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This study compares the the efficacy of buccal infiltration of 4% Articaine and 2% Mepivacaine without any palatal injection during extraction of maxillary teeth. One group of patient receives buccal infiltration of Articaine and another group receives buccal infiltration of Mepivacaine.
The aim of the study is to describe pain coping strategies and their evolution in children and adolescent with cerebral palsy.
Can acupuncture be quantified. This study sets out to observe if there are measurable effects of fine motor control that are attributable to acupuncture. The study utilizes an FDA approved medical device for measurements of fine motor control called the RU-Fit.
Approximately 40% of patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty develop acute to moderate post operative pain. Furthermore 20-30% develop chronic post operative pain. The objective of this work is to study the effectiveness and safety of pulsed radiofrequency of the saphenous nerve realized during the pre-operative period of total knee arthroplasty. The study design is a randomized, blinded clinical trial. Patients scheduled for total knee arthroplasty are divided into two groups. The first group procedure consists in pre-operative pulsed radiofrequency under ultrasound guidance of the saphenous nerve and standard postoperative pain management by the pain clinic. The second group receives only the standard postoperative pain management by the pain clinic. Patient follow ups are performed 3 times (after 2 weeks, 2 months and 6 months) within a period of 6 months, evaluating pain severity using the VAS.
The purpose of the study is to determine the efficacy of IV acetaminophen when administered to neurosurgical patients at the beginning and end of their surgery. If the result is improved pain control with less opioid consumption postoperatively, then those patients may also experience less opioid related side effects such as nausea/vomiting, pruritus, and sedation.
A gap of knowledge exists on the understanding of the acute effects of stabilization exercises on pain, disability and physical performance when applied after radiofrequency denervation. Therefore, the main objective of this study is to show the effects of stabilization exercises when started in acute period and also reduce the frequency of recurrence low back pain of patients with FJS after radiofrequency denervation.
Interferential current is a form of electrotherapy that is obtained by placing two different plates that produce medium frequency waveform current, resulting in a low frequency interferential waveform in deeper tissues. It was shown interferential current electrotherapy is beneficial for reduction of traumatic edema in tissues and pain control. Patients with conservatively managed distal radius fractures were recruited after casts are shed, and were treated with one session(30 minutes) of different protocols of interferential current electrotherapy. Before and after therapy, they were evaluated with volumetry, hand grip strength and visual analogue scale for pain.
Objective: The study aimed to assess the effect of topical application of an amino acid + sodium hyaluronate acid gel after lower third molar extraction. Study design: 136 patients requiring lower third molar extraction were enrolled. An amino acid + sodium hyaluronate acid (HA) gel was applied to the sockets of the patients in the treatment group immediately following extraction; the sockets of the controls were simply flushed with a sterile saline solution. 7 and 14 days after surgery, patients' outcomes and postoperative complications were evaluated. Cumulative incidence of dehiscence and secondary outcome measures were analyzed using a chi-square test.
The purpose of this study is to compare the analgesic effects of four non-pharmacological interventions: skin-to-skin contact, breastfeeding, oral sucrose and nonnutritive sucking in newborns receiving a heel lance procedure.
Colonoscopy is the gold standard in the diagnosis and treatment colorectal disease, but due to the uncomfortable or even painful procedure, a part of people unwilling to undergoing the examination and giving analgesic agents were recommended in several guidelines. However, use of analgesic agents have their own drawbacks, and nearly 70% patients felt no pain or only mild discomfort with the unsedated colonoscopy, routine administration of sedative or analgesic agents to all patients was considered as unnecessary. However, unsedated colonoscopy was thought to be an option for some but not for all, therefore a method to identify which patients at high risk for painful colonoscopy in preoperational stage is necessary.