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Diagnostic and therapeutic cardiac catheterization procedures are important interventions to reduce the risk of death, avoid future cardiovascular events, and improve quality of life of people with heart disease. However, exposure to the radiocontrast dyes required for these procedures can lead to contrast-induced acute kidney injury (CI-AKI); a common and costly complication. There are accurate ways to identify patients at increased risk of this complication and strategies to prevent CI-AKI. This involves ensuring that patients who are at risk have procedures done with the minimum amount of X-ray contrast dye required, and that they receive optimal intravenous fluids at the time of the procedure. This study will evaluate the implementation of a strategy where computerized decision support tools are used to help doctors identify patients at risk of CI-AKI, as well as make decisions about how much contrast dye to use and how much intravenous fluid to provide to patients who are identified at risk of CI-AKI in cardiac catheterization.
This study investigates the effectiveness of a Finnish Tulppa outpatient rehabilitation program. Tulppa is a group-based secondary prevention program for patients with vascular diseases. The program is developed by the Finnish Heart Association. The intervention is implemented at the local primary health care centers in 12 health districts in Finland. A longitudinal controlled study is used to investigate the effects of the intervention on participants' level of cardiovascular risk factors (e.g. lipids, blood pressure, body mass index), functional capacity (e.g. 6 minute walk test), life style as well as psychosocial factors (e.g. smoking, diet, physical activity, health-related quality of life and depression). The data will be collected at baseline (i.e. before the intervention), and 6 and 12 months after the intervention started. The participants (n = 300) are patients diagnosed with coronary heart disease. The study group (n = 150) is recruited from participants of Tulppa rehabilitation in two health care districts (Pirkanmaa and Southern Karelia). The control group (n = 150) is recruited from two health care districts (Turku and Hyvinkää) that do not provide Tulppa rehabilitation.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the effect of percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) on cardiac function in multi-vessel disease patients with concurrent chronic total occlusion (CTO) lesion.
The purpose of this study is to collect data to determine if the medication, Ranolazine, effects heart muscle function in patients who have areas of non-revascularizable heart muscle.
The objective of this study is to determine ventricular loading conditions during and after PulseCath® iVAC2L support, and assess its impact on specific load dependent humoral factors and cardiac enzymes. These specific patterns are so far unknown and will be compared with the validated FDA-cleared and CE marked Impella CP. Ten cases with Impella CP will be performed in this study to obtain the exact same measurements for comparing purposes.
This study is a continuation of two previous studies --- the Severe Ischemic Mitral Regurgitation (SMR) Trial (NCT00807040) and the Moderate Ischemic Mitral regurgitation (MMR) Trial (NCT00806988) --- to learn more about patients' health 5-10 years after their mitral valve surgeries. The investigators will collect long-term health information on SMR and MMR trial participants using electronic medical records, patient and/or family input, public records, and healthcare- and vital status-related databases.
This project is designed to demonstrate equivalence of Dotarem enhanced LGE-CMR (late gadolinium enhancement cardiac MRI) with Magnevist enhanced LGE-CMR from the standpoint of visual image quality, quantitative image quality, and association with clinical outcomes.
Rationale: Patients undergoing cardiac surgery are at risk of developing perioperative complications and major adverse cardiac events, mainly related to both their preoperative status and type of surgical procedure. Postoperative exercise based cardiac rehabilitation (CR) is an effective therapy to prolong survival and improve quality of life. However, little is known about the effect on post-operative complications, quality of life and return to work of a combined pre- and post-operative CR program encompassing physical therapy, dietary counseling, psychological support and life style management compared to a CR program, which is provided only after cardiac surgery. Objective: to determine whether a pre- and postoperative (PRE+POST) CR program improves the short (up to three months) and long term outcomes (up to one year) of the cardiac surgery (i.e. reduction in postoperative surgical complications, readmissions to hospital and major adverse cardiac events in conjunction with improvements in the physical component of health related quality of life), when compared to postoperative CR only (POST). Study design: A Prospective Randomized Open controlled trial, Blinded End-point. Patients are randomized between two standard care CR programs. One group will start a the POST CR program after surgery. The other group will be randomized to a combined PRE+POST CR program. Study population: Patients (age > 18 years) admitted for elective coronary bypass surgery, valve surgery and/or aortic surgery Main study parameters/endpoints: The primary outcome is a composite weighted endpoint of postoperative surgical complications, re-admissions to hospital, major adverse cardiac events and health related quality of life (two domains: physical functioning and physical problem), at three months and one year after surgery. Endpoints are determined by an independent endpoint committee, blinded to the group allocation. Secondary, the study focuses on physical health (cardiorespiratory fitness, muscle strength and functional status), psychological health (feelings of anxiety and depression), work participation, economics, lifestyle risk factors (physical activity and smoking behavior), self-efficacy and illness representations.
Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) is a frequently performed test for the diagnosis and/or exclusion of coronary artery disease (CAD) in appropriately selected patients. The performance of non-contrast computed tomography for the detection and quantification of coronary calcification is typically performed prior to CCTA in an effort to identify significant calcification which may influence subsequent data acquisition during the CCTA. However, performance of calcium scoring adds significant radiation and most coronary calcification is proximal in its location, potentially visualized using a focused non-contrast scan. The purpose of this study is to prospectively compare the usefulness of a modified non-contrast CT, using a significantly shorter scan length and lower radiation parameters, as compared to standard coronary artery calcium scanning for the detection of coronary calcification that may influence subsequent CCTA performance.
There are no current alternatives to diagnostic contrast-requiring imaging for patients with an eGFR <30mL/min due to the association of gadolinium-based imaging modalities to nephrogenic systemic fibrosis and iodinated contrast-induced kidney injury. Ferumoxytol-enhanced imaging may offer an alternative approach.