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This is a randomized clinical trial in healthy volunteers. 12 volunteers will have suture-method catheters placed in the adductor canal of each leg using the long-axis plane and short-axis plane technique. The investigators will inject LA in both catheters to confirm correct position. Following return of cold sensation the catheter is then displaced intentionally. The orifice is identified by injection of isotonic saline to ensure a proper displacement (spread outside of the adductor canal) and the distance from the delivery orifice of the catheter to the adductor canal is noted. A second investigator will assess distance from the LA delivery orifice of the catheter to the adductor canal using hydrodissection with isotonic saline to pinpoint the delivery orifice and subsequently reposition the catheter to obtain LA spread within the adductor canal. Successful repositioning is defined as a combination of LA spread within the adductor canal and loss of cold sensation on the medial part of the lower leg.
This is a prospective randomized, control trial investigating ankle pain resulting from the use of CAM Walking Boots.
This study evaluates the incidence of intravascular injection during cervical transforaminal epidural block using blunt needle, compared to the sharp needle. The investigators will performed cervical transforaminal epidural block using blunt-type block needle in half of participants or sharp-type block needle in the other half.
Pain assessment is crucial in clinical practice. Currently, subjective self-report is considered the most appropriate method to evaluate pain. Although several methods to assess pain objectively exist, the lack of a golden standard still remains. This pilot study assesses the changes in pupil dilation (PD) and the analgesia nociception index (ANI) as a measure of pain in healthy, conscious, male volunteers in a highly standardized and individualized environment. Nineteen subjects received three blocks of 4 individualized electrical stimulus intensities, ranging from no to severe pain. Subjects reported their perceived severity of each individual stimulus, enabling the comparison of changes in PD and ANI in relation to both administered stimulus intensities and perceived pain severities. PD and ANI were measured before and after each administration of a stimulus.
Osteoarthritis (OA) is a chronic and prevalent joint disorder with great impact on quality of life and high economic burden. Although a number of conservative therapies have proven to be effective for the management of hand OA, only modest treatment effects were reported for most individual interventions. The aim of the proposed study is to assess the effect of laser therapy on pain, function and force in patients with carpometacarpal osteoarthritis (CMC OA).
Pain still remains a limiting factor in early discharge of patients undergoing laparoscopic cholecystectomy. Almost all earlier studies done to compare the efficacy of local anaesthetics used intraperitoneally as compared to intraincisionally used equal amounts of drugs at the two locations, usually 10-20 ml. Using this large amount of drug in the small space of intraincisional location as compared to similar amount of drug in large intraperitoneal space created an inadvertent bias in favor of patients receiving the drug intraincisionally so such patients naturally experienced less pain. The investigators decided to standardize the drug used at these two locations as 1ml/cm and conduct a new study comparing the effects of drugs in relieving pain when used at these two locations.
The study evaluate the effectiveness of dry cold application on pain intensity and bruise at the subcutaneous injection site among patients admitted in medical I.C.U. Purposive sampling technique was used to select 60 hospitalized patients (30 in experimental and 30 in comparison group). Dry cold was applied to the subcutaneous injection site using ice bag filled with crushed ice with half table spoon of salt for 20 minutes after the administration of injection and no intervention was given in comparison group.
The most common symptom displayed in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) is a pronounced sense of fatigue that can have negative effect on functional ability and quality of life (QOL). An important goal of researchers and clinicians involves improving the QOL of individuals with MS, and the exercise therapy represents potentially modifiable behavior that positively impacts on pathogenesis of MS and thus the QOL. However, the main barrier for its application is low motivational level that MS patients experience due to fatigue with adjacent reduced exercise tolerability and mobility, and muscle weakness. Getting individuals with MS motivated to engage in continuous physical activity may be particularly difficult and challenging, especially those with severe disability or Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS 6-8). Till now, researchers have focused their attention mainly on the moderate or vigorous intensity of exercise and on cardiorespiratory training in MS patients to achieve improvements in daily life quality, less indicating the exercise content, and most importantly, breathing exercises. In addition, it is investigators intention to make exercise for MS patients more applicable and accessible, motivational and easier, but most important, productive. Investigators think that MS patients experience more stress with aerobic exercise or moderate to high intensity programme exercise, and can hardly keep continuum including endurance exercise, or treadmill. Hypothesis: Investigators hypothesis is that 4-weeks of continuous low demanding or mild exercise programme with specific content and an accent on breathing exercise can attenuate primary fatigue in MS patients, especially in those with more severe disability or EDSS from 6-8, and provide maintenance of exercise motivation. Investigators also propose that important assistant factor for final goal achievement is social and mental support of the exercise group (EDSS from 0-8) led by a physiotherapist. This will help to maintain exercise motivation and finally make better psychophysical functioning, and thus better QOL.
The study consisted of 60 women who had pain-point pains in the upper fibers of the trapezius muscle. They had a medical age of 22.8 years, with a body mass index of 22.8 kg / cm2.They underwent an initial assessment, with a visual analogue pain scale, followed by an assessment of pain threshold, and manual muscle strength.Then, they were allocated into three groups: control group with 20 volunteers without intervention, placebo group with 20 volunteers with shock wave simulation and an intervention group with 20 volunteers with shock wave therapy. All volunteers were evaluated immediately after the protocol (post evaluation) and 48 hours after the intervention protocol (48 hour evaluation). A mixed ANOVA of repeated measurements was used for intra and intergroup comparisons, followed by tukey post hoc. Significance was set at 5% (p <0.05).
A study to assess and compare the effectiveness of Distraction techniques on Pain intensity during Immunization among Infants in selected hospital of Ambala, Haryana.