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The purpose of this study is to determine which technique for catheter placement in continuous femoral nerve block (FNB) is most successful - guidance with (1) ultrasound or (2) nerve stimulation and ultrasound. Sensory and motor assessment scores will be obtained post-FNB. Patient controlled analgesia and opiate consumption is also recorded along with pain scores for the first 48 hour post-FNB.
During routine general anesthesia (not standardized, left to the discretion of the attending anesthesiologist), pupillary pain index was measured one minute before skin incision. Then, variations in heart rate, blood pressure and bispectral index during the three minutes following skin incision were recorded, as well as the occurrence of movements.
Pregnant women who eligible with inclusion criteria are random to two groups. Aromatherapy group will receive the aromatherapy during labor along with standard pain control. Non-aromatherapy group will receive standard pain control during labor
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of individual education and individual self-care measures on pain intensity, perceived health, mood and sleep during and after treatment with radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.
Newborn infants in the neonatal intensive care nursery experience multiple, painful tissue damaging procedures daily. Preterm especially extremely low birth weights and critically ill newborns admitted to a Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU) undergo repeated skin-breaking procedures that are necessary for their survival. Sucrose is the accepted clinical standard nonpharmacological intervention for managing acute procedural pain for these infants. However its role in extremely low birth weight infants still need to be addressed. The exact dose and concentration of oral sucrose is still not clear. When a Medline search was carried out to evaluate the role of two different concentrations (12% vs 24%) of oral sucrose in reducing pain in extremely low birth weight babies, very limited data was available. Cochrane Systemic Review also indicated that specific attention to the efficacy and safety of sucrose administration in extremely low birth weight preterm infants needs to be further investigated. More so, no work on this aspect was identified from the Indian subcontinent. Hence, the current study was planned with an aim to study the effects of 12% and 24% oral sucrose in extremely low birth weight infants during initiation of venipuncture and also study the side effects if any associated with these concentrations. This is a preliminary work on this topic, the results would therefore need to be interpreted with caution. However, the findings and the study design of this work will provide suitable platform for future well powered studies on this population.
This study had the following aims: i. to determine the relationship between anticipated pain and actual pain experienced following periodontal surgery; and ii. determine the factors that predict the amount of pain and the amount of pain medication use following periodontal surgery. It was hypothesized that experienced pain will be significantly less than anticipated pain. It was also hypothesized that the following factors will affect pain experienced: sex, type of surgery, nervousness, anticipated pain, sedation, age, smoking status, supplement use and pain pill usage. It was hypothesized that the following factors will affect pain pill usage: sex, type of surgery, nervousness, anticipated pain, sedation, age, smoking status, supplement use, and actual pain.
The primary objective of this study is to compare the bioavailability of a single dose of a new 1000 mg fast release ASA (acetylsalicylic acid) tablet with that of two tablets of a commercially available 500 mg fast release tablet and to test for bioequivalence of the new versus the commercial product in healthy adult subjects.
Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) consists of a surgical replacement of this joint by a prosthesis, and it is mainly carried out in cases of knee osteoarthrosis. In the postoperative period of TKA, the pain is intense and limits the mobility of patients, so the analgesia is one of the goals of the physical therapy. One of the alternatives available for pain management is the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS), characterized by the application of an electric pulsed current through electrodes positioned on the skin. Therefore, the present study aims to evaluate the acute effects of TENS associated with conventional physical therapy compared with conventional physical therapy on the pain level, knee range of motion and administration of morphine in the rehabilitation of patients after TKA.
Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) is characterized by the application of an electric pulsed current through electrodes positioned on the skin. It can be an alternative for pain management after surgery for total hip arthroplasty (THA), since it is a safe and cost-effective therapeutic tool, allowing the patient to move early due to pain relief. Therefore, the study aims to evaluate the acute effects of TENS associated with standard physical therapy compared with standard physical therapy on the intensity of pain, hip range of motion and morphine consumption in the rehabilitation of patients after THA.
This pilot "pre-post" quasi-experimental study evaluates for the first time the effectiveness of Vojta Therapy in treating lumbosciatic and compares it with the transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) procedure. Patients who agree will be distributed alternately in order of arrival to a Physiotherapy Unit, in such a way that half of the sample will be treated using TENS and the other half with Vojta.