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This is a prospective randomized, clinical trial comparing recurrent use of Morphine Sulfate Immediate Release (MSIR), Oxycodone/Acetaminophen (Percocet), and Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen (Vicodin) at discharge from the emergency department for opioid-naive adult patients presenting with moderate-to-severe pain. At discharge, patients will be randomized to receive either 5 mg of Oxycodone/Acetaminophen (Percocet) tablet 4 times a day for 5 days, 5 mg of Hydrocodone/Acetaminophen (Vicodin) tablet 4 times a day for 5 days, or 15 mg Morphine Sulfate Immediate Release (MSIR) tablet 4 times a day for 5 days. At 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months patients' prescription's history will be accessed by using the DoctorFirst Drug Database to determine the recurrent use that will serve as a surrogate marker of likeability and abuse liability of each prescribed opioid.
This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind clinical trial to examine the comparative effects on OAKP of CGS-200-1 (1% Capsaicin content) (N=40), CGS-200-5 (5% Capsaicin content) (N=40), and CGS-200 Vehicle (no Capsaicin) (N=40) in subjects with OA of the knees according to the 1986 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Assigned doses will be applied at the clinic for 60 minutes on each of four consecutive days. Subjects will be randomized to one of the three Arms in this study: CGS-200-1 or CGS-200-5 or CGS-200 Vehicle (CGS-200-0). All subjects will receive 4 consecutive days of treatment and will then be followed up until the Day 94 visit. Even though both knee(s) will receive application of study test materials, with regard to reduction in WOMAC pain and VAS pain score associated with study treatments, only one knee will be indicated as the "Study Knee". This will be the knee with the highest WOMAC pain score at screening. If both knees have equal WOMAC pain scores at baseline, then the right knee will be considered the "Study Knee" with regard to WOMAC pain and VAS pain score reduction. Data will be collected from Day 1 through Day 5 and then again on Days 19, 35, 64 and 94 for efficacy, tolerability, and safety measures. The Investigators, all site staff and Clinical Research Organization (CRO) personnel (except the Medical Monitor providing safety oversight) directly involved in the study will remain blinded to the treatment assignment throughout the trial.
This study compares two groups of patients undergoing a gynecological surgey under general anesthesia: one group in which intraoperative analgesia is guided by the Analgesia-nociception index, and another group in which intraoperative analgesia is managed as in standard practice. The objective is to assess if the Analgesia Nociception Index may result in a decrease in total analgesic drugs consumption, a decrease in post-operative pain and in chronic pain development.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the exposure of diclofenac in the plasma and in the knee joint following topical administration of DDEA gel 4 gram (g) applied twice daily for 7 days
The purpose of this study is to determine if non-invasive distracting devices (Virtual Reality headset) are more effective than the standard of care (i.e., no technology based distraction) for preventing anxiety and pain scores in women who are undergoing child laboring procedures. The anticipated primary outcome will be a reduction of pregnant females overall anxiety and pain scores before and after such procedure(s), including but not limited to epidural/combined spinal epidural (CSE), IV placement and/or labor.
Over the past few years, significant advances have begun to be made in the development of particular measures as valid biomarkers or surrogate markers for the presence of acute and chronic pain. Many of these advances have been made because of the development of new and improved technologies, for example in the fields of imaging and genetics. Research is now showing brain activity and brain organizational changes associated with the presence of pain. Various factors have been found in the blood that is associated with the presence of pain. Research is also suggesting that pupil responses to a variety of stimuli may predict the presence of pain. And machine learning analysis of videos has found facial movement patterns in both animals and humans that are correlated with the presence of pain. This is a pilot study to investigate whether components of a person's electrical brain activity do reflect pain sensation.
The experience of breastfeeding-related pain is common for postpartum women, but is not often anticipated as part of the postpartum experience. This feasibility randomized controlled trial aims to examine the effectiveness of a nurse-led educational intervention using anticipatory guidance among pregnant women wishing to breastfeed on breastfeeding outcomes, breastfeeding-related pain, and maternal satisfaction.
Although knee pain is prevalent among community-dwelling older adults, little is known about how people in general handle their pain. We will conduct a survey to explore how knee pain affects people's lives and which treatments or self-management strategies they have chosen (or are being offered), and how these interact concerning pain reduction and maintenance of function.
Obstetric anal sphincter injuries (OASIS) encompass both third and fourth degree perineal tears. These tears can have a significant impact on women's quality of life in the short and long term. One of the most distressing immediate complications of this severe perineal injury is perineal pain. Women can also experience postpartum depression, dyspareunia, and altered sexual function after OASIS. This is a randomized controlled trial to study the effects of three interventions (placebo, low dose intravenous ketamine plus epidural morphine, or epidural morphine alone) on acute pain after OASIS. The objective of this study is to assess the incidence of perineal pain in postpartum patients 1 week after obstetric anal sphincter injuries.
Children born with severe brain-based developmental disabilities frequently experience persistent unexplained periods of pain and irritability, often compounded by a limited capacity to communicate their distress. The investigators call this entity Pain and Irritability of Unknown Origin (PIUO). The investigators have designed a systematic approach, called the PIUO Pathway, to address the management of these children's pain and irritability with the goals of reducing pain symptoms, improving the day-to-day lives of the child and family, and simplifying treatment options for clinicians.