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The treatment of the patients with metastatic breast cancer remains a major problem. However, there is an intermediate state between the primary tumor and distant metastases called oligometastasis. Current research indicates that good local control of oligometastasis can be obtained with Stereotactic body radiotherapy (SBRT) Can not prolong the long-term survival of patients. Researchers believe that after SBRT treatment of patients with oligometacosis in breast cancer, it is necessary to explore whether the anti-angiogenic therapy targeted drug apatinib can reduce the occurrence of new lesions and prolong the survival of patients.
A double blind prospective randomized controlled trial in which the effect of single shot levobupivacaine 0,25% will be compared with the effect of levobupivacaine 0.25% in association with dexmedetomidine when performing an ultrasound guided modified pectoral nerve block , in patients undergoing a mastectomy with axillar procedure. The difference in effect will be evaluated by monitoring the postoperative morphine consumption in both groups . Our hypothesis is that there is a significant decrease in morphine consumption during the first 24h postoperatively due to association of dexmedetomidine to the local anesthetic compared to the local anesthetic alone when performing a ultrasound guided modified pectoral nerve block. The morphine consumption will be our primary outcome parameter.
Patient-assisted compression (PAC) allows the patient to participate in controlling the amount of compression force during mammography and is a personalized approach that has demonstrated successful reduction in discomfort experienced during mammography. GE Healthcare's Senographe Pristina, an innovative mammography platform that provides both two-dimensional (2D) and three-dimensional (3D) imaging capabilities, offers both standard and patient-assisted compression modes. This study will evaluate image quality and clinical workflow as it relates to use of PAC with the Senographe Pristina 3D.
This study will assess whether the implementation of a combination of ERAS (Enhanced Recovery After Surgery) protocols and postoperative followup via a smartphone app can offer 1) improved patient satisfaction, 2) virtual patient monitoring without an increase in postoperative emergency room visits, number and severity of postoperative complications, and readmissions, 3) decreased healthcare system costs, and 4) improved patient convenience and reduced patient financial costs. The study will be conducted among women having mastectomy, breast reconstruction, and gynecological oncology procedures. Half of the participants will be assigned to physician monitoring via a smartphone app and half will receive conventional care.
This is a study to investigate the potential clinical benefit of G1T48 as an oral selective estrogen receptor degrader (SERD) in patients with estrogen receptor-positive, HER2-negative metastatic breast cancer. The study is an open-label design, consisting of 2 parts: dose-finding portion (Part 1), and expansion portion (Part 2). Both parts include 3 study phases: Screening Phase, Treatment Phase, and Survival Follow-up Phase. The Treatment Phase begins on the day of first dose with study treatment and completes at the Post-Treatment Visit. Approximately, 96 patients will be enrolled in the study.
This trial aims to assess the immunological and metabolic changes induced by the Fasting Mimicking Diet (FMD) in the pre-operative and post-operative setting in breast cancer and melanoma patients. Three cohorts of patients will be enrolled: 1) Cohort A: patients with resectable breast cancer (cT1N0M0 stage or cT1cN1M0-cT2cN0M0 stages not requiring pre-operative systemic treatment at the judgment of the investigator) who are candidate to curative surgery; 2) Cohort B: patients with malignant melanoma patients candidate to dissection of the lymph node basin because of a positive sentinel lymph node (stage IIIA-IIIB-IIIC); 3) Cohort C: patients with resected malignant melanoma (including radicalization and, in case, lymph node dissection) who are not candidate to any adjuvant treatment, but only to clinical and radiological follow-up (stage IIB-IIC). Patients in cohorts A and B will undergo one 5-days FMD cycle about 13-15 days before surgical removal of primary tumor (breast) or lymph nodes (breast, melanoma). Patients in cohort C will undergo 4 consecutive FMD cycles every 28 days, starting one month after surgery.
International registry for cancer patients evaluating the feasibility and clinical utility of an Artificial Intelligence-based precision oncology clinical trial matching tool, powered by a virtual tumor boards (VTB) program, and its clinical impact on pts with advanced cancer to facilitate clinical trial enrollment (CTE), as well as the financial impact, and potential outcomes of the intervention.
This first-in-human, Phase 1, open-label, multicenter, dose-escalation study will evaluate the safety, tolerability, and PK of DHES0815A as a single agent in participants with advanced and/or metastatic HER2-positive breast cancer for whom established treatment has proven ineffective or intolerable or is unavailable. The study may include a dose-expansion cohort (based on an ongoing assessment of the totality of data obtained in this study) to further assess safety, tolerability, PK, and preliminary anti-tumor activity.
This study will evaluate an oil blend with active ingredients for the reduction in chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy in people with breast cancer. Half of the participants will receive the oil blend with active ingredients and the other half will receive a placebo (an oil blend with no active ingredients). One-fourth of the people will also take pictures of their life with chemotherapy-induced peripheral neuropathy.
The BCB is a tool: - for research in analytical and public health epidemiology, biological research and for the development of data useful for clinical research and therapeutic trials; - to help scientists understand and explain phenomena ranging from the interaction of molecules to the whole metabolism of the organism in normal and pathological situations; - to identify potential strategies for prevention, diagnosis, management and analysis of cancer subtypes. The creation of a broad clinical and biological prospective base dedicated to different types of cancer is essential for the development of such projects.