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The investigator tested the efficacy of maraviroc intensification on down-regulating atherosclerotic progression in HIV infected patients with optimal viro-immunologic control and at high cardiovascular risk.
African Americans have considerably higher rates of HIV infections than do White, Hispanic, Asian, and Native Americans. African Americans accounted for 59% of all diagnoses of HIV infection among youth (13-24 years of age) in the United States. Young African Americans also have disproportionately high rates of other sexually transmitted infections (STIs). Therefore, the broad, long-term objective of this research is to identify interventions to reduce the risk of HIV and other STIs among young African Americans. Entertainment-education refers to narrative interventions designed to change behavior while providing entertainment. Several studies have evaluated the impact of media content on HIV risk behavior. One study found that exposure to an entertainment-education based HIV testing campaign was associated with increases in HIV testing among sexually active teens 12 months post exposure. Similarly, a radio soap opera called "Twende na Wakati" became the most popular television show in Tanzania and was highly successful in reducing the number of sexual partners and increasing condom use. A narrative video intervention study in STI clinic waiting rooms in three U.S. cities found a significant reduction in STI re-infection among patients visiting during months when the video was shown compared with patients visiting during months when it was not shown. Although these studies show that entertainment-education can be a promising medium for behavior change, none of them evaluated the efficacy of a tailored online entertainment-education intervention specifically designed for African American youth. To address this gap in the literature, this study tested the preliminary efficacy of an innovative, theory-based HIV risk-reduction serial drama intervention, Reality Check, specifically tailored to young African Americans. We used a randomized controlled trial, allocating African Americans 18 to 24 years of age to Reality Check, or an attention-control intervention promoting physical activity. Each intervention was delivered as a series of videos streamed online and accessible via any Internet-capable device. Participants completed surveys online at baseline, immediately post intervention, and 3 months post intervention. We hypothesized that, Reality Check would reduce condomless sex during the 3-month post-intervention period compared with the attention-matched control group, adjusting for baseline of the criterion.
An observational study of long-term outcomes of HIV-1 infection in persons who become infected after enrollment in HIV-1 vaccine trials
The aim of this study is to assess the feasibility and the effects of a 6-week telerehabilitation on the three domains of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health in HIV-infected patients under highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). HIV-infected patients were randomized either into an Endurance and Resistance Training Exercise (ERTE) group or a control (CON) group. Telerehabilitation was realized in a public fitness center, with online guidance and weekly telephone advice, 3 times per week for 6 weeks. Feasibility was determined by recruitment rate, retention rate and adverse events. Secondary outcomes were impact on body composition, inflammation and coagulation (C-reactive protein, D-dimer), physical fitness and quality of life (WHOQOL-HIV).
The purpose of this study was to pilot test the potential for improvement in antiretroviral medication adherence of a an adapted group-based, multi-session, community-based Antiretroviral Therapy (ART) adherence and risk reduction intervention, Project ADHerence Education and Risk Evaluation (ADHERE). Project ADHERE was compared to a single-session group-based medication adherence intervention, Medication Adherence and Care Engagement (MACE). A secondary aim was to examine the impact of Project ADHERE on HIV risk behaviors (i.e., illicit drug use and unprotected sexual behavior). This study was designed to inform, design, and pilot test the two antiretroviral medication adherence interventions for HIV-infected formerly incarcerated individuals.
The investigators propose to improve HIV prevention and care through expanding HIV testing options to include self-testing for young women, their peers and their sex partners, and by facilitating linkage to care.
Data are limited regarding the effectiveness and safety of generic velpatasvir plus sofosbuvir (VEL/SOF) with or without ribavirin (RBV) for the treatment of hepatitis C virus (HCV) in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) coinfection. We aim to compare the effectiveness and safety of VEL/SOF with and without RBV for 12 weeks in HIV/HCV-coinfected and HCV-monoinfected patients The antiviral responses and the adverse events (AEs) are compare between the two groups. The characteristics potentially related to sustained virologic response 12 weeks off therapy (SVR12) are analyzed.
This study will be conducted in two Parts to confirm the acceptability/selection of a tablet formulation for future clinical development of GSK2838232. Part 1 of the study will assess single ritonavir (RTV)-boosted doses of a new tablet formulation given with food (containing approximately 30% fat) against the reference capsule formulation also given with food and then will assess the impact of fasted conditions on the tablet performance. In Part 2, non-boosted GSK2838232 will be given as once-daily tablet doses for 11 days in a separate group of subjects, assuming the tablet performance is considered acceptable from Part 1. Approximately 16 healthy subjects will be enrolled to provide at least 12 evaluable subjects through the three study periods in Part 1. 10 healthy subjects will be enrolled to provide at least 8 evaluable subjects through the single study period in Part 2. The maximum duration of study participation will be approximately 9 to 10 weeks for Part 1; and 8 to 9 weeks for Part 2.
The mass provision of HIV treatment in rural KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa has raised adult life expectancy by 18 years since 2003. We will conduct a population-based survey to assess young adults' beliefs about HIV, HIV treatment, and expectations for the future in the era of mass HIV treatment. Thh investigators will conduct a randomized evaluation to assess whether a short video providing young adults with information on longevity gains from HIV treatment affects young adults survival expectations, hope for the future, and health and educational behaviours, including uptake of HIV testing and treatment services, the study's primary outcome.
Retrospective observational study, multicentric with Spanish hospitals, in which a switching or change strategy with RAL and ABC / 3TC guidelines was used, in the48 weeks before the start of the study, in order to determine parameters of Effectiveness and security.