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Hip fractures are a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the elderly with over 30,000 hip fractures occuring in Canada annually and over 1300 in Saskatchewan. The estimated cost associated with hip fractures is over $600 million nationally and 28 million dollars in Saskatchewan. Hip fractures cause a great deal of pain and immobility and are mainly treated with surgical fixation. In the perioperative period, hip fracture patients are treated mainly with opioids and other adjuncts such as NSAIDS and acetaminophen. Opioid consumption in the elderly population can predispose to delirium and respiratory complications such as atelectasis, respiratory depression, and pneumonia. Fascia iliaca blocks have been shown to be an effective mode of analgesia for patients with hip fractures, but are underutilized for varying reasons including culture of practice, expertise with performing the block, and having a dedicated service to do so. This study aims to compare the efficacy of fascia iliaca blocks to standard treatment (opioids) in the management of pain in hip fracture patients with a particular focus on outcomes such as the incidence of delirium, respiratory complications, and length of stay in hospital. Our idea is that if we can reduce the amount of opioids these patients receive then they will have improved pain control, fewer respiratory complications, earlier time to mobilizing, and shorter hospital stays. As far as we are aware this relation has not been well studied.
The purpose of this study is to parametically evaluate two different types of repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) treatment strategies as a potential treatment for pain in individuals currently taking prescription opiates. Repetitive TMS is a non-invasive tool that uses magnetic pulses to temporarily stimulate specific brain areas. This study will test whether rTMS over different locations of the prefrontal cortex can produce a reduction in an individuals perception of pain and how the brain responds to pain. Participants will be randomized to receive either sham-rTMS, or one of two real rTMS treatments. Brain imaging, behavioral assessments, and pain assessments will be collected both immediately before and after rTMS.
The consequences of chronically insufficient sleep are both behavioral and medical. . Patients who undergo total knee or hip arthroplasty commonly complain of sleep fragmentation after hospitalization The aim of the present study is to evaluate the changes in objective and subjective sleep quality and perceived pain, untill the 10th hospitalization day, in patients who underwent total knee or hip arthroplasty.
Greater trochanteric pain syndrome (GTPS), or lateral hip pain, is associated with muscle weakness, altered movement patterns and painful daily activities. The disability associated with GTPS is comparable to end stage hip osteoarthritis, primarily affecting young and middle aged women. Few non-operative treatments have demonstrated long-term lasting or satisfactory results. For those who do improve, recurrence rates of pain and disability can be as high as 50%. Gluteal tendinopathy is the most common condition associated with a GTPS diagnosis. High compressive loads of the gluteal tendons during common activities like walking, stair-climbing, and running are the theorized mechanism for GTPS. These compressive loads are exacerbated with postures and movement patterns that involve the lateral tilting of the pelvis or movement of the thigh across the midline of the body. There is recent evidence that load modification through education and exercise is superior to a corticosteroid injection for reducing pain in these patients. However, it is unknown whether the possible effects of the load modification program were due to exercise alone or the reduction in compressive loads. As current physical therapy interventions for GTPS commonly incorporate high load postures and exercise activities, there is an urgent need to compare outcomes of standard of care physical therapy to load modification. The goal of this study is to evaluate the short-term effects of load modification education on pain and function in individuals with GTPS. Participants will be randomized to receive either standard exercise education or load modification education. Both groups will complete a series of questionnaires about their pain and function, and undergo a brief 2-dimensional assessment of their posture and movement. Between follow-up sessions, participants will be asked to respond to brief weekly online surveys to document their home program compliance, pain, and function. It is hypothesized that the group of participants receiving load modification will have the highest proportion of individuals with significant improvements in pain and function, and will demonstrate improved posture and movement.
The study objective is to determine if intranasal dexmedetomidine is a safe and effective sedative drug during small painful procedures in the pediatric emergency room. Patients of the pediatric emergency room at Oulu university hospital with any medical condition requiring a small painful procedure like i.v. cannulation or lumbar puncture are asked to join the investigator's study if they would seem to benefit from a sedative drug during the procedure. Patients are randomly assigned to treatment group receiving intranasal dexmedetomidine 1µg/kg and to placebo group receiving 4,5% saline solution. The primary outcome is the success of the procedure. Cardiovascular and respiratory effects, the pain experienced by the patient, sedation scores and duration of crying are also monitored.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the postoperative pain and discomfort using flurbiprofen axetil or nalbuphine administration after orbital decompression under general anesthesia.
This was a single-blind, randomized controlled trial. Seventy-six patients who underwent spinal anesthesia for surgery were randomized into the Shotblocker group or Control group. Before the insertion of a 25-gauge spinal needle, Shotblocker was applied just before the spinal needle insertion in the Shotblocker group. 10-cm visual analog scale to evaluate the pain intensity of spinal needle insertion and a five-point scale for patient satisfaction were compared between the two groups.
This study is a prospective, single-arm, open label, single center to confirm the effectiveness and safety of an ultra-high frequency (500 KHz) spinal cord stimulation in patients with chronic back pain or lower limb pain.
The overall goal of this single session semi-structured interview project is to explore the validation and contradiction of the preexisting pain beliefs in patients with chronic pain. Aim 1: After patients watch an educational video, explore occurrences of perceived validation and contradiction and the impact of validation and contradiction on pain beliefs, emotion, and pain. Aim 2: Obtain patients' recommendations for improving the educational value of the video.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of D-cycloserine versus placebo in relieving the signs and symptoms of patients with chronic lower back pain.