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This study uses a prospective non-randomized, non-controlled design. One Hundred Fifty (150) subjects presenting with pain will be enrolled into a single treatment group The purpose of the study is to evaluate the feasibility of PLEDS for PIV catheter light delivery for pain reduction, through change between baseline average pain and final average VAS score. The absence of a control group is based on the following reason: The purpose of this investigation is to further the understanding of the feasibility of PLEDS for PIV catheter light delivery for pain management. Further, the results of this investigation will be used (internally only) to determine if subject-perceived reductions in pain warrant proceeding with more controlled, targeted and possibly randomized studies.
The capacity of music to relieve pain has been used in many forms of medicines and has been proven to reduce anxiety, pain and need for analgesia in perioperative setting. However, music listening as an inexpensive and duplicable method has not been studied in the local context. The investigators hereby propose a prospective study to recruit women who undergo surgery to evaluate the effectiveness of music in pain relief and post-operative recovery in KKH; as well as the possibility of implementing music listening in perioperative setting. The patients will be offered to listen to one out of several pre-determined lists of music of different genres before, and after surgery. Data including pain score, Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) score, EuroQol-Five Dimensions questionnaire-using Three Levels (EQ-5D-3L), vital signs, analgesia usage and patient satisfaction will be collected in the perioperative period. The collected data shall also be assessed if they are affected by the presence of music, duration of music listening, and the genre chosen by the patients. The investigators believe that this study could help determine the clinical relevance of music for pain relief in local setting, which potentially could reduce patient pain and anxiety caused by surgery. This in turn could allow music listening to be adopted as a non-invasive pain relief intervention in local healthcare settings and further improve patient outcome with lower cost and greater convenience as well as safety.
This study will use a randomized controlled design to test whether patients who use medical marijuana, compared to a waitlist control group, experience a change in health outcomes (relief of symptoms, or adverse health outcomes such as new-onset symptoms of cannabis use disorders, neurocognitive impairments) or brain-based changes.
The need for non-invasive, non-pharmacological and cost-effective therapeutic options has revived the use of transcranial current stimulation, either direct (tDCS) or alternating (tACS), in a wide range of pathologies and cognitive disturbances. Results, although often promising, are not unequivocal, possibly due to different stimulation parameters and sites, or non-homogenous patient selection. tDCS has been widely applied but few studies have focused on tACS which has the advantage of potentially entraining brain oscillations at the same frequency of stimulation. This overcomes the basic mechanism of tDCS which deploys anodal or cathodal currents to broadly excite or inhibit supposedly dysfunctional underlying cortex. Whether a stimulation paradigm based on sound neurophysiological markers could provide a better and longer-lasting clinical outcome has not yet been ascertained. The investigators aim to establish, with a trans-disease approach, categories characterized by defective EEG oscillatory activity and related dysfunctional networks. This classification, expected as the result of the first stage of this project, will guide the stimulation paradigm: categories with a pathologically low-band EEG prevalence will be treated with high-frequency tACS, and vice-versa, while the stimulation site will correspond to the defective sites of pathological EEG band maps. Parkinson's disease (PD), the EEG marker of which is a shift towards fast frequencies, and neuropathic pain (NP), with an EEG prevalence of slow bands, will be considered. In order to categorize pathologies on the basis of their EEG frequencies, EEG power spectrums will be derived from resting EEG, and cortical oscillatory reactivity will be assessed by EEG-TMS (electroencephalographic-Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation) co-registration. This method appears to elicit state-dependent brain oscillatory response and is expected to support power spectrum data. The identified prevailing EEG band will be used subsequently to reconstruct scalp EEG band distribution. tACS paradigms will be tailored according to these findings: the anode will be placed over the scalp area corresponding to the dysfunctional rhythm and frequency will be set in order to correct the prevailing EEG band (slow stimulation if fast frequencies prevail, and vice-versa). The translational element of this research proposal will consist of its clinical application in day-to-day practice for the benefit of people with the target conditions. The patient-groups, after undergoing the neurophysiology studies, will be tested with disease-specific scales and a neuropsychological battery. A 2-weeks tACS, either real or active sham, protocol will then be performed (30 minutes/day, 5 days/week), associated with an ad hoc rehabilitation protocol (60 minutes/day 5 days/week). During the last day of stimulation, patients will be tested again with the disease specific scales, neuropsychological battery and standard EEG to detect EEG frequencies modifications. At 4-weeks follow up, the same tests and EEG recording will be carried out, to assess the persistence of after-effects. The expected result is a valid, non-invasive and cost-effective stimulation paradigm based on sound neurophysiologic markers which transcend traditional disease classifications.
