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Multicenter, randomized, open label pilot clinical trial with two parallel arms aimed to compare the efficacy of Raltegravir (RAL) 1200mg QD vs Darunavir/Cobicistat (DRV-cb) 800-150mg QD both in combination with alafenamide/emtricitabine (TAF/FTC) in patients with Human Inmunodefficiency Virus (HIV) infection and CD4<200 cells/microL
The purpose of this study is to look at the best ways to prevent chronic diseases like diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity in midlife and older Latino adults living with HIV. The investigators expect that the participant will be in this study for seven months. Participants will be interviewed and asked to take part in walking groups.
This study will enrol African, Caribbean and Black (ACB) women who are known to have a more diverse vaginal microbiome, higher rates of bacterial vaginosis with lower numbers of protective lactobacilli, and are at increased risk for HIV. The investigators will evaluate the safety, feasibility, effect on the vaginal bacterial microbiome and changes in local immune and inflammatory responses with the administration of vaginal estrogen alone, vaginal estrogen in combination with oral or vaginally administered probiotics, or vaginal probiotics alone.
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection frequently involves combination drug therapy for its treatment; hence, it is important to understand their interactions and resulting changes in exposure which are associated with medications. This is a Phase-1, open-label, fixed-sequence 2-period, one-way drug interaction study to assess the pharmacokinetic (PK), safety, and tolerability of GSK3640254 and Tenofovir alafenamide/emtricitabine (TAF/FTC) when administered alone and in combination in healthy subjects. The study will consist of a screening period of 28 days before the first dose of study intervention followed by 2 sequential treatment periods. Subjects will be administered TAF/FTC 25/200 milligram (mg) once daily (QD) on Days 1 to 14 of Period 1 followed by co-administration of TAF/FTC 25/200 mg QD with GSK3640254 200 mg QD on Days 1 to 7 of Period 2.
This phase II trial studies how well standard chemotherapy and radiation therapy given with or without paclitaxel and carboplatin work in treating human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive women with cervical cancer that has spread to nearby tissue or lymph nodes. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as cisplatin, paclitaxel and carboplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Radiation therapy to the pelvis destroys potential cancer cells in the pelvic area and significantly reduces the risk of tumor recurrence in the pelvic area. It is not yet known if giving chemotherapy and radiation therapy with or without paclitaxel and carboplatin, may work better in treating HIV-positive patients with advanced cervical cancer.
The most commonly used illicit stimulant in HIV-infected individuals is methamphetamine (MA). Prior studies demonstrate strong evidence that MA promotes increased HIV transcription as well as immune dysregulation. A challenge in achieving worldwide HIV eradication is targeting specific marginalized populations who are most likely to benefit from an HIV cure but possess poorer immune responses. For this study, HIV+ infected ART-suppressed individuals with no prior history of MA use disorder will be administered oral methamphetamine (the maximum FDA approved daily dose for the treatment of childhood obesity) to determine the effects of short-term MA exposure on residual virus production, gene expression, and inflammation. Measures of MA exposure in urine and serum will then be associated with residual virus production, gene expression, cell surface immune marker protein expression, and systemic markers of inflammation. The clinical trial data will generate advanced gene expression and immunologic data to identify potential novel targets for reversing HIV latency, reducing inflammation, and personalizing future therapies in HIV+ individuals who use MA.
Cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) has repeatedly been found to effectively treat depression in adult populations, and CBT for adherence and depression (CBT-AD) is an effective treatment for improving depressive symptoms and medication adherence in the context of various chronic health conditions, including HIV-infection. However, the effects of CBT have not been evaluated in South Korea. Even though HIV infection is currently a controllable disease for patients on successful antiretroviral therapy, people living with HIV (PLWH) are still suffering from internal and external stigmatization in many Asian countries, including South Korea. It is not clear whether CBP-AD would be successful intervention among Asian countries with cultural background of strong stigmatization on HIV/AIDS. We plan to do survey on facilitators or barriers to patients and providers to identify significant contextual factors in South Korea. Demographic data and clinical data including CD4+ T cell counts, viral loads, and antiretroviral therapy regimens will be collected, as well. Specialists such as psychiatrist or clinical psychologist would be the best provider for CBT intervention. However, an effective and feasible therapy model should be integrated into primary HIV care in South Korea. Medical personnel within most HIV clinics in South Korea include infectious diseases doctors, clinical nurses, and counselling nurses, but CBT services from psychiatrist or clinical psychologist are not routinely available in many hospitals. Hospital-based counselling services with experienced nurses have been provided in many HIV clinics in South Korea, and the counselling nurses would be feasible providers for CBT intervention of this study. So, we plan to investigate the effects of a nurse-delivered cognitive behaviour therapy.
This study evaluates the use of a social-network approach to encourage African-American men who have sex with men (AAMSM) to adopt pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV infection. Thirty-six networks of AAMSM will be recruited in Milwaukee, WI, and Cleveland, OH. Half of these networks will have their leaders trained to endorse PrEP to their social network members, and the other half will be given brief HIV prevention counseling.
Among nearly 1 million HIV-infected children receiving antiretroviral treatment (ART), as many as 40% of those living in resource limited settings have not achieved virologic suppression. Kenya, a UNAIDS fast-track and PEPFAR priority country, has an estimated 98,000 children aged 0-14 years living with HIV. Virologic suppression is achieved by only 65% of Kenyan children on ART translating to only 38% of the final UNAIDS 90-90-90 goal for population-level viral suppression. Feasible, scalable and cost-effective approaches to maximizing durability of first-line ART and ensuring viral load (VL) suppression in HIV-infected children are urgently needed. This pilot study will evaluate two critical components related to viral suppression in children via: 1) Point-of-care (POC) VL testing (Aim 1) and 2) targeted DRM testing (Aim 2) among children on first-line ART at three facilities within a PEPFAR-funded HIV care and treatment program in Kenya. The hypotheses are: 1) viral suppression rates will be higher among children with access to POC VL testing and time to suppression shorter compared to children with standard VL testing and 2) DRM testing will shorten time to viral suppression and that the investigators will observe high levels of 1st line antiretroviral DRMs among children on ART without viral suppression. This proposal directly addresses the urgent need to find interventions to maximize viral suppression among children on ART and achieve the UNAIDS 90-90-90 goals.
The purpose of this pharmacokinetic (PK) study is to evaluate if a double dose (3 mg) of levonorgestrel (LNG) emergency contraception (EC) overcomes known drug-drug interactions (DDIs) with efavirenz (EFV)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) or rifampicin (RIF)-containing tuberculosis (TB) therapy. The safety of double-dose (3.0 mg) LNG EC versus standard-dose (1.5 mg) will also be compared.