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The RAPID-VL study will take place in 20 HIV care health facilities in Southwestern Uganda. The study will test the hypothesis that a multi-component intervention package that targets barriers to efficient and timely HIV viral load (VL) testing will improve test ordering, speed up result turnaround times, and improve the quality of VL results counseling to patients. Phase 1 of the study will consist of a 1-year retrospective medical record review in all participating health facilities. In Phase 2 the intervention will be introduced in 10 randomly chosen health facilities, while the remaining 10 sites will continue with standard VL testing and counseling operations. The study will measure the speed and efficiency of VL testing, experiences of patients and clinicians with the intervention, and the cost of the intervention.
The main objective is to offer diagnostic tests for HIV, HCV and other STD in the risk group of men having sex with men (MSM) users of Chemsex
The main purpose of this study is to evaluate a therapy for the inflammaging (premature aging).
The PROvide MIner-friendly SErvices for Integrated TB/HIV Care (PROMISE) study will assess the effectiveness, feasibility, and acceptability of integrated tuberculosis (TB)/HIV services provided in miner-friendly service venues in Lesotho that address barriers to early HIV diagnosis and antiretroviral therapy (ART) initiation, concurrent isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT), and retention in HIV care for migrant miners and their families in the context of President's Emergency Plan For AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) programming. The study will evaluate family-focused, integrated TB/HIV services for Basotho migrant miners and family members provided six days per week in miner-friendly service venues (MF), compared to public sector health facilities (PS), which will deliver usual integrated care for the management of TB and HIV. The ultimate goals of the project are to 1) improve health outcomes among migrant miners and their families, a hard-to-reach population that represents a hotspot of TB/HIV transmission, in Lesotho and in PEPFAR programs more broadly; and 2) strengthen the implementation science research capacity of national and local institutions.
The overarching purpose of the proposed research is to demonstrate that high coverage implementation of combined prevention and care using an innovative approach will end the HIV epidemic among PWID in Haiphong, Viet Nam.
Patients with immunodeficiencies are at increased risk of developing persistent HPV infection and as such HPV-related disease (genital warts and cancer). In this study HIV-patients and SOT-patients will receive 3 doses of Gardasil®9. Safety, tolerability and immunogenicity will be evaluated up to one month following the 3rd and last dose of Gardasil®9.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate uptake of intravenously administered 99mTc-tilmanocept using single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT/CT) scanning in individuals with HIV and individuals without HIV.
A pragmatic open, three-arm individually-randomised controlled trial and economic evaluation will be conducted in one primary health care centre in Blantyre, Malawi, where HIV and TB are major contributors to early mortality. Participants will be adults with symptoms of tuberculosis (cough of any duration) attending the primary clinic with an acute care episode. We will exclude adults who have taken treatment for TB within the previous 6-months, who are taking isoniazid preventive therapy, who are not resident of Blantyre, or who plan to move out of Blantyre in the following 6-months. Participants will be randomly allocated into one of three groups: Group 1: Standard of care: Participants will be seen by facility health workers and receive clinician-directed screening for HIV and TB according to Malawi national guidelines. Group 2: Optimised HIV testing and treatment linkage: Participants will be offered testing for HIV using rapid oral fluid kits by research assistants. Those with confirmed HIV infection will be linked to the HIV care clinic where facility healthworkers will screen for TB using standard sputum-based diagnostics. Group 3: Optimised TB diagnosis, HIV screening and treatment linkage: Participants will receive a high-throughput and high-sensitivity TB screening intervention, in addition to the HIV testing intervention. This will comprise of an initial digital chest x-ray classified by the CAD4TB image-recognition software as either "high probability of TB", or "low probability of TB". Participants whose x-rays are suggestive of TB will receive confirmatory sputum testing with Xpert MTB/Rif Ultra cartridges, whilst participants whose x-rays have a low probability of TB will be referred to facility healthworkers for routine care. All participants will be seen at the health facility at day 56, where they will be tested for HIV (if not on ART) and screened for TB. The Primary Trial Outcome will compare between groups the time to tuberculosis treatment initiation by day 56. The trial is sufficiently powered to permit 3 pairwise comparisons between groups (i.e. Group 1 vs. 2; Group 2 vs. 3; and Group 1 vs. 3). This three-arm pragmatic trial design allows us to efficiently answer two separate, important public health questions: firstly, by comparing Group 2 to Group 1, we should be able to determine whether HIV care should be prioritised for adults with TB symptoms. Additionally, by comparing Group 3 to Group 2, we will provide strong evidence for the effectiveness of an optimised and integrated HIV and TB diagnostic and treatment linkage approach.
This study will look at virologically suppression of patients with HIV who receive pharmacist or case management care.
This pragmatic trial of an HIV prevention program focuses on HIV risk-reduction in men who have sex with men (MSM) ages 13-18. The design is a three-tiered, internet-based HIV prevention intervention series that uses a sequential multiple assignment randomized trial (SMART) to track adolescent MSM reporting varying degree of sexual risk.The program package includes: (1-low risk) a universally-delivered, brief, online sexual health education program designed for sexual and gender minority youth regardless of whether they are sexually active (Queer Sex Ed); (2-middle risk) a more intensive online intervention designed for diverse AMSM engaging in HIV transmission risk behaviors (Keep It Up!), and (3-high risk) the most intensive is a motivational interviewing (MI) intervention that will be delivered by MI therapists via online videochat (Young Men's Health Project).