View clinical trials related to Acute Coronary Syndrome.Filter by:
Heart attacks are usually caused by clots in a coronary artery, depriving the heart muscle of blood. Platelets are the main type of blood cell causing clots to form and physicians typically give a combination of two anti-platelet drugs, aspirin and ticagrelor, to treat this. However, aspirin and ticagrelor have effects not just on the platelets but also on the immune system. The investigator has been investigating the effects of different doses of aspirin in heart attack participants when taken alongside ticagrelor, and have found that a new, lower dose of aspirin given twice daily, rather than the usual standard dose once daily, reduces the tendency to bleed whilst on treatment. The investigators are hoping to study the wider effects of different aspirin doses, with and without ticagrelor, and have therefore developed this study. During the two periods of the study, the investigator will give healthy volunteers a combinations of these medications and then stimulate their immune system, in order to see if the medications affect the immune response. The study will involve a period of medication for 10-14 days followed by a day in hospital stimulating the immune system with an injection into the bloodstream of a substance known as endotoxin, which causes temporary flu-like symptoms, followed by blood and urine tests. The investigator will then repeat the process, after a minimum of five weeks, taking a different medication combination and having a further endotoxin injection. The investigator will also keep in contact by telephone until 2 weeks after the end of the medication to ensure participant remain well.
Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) is a noninvasive strategy in which one or more cycles of brief and transient limb ischemia confers protection against prolonged and severe ischemia in distant organs.This study aimed to investigate whether RIC is safe and effective in patients with AIS complicating ACS
The investigator aimed to evaluate the long-term (up to 10 years) follow-up of the patients who enrolled the IVUS-XPL study (Impact of IntraVascular UltraSound Guidance on the Outcomes of Xience Prime Stents in Long Lesions), which was shown the superiority of IVUS-guided stent implantation at 1 year in terms of major adverse cardiac events.
The objective of this research study is to test the accuracy of preexisting criteria versus expert interpretation for the diagnosis of acute coronary occlusion (major heart attack due to a completely blocked blood vessel). If our hypothesis proves to be true, this would provide a significant improvement in the care for patients who present to the hospital with possible symptoms of coronary ischemia (symptoms due to lack of blood flow to the heart). The primary analysis will be designed as a multi-center, retrospective case-control study.
The objective of this study is to compare the clinical outcome of NSTEMI and STEMI patients with non-obstructive, non-culprit coronary lesions and either presence or absence of vulnerable plaque characteristics as assessed by OCT.
The goal of this project is to identify, measure, and influence fear of cardiac event recurrence, a candidate mechanism of change in medication adherence in acute coronary syndrome (ACS) patients. An intervention will be tested that has been used to reduce fear of cancer recurrence by changing emotion-related patterns of attention allocation and interpretation of neutral stimuli. Secondarily, the study will test whether a reduction in fear of cardiac event recurrence improves medication adherence.
In the MEDIMACS project, we will use a randomized clinical-trial design to address the effects of mediterranean diet on atherosclerotic plaque vulnerability and coronary endothelial function in order to decipher complex interplays between diet, microbiome, immunological and metabolic responses and coronary atherosclerosis. We will focus on patients after an episode of acute coronary syndrome and use state-of-the-art techniques to address atherosclerotic plaque composition and coronary endothelial function. A number of different -omic approaches will be used to address effector pathways. The insights provided by this study will allow identifying potential new dietary, microbiota and/or metabolic targets for the treatment of atherosclerosis
Patients who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention after diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome should be enrolled in the study and follow - up.
Retrospective, observational cohort study. Objectives: To identify intra hospital mortality risk factors in patients admitted admitted to cardiac intensive care units (CICU). The clinical main endpoint will be the observed percentage of deaths that occured during the year 2017 in french CICU. To identify the length of stay key determiners of patients admitted in french CICU. The study will use data from one of the french nationwide healthcare systems database (SNDS) : the national hospital discharge database (PMSI) to be precise.
Acute myocardial infarction with ST elevation (STEMI) is one of the leading causes of mortality. Although the presence of thrombus in STEMI patients has been linked to adverse outcomes, routine thrombus aspiration has not been proven effective. A potential explanation could be that patients with STEMI should be risk-stratified. Thus, a more personalized approach in treating these patients is stressfully required. This proposal aims to establish the required interdisciplinary infrastructure for developing a risk-stratification model by implementing clinical, laboratory and angiographic data with molecular knowledge obtained by using innovative technologies, such as data from nano/micro-Computed tomography and circulating microRNAs. Two hundred consecutive patients with STEMI undergoing thrombus aspiration will be enrolled in the study and will be followed-up for one year for Major Adverse Cardiac and Cerebrovascular events (MACCE). The proposed approach will shed light on the pathophysiological mechanisms and broaden the investigator's understanding of the complex cellular and molecular interactions in the STEMI setting that, along with clinical parameters, affect patient outcomes. Furthermore, it will enable the identification of certain circulating micro-RNAs as cardiovascular disease biomarkers and it will help clinicians to better stratify the cardiovascular and cerebrovascular risk of patients with STEMI. As part of the work, important characteristics of aspirated thrombi will be assessed for the first time (such as volume, density and shape) and will be linked to patient outcomes. All this information will be incorporated into one in-vitro model, which will be developed using bioprinting and microfluidics methodologies. The in-vitro model will facilitate: (i) the in-depth exploration of the pathophysiological mechanisms in patients with STEMI; and (ii) the therapeutic optimization of innovative nanocarriers/nanomedicines with thrombolytic efficacy. Clearly, the study improves personalized cardiovascular medicine approaches, by considering individual patient clinical assessment in a way that empowers the precision in diagnosis and therapy.