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Background Fibromyalgia is a pathology characterised by chronic pain that harms people's quality of life. This pathology requires an MRT that combines pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. Currently, FPAs are important to society not only by offering activities that improve fibromyalgia symptomatology but also by increasing public awareness of the disease. The present study compares the effectiveness of a multimodal rehabilitation treatment (MRT) with that of the activities of a fibromyalgia patient association (FPA), and identifies the patient characteristics that can interfere with the success of interventions. Methods The quasi-experimental study selected forty-six older adults with fibromyalgia. The intervention group (n = 23) received pharmacological treatment, physical exercise, education, psychological therapies and Caycedian sophrology, while the control group (n = 23) carried out group psychological sessions and handicraft-based activities. Data collection included sociodemographic measures and responses to the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). Participants were assessed pre- and post-intervention.
Observational study to determine if topical anesthetic and intraoperative oculocardiac reflex influence post strabismus surgery recovery.
The purpose of this project is to quantify normal and abnormal skin blood flow regionally in different areas of the body(face, extremities, over burns and wounds) at baseline and over time in response to treatment or environmental changes, such as temperature, light and pressure.
This study aimed to compare experiences between adult patients receiving clear aligners and fixed appliances during the initial stage of orthodontic treatments.
Central venous access is an imperative measure used in neonates whether being a peri-operative measure for children undergoing cardiac procedures for congenital heart diseases or as a mean of nutrition in neonatal enteral malnutrition and drug administration in oncology patients. Central catheters fall into two categories, a peripherally inserted central catheter (PICC) line or centrally inserted central catheters (CICC). Although these two modalities practically have the same aim, identifying the more effective technique is imperative for deciding which procedure should be applied to ameliorate patient outcomes. Many studies have been previously done that delineate the indications for central venous access with practically no absolute contraindications. These indications include central venous pressure (CVP) monitoring, poor venous access, volume resuscitation, and prolonged venous access in critically ill patients, total parenteral nutrition (TPN), cardio-pulmonary resuscitation and medication administration. Centrally inserted catheters have evolved from being blindly inserted catheters using landmarks techniques, is the usual standard of care, to being placed under direct visualization using ultrasound guidance. Since its first use back in the 90's, ultrasound guided insertion of central venous catheters has gained attention and successful attempts have been made to improve this technique. US-guidance initially used acoustic Doppler techniques but is now largely replaced by two-dimensional (2D) imaging and internal jugular vein (IJV) being the preferred site of insertion by US over femoral and subclavian vein. Several studies have compared these two techniques. Small-caliber vessels remain a great challenge in the pediatric population which backup the use of imaging modalities for a successful and safer insertion of CVCs. This study aims to develop a better understanding of pain during central line insertions, compare pain scores between the two techniques in order to adopt the less painful technique and ultimately provide insight about the use of analgesics during these procedures for a better outcome.
In this study investigators will examine the effect of dose related to exercise therapy for pain in healthy adult humans. An acute pain model will be employed to study the effect of exercise dose on pain. Acute pain models are currently used to study pain (both acute and chronic) in human samples as there is currently no chronic pain model.
Subcutaneous implantable venous access devices are routinely implanted under local anesthesia. However, patients complain of pain during the injection of local anesthesia. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of sodium bicarbonate-buffered lidocaine with epinephrine on reducing pain and patients' satisfaction during subcutaneous implantable venous access devices insertion. A prospective double-blind study was conducted over a period of 6 months (1st January 2017 to 30th June 2017). Patients were randomized to receive either buffered (PH= 7.33) or plane lidocaine (PH= 3.50). The same operator made all insertions using a standard technique. Pain at five procedural steps (local anesthetic infiltration, central vein cannulation, skin incision, deep tissue dissection and pocket formation, and skin closure) and satisfaction were evaluated on a VAS score (0-100 mm). Secondary outcomes were sensory block onset time using pinprick test and patients' satisfaction.
Intravitreal injections are an efficient method for delivering intraocular therapeutic agents in numerous ophthalmologic diseases. However, side effects, such as pain and subconjunctival hemorrhage remain a major concern. Prevention or alleviation of those side effects might shorten the healing duration and improve patients' quality of life.
The prevention and control of post-treatment pain is of great importance for the comfort of the patient as well as for the clinician's prestige. In this study, the effect of 940 nm diode laser disinfection on the postoperative pain of retreatment cases was evaluated.
This study aims to examine whether the pain of fibromyalgia patients can be reduced with utilization of real-time pain monitoring system (PAAS). In this pilot study, adult fibromyalgia patients were randomly assigned to use or to not use PAAS. Changes in the visual analogue scale (VAS) were examined by rheumatologists at baseline and after three months, and correlations between conventional pain VAS or PAAS VAS and clinical parameters (patient global assessment, physician global assessment, fibromyalgia impact questionnaire) were investigated. We also examined if the utilization of PAAS can affect health related quality of life and depression.