View clinical trials related to Coronary Artery Disease.Filter by:
Left distal transradial approach (ldTRA) can be an attractive alternative route for left radial and right radial artery. Recently, Ferdinand Kiemeneij reported the feasibility and safety of the use of ldTRA. But, there is few studies focused on this issue. Therefore, the purpose of this prospective observational study is to assess the feasibility and safety of the ldTRA for CAG and PCI.
Cardiac computed tomography (CCT) is one of the standard non-invasive imaging techniques allowing imaging of the heart and coronary arteries with a high temporal and spatial resolution. The high sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV) of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) make it a valuable tool in the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with low to intermediate risk for CAD, especially to rule out CAD. This risk stratification can be done with help of multiple different risk-calculators (e.g. the updated Diamond-Forrester model by Genders et al. 2012). These calculators take different variables into account, e.g. advanced age, gender, blood pressure, diabetes mellitus (DM), lipid profile and smoking. The aim of CCTA is a high diagnostic accuracy, which depends on both optimal intravascular enhancement (in Hounsfield Units; minimal 325 HU) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Optimal intravascular enhancement and CNR depend on different factors such as scan technique (e.g. tube voltage, tube potential), parameters of the administered contrast material (CM) and patient related factors (e.g. cardiac output (CO), body weight (BW)). Patients with cardiac diseases often have multiple risk factors for developing contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), e.g. diabetes mellitus, advanced age, hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Although the relationship between CTA and CIN has recently come to discussion (AMACING trial; Nijssen et al. 2017), it is still desirable to minimise the CM volume used in these patients. One method to reduce the CM volume is to personalise the injection protocols. The personalisation of injection protocols to the individual patient is gaining more attention in the field of CT imaging. The goal is to individualise the injection protocols to a level, where the patient only receives the minimal amount of CM needed to acquire a diagnostic scan, while maintaining a diagnostic image quality. Many techniques are available and have been studied, e.g. adjustment of CM volume to scan protocol, CO, lean body weight (LBW) and BW. However, no data is available on which of these is the most beneficial method for the personalisation of CM injection protocols. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the performance of three different personalized injection protocols (based on CO, LBW and BW) in CCTA with regard to image quality in comparison to previously used protocols in our department. We hypothesize that the personalized injection protocols will be non-inferior, provide a homogenous coronary enhancement (less non-diagnostic scans) in patients, and will account for a reduction of CM volume in our department in comparison to the previously used protocols.
The aim of this study is to assess clinical safety and efficacy of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) using a newer generation drug-eluting stent (DES) in the context of optical frequency domain imaging (OFDI) guidance or intravascular ultrasound (IVUS) guidance.
This study aims to evaluate the psychometric properties of a newly developed FFQ specified for northern Chinese CHD and their high risk patients (CHD-FFQ). The psychometric properties include test-retest reliability, content validity, convergent validity, discriminant validity, concurrent validity and predictive validity. Particularly, this study will measure the physiological indicators, including plasma lipid profile (i.e. TG, TC, HDL-C, LDL-C), BG, BP and BMI twice at baseline and the end. The level of these physiological indicators will be compared with the fat intake measured by the CHD-FFQ, i.e. the baseline intake to test its convergent validity. It is also expected to predict the diet-related progression of CHD risks among high-risk individuals, i.e. patients with two or more CHD risk factors as following: raised fasting blood glucose (BG) level, increased blood pressure (BP), increased triglycerides (TG), decreased HDL-Cholesterol (HDL-C), increased LDL-Cholesterol (LDL-C), smoking and central obesity (International Diabetes Federation, 2015). In addition, this study will provide the FFQ's concurrent validity in assessing the intake of energy and nutrients against the CDC-FFQ. Moreover, whether the FFQ could detect the known differences in energy intake between men and women will be established for its discriminant validity.
This study is to assess the clinical non-inferiority of 1 month (short-term) vs 6 months (long-term) of dual anti-platelet therapy in patients undergoing percutaneous intervention implanted sirolimus -eluting stent with abluminal grooves containing a biodegradable polymer in High Bleeding Risk patients with coronary artery disease.
Women with heart disease are more likely to die or suffer another cardiac event or stroke within 5 years of an index event compared to men. They are also more likely to suffer depression and report lower quality of life. Cardiac Rehabilitation programs have been designed to address these issues, but most women do not attend. Women indicate they have a greater need to talk about their experiences with heart disease and seek social support to help them cope. Peer support, the assistance provided by other women with a similar illness experience, may be one way to enhance social support for women with heart disease and help them improve their psychosocial well-being. The Investigators have developed a peer support program called Women@Heart (W@H). The program is led by trained peer leaders (women who themselves have made a successful recovery from a heart event). A pilot test of the program showed promising results. The Investigators now need to conduct a more rigorous evaluation of the program. The main objective of this project is to determine if the W@H program helps women to improve their psychosocial well-being compared to being on a waiting list to participate in the program. It will also examine the effect of the program on: health behaviours (tobacco smoking, physical activity, sedentary behaviour, fruit and vegetable consumption, and medication adherence); coronary risk factors; arterial health; and clinical outcomes (re-hospitalization, health care system use, death).
The Bioheart Randomized Controlled Trial is a prospective multicentred paralleled study, which will enroll 430 patients and randomized 1:1 to study group and control group. aim to compare the efficacy and safety of Rapamycin Drug-Eluting Bioresorbable Coronary Stent System to XIENCE stent in the treatment of patients with up to two coronary lesions.
This is a Prospective, Open label, Non-randomized, Single-Arm, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Procedural Safety and Efficacy of ELCA® in Treatment of Patients with Single or Multivessel Coronary Artery Disease (CAD). Up to 30 patients will be enrolled at up to 05 Indian study sites. Patients will be followed from enrollment through 30 days ± 7 days for the effectiveness and safety endpoints at the study centre.
This translational study was designed to explore the association of the quantity and quality of epicardial adipose tissue (EAT) with coronary artery disease (CAD), left atrial remodeling and postoperative atrial fibrillation in a high cardiovascular disease-risk population. The investigators expect to identify new biochemical factors and biomarkers in the crosstalk between the epicardial adipocytes, coronary plaques and atrial cardiomyocytes that are involved in the pathogenesis of atherosclerosis and atrial fibrillation, respectively.
To collect data on the routine patterns of use, safety and effectiveness, including the clinical and technical performance of the CorPath GRX System, in the delivery and manipulation of coronary guidewires and stent/balloon catheters, and manipulation of guide catheters during PCI procedures.