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Among patients receiving opioids for noncancer pain, recent research in North America showed a strong association between doses and opioid-related mortality, especially at dosages exceeding thresholds recommended in recent guidelines. However, the focus on over-dosage may underestimate overall opioid-related mortality and data on death associated with opioid use in a population-based cohort of chronic noncancer pain patients in Europe is scarce. Especially comparative studies studying the safety of long-term opioid therapy in a real-world setting relative to non-opioid medication for chronic noncancer pain are needed in a European context.
The objective of this case-control intervention study is to explore the effectiveness of Concentrated Growth Factor (CGF) and Advanced Platelet Rich Fibrin (A-PRF) on Pain, Edema and Trismus After Impacted Lower Third Molar Surgery
The aim of the design is to investigate the value of percutaneous microelectrolysis (MEP) as an analgesic technique in myofascial trigger points. This research seeks to evaluate the influence of the polar effects of the cathode on the reduction of the threshold of painful pressure and intensity of pain in the myofascial trigger points of the trapezius muscle. An assessment with algometry and visual analog scale will be made in healthy subjects before applying the intervention. The study will evaluate the changes in kilograms per square centimeter of painful pressure threshold and millimeters of pain in a group exposed to the application to percutaneous microelectrolysis (MEP) compared to another group that will not receive the intervention. Both groups will be provided with a basic treatment of therapeutic ultrasound. The treatment will include three sessions with an interval of 3 days. Subsequently, the researchers will proceed to compare the painful pressure threshold and pain intensity obtained from the algometry test and visual analogue scale in each of the groups, and between groups, before and after the procedure. The changes obtained between sessions will be compared.
The goal of this exploratory study is the characterization of the pharmacokinetic profile of paracetamol in older patients and the specific PK variables associated with plasma exposure in this population.
Adalimumab (Humira, AbbVie) is a highly effective treatment for a variety of auto-immune/auto-inflammatory diseases including juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA). Adalimumab works by binding to tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF), hereby preventing its interaction with the TNF receptor. In the presence of complement, adalimumab can also lyse TNF-expressing cells. Adalimumab is administered via subcutaneous injection, which has the major drawback of being perceived as unpleasant and painful, especially during long term use for both adults and children. As subcutaneous administration may therefore eventually jeopardize treatment adherence, there is a clear need for less invasive alternatives to administer highly effective biological drugs such as adalimumab. Microneedles may be a potential alternative for invasive drug administration. Microneedles are currently widely investigated for the administration of various vaccines. The experience with administration of biological drugs is rather limited. The sparse available data suggests similar pharmacokinetics of adalimumab when administered either subcutaneous or intradermal in healthy volunteers. Moreover, the first studies report good tolerability of microneedles. However, no systematic studies have been performed yet i) to investigate pain, acceptability, and local tolerability for intradermal versus subcutaneous adalimumab administration ii) to evaluate safety, PK and immunogenicity for intradermal versus subcutaneous adalimumab and iii) to explore the usability of optical coherence tomography, clinical photography, thermal imaging and laser speckle contrast imaging in the evaluation of intradermal injections. This study will directly compare the pain perception and hence acceptability of a single dose (40 mg) of adalimumab administered subcutaneously (SC) versus intradermally (ID) via microneedles in healthy adult volunteers. Furthermore, the pharmacokinetic profile, pharmacodynamics, the immunogenicity and the tolerability will be assessed. This study will enable bridging to a future study in children and adolescents with JIA, in which the suitability of microneedles for the administration of adalimumab in pediatric patients will be examined. The overarching aim of these studies is to make administration of biologicals in children as pain free as possible.
Hip fractures are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly with over 30,000 hip fractures occuring in Canada annually and over 1300 in Saskatchewan. The estimated cost associated with hip fractures is over $600 million nationally and 28 million dollars in Saskatchewan. Hip fractures cause a great deal of pain and immobility and are mainly treated with surgical fixation. In the perioperative period, hip fracture patients are treated mainly with opioids and other adjuncts such as NSAIDS and acetaminophen. Opioid consumption in the elderly population can predispose to delirium and respiratory complications such as atelectasis, respiratory depression, and pneumonia. Fascia iliaca blocks have been shown to be an effective mode of analgesia for patients with hip fractures, but are underutilized for varying reasons including culture of practice, expertise with performing the block, and having a dedicated service to do so. This study aims to compare the efficacy of fascia iliaca blocks to standard treatment (opioids) in the management of pain in hip fracture patients with a particular focus on outcomes such as the incidence of delirium, respiratory complications, and length of stay in hospital. Our idea is that if we can reduce the amount of opioids these patients receive then they will have improved pain control, fewer respiratory complications, earlier time to mobilizing, and shorter hospital stays. As far as we are aware this relation has not been well studied.
This is a multi-center, randomized, double-blind clinical trial to examine the comparative effects on OAKP of CGS-200-1 (1% Capsaicin content) (N=40), CGS-200-5 (5% Capsaicin content) (N=40), and CGS-200 Vehicle (no Capsaicin) (N=40) in subjects with OA of the knees according to the 1986 American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Assigned doses will be applied at the clinic for 60 minutes on each of four consecutive days. Subjects will be randomized to one of the three Arms in this study: CGS-200-1 or CGS-200-5 or CGS-200 Vehicle (CGS-200-0). All subjects will receive 4 consecutive days of treatment and will then be followed up until the Day 94 visit. Even though both knee(s) will receive application of study test materials, with regard to reduction in WOMAC pain and VAS pain score associated with study treatments, only one knee will be indicated as the "Study Knee". This will be the knee with the highest WOMAC pain score at screening. If both knees have equal WOMAC pain scores at baseline, then the right knee will be considered the "Study Knee" with regard to WOMAC pain and VAS pain score reduction. Data will be collected from Day 1 through Day 5 and then again on Days 19, 35, 64 and 94 for efficacy, tolerability, and safety measures. The Investigators, all site staff and Clinical Research Organization (CRO) personnel (except the Medical Monitor providing safety oversight) directly involved in the study will remain blinded to the treatment assignment throughout the trial.
This study evaluates pain relief during extracorporeal shock-wave Lithotripsy by using transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) and comparing it with fentanyl which is a narcotic analgesic. Half of the participants will receive a primary fentanyl dose together with TENS application, another half will receive a primary fentanyl dose. All patients will receive fentanyl increments if they still complained of pain.
The purpose of this study is to determine if changing the frequency or intensity of transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) can reduce the development of tolerance to TENS treatment.
To date it is unknown how physical activity levels in adults is limited before and after lumbar spine surgery and if physical activity level is associated with disability and limitations of quality of life. The main objective is to compare physical activity preoperatively and 6 and 12 weeks postoperatively in patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery with norm data. In addition, the investigators will study the association of changes in physical activity, disability and quality of live.