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Exercise is commonly recommended as a treatment for patients who present with peripheral artery disease (PAD). Although a great deal of research has supported the efficacy of exercise rehabilitation for PAD, it is infrequently implemented into clinical practices.To date, no comparison of cardiac rehabilitation efficacy and acute exercise responses has been made between patients with PAD and patients with coronary artery disease (CAD). Considering some of the parallels between the two conditions, as they are both atherosclerotic conditions, and the strong recommendations for exercise in both populations, it is worthwhile to compare the efficacy of cardiac rehabilitation responses. It is also unclear if the magnitude of response for PAD patients is dependent on biological sex and clinical presentation as this may influence the development of exercise prescriptions. This study will be a prospective two-arm cohort study with both groups (CAD and PAD) undergoing the same intervention (standard 6 month out-patient cardiac rehabilitation program offered at the Toronto Rehabilitation Institute Rumsey Centre). The primary variable of interest will be peak oxygen consumption (VO2peak) with a secondary variable of interest being functional capacity, as measured by the 6-minute walk test. Tertiary variables of interest will include walking impairment, as measured by the Walking Impairment Questionnaire, and quality of life, as measured by the Short Form-36 health survey (SF-36).The second objective of this study is to determine if the magnitude of responses to cardiac rehabilitation for patients with PAD are dependent on biological sex or type of PAD (asymptomatic, post-surgical intervention, or intermittent claudication).Exploratory objectives include comparing acute exercise responses (prescribed exercise training load, actual training load, exercising heart rate and rating of perceived exertion) between PAD and CAD patients.
The objective of this study is to evaluate effectiveness and safety of Firehawk® stent in the "real world" daily practice as compared with other drug-eluting stents.
The purpose of this study is to collect data to determine if the medication, Ranolazine, effects heart muscle function in patients who have areas of non-revascularizable heart muscle.
Stents are used at centers around the world to unblock the arteries of the heart. These stents are usually made of metal and remain permanently within the blood vessel wall. Newer developments in the stent technology has led to stent scaffolds that can be reabsorbed over time. Patients with diabetes are prone to more complex blockages in the heart arteries which can be more difficult to treat. The purpose of this study is to compare the difference of how arteries heal early when metal stents or resorbable stents are used in patients with diabetes.
Platelet activation and aggregation, intrinsic thrombogenicity, and biomarkers (fibrinogen, C-reactive protein, platelet endothelial cell adhesion molecule, von Willebrand factor, p-selectin) will be measured and compared following the implantation of Bioreabsorbable Vascular Scaffolds and Drug Eluting Stents.
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy and safety of a routine individualized antiplatelet therapy after coronary stent implantation by evaluating "on-treatment" platelet reactivity with Multiple Electrode Aggregometry (MEA, Multiplate® Analyzer). IDEAL-PCI Extended is the continuation of the IDEAL-PCI registry with additional focus on bleeding events and net clinical benefit
The ABSORB Post-Approval Clinical Study is a prospective, open-label, multi-center, single-arm, non-randomized trial to evaluate the safety of the use of ABSORB in a real-world setting following commercial physician training'and to observe the effectiveness of commercial physician training on appropriate vessel sizing.
This cardiac registry study will collect information from patients with ischemic or non-ischemic heart failure that have been treated with adipose-derived regenerative cells (ADRCs) delivered via intramyocardial injection.
Prospective, multi-centre, randomized, open-label, parallel comparisons to evaluate - the incidence of bleedings (COSTA-Bleed) and - the incidence of ischemic and bleeding events (COSTA-Outcome) following a therapy with the abluminal sirolimus coated bio-engineered stent (COMBO stent) in association with short-term single antiplatelet therapy as compared to a guidelines-based strategy in patients with coronary artery disease with an indication for chronic oral anticoagulant therapy.
This study is a non-randomized prospective cohort study that will define the rate of index atherosclerotic plaque development in adults with a prior coronary artery calcium (CAC) score of 0 given prior CAC zero > 5 years previous. Ancillary testing of serum, whole blood, and endothelial dysfunction will be performed to investigate any detectable systemic processes that predict CAC development.