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This experimental, single-blind, randomized controlled trial study was conducted to compare the effect of the rapid injection technique without aspiration on pain level in the vaccination for the young adult students. The population of the study consisted of the nursing students who had to be tetanus vaccinated as a protective measure. The students were divided into two groups, as the rapid injection technique without aspiration and control group. The Numerical Rating Scale was used to determine the perceived pain level
This study is an experimental randomized controlled study conducted to compare the effect of balloon blowing, coughing, and ball squeezing methods applied during venous blood sampling from on pain and fear level in 7-12 year-old children. The population of the study consisted of all 7-12 year-old children who were referred to the blood-letting room for venous blood sampling in a state hospital. The sample of the study was determined as 120 children with confidence level of 95% and theoretical power of 95%. The children were divided into 4 groups of 30 people, including balloon blowing, ball squeezing, coughing, and control groups. Each intervention and control group was matched in terms of gender. In the study, the randomization of the sample group was performed by using stratification and block randomization methods.
This study aimed to analyze the stratification of pain levels through a mathematical model built using the diffuse joint theory and to investigate the relationship between range of motion and pain related aspects.
A qualitative study, as a follow-up to an earlier study, that provides an opportunity to develop a deeper understanding of the injured cyclist's behavior related to seeking medical attention and endurance of pain. This study includes 10 club-level cyclists who have an injury and either have or have not sought medical attention.
The purpose of this study is to understand the use of brief, personalized music interventions to decrease pain. Persisting and recurring pain is devastating to individuals and society. The worry and anxiety people feel while experiencing chronic pain may increase how much pain they feel. Enjoyable music feels good and affects brain chemicals in a way that can lessen feelings of pain. Music that feels good can also lower the anxiety and worry that accompany chronic pain which may play a role in the pain relief music provides.
The purpose for this protocol is to perform an open-label parallel-arm clinical study in healthy subjects to evaluate the efficacy of a nutraceutical product on chronic pain, vascular health, inflammation, and overall wellness.
How placebo modulates orthodontic pain remains largely unknown. The present study aimed to investigate the placebo modulation of brain activity associated with orthodontic pain using fMRI.
Sickle cell anaemia is an inherited blood disorder which results in abnormal sickle shaped red blood cells which do not fit well through small blood vessels. These blockages prevent oxygen (in blood) from reaching different parts of the body resulting in painful crisis. This study will compare the effectiveness of two types of pain medication, one given through a vein and one squirted up the nose.
Background Fibromyalgia is a pathology characterised by chronic pain that harms people's quality of life. This pathology requires an MRT that combines pharmacological and non-pharmacological treatments. Currently, FPAs are important to society not only by offering activities that improve fibromyalgia symptomatology but also by increasing public awareness of the disease. The present study compares the effectiveness of a multimodal rehabilitation treatment (MRT) with that of the activities of a fibromyalgia patient association (FPA), and identifies the patient characteristics that can interfere with the success of interventions. Methods The quasi-experimental study selected forty-six older adults with fibromyalgia. The intervention group (n = 23) received pharmacological treatment, physical exercise, education, psychological therapies and Caycedian sophrology, while the control group (n = 23) carried out group psychological sessions and handicraft-based activities. Data collection included sociodemographic measures and responses to the Fibromyalgia Impact Questionnaire (FIQ). Participants were assessed pre- and post-intervention.
Observational study to determine if topical anesthetic and intraoperative oculocardiac reflex influence post strabismus surgery recovery.