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The purpose of this project is to beta-test a brief waiting room video intervention that promotes early initiation of antiretroviral treatment among treatment-naïve HIV-positive patients, adherence to antiretroviral treatment and retention in care among HIV-positive patients currently on therapy, sexual risk reduction tailored to HIV-positive persons, and patient-initiated discussion of these topics with their health providers. The video is currently being created, and will be ready for beta-testing by June 1, 2016. Results of the beta-testing will be used to refine and improve the video before dissemination to HIV/AIDS treatment facilities nationally. This video project is being funded by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention (DHAP).
An intervention study was designed to examine the impact of impact of community home-based care intervention on mental health and treatment outcome in HIV-positive people. The intervention comprised a home-based counseling on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) adherence, psycho social support, basic health care services at the home of HIV-positive people. The intervention started in March, 2018 and completed in August 2018. The major measurements of the interventions were ART adherence, status of depression, anxiety, and stress levels.
Prospective cross-sectional study at the outpatient clinic (OPC) of the Bagamoyo District Hospital (BDH) in Tanzania. Assessment of basic epidemiological data (Point prevalence and risk factors) on CKD with simple clinical, laboratory tests and the patients history. After informed consent blood samples are taken for complete blood count, serum creatinine, HbA1c, HIV-Screening, and urine samples for dipstick, urine sediment, and albumin-creatinine ratio. Further, office blood pressure, weight and height are taken. Further, patients history are asked by a questionnaire (i.e.history of infectious and cardiovascular diseases and basic demographic data: i.e. sex, age). CKD is defined as the presence of either impaired kidney function and/or albuminuria based on a one-time measurement. Primary outcome of the study are prevalence rates of CKD and the impact of non-communicable and communicable disorders on CKD.
This is a 2-part, single-dose, open label, randomized 3-way cross-over study to compare BA of pediatric study drugs TRIUMEQ and (DTG/3TC) in healthy volunteers under fasted conditions. Study will be conducted in 2-parts. Each part 1 and part 2 will comprise of 3-treatment periods (TP) where Part 1, will assess BA, of pediatric TRIUMEQ dispersible tablets with an adult TRIUMEQ conventional tablet formulation and Part 2, will assess BA, of pediatric DTG/3TC dispersible tablets with adult DTG and 3TC conventional tablets formulation. Total duration of study is 9-weeks and will be conducted in approximately 36 subjects. The 2-parts, may be run in parallel as they are independent of each other. TRIUMEQ is a registered trademark of GlaxoSmithKline group of companies.
The overall objective of this research is to use both qualitative and quantitative data to inform the development of a technology-based intervention for heavy drinking and sexual risk behavior among men who have sex with men (MSM) who are seeking free HIV testing. Investigators will be conducting a randomized-controlled pilot test of the intervention among MSM seeking HIV testing in community-based settings to explore its potential impact on alcohol and HIV-related behavioral outcomes. This research will ultimately produce a combined, theory-based, and technology- delivered intervention for heavy drinking and sex risk that is fully portable and has been preliminarily tested for efficacy in community settings where high-risk MSM engage with prevention services.
Drug interactions between antiretroviral drugs and concomitants drugs and between antiretroviral need to be studied HIV-population is ageing. The referential of interactions is the Liverpool base.
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and tolerability of 2 or 4 doses of MDX-010 in HIV-infected subjects
The investigator tested the efficacy of maraviroc intensification on down-regulating atherosclerotic progression in HIV infected patients with optimal viro-immunologic control and at high cardiovascular risk.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the long-term persistence of binding antibody responses against V1V2 and gp120 in subjects who were vaccinated with the envelope glycoprotein 120 (gp120)-negative factor (Nef)Tat/ Adjuvant System 01B (AS01B) (GSKSB732461) vaccine candidate. Other immune parameters like the HIV-specific cluster of differentiation (CD4+) T cell and CD8+ T cell responses will also be evaluated.
African Americans have considerably higher rates of HIV infections than do White, Hispanic, Asian, and Native Americans. African Americans accounted for 59% of all diagnoses of HIV infection among youth (13-24 years of age) in the United States. Young African Americans also have disproportionately high rates of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Therefore, the broad, long-term objective of this research is to identify interventions to reduce the risk of HIV and other STIs among young African Americans. Entertainment-education refers to narrative interventions designed to change behavior while providing entertainment. Several studies have evaluated the impact of media content on HIV risk behavior. One study found that exposure to an entertainment-education based HIV testing campaign was associated with increases in HIV testing among sexually active teens 12 months post exposure. Similarly, a radio soap opera called "Twende na Wakati" became the most popular television show in Tanzania and was highly successful in reducing the number of sexual partners and increasing condom use. A narrative video intervention study in STI clinic waiting rooms in three U.S. cities found a significant reduction in STI re-infection among patients visiting during months when the video was shown compared with patients visiting during months when it was not shown. Although these studies show that entertainment-education can be a promising medium for behavior change, none of them evaluated the efficacy of a tailored online entertainment-education intervention specifically designed for African American youth. To address this gap in the literature, this study tested the preliminary efficacy of an innovative, theory-based HIV risk-reduction serial drama intervention, Reality Check, specifically tailored to young African Americans. We used a randomized controlled trial, allocating African Americans 18 to 24 years of age to Reality Check, or an attention-control intervention promoting physical activity. Each intervention was delivered as a series of videos streamed online and accessible via any Internet-capable device. Participants completed surveys online at baseline, immediately post intervention, and 3 months post intervention. We hypothesized that, Reality Check would reduce condomless sex during the 3-month post-intervention period compared with the attention-matched control group, adjusting for baseline of the criterion.