View clinical trials related to Acute Coronary Syndrome.Filter by:
The present study was designed to observe the effectiveness of artificial intelligent based mHealth system(Chronic disease management system) to reduce bleeding events in ACS patients undergoing PCI.
The predictors of re-hospitalization of patients with history of acute coronary syndrome
A randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled parallel group clinical trial evaluating the effects of acute treatment with a PCSK9 inhibitor (alirocumab) versus placebo on low-density lipoprotein (LDL) in 100 high-risk patients presenting with STEMI and referred for primary PCI. The objective is to determine the effect of acute, rapid lowering of LDL cholesterol with alirocumab added to high dose statin therapy in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI. The hypothesis is that, in patients with STEMI undergoing primary PCI, rapid lowering of LDL cholesterol with a PCSK9 Inhibitor (alirocumab) initiated in the acute setting pre-PCI, will favourably affect LDL cholesterol concentrations compared with placebo.
To evaluate the pharmacokinetic parameters of sirolimus release from the Svelte DES.
This registry started January 1,2018 to collect patients who diagnosed as De Winter Symdrome for the first time in Hainan General Hospital.All enrolled patients will receive 30 days followed-up.
The aim of GEOMETRY study is to investigate the correlation between coronary plaque geometric modifications and lesion vulnerability in patients with suspected coronary artery disease referred for cardiac computed tomography angiography (CCTA). Furthermore the study will evaluate the impact of plaque eccentricity and morphology on the rate of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) for a 2 years follow-up period.
Arterial wall inflammation has been consistently suggested to serve a causal role in promoting atherosclerosis and predisposing to hard cardiovascular outcomes. Therefore, there is a global trend in the pharmaceutical industry to develop safe and effective anti-inflammatory agents that could lessen arterial wall inflammation and prevent its detrimental impact on atheroma growth and instability. To this end, autophagy has emerged as a key regulator of inflammation and dysfunctional autophagy machinery has been consistently reported as a contributing factor to atherosclerosis and inflammation. Trehalose, a natural disaccharide sugar found extensively among miscellaneous organisms, by preventing protein denaturation plays various protective roles against stress conditions. Numerous studies indicated trehalose's ability to induce macrophage autophagy-lysosomal biogenesis and reduce inflammation. Also, intravenous (IV) administration of trehalose showed beneficial effects in the reversal of atherosclerosis in atherosclerotic animals. Therefore, in this study, the investigators will explore the potential efficacy of IV trehalose administration on arterial inflammation by employing an positron emission tomography (PET) with 18F-labeled fluoro-2-deoxyglucose (18F-FDG) and computed tomography (18F-FDG PET/CT) technique which noninvasively characterizes vascular inflammation and atherosclerosis.
The Pre-Hospital 12-lead electrocardiogram (PHECG) is a simple test that helps ambulance clinicians assess patients with suspected acute coronary syndrome (heart attack), and provides clinical data to inform ongoing care. This project builds on previous work by this team, which found that one in three eligible patients did not receive a PHECG, but those that did had a lowered risk of short-term death. In this study the investigators will update that work, and explore reasons for variations in practice - highlighting opportunities to improve care and outcomes. Using routinely collected data and qualitative methods, the investigators will research patient, practitioner and contextual factors contributing to the decision to administer a PHECG. The aim is also to develop an intervention to increase the proportion of eligible patients that receive a PHECG, and to produce a proposal for further funding to test this intervention in a subsequent randomised trial.
Platelets play a key role in the athero-thrombotic process. However, the in vivo mechanism accounting for thrombus growth at site of coronary atherosclerotic lesion has not been fully elucidated. While platelet adhesion and aggregation on the thrombogenic core of atherosclerotic plaque is an established mechanism for thrombus growth, the role of systemic factors, which may contribute to thrombus via amplification and propagation of platelet aggregation, is still to be clarified. There is a growing body of evidence that lipopolysaccharides (LPS), are implicated in athero-thrombosis. Circulating levels of endotoxins have been associated with human atherosclerosis progression, particularly in smokers or in patients with infections. Furthermore, endotoxins seem to be implicated in the thrombotic process through several mechanisms including up-regulation of macrophage tissue factor expression and amplification of platelet response upon interaction with Toll-like receptor 4. The relationship between endotoxins and platelets may be relevant in the context of acute coronary syndromes as endotoxins could locally amplify platelet-derived thrombus growth but this issue is still unexplored. Previous studies demonstrated that low-grade endotoxemia is detectable in human circulation, likely as consequence of enhanced gut permeability, and may be responsible for leucocyte-platelet aggregate and eventually thrombosis. The investigators hypothesize that low-grade endotoxemia may be observed in patients with coronary heart disease and may favor, at site of coronary unstable plaque, thrombus growth. To explore this issue, Escherichia Coli (EC)-LPS concentration and biomarkers of platelet activation will be measured in coronary thrombus and intra-coronary blood of patients with STEMI and stable angina (SA), respectively, and in peripheral circulation of both patients and controls. EC DNA will be searched in serum of all patients by polymerase chain reaction (PCR). Furthermore, to substantiate that LPS could be biologically active, immune-histochemical analysis of thrombi and in vitro studies will be performed to assess the interplay between LPS and platelet activation.
Patients undergoing PCI for ACS are exposed to a significant ischemic and bleeding risk. The aim of our study is instead to analyze in detail the rates of recurrent events, but also their predictors and impact on outcomes, in a population of unselected real life patients treated with PCI for ACS discharged on either Clopidogrel, Prasugrel or Ticagrelor who already experienced an adverse event during the first year of follow up.