hospital. The sample of the study was determined as 120 children with confidence level of 95% and theoretical power of 95%. The children were divided into 4 groups of 30 people, including balloon blowing, ball squeezing, coughing, and control groups. Each intervention and control group was matched in terms of gender. In the study, the randomization of the sample group was performed by using stratification and block randomization methods.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether a single, oral dose of baclofen alters postoperative opioid requirements.
This study aimed to analyze the stratification of pain levels through a mathematical model built using the diffuse joint theory and to investigate the relationship between range of motion and pain related aspects.
The study investigates pain processing and pain reporting in patients with Alzheimers disease compared to healthy participants. Employing a within-subject design, the study includes patients with Alzheimers disease and healthy participants that are exposed to thermal stimuli. During the test session the facial expressions of the participant are video recorded. By repeating this on separate test days, the involvement of pain relief and pain increase is investigated.
Introduction: Little is known about the effects of different cryotherapy techniques for pain and skin surface temperature in patients with anterior knee pain. Objective: To analyze the best technique of cryotherapy intervention to reduce the superficial temperature of the skin and pain of women with anterior pain in the knee. Methodology: The sample will be composed of 12 participants, of the female gender, aged between 18 and 25 years old and complaint of anterior pain in the knee, distributed in cryotherapy groups by ice pack (CPG) (n = 6) and cryotherapy + compression group byGame Ready (CCGR) (n = 6). All will complete the consent form, the sample characterization form, the Visual Analog Pain Scale (EVA) and the Patellofemoral Disorders Scale (AKPS). They will then have the basal temperature of the anterior knee region recorded by thermographic camera and perform five repetitions of the sit and stand test in 30 seconds. The EVA will again respond and the temperature of the anterior knee region will be collected after the test. Subsequently, CPG or CCGR (randomly) will be applied to the anterior region of the knee for 20 minutes. Immediately after the application of cryotherapy, EVA will be applied and will have the skin surface temperature recorded immediately after, and at 10, 20, 30 and 60 minutes. Expected results: It is expected to establish if there is difference in pain, surface temperature and skin reheating of women submitted to cryotherapy by ice pack and Game Ready.
A qualitative study, as a follow-up to an earlier study, that provides an opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of the injured cyclist's behavior related to seeking medical attention and endurance of pain. This study includes 10 club-level cyclists who have an injury and either have or have not sought medical attention.
Diabetes mellitus (DM) is highly prevalent, and a significant public health problem. Approximately 25-30% of all individuals with DM develop painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN). PDN is considered a complex, multi-dimensional condition, possibly affecting the physical and mental health of the individual. PDN is usually described as a sense of burning, stabbing, aching and/or pricking mainly affecting areas like toes, legs, and feet and physically interfering with mobility, sleep, mood, and overall quality of life. This condition represents both a significant problem in its own right and a useful condition in which to test treatments that may offer wider benefits for neuropathic pain conditions in general. A relatively new and promising approach to chronic pain, within the wider range of cognitive and behavioural approaches, is Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT). ACT is a form of Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) that focuses specifically on increasing psychological flexibility. Psychological flexibility is the capacity to change or continue with a behaviour, depending on which is more effective, according to one's goals and what the current situation affords. Psychological flexibility in turn includes processes of acceptance, values-based action, and other processes related to mindfulness. There are no published studies of ACT for individuals with PDN, and the limited available evidence indicates that a CBT-based intervention like ACT has the potential to reduce pain in people with PDN. People with PDN have clear treatment needs. While ACT may help them, little is known directly about the relevance of different components of ACT for this condition or about how to customise it for them. The proposed research aims to conduct a small feasibility trial which will pilot test a psychological treatment for PDN and assess the feasibility, acceptability and effectiveness of such a treatment.
Patients with painful diabetic neuropathy (PDN) often combine with anxiety and depression. However, the pathogenesis of PDN is unclear, especially the mechanism associated with central nervous system. The investigators used fraction Amplitude of Low Frequency Fluctuation (fALFF) and Regional Homogeneity (ReHo) of resting-state functional Magnetic Resonance Imaging (rs-fMRI) to explore the brain activity in patients with PDN in order to study the central mechanism.The investigators evaluated the symptoms, signs and mental conditions of patients with PDN and non-pain neuropathy. The brain Blood Oxygen Level Dependent (BOLD) fMRI scan was performed in patients together with some gender and age matched healthy controls. Maybe this study can find that patients with PDN have abnormal brain activity, indicating central nervous system may contribute to painful diabetic neuropathy.
To summarise, the peripheral neurological complications experienced by patients with primary Sjögren's syndrome are particularly bothersome since they are common and often result in significant disability related to pain or motor impairment. There is currently no standard treatment for these patients. As these neuropathies are caused by an immune system dysfunction, which is related to a variety of different pathogenic mechanisms, the use of immunosuppressant or immunomodulator drugs is often justified. With the exception of the vascularitis-related multiplex mononeuropathies, other pSS-related neuropathies could be suitable candidates for IV Ig treatment.
The aim of this study is to evaluate how Virtual Reality (VR) can be used to control symptoms and improve the quality of life in palliative care. The interventional prospective case control study is planned to contain five phases including two control groups. The following describes only phase one to three. In the pilot phase patients get a one-time application of the VR-Technology. After that, two control groups will be recruited from patients with 1. mamma carcinoma and the indication of (neo-) adjuvant radiotherapy and 2. before a colonoscopy-treatment. Both groups receive the VR application before treatment (radiotherapy/colonoscopy). This first part proofs the application of Virtual Reality on patients in palliative care with the aim to control symptoms and reduce pain and anxiety. The clinical study hypothesis bases on the assumption that VR reduces pain and anxiety and may have a positive influence on their quality of life.