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The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of DTG use in HIV positive pregnant women. This is a 3-year multi-site prospective observational study. Approximately, 250 HIV positive pregnant women from potential European AIDS Treatment Network (NEAT ID) sites across Europe will be enrolled. The enrollment period will be over 2 years with a follow-up period of 1 year for outcomes. The data collected will be that obtained during routine standard of care assessments; and the subjects will not undergo any interventional study procedures.
The primary purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy of rilpivirine (RPV)-based regimen in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) infected, antiretroviral (ARV) treatment-naive participants, as determined by the percentage of virologic responders defined as having HIV-1 ribonucleic acid (RNA) less than 400 copies/ milliliter (mL) at Week 24.
This study will evaluate the safety, immunogenicity, and preliminary assessment of efficacy of a novel vaccine encoding conserved elements (CE) of the HIV-1 Gag core protein, p24Gag, as a therapeutic vaccine in HIV-1 infected persons who are on antiretroviral therapy (ART). The study aims to induce potent virus-specific cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) responses.
The fastest growing HIV epidemics globally are driven by injection drug use, but only a small percentage of HIV-positive people who inject drugs (PWID) have achieved viral suppression. The proposed project will adapt a couple-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) adherence intervention for PWID and assess the feasibility and acceptability of conducting dried blood spot testing to objectively measure ART adherence as part of an intervention in a clinical setting. This project advances HIV intervention science by providing an intervention that leverages social support within the dyad to improve ART adherence among PWID, which could lead to increased viral suppression, thus decreasing HIV transmission and HIV-related morbidity and mortality.
The purpose of this pilot study is to assess feasibility and to examine whether oral cannabinoids (capsules containing Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol and cannabidiol in 2 different ratios) are safe and well-tolerated in people living with HIV. Other aims are to determine whether oral cannabinoids may reduce HIV-associated inflammation. An exploratory objective is to determine whether oral cannabinoids may influence HIV persistence as well as the gastrointestinal microbiome.
This study will test the efficacy and cost-effectiveness of an interdependence theory-based couples intervention in Kenya that reaches pregnant women and male partners through home visits by male-female pairs of lay health workers, and includes offer of home-based CHTC services.
The main objective is to offer diagnostic tests for HIV, HCV and other STD in the risk group of men having sex with men (MSM) users of Chemsex
The purpose of this study is to test an adaptive adherence intervention, which utilizes two mobile health (mHealth) intervention designs, in an effort to promote adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and achieve and maintain viral load (VL) suppression in youth living with HIV (YLH) while increasing understanding of the context for wide-scale implementation of cell phone support (CPS) and text messaging support (SMS), with and without incentives.
The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness and implementation of a brief, integrated behavioral intervention for HIV medication adherence and substance use in the HIV care setting in South Africa. The intervention is specifically designed to be implemented by non-specialist counselors using a task sharing model in local HIV clinics. The behavioral intervention will be compared to usual care, enhanced with referral to a local outpatient substance use treatment program (Enhanced Standard of Care - ESOC) on study endpoints (as described in study endpoint section below).
The specific aims are to: 1. Pilot test a randomized controlled trial of Project PRIDE for feasibility for subsequent research projects. A sample of 123 men aged 18-25 who identify as gay, bisexual, queer, or some other non-heterosexual identity, who are HIV negative, who report at least once instance of condomless anal sex in the absence of PrEP in the past 60 days, and who report drug use at least once in the past 60 days will be recruited and randomized to one of two conditions: 1. Project PRIDE: an eight-session primary HIV-prevention intervention; or 2. Wait-list control condition: after approximately 5 months, participants will receive Project PRIDE. 2. Test the feasibility of obtaining biological measures of stress, drug use, and HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) status. To examine the impact of the intervention on stress physiology, participants will provide saliva samples that will be used to assess diurnal stress (i.e., cortisol) at pre-test, post-test, and 3-month follow-up. To substantiate self-report measures, participants will provide urine samples that will be used to assess drug use. Participants will be tested for gonorrhea, and chlamydia at each time point by providing a separate urine sample, HIV via oral swab and for syphilis by providing a blood sample. 3. It is hypothesized that, compared to the wait-list control group, those in the treatment group will report significant reductions in mental health problems (depression, anxiety. loneliness), minority stressors (internalized homonegativity, sexual orientation concealment), substance use (drug and alcohol), condomless anal sex, number of sex partners, and stress-related biomarkers (salivary cortisol). In addition, compared to the wait-list control group, those in the treatment group will report significant improvements in self-esteem.