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This is a single site, prospective, observational study that seeks to assess changes in mucosal immunity that occur as a result of HIV-1 exposure, HSV-2 infection, and/or pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) usage to prevent HIV-1 acquisition. The study will collect mucosal and peripheral blood samples for a detailed analysis of longitudinal immune responses, while also obtaining samples for genetic characterization to understand how variants in CD101 and UBE2V1 may modulate host mucosal responses and HIV-1 infection risk.
Phase IV, open, multicentre and single-arm study. 50 HIV infection naive patients with severe immunosuppression will be recruited to evaluate the efficacy and safety of elvitegravir / cobicistat / emtricitabine / tenofovir alafenamide as a first-line treatment.
Historically, the database on the HIV was organized within the framework of the medico-economic file of the human immunodeficiency (DMI-2), introduced jointly by the Direction of Hospitals (Mission AIDS) and the INSERM at the end of the 80s. Today this database is fed via the computerized medical record NADIS. Most part of the research works on the theme of the HIV take support on this database (DAD, EuroAIDS, Neuradapt).
This is a single center exploratory imaging study involving one intravenous microdose of [18F]F-AraG followed by whole-body positron emission tomography-magnetic resonance (PET-MR) imaging in HIV infected individuals to determine the anatomical distribution of the PET tracer. Participants will be enrolled if they were treated during early or late HIV infection. In addition, individuals not on antiretroviral therapy (ART) or with HIV-1 plasma RNA levels >5,000 copies/mL will be enrolled.
The purpose of this study is to see how taking Vitamin E daily affects fatty liver in persons living with HIV. Subjects will have both HIV and a fatty liver and the purpose of the study is to learn if underlying liver condition (fatty liver) gets better, worse, or stays the same from taking Vitamin E.
The study will evaluate the use and effectiveness of mobile-messaging platforms as a public health strategy for improving sexual health outcome measures among men who have sex with men (MSM) by determining whether exposure to the message-delivery platform results in improvements in participants' self-reported sexual health and prevention behaviors, beliefs and attitudes. The study will enroll men into a randomized controlled trial. Participants randomized to the messaging intervention will have access to a smartphone-based messaging platform for three months while those assigned to the waitlist group will be offered access to the messaging platform after all follow up is complete. Participants will complete surveys at baseline, after the end of the 3 month intervention, and follow up surveys 6 and 9 months after the baseline survey.
The study is a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the social capital intervention versus a general health promotion intervention (Health for Life; H4L) among groups of Young black men who have sex with men (YBMSM) and to measure the social capital and engagement in care with the HIV-positive YBMSM at 3 and 9 months.
INA-PROACTIVE is a multicenter, prospective, observational cohort study of HIV positive antiretroviral-naïve and treatment-experienced individuals. No investigational treatment or intervention will be used by this study. All participants will be managed according to the Indonesian HIV/AIDS Treatment Guideline and/or the Standard of Care (SoC) in local clinical setting, with the addition of rapid HIV viral load, CD4 cell count and syphilis testing.
This study will explore whether financial incentives and reminders help improve anti-retroviral therapy (ART) adherence among HIV infected individuals in a resource-limited environment. The interventions will be randomized in the study population in a cross-cutting design, with a control group, a financial incentive treatment group, a reminder phone call treatment group, and a treatment group that receives both reminder calls and a financial incentive. This design allows estimation of complementarities between the two interventions. The primary outcomes of interest for this study will be the adherence to ART, measured by attendance rates at clinic appointments and refill collection rates.
Background: With the advances in treatment and clinical care, individuals with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection have experienced an increase in life expectancy. Liver disease is common among HIV-infected patients due to the shared routes of transmission of HIV and viral hepatitis. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD) is the most common cause of elevated aminotransferases in HIV-monoinfected adults without HBV or HCV. Vibration-controlled transient elastography (VCTE) has been shown to have good sensitivity and specificity for assessment of liver fibrosis in HIV and viral hepatitis coinfected patients, as well as in HIV-negative NASH population. Controlled attenuation parameter (CAP), a novel physical parameter developed using the postulate that fat affects ultrasound propagation, measures the ultrasound attenuation at the center frequency of the FibroScan®. Study design: This is a prospective observational study. Objective: The aim of this study is to evaluate the liver steatosis and fibrosis in HIV-infected patients by noninvasive methods of VCTE and CAP. Methods: Patient number: 200 Inclusion criteria: 1. Age: 20-65 years 2. Males and females with HIV infection diagnosed by infection doctors 3. Willing and able to comply with the study requirements 4. Willing and able to provide written informed consent to participate in the study Exclusion criteria: 1. Pregnancy 2. Unable to complete the noninvasive procedure of VCTE and CAP 3. Unwilling to provide written informed consent to participate in the study