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This is a 48 week study to explore the pathogenesis of HIV treatment related bone disease by using a novel imaging technique, 18F-Fluoride Positron Emission Tomography (18F-PET/CT), which measures regional bone formation. The study will include other standard methods (serum bone markers and DXA) for comparison. Patients enrolled will have baseline, week 24 and week 48 assessment, with baseline being the date of replacing tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (TDF) in their HIV treatment regimen with tenofavir alafenamide fumarate (TAF), compared to a control group continuing TDF. Allocation to change to TAF or continue TDF will be randomised to allow an unbiased assessment of bone changes.
The traditional Chinese herbal medicine Triptolide Wilfordii has displayed remarkable effect on the treatment of autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis. Now that immunosuppression therapy has recently become a new strategy for HIV infection, it's reasonable to expect the anti-inflammatory effect of Triptolide Wilfordii in HIV infected patients. So we designed a randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled study to explore the efficacy and safety of Triptolide Wilfordii in new-onset HIV infection.
This study is designed to identify the burden associated with HIV and its treatment, and assess their health-related quality of life (HRQoL) by measuring key HRQoL domains, including satisfaction with treatment and care, and internalised stigma (ISAT). The study will also explore data for various important subpopulations such as subjects who are virally suppressed; who we anticipate will be the majority of study subjects. The study design is an observational, cross sectional study employing subjects' own mobile phone devices for data entry.
The non-maintenance of ART adherence is a major barrier to the achievement of optimal treatment outcomes among adolescents living with HIV. ART adherence is a challenge among adolescents living with HIV because of lack of appropriate information, their unique emotional state and lifestyles but the most commonly quoted challenge to adherence is forgetting to take antiretroviral drugs. There is evidence to suggest that short message service (SMS) reminder- interventions may enhance drug compliance among adolescents living with other chronic diseases such as asthma and diabetes. Available literature underscores the need for randomized controlled trials (RCTs) of effective interventions to promote ART adherence among adolescents with HIV. The aim of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, acceptability, and efficacy of interactive and tailored SMS reminders on ART adherence among adolescents (15-19 years) living with HIV in Ogun State, Nigeria. The study hypothesizes that the use of personal mobile phones and SMS reminders for the improvement of ART adherence among adolescents living with HIV are feasible, acceptable, and effective. A single-blind, parallel-design (ratio 1:1), and multi-center RCT of 200 adolescent living with HIV who are non-adherent to medications will be conducted over a one-year period in Southwest Nigeria. All the participants will receive routine adherence counseling during clinic visits and one SMS reminder each for follow-up appointments 48 hours and 24 hours before the follow-up visit date. The intervention group will also receive daily ART adherence reminder SMS. Participants will be assessed at baseline and during follow-up visits at 4, 8, 12, 16 and 20 weeks after the baseline. Baseline assessment of participants will include socio-demographic characteristics; HIV/AIDS risk behaviour assessment, Alcohol and Drug abuse assessment, Client Satisfaction Survey, ART adherence assessment, CD4count and viral load assessments. ART adherence and client satisfaction will be assessed at each follow-up visit while CD4count and viral load assessments will be done at 8 and 16 weeks. It is possible that tailored SMS reminders will mitigate the barrier of forgetfulness in ART-adherence and lead to improved drug compliance, viral suppression, and quality of life among adolescents living with HIV.
Prospective, longitudinal, open label, HIV-2 viral load and antiretroviral resistance informed 2nd-line ARV implementation study.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics of dapivirine gel administered rectally to HIV-1 seronegative adults.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and serum concentrations of a human monoclonal antibody, VRC-HIVMAB075-00-AB (VRC07-523LS), administered in multiple doses, routes, and dosing schedules to healthy, HIV-uninfected adults.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the pharmacokinetics, feasibility, acceptability, and safety of a fixed-dose combination of emtricitabine and tenofovir disoproxil fumarate (FTC/TDF) as oral daily pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV during pregnancy and postpartum in adolescents and young women and their infants.
This study will evaluate the effects of tamoxifen exposure in combination with vorinostat on viral reactivation among HIV-1 infected post-menopausal women with virologic suppression on antiretroviral therapy (ART), when compared to vorinostat alone.
Efficacy of etravirin + raltegravir dual therapy was showed in the ANRS 153 ETRAL protocol, in HIV-1 seropositive patients. The use of these two drugs avoids the use of nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and protease inhibitors, with a real benefit in older patients, who increasingly present contraindications to these drugs' families. The disadvantage of this strategy is twice daily (BID). Pharmacological data suggest that etravirine once a day and raltegravir once a day may provide the same virological efficacy. The objective of our study is to evaluate the ability of ETRAL QD (etravirine 400 mg x1/day + raltegravir 800 mg x1/day) to maintain virologic success at week 48 (W48), after switch, in HIV-patients under ETRAL BID (etravirine 200 mg x2/day + raltegravir 400 mg x2/day). Virological success is defined as absence of virological failure, and virological failure is defined as two consecutive plasma viral loads >50 cp/ml over 2-4 weeks, or one plasma viral load >400 cp/ml. This study will be a multicentric data collection. Data will be collected at W0 (patient characteristics, plasma viral load) and then at W4, W12, W24 and W48 (plasma viral load). If stopping strategy, the reason for stopping will be documented. 125 patients will be included in the six participating centers. Data will be centralized at Pitié-Salpêtrière hospital, Paris, with an anonymized e-CRF.