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Remote ischemic conditioning(RIC) is a protective systemic strategy by organs brief and sublethal ischemia to confer protection from subsequent severe ischemia in distant organs, especially for heart and brain. This study will discuss whether RIC can play a part in preventing the patients with coexistence of cerebral and coronary atherosclerosis from the recurrence of cerebral vascular disease(CVD) or coronary artery disease(CAD). This study selects patients who suffered an ischemic stroke within 14 days prior to enrollment. All patients complete cerebral and coronary artery assessment. And then the the investigators select the patients who both have at least one cerebral vascular and at least one coronary artery stenosis over 50%, or the patients who both have at least one cerebral vascular stenosis over 50% and myocardial ischemic events history. These patients will randomly divide into two groups, RIC group and non-RIC group. Non-RIC group will only accept cardio-cerebrovascular disease secondary prevention treatment. RIC group will use not only cardio-cerebrovascular disease secondary prevention treatment, but also RIC everyday for three months, 5 cycles 5min ischemic-5min reperfusion each day. For the first month, the the investigators will call RIC group patients every week for insuring compliance and adverse effect. All patients will follow up endpoint events, cardio-cerebrovascular disease secondary prevention treatment, and the adverse effect every three months, up to one year.
EVAREST will identify and validate novel blood and imaging biomarkers of potential value for consistent and accurate interpretation of stress echocardiography. During phase one, blood samples will be collected to assess the impact of cardiac stress on levels of circulating biomarkers and examine whether the measurement of these biomarkers can provide additional prognostic information. Phases one, two and three will also determine whether novel imaging biomarkers can be identified in the echocardiograms that can be used for objective interpretation of the stress echocardiograms. EVAREST will recruit up to 5000 patients (First 500 during phase one, an additional 500 during phase two and an additional 4000 during phase three) from multiple hospitals across United Kingdom, who have been referred for a stress echocardiogram as part of their investigations into ischaemic heart disease.
P5.fi study - P4 together with a fifth 'P' and '.fi' for population health Finally Implemented in Finland - studies the value of returning genetic and metabolomic risk information in two diseases (coronary heart disease and type 2 diabetes) and one feature (venous thromboembolism). The hypothesis of the study is that 1) combining genetic and metabolic risk with traditional risk factors adds value to the personal risk assessment of these diseases, 2) such risk information can be provided to individuals using a web based user portal in an easily understandable and useful format, and 3) receiving genetic and metabolomic risk information has an effect on the health of the study participants. The study is a continuation of FinHealth 2017 -study, which involved more than 7,000 Finns from around the country. The participants of FinHealth were invited to participate in P5.fi -study. The new research utilises information, samples, and measurements obtained in the FinHealth Study. Prospective clinical significance of selected genetic and metabolomic risk scores will be studied in 30.000 Finnish individuals. The study will analyze the genetic and metabolomic profile of the P5.fi participants and develop and test a protocol for returning them health related risk information. The impact of the intervention will by followed up by questionnaires and national health registers for five years.
This prospective study is a pilot study for evaluating a guidance system that aims to facilitate high-quality echocardiographic acquisitions.
The purpose of this study is to examine the effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention for patients living with stable coronary artery disease (CAD). One group will receive the the intervention, and the other will receive treatment as usual (TAU). The investigators hypothesize that, compared to the TAU group, participants receiving the intervention will 1) experience greater confidence in managing their cardiac disease, as indicated by perceived self-efficacy and illness perceptions; 2) experience greater psychological adjustment as indicated by depressive, anxious, and demoralization symptoms; 3) experience greater engagement in health behaviors including healthy eating and physical activity.
A Phase 2, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled, Safety and Efficacy Study of Dutogliptin in Combination with Filgrastim in Early Recovery Post-Myocardial Infarction
The purpose of the study: to increase the efficiency of diagnosis, treatment and prediction of the course of coronary heart disease in patients with adenocarcinoma of the prostate gland, depending on the hormonal status by determining the cardiovascular risk factors, factors of angiogenesis, structural and functional state of the heart, coronary vessels, kidney damage and their pharmacological correction.
Diagnostic and therapeutic cardiac catheterization procedures are important interventions to reduce the risk of death, avoid future cardiovascular events, and improve quality of life of people with heart disease. However, exposure to the radiocontrast dyes required for these procedures can lead to contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI); a common and costly complication. There are accurate ways to identify patients at increased risk of this complication and strategies to prevent CI-AKI. This involves ensuring that patients who are at risk have procedures done with the minimum amount of X-ray contrast dye required, and that they receive optimal intravenous fluids at the time of the procedure. This study will evaluate the implementation of a strategy where computerized decision support tools are used to help doctors identify patients at risk of CI-AKI, as well as make decisions about how much contrast dye to use and how much intravenous fluid to provide to patients who are identified at risk of CI-AKI in cardiac catheterization.
MICS CABG (Minimally invasive coronary surgery), where coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is completed through a small incision over the left chest, has evolved to become a safe and less invasive alternative to conventional sternotomy CABG. Several observational studies have suggested significantly shorter time to return to physical activity for MICS CABG patients compared to sternotomy CABG patients. A randomized study is warranted to validate these findings, provide higher level of evidence, and potentially lead to changes in practice. The MIST Trial is a multi-centre, prospective, open label, randomized control trial comparing quality of life and recovery in the early post-operative period, between patients undergoing MICS CABG versus patients undergoing sternotomy CABG. Patients referred for isolated CABG for multi-vessel coronary artery disease and deemed technically suitable for sternotomy CABG as well as for MICS CABG are considered for enrollment into the trial. Quality of life questionnaires (The SF-36, Seattle Angina Questionnaire and EQ-5D-5L) will be used to assess the quality of life and recovery in patients undergoing sternotomy CABG or MICS CABG at 1 month, 3 months, 6 months and 12 months follow up.
This study investigates the effectiveness of a Finnish Tulppa outpatient rehabilitation program. Tulppa is a group-based secondary prevention program for patients with vascular diseases. The program is developed by the Finnish Heart Association. The intervention is implemented at the local primary health care centers in 12 health districts in Finland. A longitudinal controlled study is used to investigate the effects of the intervention on participants' level of cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. lipids, blood pressure, body mass index), functional capacity (e.g. 6 minute walk test), life style as well as psychosocial factors (e.g. smoking, diet, physical activity, health-related quality of life and depression). The data will be collected at baseline (i.e. before the intervention), and 6 and 12 months after the intervention started. The participants (n = 300) are patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease. The study group (n = 150) is recruited from participants of Tulppa rehabilitation in two health care districts (Pirkanmaa and Southern Karelia). The control group (n = 150) is recruited from two health care districts (Turku and Hyvinkää) that do not provide Tulppa rehabilitation.