This is a cohort study where subjects will receive either massage therapy or music therapy interventions to evaluate their impact on hospice patients.
This clinical trial studies how well Diode laser fiber type selective stimulator works in predicting pain development in patients with ovarian cancer who are receiving chemotherapy. Stimulating of the pain nerve fibers in your skin with an investigational device using laser light stimulation may help to predict whether a patient will develop painful peripheral neuropathy, correlate with the severity of neuropathy during and after chemotherapy treatment, and may help to explain the mechanisms of chemotherapy induced neuropathic pain.
The aim of the study is to collect preliminary information on the effect of low doses of trazodone on pain intensity in patients with painful diabetic neuropathy and to evaluate the neuropathic pain symptoms, anxiety, sleep, quality of life, safety and tolerability.
Background: It was long believed that newborns could not experience pain. As it is now documented that newborns have all the necessary systems to perceive pain, pain management can no longer be ignored. Pharmacologic agents are not recommended in neonates for pain relief in minor procedures and still there is debate regarding the efficacy of oral glucose, in different strengths, on alleviation of pain among neonates. Aim: The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety oral administration of glucose, in different concentrations, on pain relief in full term neonates undergoing heel prick test. Methods: The investigators will conduct a prospective, randomized, double blind placebo controlled trial to investigate the effect of glucose solution on alleviating the pain of heel prick test in around 360 healthy full term newborns who will be randomly allocated to one of three groups (around 120 neonates in each group): First group will receive 5% glucose, second group will receive 30% glucose and third group will receive sterile water as a placebo, 2 minutes prior to the procedure. Specially trained nurses will take turns to carry out blood sampling. Neonatal pain will be assessed by the Neonatal Infant Pain (NIPS) as well as by duration of crying, changes in heart rate, respiratory rate and oxygen saturation.
Lumbar pain is one of the most common injuries being the cause of morbidity in the individual generating occupational disability with strong personal, social and economic impact. As one of the methods of treatment, Pilates is a method that has good results for the management of this dysfunction. However, it is not known exactly which approach Pilates can bring better results for this population. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to compare the effects of two types of Pilates method interventions on non-specific chronic low back pain. A blinded randomized clinical trial, will be held. 32 patients divided randomly into two groups will be assessed, the Mobilization Pilates (MP) and the Stabilization Pilates (SP). Both groups will be formed by individuals of both sexes and aged 21 to 41 years with chronic low back pain. Both groups will receive 10 sessions of Pilates Methods twice a week, with each session taking an average of 50 minutes, therefore the MP will focus on a lumbo-pelvic mobilization exercises approach and the SP will focus on lumbo-pelvic stabilization exercises approach. At the beginning and end of the 5 weeks the individuals are evaluated to verify the presence of pain and disability with VAS of pain and Oswestry Questionnaire, and also with the Functional Movement Screen. Data will be analyzed statistically.
Technological advances and non-invasive techniques to modulate brain function have been developed, including transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS). Basically, electrodes are placed on the brain regions to stimulate or inhibit it. Subsequently, a continuous electrical current (0.4-2 mA) is imposed, for a period of 3-20 minutes, to modify cortical excitability. Few are the research groups that work on the topic of primary dysmenorrhea and the use of tDCS as the focus of study. Preliminary studies associated the use of tDCS with pain reduction, but the outcomes of physical and behavioral function needs further investigation.