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It has been reported that peripheral and lymph node resident Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4)+ T cells expressing Programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1) contribute to Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) persistence during Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). In HIV-infected individuals, PD-1 expression on CD4+ T cells correlates with HIV disease progression, and loss of HIV-specific CD4+ T cell function can be reversed in vitro by PD-1 blockade. There are only a limited number of case reports describing the evolution of HIV-infected patients with concurrent oncological disease treated with immunological checkpoint inhibitors. However, this case provides very limited information on the effect of pembrolizumab on the HIV reservoir. Here, the investigators aim at describing changes in the HIV reservoir and in the HIV-specific immunity in HIV-infected patients on ART who receive immunological checkpoint inhibitors for the treatment of cancer, especially for metastatic melanoma.
The aim of this study is to identify risk factors and prevalence of multidrug-resistant (MDR) and extensively drug-resistant (XDR) bacteria colonization among patients at high risk of STIs
This study will be done in people living with HIV to see if an investigational vaccine made from a person's own white blood cells is safe and tolerated. This study will also look at the body's immune response to the vaccine and evaluate four different methods of making the vaccine to see which method may result in better immune responses.
This is a prospective, non-interventional, multi-center study, in subjects with clinical indication of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)-1 infection. The aim of the study is to generate the real world evidence for the use of DTG+3TC in routine clinical care in Germany to supplement data obtained from controlled clinical trials. Approximately, 300 treatment naïve and pre-treated HIV-1 positive subjects will be enrolled in the study. The observation period for the study will be 3 years. Data will be collected from routine clinical care via electronic data capture (EDC) system.
The pathophysiology from anal HPV infection to Anal Intraepithelial Neoplasia is less well understood than cervical HPV infection. In cervical screening programs it is well accepted that the sole presence of a high-risk HPV strain (irrespective of number of viral particles) is sufficient to justify further investigation and treatment. The investigators hypothesize that in anal HPV infection not only the presence but the extent of HPV infection (single genotype viral load) or combination of different HPV genotypes (cumulative viral load) is of importance in determining the risk of anal dysplasia.
The purpose of this study is to learn more about both HIV-1 infection and advancing age, alone and in combination, and their association with increased risk of serious infection and impaired response to the Prevnar 13 vaccine.
A three arm cluster randomized trial randomizing government primary health clinics to a) standard of care (SOC) with clinic invitation only; b) standard of care (SOC) and one self-test kit to give to sexual partner (s); c) standard of care (SOC) and self-test kit and monetary incentive given to partner conditional on clinic attendance and completion of pre-set procedures to determine secondary accuracy. Trial to be conducted in four districts (Blantyre, Zomba, Machinga and Chikwawa) in Malawi in collaboration with the Ministry of Health. Two primary outcomes: 1. proportion of male partners of antenatal care clinic attendees reported by the woman to have tested for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) within 28 days of enrolling the woman 2. Number of new HIV positives identified by providing trial services to newly tested HIV positive clients in routine HIV testing service within 28 days of enrolling the index client. Data analysed as intention to treat with all eligible antenatal care (ANC) attendees and index clients at each health facility as the denominator, with unpaired t-test used to compare each intervention arm to the standard of care (SOC).
The aim of the study is to examine the effect of a psychological intervention on antiretroviral therapy outcomes and symptoms of common mental health disorders among adults living with HIV and common mental disorders in rural Zimbabwe.
This is a single site, prospective, observational study that seeks to assess changes in mucosal immunity that occur as a result of HIV-1 exposure, HSV-2 infection, and/or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) usage to prevent HIV-1 acquisition. The study will collect mucosal and peripheral blood samples for a detailed analysis of longitudinal immune responses, while also obtaining samples for genetic characterization to understand how variants in CD101 and UBE2V1 may modulate host mucosal responses and HIV-1 infection risk.
Phase IV, open, multicentre and single-arm study. 50 HIV infection naive patients with severe immunosuppression will be recruited to evaluate the efficacy and safety of elvitegravir / cobicistat / emtricitabine / tenofovir alafenamide as a first-line treatment.