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This study evaluates the incidence of intravascular injection during cervical transforaminal epidural block using blunt needle, compared to the sharp needle. The investigators will performed cervical transforaminal epidural block using blunt-type block needle in half of participants or sharp-type block needle in the other half.
The purpose of this study is to determine if electrical stimulation (small levels of electricity) in addition to the standard of care can safely and effectively reduce pain following total knee replacement more than the standard of care, alone. This study involves a device called the SPRINT Beta System. The SPRINT Beta System delivers mild electrical stimulation to nerves in the leg that received the knee replacement. The SPRINT Beta System includes a small wire (called a "lead") that is placed through the skin in the upper leg. It also includes a device worn on the body that delivers stimulation (called the SPRINT Beta Stimulator). About half the subjects in this study will receive the SPRINT Beta system (treatment group) and half will not (control group). Both groups will receive the standard of care.
Experimental and clinical studies have indicated that acupuncture has a good effect for depression and comorbid pain. The purpose of this research is to compare the effect of comprehensive electro-acupuncture therapy and western medicine citalopram for for depressive disorder with comorbid psychogenic pain. This research is a assessor blinded, randomized controlled trials. 60 patients will be randomly divided into comprehensive electro-acupuncture group and western medicine citalopram for 8 weeks treatment and the therapeutic effect is done at the end of 1,2,4,6,8 week.
Pain assessment is crucial in clinical practice. Currently, subjective self-report is considered the most appropriate method to evaluate pain. Although several methods to assess pain objectively exist, the lack of a golden standard still remains. This pilot study assesses the changes in pupil dilation (PD) and the analgesia nociception index (ANI) as a measure of pain in healthy, conscious, male volunteers in a highly standardized and individualized environment. Nineteen subjects received three blocks of 4 individualized electrical stimulus intensities, ranging from no to severe pain. Subjects reported their perceived severity of each individual stimulus, enabling the comparison of changes in PD and ANI in relation to both administered stimulus intensities and perceived pain severities. PD and ANI were measured before and after each administration of a stimulus.
This study is a randomized controlled trial (RCT) to assess the feasibility, tolerability, and safety of using opioid receptor antagonists (naltrexone and nalmefene) to treat pain among HIV-infected persons with heavy alcohol use and chronic pain.
Psychiatric comorbidities in patient with Painful Peripheral neuropathy
There is evidence, of a single randomized controlled trial, that CFT is better than combined manual therapy and motor control exercise for chronic low back pain. However, this study had significant methodological shortcomings regarding the failure to carry out the intention to treat analysis and a considerable loss of follow-up of patients. As it is, it is important to carry out more studies involving CFT compared to other interventions already used in clinical practice and to correct these methodological shortcomings. Therefore, the aim of the study is to assess the efficacy of Cognitive Functional Therapy in patients with chronic non specific low back pain.
Background: Even the healthiest infants undergo painful procedures as part of universal medical care. Untreated early pain is associated with heightened pain response during later procedures in infancy and alteration in response to pain in childhood. Oral sucrose is currently considered the standard of care for acute pain relief in infants. Compelling evidence from 57 randomized controlled trials suggests that oral sucrose reduces bio-behavioral pain response. However, recent data examining the influence of oral sucrose on pain-specific brain activity measured using electroencephalogram (EEG) questions the efficacy of this intervention for reducing pain in the infant brain. Evidence supports the effectiveness of breastfeeding as a pain relieving intervention, however, no studies to date have examined the effect of breastfeeding on pain-specific activity in the newborn brain. Aims: The primary aim of this study is to examine the influence of breastfeeding in comparison to oral sucrose on pain-specific activity in the newborn brain during a heel lance. The secondary aim will be to determine if there is convergence among outcome measures in either of the intervention conditions. Methods: Utilizing a single blind, randomized controlled trial design, 126 healthy term infants will be recruited within the first two days of life. Infants will be randomized to have a medically indicated heel lance completed in one of two possible conditions: 1) breastfeeding (n = 63) or 2) sucrose in an infant cot (n = 63). Infants will not be eligible for study participation if they show signs of lower limb tissue damage, have had previous surgery or intraventricular hemorrhage, are born to opioid using mothers or with significant genetic disorders, are unable to breastfeed, or have contraindications to sucrose administration. Pain-specific brain activity will be recorded on EEG for the duration of the blood collection. Infant facial response will be video recorded, and heart rate and oxygen saturation will be measured for calculation of Premature Infant Pain Profile-Revised (PIPP-R) Score, a reliable and valid bio-behavioral measure of pain in infants' 26-44 weeks gestational age. For infants randomized to the breastfeeding condition, data collection will begin with recording of a one-minute baseline (BL1). Following this, a non-painful control stimulus will be applied to the infant's foot to capture a baseline response on EEG to a non-painful event. The infant will then be transferred to the mother and active breastfeeding will be facilitated. A second baseline (BL2) will be recorded prior to heel lance. Pain response will be recorded from the initiation of the heel lance until procedure completion. In the sucrose condition, all monitoring will take place while the infant is in a cot (considered standard of care). Procedures will be consistent with those outlined above with the exception of administration of 24% oral sucrose two minutes prior to the heel lance. Analysis and inference will be calculated based on the intention-to-treat principle. Data from the EEG recording will be grouped into basic waveforms using principal component analysis. Two one-way analysis of variances will be used to assess the effect of stimulation type (non-painful control, painful heel lance) and treatment (24% oral sucrose, breastfeeding) on the principal components. To assess for the effect of treatment on PIPP-R score, group means will be compared using unpaired Student's t-tests. Hypotheses: Infants in the breastfeeding condition will demonstrate both lower pain-specific brain response and lower bio-behavioral pain scores than infants in the sucrose condition. Significance: This will be the first study to examine the effect of breastfeeding on pain-specific brain response in infants. In light of the negative consequences of unmanaged pain in infants, it is imperative that effective pain relieving interventions are utilized. Given recent evidence questioning the analgesic properties of sucrose, findings will have important implications for informing optimal pain management practices in infants.
Sparing the phrenic nerve by administering ultrasound-guided low volume superior trunk block (STB) and interscalene block (ISB) for arthroscopic shoulder surgery (labral repair, stabilization, rotator cuff repair).
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic and prevalent joint disorder with great impact on quality of life and high economic burden. Although a number of conservative therapies have proven to be effective for the management of hand OA, only modest treatment effects were reported for most individual interventions. The aim of the proposed study is to assess the effect of laser therapy on pain, function and force in patients with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (CMC OA).