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This randomized pilot clinical trial studies arm circumference measurement with or without bioimpedance spectroscopy in finding extra lymph node fluid build up in the arm (lymphedema) early in patients with stage I-III breast cancer undergoing lymph node dissection or sentinel node biopsy. Diagnostic procedures, such as bioimpedance spectroscopy, may allow doctors to find and diagnose lymphedema earlier than arm circumference measurement alone.
Sacrifice of the intercostobrachial nerve (ICBN) during surgery is associated with development of persistent post-surgical pain (PPSP), which affects up to 60% of breast cancer surgery patients. A large, definitive trial is needed to establish whether nerve preservation techniques are effective in reducing post-surgical pain after breast cancer surgery. If the effect of ICBN preservation is consistent with observational studies, the absolute reduction of rates of persistent pain would be considerable.The primary objective is to determine the effect of ICBN preservation, versus usual care, on the prevalence and intensity of PPSP at one year after breast cancer surgery involving axillary lymph node dissection (ALND).
Purpose: To evaluate the preventative effects of pregabalin on pegfilgrastim-induced bone pain in cycle 1. Because granulocyte colony stimulating factor (G-CSF) receptors are found at nerve endings which modulate the pain signal, blocking this with pregabalin is theorized to prevent the occurrence of this adverse effect. Participants: Patients will be at least 18 years of age with either a diagnosis of a non-myeloid hematologic malignancy scheduled to initiate a cycle of chemotherapy that requires prophylactic use of a G-CSF, or with a diagnosis of breast cancer scheduled to initiate dose-dense doxorubicin/cyclophosphamide chemotherapy or docetaxel/cyclophosphamide that requires prophylactic use of a G-CSF. Procedures (methods): This is a randomized (1:1), single center, placebo-controlled, double blind, crossover phase II study. The primary objective is to compare the proportion of patients who have an increase in pain score of ≥3 from baseline in cycle 1 between Arm A (pregabalin) and Arm B (placebo). In consultation with the treating physician, the PI will determine what day pegfilgrastim will be initiated in each eligible, consented patient. Pregabalin or placebo will begin 4 days prior to pegfilgrastim administration, and continue for 7 additional days starting the day of pegfilgrastim administration.
This study evaluates ADCT-502 in patients with Advanced Solid Tumors with HER2 Expression. Patients will participate in a dose-escalation phase (Part 1) and dose expansion (Part 2). In Part 2, patients will receive the dose level identified in Part 1.
Breast cancer is the leading cause of cancer among Canadian women with nearly 26,000 new cases diagnosed each year. Fortunately, advancements in diagnostic tools and curative treatments have significantly improved overall survival. However, the development of cardiac toxicity (including asymptomatic and symptomatic heart failure) associated with use of anthracycline containing chemotherapy and targeted therapies including trastuzumab limits improvements in survival for women with breast cancer. Cardiac toxicity is a life threatening complication that leads to reduced physical functioning and quality of life. The increased risk is associated with shared risk factors among cancer and heart failure and the direct influence of cancer therapy on the cardiovascular system. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) (including exercise training and education/counselling) has been shown to improve health outcomes, reduce heart failure related hospitalizations and modestly improve mortality among individuals with non-treatment related heart failure and may benefit women with breast cancer and treatment related cardiac toxicity (BC-CT). Therefore, this single centre, randomized control trial aims to determine if participation in an exercise based CR program can improve cardiorespiratory fitness, cardiovascular function/structure and health, and quality of life among women with BC-CT.
HALACAP-1406 is a prospective single-centre non-interventional study assessing the refrigerant helmet use as medical device to prevent alopecia induced by eribulin (Halaven®) in the conditions of use specified in its marketing authorization. Eribulin will be used alone for the treatment of the patients having a locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer which have progressed after at least 1 chemotherapy regimen for their advanced stage.
Women with early stage breast cancer may experience difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep. If this occurs for more than 4 weeks, these participants may have chronic insomnia. Chronic insomnia can lead to difficulty coping with stress, changes in mood, increased use of medications for sleep and an overall decrease in quality of life. The investigators have developed an internet-based website that is designed to help people manage symptoms typically experienced by breast cancer survivors, including insomnia, fatigue, pain and overall poor quality of life. The investigators want to learn whether this type of treatment can reduce chronic insomnia and improve the way subjects feel using both questionnaires and a special form of a wrist watch. This information may help the investigators better manage sleep difficulties in subjects who experience these symptoms after diagnosis of their breast cancer.
The goal of this study is to measure the effect of radiation therapy on the activity levels of patients. This will be achieved by tracking their activity levels during a treatment course of radiation therapy.
A single centre, single arm phase II study of alternating eribulin and hormonal therapy in 12 patients with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer who have received at least one hormonal therapy and at least one chemotherapy in the metastatic setting.
At this time, no study has examined the effect of a lifestyle intervention with a reduced Sedentary Behavior (SB) prescription on overall physical activity, weight loss, metabolic dysfunction, and inflammation in breast cancer survivors. Thus, in collaboration with University of Tennessee Medical Center's (UTMC) Cancer Institute, investigators propose to randomize 30 female breast cancer survivors (history of breast cancer stages I [> 1 cm], II, or III) with a body mass index (BMI) between 25 and 45 kg/m2 who are sedentary (engage in > 8 hours a day of SB) and inactive (engage in < 100 min/wk MVPA) to one of three, 3-month conditions: 1. lifestyle intervention (Lifestyle) (increase MVPA to > 200 min/wk); 2. lifestyle intervention with a reduced SB prescription (Lifestyle+SB) (increase MVPA to > 200 min/wk and reduce SB by 2 hrs/day); or 3. weight management education materials provided via mailed newsletter (Newsletter). Lifestyle and Lifestyle+SB will receive a standard dietary (low-calorie [1200-1500 kcal/day], low-fat [<30% calories from fat]) prescription that emphasizes intake of fruits, vegetables, and whole grains, and a cognitive behavioral intervention to assist with meeting activity and diet goals. Dependent variables, measured at 0 and 3 months, include objectively measured SB, LPA, MVPA, and total activity via accelerometry; self-reported SB; percent weight loss; insulin and glucose, and leptin and C-reactive protein (CRP) (biomarkers of cancer prognosis that have been found to be positively related to SB and/or adiposity); diet; body composition; and fitness.