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The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of DTG use in HIV positive pregnant women. This is a 3-year multi-site prospective observational study. Approximately, 250 HIV positive pregnant women from potential European AIDS Treatment Network (NEAT ID) sites across Europe will be enrolled. The enrollment period will be over 2 years with a follow-up period of 1 year for outcomes. The data collected will be that obtained during routine standard of care assessments; and the subjects will not undergo any interventional study procedures.
The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of rilpivirine (RPV)-based regimen in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected, antiretroviral (ARV) treatment-naive participants, as determined by the percentage of virologic responders defined as having HIV-1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) less than 400 copies/ milliliter (mL) at Week 24.
Client-Centered Representative Payee is a structural intervention that provides financial management support to PLWHA by modifying the implementation of a long-standing policy within the Social Security Administration, in which an organization is authorized to serve as the client's payee. The central hypothesis of this study is that by helping clients to pay rent and other bills on time, housing stability will improve and financial stress will decrease. By reducing the cognitive burden of living with chronic financial stress and frequent threats of housing loss, clients can devote more time and attention to medical appointments and medication adherence. It is further hypothesized that these changes will improve clients' self-efficacy for health behaviors, retention in care, medication adherence, and viral loads. These hypotheses will be tested via the following specific aims: (1) Conduct a randomized controlled trial (n=320) to test the effect of Client-Centered Rep Payee on ART adherence and viral load among PLWHA who are economically disadvantaged and unstably housed. Clinical adherence will be compared through behavioral and biological measures including prescription refill data, self-reported appointment adherence, and viral load for patients receiving the intervention versus those receiving standard of care. (2) Test underlying mechanisms associated with Client-Centered Rep Payee that contribute to changes in medication adherence and viral suppression rates. This will be accomplished via use of quantitative (mediation analysis) and qualitative (semi-structured interview) methods to test hypothesized mediators of medication adherence and viral suppression including financial and housing instability, financial stress, self-efficacy for health behaviors, and retention in care. (3) Assess the cost and cost-effectiveness of the Client-Centered Rep Payee model. An economic analysis will be conducted to model the impact of the intervention as compared with standard of care on quality adjusted life years as well as new infections averted. This approach is innovative because it offers a structural intervention to improve adherence by addressing the effects of economic insecurity, requires low financial investment, and can be layered with existing clinical services. Further, it is highly scalable as it builds on a current policy in practice within the Social Security system.
This study will evaluate the safety, immunogenicity, and preliminary assessment of efficacy of a novel vaccine encoding conserved elements (CE) of the HIV-1 Gag core protein, p24Gag, as a therapeutic vaccine in HIV-1 infected persons who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART). The study aims to induce potent virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) responses.
It's a prospective observational study to assess frailty and physical function
The fastest growing HIV epidemics globally are driven by injection drug use, but only a small percentage of HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWID) have achieved viral suppression. The proposed project will adapt a couple-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence intervention for PWID and assess the feasibility and acceptability of conducting dried blood spot testing to objectively measure ART adherence as part of an intervention in a clinical setting. This project advances HIV intervention science by providing an intervention that leverages social support within the dyad to improve ART adherence among PWID, which could lead to increased viral suppression, thus decreasing HIV transmission and HIV-related morbidity and mortality.
This first clinical study of 10-1074-LS will evaluate its safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics profile when administered alone or in combination with 3BNC117-LS to HIV (human immunodeficiency virus) -infected and HIV-uninfected individuals.
The purpose of this pilot study is to assess feasibility and to examine whether oral cannabinoids (capsules containing Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in 2 different ratios) are safe and well-tolerated in people living with HIV. Other aims are to determine whether oral cannabinoids may reduce HIV-associated inflammation. An exploratory objective is to determine whether oral cannabinoids may influence HIV persistence as well as the gastrointestinal microbiome.
This study will test the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an interdependence theory-based couples intervention in Kenya that reaches pregnant women and male partners through home visits by male-female pairs of lay health workers, and includes offer of home-based CHTC services.
The main objective is to offer diagnostic tests for HIV, HCV and other STD in the risk group of men having sex with men (MSM) users of Chemsex