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The purpose of this study is to test an adaptive adherence intervention, which utilizes two mobile health (mHealth) intervention designs, in an effort to promote adherence to antiretroviral therapy (ART) and achieve and maintain viral load (VL) suppression in youth living with HIV (YLH) while increasing understanding of the context for wide-scale implementation of cell phone support (CPS) and text messaging support (SMS), with and without incentives.
The purpose of this study is to test the effectiveness and implementation of a brief, integrated behavioral intervention for HIV medication adherence and substance use in the HIV care setting in South Africa. The intervention is specifically designed to be implemented by non-specialist counselors using a task sharing model in local HIV clinics. The behavioral intervention will be compared to usual care, enhanced with referral to a local outpatient substance use treatment program (Enhanced Standard of Care - ESOC) on study endpoints (as described in study endpoint section below).
The specific aims are to: 1. Pilot test a randomized controlled trial of Project PRIDE for feasibility for subsequent research projects. A sample of 123 men aged 18-25 who identify as gay, bisexual, queer, or some other non-heterosexual identity, who are HIV negative, who report at least once instance of condomless anal sex in the absence of PrEP in the past 60 days, and who report drug use at least once in the past 60 days will be recruited and randomized to one of two conditions: 1. Project PRIDE: an eight-session primary HIV-prevention intervention; or 2. Wait-list control condition: after approximately 5 months, participants will receive Project PRIDE. 2. Test the feasibility of obtaining biological measures of stress, drug use, and HIV/sexually transmitted infection (STI) status. To examine the impact of the intervention on stress physiology, participants will provide saliva samples that will be used to assess diurnal stress (i.e., cortisol) at pre-test, post-test, and 3-month follow-up. To substantiate self-report measures, participants will provide urine samples that will be used to assess drug use. Participants will be tested for gonorrhea, and chlamydia at each time point by providing a separate urine sample, HIV via oral swab and for syphilis by providing a blood sample. 3. It is hypothesized that, compared to the wait-list control group, those in the treatment group will report significant reductions in mental health problems (depression, anxiety. loneliness), minority stressors (internalized homonegativity, sexual orientation concealment), substance use (drug and alcohol), condomless anal sex, number of sex partners, and stress-related biomarkers (salivary cortisol). In addition, compared to the wait-list control group, those in the treatment group will report significant improvements in self-esteem.
The proposed study is a phase 1, open label, randomized study to evaluate the safety and antiretroviral activity of seven infusions of 3BNC117 and 10-1074, administered intravenously at 30 mg/kg dose level, in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected individuals on combination antiretroviral therapy (ART) and during an analytical interruption of ART.
The impact of chronic HIV infection and pregnancy on different aspects of the humoral response to pertussis immunization with the TDaP vaccine will be studied. The parameters will be measured in 3 groups (HIV-infected pregnant, HIV-uninfected pregnant and HIV-uninfected non pregnant) at different time points before and after immunization (7-10 days, 30 days and at delivery). The transfer ratio and the quality of maternal antibodies will be studied in cord blood.
This is a prospective, non‐interventional, single‐arm, multi‐center study aimed at gathering real‐world data on Juluca use in routine clinical care in Germany, to supplement clinical trial data to further improve/optimize care in HIV positive subjects in Germany. Approximately 250 virologically suppressed HIV positive subjects on stable antiretroviral therapy (ART) will be included in the study at the discretion of treating physician. Eligible subjects will be followed up for approximately 3 years and data will be collected during routine clinical care.
The purpose of this early Phase 2 comparison trial is to evaluate the impact of community health worker (CHW) home visitors on pregnant women and their children in a rural setting in the rural Eastern Cape of South Africa. The intervention provided by the CHWs targets underweight children, mothers living with HIV (MLH), mothers using alcohol, and depressed mothers with the goal of supporting pregnant women to improve birth outcomes, decrease the number of children born with a low birthweight, and develop child caretaking skills over time. UCLA has identified and matched four areas surrounding primary health care clinics: two intervention areas in which this CHW program has been running for one year, and two control areas without the program. Mothers in the research area are followed for one year after giving birth.
The purpose of the study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of autologous CD34+ cells that stably express multiplexed shRNA to treat HIV infection.
A randomized control trial to test the effectiveness of a structured online support group, SMART (Social Media to improve ART Retention in Treatment) Connections, to improve retention in HIV care services among youth living with HIV (YLHIV) in Nigeria.
Ageing is characterized by physiological changes, which can impact drug pharmacokinetics and thereby cause drug-drug interactions. This study aims to assess the pharmacokinetics of amlodipine, atorvastatin and rosuvastatin in the presence of darunavir/ritonavir (inhibitor of drug metabolizing enzymes and drug transporters), by comparison with dolutegravir (no inhibitory effects on cytochromes or transporters involved in the disposition of the evaluated co-medications), in order to characterize the importance of drug-drug interactions in elderly individuals.