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Globally, breast cancer is the most common cancer and the main cause of deaths due to cancer. This is attributed to changes in reproductive habits as well as an increasingly sedentary lifestyle, with low physical activity and diets rich in saturated fats but low in fiber. While the main focus in many Asian countries is to improve survival from breast cancer by encouraging early detection of the disease and improving access to cancer treatment, it does not reduce the number of women who will be diagnosed with breast cancer in the years to come. Currently, there is an urgent need to develop effective strategies to prevent breast cancer in Asia and beyond. Soy may be an important dietary strategy for breast cancer prevention. Compared to women in the West, Asian women consume up to 10-fold more soy in their diet, which may, in part, explain their lower risk of breast cancer. Soybeans are rich in isoflavones, which can mimic estrogenic activity. In the body, it competes with estrogen and binds to estrogen receptor sites, thereby reducing the effect of estrogen and possibly lowering breast cancer risk. Consistently, research has shown that Asian postmenopausal women who have high soy diets are less likely to be diagnosed with breast cancer. However, researchers have not been able to show that postmenopausal women can reduce their breast cancer risk by increasing soy intake as part of their diets. There are several reasons why these studies have failed to see an effect despite the body of evidence indicating that soy may be protective. Firstly, these are studies of Caucasian women who may have never been exposed to soy, particularly in adolescence, where soy may have the greatest impact. Also, these studies have used soy isoflavone supplements, rather than traditional soy foods made from whole soybeans, which may affect how soy is metabolized in the body. Lastly, the way in which mammographic density measurements were obtained previously could have negatively influenced the study results, such as the use of digitized images of mammogram films rather than raw digital images and the use of semi-automated methods that may be subject to human error and reader variability. Therefore, a well-designed intervention study among Asian women living in Asia, using suitable mammographic density measures as a surrogate marker of breast cancer risk, will best answer these remaining gaps in our knowledge about the soy-breast cancer relationship.
Diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) is a short (under 5 minutes) non-contrast MRI technique that has shown promise for the detection and characterization of breast cancer. Our preliminary data has shown that DWI holds potential for detecting mammographically and clinically-occult breast cancers. However, current technical limitations reduce the sensitivity of DWI for screening applications. The identification of a screening tool to complement mammography that is more accurate than ultrasound and faster, less expensive, and safer than conventional contrast-enhanced MRI would have significant clinical impact by improving the early detection of cancer in women with dense breasts. We hypothesize that an optimized DWI approach will enable detection of mammographically occult breast cancer in women with dense breasts with high sensitivity and low false positive rate.
To verify the role of apatinib in neoadjuvant therapy for breast cancer, the investigators designed a prospective, randomized, parallel-controlled phase II/III trial, to investigate the efficacy and safety of apatinib combined with TP (paclitaxel + cisplatin) or TP regimen alone as neoadjuvant therapy for stage II-III breast cancer treatment. 100 cases of eligible patients were diagnosed by core needle biopsy and immunohistochemistry, with the molecular subtypes of triple-negative, HER2+ or Luminal B, evaluated by pathological complete remission (pCR), objective response rate (ORR), adverse events, disease free survival (DFS) and OS, aiming at providing a new way for neoadjuvant therapy in breast cancer and anti-angiogenic treatment of malignant tumors.
This clinical trial is a prospective, multicenter, self-controlled clinical study. In order to meet the requirements of this plan, 130 breast cancer patients need the sentinel lymph node biopsy with novel near-infarred fluorescence imaging system produced by Beijing digital precision medical technology co., LTD. The fluorescence molecular imaging of indocyanine green (ICG) on imaging detection and the control group, routine medical using methylene blue test .The safety and efficacy of fluorescence and staining in sentinel lymph node biopsy of breast cancer were compared.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether patients experience a better quality of life when they have received education about coping strategies for cognitive dysfunction.
Background: Researchers want to test if certain cells can be re-programmed into stem cells. Stem cells can keep reproducing for a long time. Cells made by stem cells can be turned into different types of cells. These include cancer-fighting cells, skin cells, etc. The stem cells generated in this study will be used to make specific tumor-fighting cells that can recognize different types of mutations in cancer cells. They may also help identify new tumor mutations that may not have been identified yet. Objectives: To test if a certain type of tumor-fighting cells can be re-programmed into stem cells. Eligibility: Participants in another Surgery Branch protocol who are at least 16 years old Design: Participants already gave samples of blood and/or tumor tissue in the other protocol. They do not need to come back to the clinic or give any other samples. Participants will give consent for their samples to be used in this study. Researchers will obtain cells from the samples. They will grow those cells in the lab. They will create stem cells from them. Researchers will do genetic tests on the samples. Most tests will not show important health results. But if they do, the participant will be invited to talk to a genetic counselor and get more detailed testing to confirm the results. Some of the samples and results will be stored indefinitely. They may be used in future research. No personal information will be stored with them.
The purpose of this study is to collect blood and tissue to help develop tests that might be able to detect cancer earlier. The investigator will be collecting these samples and reviewing test results from participants who have had an area of concern found on breast imaging, as well as from participants who are scheduled to have a routine breast cancer screening mammogram.
The objective of this study is to determine if fluorescence lymphangiography can be used alone to localize sentinel nodes in patients with melanoma or breast cancer. The hypothesis is that sentinel nodes can be identified using only indocyanine green (ICG) and fluorescence lymphangiography, without the need for technetium99 and a gamma probe.
What Matters Most is a study that aims to determine how best to help women of lower socioeconomic status make high-quality decisions about early stage breast cancer treatments. What Matters Most will be comparing two decision aids used in the clinic visit to usual care (what normally happens in the clinic). The first decision aid (Option Grid) presents evidence-based information about lumpectomy and mastectomy in a tabular format using text only. The second decision aid (Picture Option Grid) presents evidence-based information about lumpectomy and mastectomy using pictures, pictographs and simplified text. What Matters Most aims to show that the interventions can reduce disparities in decision-making and treatment choice between women of high and low SES.
This is a prospective randomized control trial to compare the impact of two different types of pre-operative web-based breast cancer information on the quality of patient decision making. Patients are emailed web-based information prior to the surgical consultation. Outcomes are assess at multiple time points: 1) prior to the surgical consultation, 2) immediately following the consultation.