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The aim of this study is to compare the effects of different physiotherapy and rehabilitation methods in hospitalization after coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) surgery. In this context, it is planned that patients undergoing CABG surgery will be randomly divided into 4 groups. Group 1 routine cardiac rehabilitation program (RCRP) 2. Group RCRP and inspiratory muscle training 3. Group RCRP and virtual reality application 4. GruP RCRP and inspiratory muscle training and virtual reality application Treatment of patients will be administered twice daily during their stay in the hospital. The patients will be evaluated by clinical measurements and scales based on patient notification and before and after the treatment and their effectiveness and superiority over each other will be determined.
The purpose of this study is to examine whether the use of Sugammadex will reduce time from reversal to extubation and improve other post extubation outcomes in Coronary artery bypass grafting patients. This study is a prospective, clinical interventional, randomized single blinded single-center design. The nurses in the cardiac intensive care unit will be blinded to treatment allocation (Group 1 or 2).
The primary intention of the study is to examine the effect of aged garlic extract (AGE) on the absolute change in coronary artery calcium (CAC). The second intention is to examine the effect of AGE on inflammatory biomarkers and microcirculation. It is a double blind placebo controlled study. The participants will ingest AGE during a period of one year. The CAC will be controlled by computer tomography (CT) scan; the inflammatory biomarkers through blood sample test and the microcirculation through laser speckel imagining and laser doppler before and after the one year period of AGE ingestion.
Mental disorders have been shown to be associated with a number of general medical conditions (also referred to as somatic or physical conditions). The investigators aim to undertake a comprehensive study of comorbidity among those with treated mental disorders, by using high-quality Danish registers to provide age- and sex-specific pairwise estimates between the ten groups of mental disorders and nine groups of general medical conditions. The investigators will examine the association between all 90 possible pairs of prior mental disorders and later GMC categories using the Danish national registers. Depending on whether individuals are diagnosed with a specific mental disorder, the investigators will estimate the risk of receiving a later diagnosis within a specific GMC category, between the start of follow-up (January 1, 2000) or at the earliest age at which a person might develop the mental disorder, whichever comes later. Follow-up will be terminated at onset of the GMC, death, emigration from Denmark, or December 31, 2016, whichever came first. Additionally for dyslipidemia, follow-up will be ended if a diagnosis of ischemic heart disease was received. A "wash-out" period will be employed in the five years before follow-up started (1995-1999), to identify and exclude prevalent cases from the analysis. Individuals with the GMC of interest before the observation period will be considered prevalent cases and excluded from the analyses (i.e. prevalent cases were "washed-out"). When estimating the risk of a specific GMC, the investigators will consider all individuals to be exposed or unexposed to the each mental disorder depending on whether a diagnosis is received before the end of follow-up. Persons will be considered unexposed to a mental disorder until the date of the first diagnosis, and exposed thereafter.
Despite the widespread adoption of recommended anticoagulation intensity ranges during percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), there are limited randomized clinical trials testing specific targets for activated clotting times (ACT). The primary research hypothesis is that in the modern cardiac catheterization laboratory, where PCI procedural duration is relatively short, radial access with small caliber equipment is preferable, and where rates of intracoronary stenting and dual antiplatelet therapy use is high, lower ACT targets, as compared with higher ACT targets, will be associated with lower rates of bleeding while having similar rates of ischemic events.
Unplanned readmissions after hospitalization for acute myocardial infarction (AMI) are among the leading causes of preventable morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. Digital health interventions (DHI) could be an effective tool in promoting self-management, adherence to guideline directed therapy, and cardiovascular risk reduction. A DHI developed at Johns Hopkins—the Corrie Health Digital Platform—includes the first cardiology Apple CareKit smartphone application, paired with an Apple Watch and iHealth Bluetooth-enabled blood pressure cuff. Corrie targets: (1) self-management of cardiac medications, (2) self-tracking of vital signs, (3) education about cardiovascular disease through articles and animated videos, and (4) care coordination that includes outpatient follow-up appointments. In this prospective study, STEMI or type 1 NSTEMI patients are being enrolled to use the Corrie Digital Health Platform beginning early during participants' hospital stay. Enrollment sites include Johns Hopkins Hospital, Johns Hopkins Bayview Medical Center, Massachusetts General Hospital, and Reading Hospital. The primary objective is to compare time to first readmission within 30 days post-discharge among patients with the Corrie Digital Health Platform to patients in the historical standard of care comparison group.
The research project aims to perform data extraction, integration and analysis across multiple clinical, administrative, financial and pharmacy databases in the participating institutions. The key data components will include clinical cardiovascular specific data, procedural data, financial and administrative data (e.g. cost of medications and supplies, length of stay, diagnosis codes etc.), short-to-long term clinical outcomes (including hospital re-admissions, cardiovascular events, death), and quality-of-care indices (e.g. compliance to guideline-recommended therapy and medications). The research project will involve all patients proven and/or suspected with coronary artery disease (CAD), congestive heart failure (CHF) and atrial fibrillation (AF) admitted to National Heart Centre Singapore (NHCS) and NUH.
Pulmonary dysfunction is a condition inherent in cardiac surgery because of various interventions, such as general anesthesia, a median sternotomy, cardiopulmonary bypass and establishment of internal thoracic artery dissection. In situations when there is a deterioration in oxygenation, increased positive pressure on the airways end pressure (PEEP) can be used as therapeutic mode by reversing severe hypoxemia resulting pulmonary shunt. But the use of PEEP has been associated to reduced cardiac output, due mainly to decrease systemic venous return consequent to increased intrathoracic pressure, and thus might reduce tissue oxygenation. Moreover, the increased transpulmonary gradient may also impair right ventricular ejection exacerbating the hemodynamic consequences in some patients, which in clinical practice this diagnosis may be difficult to perform. In hypovolemic patients or those with cardiac changes may become even more pronounced, resulting in accentuation of low flow and systemic hypotension entailing changes in markers of tissue perfusion commonly measured by venous saturation central difference venoarterial carbon dioxide and lactate. The hypothesis of the investigators is that PEEP of 10 cmH2O and 15 cmH2O can be applied to reverse lung damage in patients in the immediate postoperative myocardial revascularization without repercussion tissue importantly in markers of tissue perfusion. The objective is to evaluate the effects of different optimization levels of PEEP on gas exchange and influences the tissue perfusion after coronary artery bypass graft surgery.
This study evaluates cardiac biomarkers and their association to coronary artery disease in marathon runners.
The investigator aims to determine the feasibility of understanding the process of active versus chronic calcification using Na-F PET scan and contrast CT scan of the heart. The patient cohort will consist of patients diagnosed to have either acute coronary syndrome (ACS) (comprising of either unstable angina pectoris or acute myocardial infarction) or suspected coronary artery disease (CAD). The PET images will be compared to images obtained from standard contrast CT of the coronaries. This study will provide additional insights about active versus non-active calcification amongst patients with ACS or suspected CAD.