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In patients with locally advanced hormone receptor positive (HR+)/HER2- breast cancer, neoadjuvant chemotherapy produces a pathologic complete response rate (pCR) of only 9-15%, and late recurrences often occur despite neoadjuvant chemotherapy. Therefore, there is an unmet clinical need to improve the outcomes of these patients. Tumor-associated macrophages (TAM) infiltration leads to poor outcomes in breast cancer patients by promoting angiogenesis, activating epithelial-mesenchymal transition, degrading the extracellular matrix, and suppressing the anti-tumor immune response. Pre-clinical studies, as summarized above, have shown that the breast cancer immune microenvironment may be reprogrammed by targeting colony-stimulating factor-1 (CSF-1) to decrease TAM infiltration and increase CD8+ TIL infiltration, in order to foster antitumor immunity and improve response to therapy. Here, the investigators propose a phase I dose-escalation study in patients with locally advanced HR+/HER2- breast cancer to determine the feasibility of adding MCS110, a CSF-1 inhibitor, to the standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy regimen of dose-dense doxorubicin, cyclophosphamide followed by paclitaxel. The investigators will also include a dose expansion cohort for preliminary efficacy analysis and correlative studies. The investigators propose that if they can decrease the TAM-induced immunosuppression and TAM-induced chemoresistance observed in breast cancer patients, then the patients' own immune system could find and destroy the dormant and resistant tumor cells, and combined with enhanced chemotherapy efficacy, the investigators will see durable remissions and long term cures.
This is a non-randomized, prospective phase II trial evaluating an innovative treatment, focused MRI-guided ultrasound, as thermic destruction in primitive small size breast cancer.
This is an international, multi-center, randomized, double-blinded, placebo-controlled clinical study evaluating the efficacy and safety of ribociclib with endocrine therapy as an adjuvant treatment in patients with hormone receptor-positive, HER2-negative, intermediate risk breast cancer.
The aim of the study is to establish the genetic, neurophysiological and psychological phenotype of the patients presenting a persistent neuropathic pain after surgery of the breast cancer, by comparing the neuropathic painful patients with the not painful and with the not neuropathic painful . This will be realized on a transverse cohort ("Seintinelle"cohort) and confirmed on a forward-looking longitudinal cohort.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate and compare the clinical benefit and safety of treatment with enzalutamide in combination with paclitaxel chemotherapy or as monotherapy versus placebo with paclitaxel in patients with locally advanced or metastatic, diagnostic-positive, triple-negative breast cancer (TNBC).
Peripherally Inserted Central Catheter (PICC) and port-a-cath (PAC) are the most commonly medical devices used for the administration of chemotherapy. Placement of these devices via central venous access is sometimes responsible for complications. The incidence of these complications is correlated with the device holding time. A strategy of iterative PICC placement could significantly reduce these complications.
This is a Phase III, randomised, assessor-blind, parallel group, multicentre trial. At least 180 adult subjects with high-risk Stage II or Stage III / IV breast cancer will be randomised (1:1) to receive either Eurofarma's pegfilgrastim (n = 90) or Neulastim (n = 90) in 8 to 10 sites in Brazil. Subjects will undergo a maximum of 4 cycles of myelosuppressive chemotherapy (21 days per cycle).
The purpose of this study is to determine if an avatar-based depression self-management intervention (eSMART-MH) once a week for the duration of the participant's radiation treatment will significantly reduce depressive symptoms. Investigators also seek to explore how women with breast cancer describe their mood using prompted and unprompted speech through electronic social media and interviews. Participants will be randomized into the eSMART-MH group or the theater testing (attention control) group. In addition to the assigned interventions, participants will be asked to complete questionnaires and interviews with the study staff.
This research protocol is studying the accuracy of the sentinel lymph node biopsy procedure in breast cancer patients who have cancer cells in the lymph nodes in the armpit (axilla) who have received chemotherapy or endocrine therapy prior to having surgery (neoadjuvant therapy).
This is an open label, neoadjuvant phase II study to evaluate the objective response, toxicity, and safety of trastuzumab emtansine in patients with newly diagnosed HER2-equivocal breast cancer. Trastuzumab emtansine at a dose of 3.6 mg/kg will be intravenously administered every 3 weeks for a total of 6 weeks. Patients who achieve a partial or complete response after the 6-week treatment (responders) will continue on trastuzumab emtansine for an additional 12 weeks.