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The study evaluate the effectiveness of dry cold application on pain intensity and bruise at the subcutaneous injection site among patients admitted in medical I.C.U. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 60 hospitalized patients (30 in experimental and 30 in comparison group). Dry cold was applied to the subcutaneous injection site using ice bag filled with crushed ice with half table spoon of salt for 20 minutes after the administration of injection and no intervention was given in comparison group.
The study consisted of 60 women who had pain-point pains in the upper fibers of the trapezius muscle. They had a medical age of 22.8 years, with a body mass index of 22.8 kg / cm2.They underwent an initial assessment, with a visual analogue pain scale, followed by an assessment of pain threshold, and manual muscle strength.Then, they were allocated into three groups: control group with 20 volunteers without intervention, placebo group with 20 volunteers with shock wave simulation and an intervention group with 20 volunteers with shock wave therapy. All volunteers were evaluated immediately after the protocol (post evaluation) and 48 hours after the intervention protocol (48 hour evaluation). A mixed ANOVA of repeated measurements was used for intra and intergroup comparisons, followed by tukey post hoc. Significance was set at 5% (p <0.05).
A study to assess and compare the effectiveness of Distraction techniques on Pain intensity during Immunization among Infants in selected hospital of Ambala, Haryana.
Post-Operative Pain After Uniportal Vats Lobectomy: Does A Smaller Incision Result In Better Recovery? Postoperative pain control remains one of the most common problems after major lung resection. Pain is considered a major independent factor responsible for increased perioperative morbidity and mortality: in particular, in patients with preoperative compromised clinical conditions. In fact, acute pain may compromise the patient's mobilization and the secretion's clearance with secondary possible bronchial obstruction and parenchymal lung infection. Today, the treatment of postoperative pain after lung resection is based on association of the pharmacological therapy, including systemic use of opioids and non-steroid drugs, epidural analgesia, intercostal nerve block and cryoanalgesia with the minimally invasive surgery, like use of mini-thoracotomy, a thoracoscopic approach or intercostal nerve protection with the use of muscle sparing. In the literature, reduced tissue damage consequent to the use of limited surgical approaches is reported to be significantly effective in decreasing early postoperative pain. Thus, the use of a minimally invasive surgery for lung resections has proved to produce more tolerable pain and allow quicker functional recovery and lower postoperative complications. The aim of this prospective randomized study was to evaluate the equivalency of a smaller incision (4 cm) when compared to a longer length (8 cm) of incision performing uniportal VATS lobectomy in terms of postoperative pain results. Primarily, to evaluate the differences of operative time between the groups. Secondly, to investigate the differences of pain scores between the two groups and the impact of pain reduction on functional results.
Breast cancer is the second most common cancer in the world, the most common in women, representing the leading cause of death in Brazil. The therapeutic approach for breast cancer includes surgery, radiotherapy, chemotherapy and endocrine therapy. Chemotherapy courses with side effects because the cytotoxic effects affect indistinctly neoplastic cells and normal cells. The cancer per se may promote disruption in circadian rhythm. Chemotherapy induces or enhances desynchronization of the sleep-wake cycle, which competes with impaired memory, mood, pain and poor quality of life. Melatonin is an attractive therapeutic option in this context. This neurohormone also has immunomodulatory, co-analgesic and anti-depressant properties. Additionally, the antioxidant properties of melatonin may decrease free radical formation, reducing damage to DNA. The objective is to assess the response to melatonin as a synchronizer of the sleep-wake rhythm, neuromodulator, and mieloprotetor genoprotetor in the effects induced by chemotherapy in women with breast cancer.
The purpose of this study is to determine which technique for catheter placement in continuous femoral nerve block (FNB) is most successful - guidance with (1) ultrasound or (2) nerve stimulation and ultrasound. Sensory and motor assessment scores will be obtained post-FNB. Patient controlled analgesia and opiate consumption is also recorded along with pain scores for the first 48 hour post-FNB.
Imagery is determined with two strategies to mentally simulate the movements: visual and kinesthetic imagery. Visual motor imagery (VMI) is associated with spatial coordinates of a movement in the environment and through this speciality VMI applies mainly to the imagery of moving objects or to movement of another person in the imagined environment, although imagine of own movement is also possible. Kinesthetic motor imagery depends on dynamic relationship among the individual, the movement and the environment and it should be determined by the nature of the task, the environment and individual characteristics and also requires "feel" the movement. The aim of this study is to translate this questionnaire into Turkish and the translation in terms of its internal consistency, test-retest reliability.
During routine general anesthesia (not standardized, left to the discretion of the attending anesthesiologist), pupillary pain index was measured one minute before skin incision. Then, variations in heart rate, blood pressure and bispectral index during the three minutes following skin incision were recorded, as well as the occurrence of movements.
Pregnant women who eligible with inclusion criteria are random to two groups. Aromatherapy group will receive the aromatherapy during labor along with standard pain control. Non-aromatherapy group will receive standard pain control during labor
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of individual education and individual self-care measures on pain intensity, perceived health, mood and sleep during and after treatment with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.