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This is a pilot observational study assessing various predictors for acute pain and persistent pain following breast surgery for cancer.
This study aims to investigate diet, lifestyles, serum metabolomics in relation to breast cancer risk in a nested case-control study including 1,547 postmenopausal women from the Cancer Prevention Study II (CPS-II) Nutrition Cohort. The CPS-II Nutrition Cohort is a prospective cohort study of cancer incidence and mortality among 184,185 men and women, established by the American Cancer Society in 1992. Participants completed a self-administered baseline questionnaire in 1992/1993 including demographic, medical, and lifestyle information. Follow-up questionnaires were sent to living participants in 1997 and every other year to update exposure information and ascertain newly diagnosed cancers. From June 1998 through May 2001, blood specimens were collected from 21,963 women. All participants completed a short questionnaire and provided informed consent at the time of blood draw. Non-fasting whole blood collected from each participant was shipped chilled overnight to a central repository, processed, and frozen in liquid nitrogen at approximately -130 °C for long-term storage. Of the 21,963 women who provided a blood sample, investigators identified 782 postmenopausal women diagnosed with invasive breast cancer between blood draw date and June 2011 who had not been diagnosed with cancer (other than nonmelanoma skin cancer) before blood draw or prior to their breast cancer diagnosis. Controls were 1:1 matched to cases on date of birth, date of blood draw, and race and were cancer free at the date of case diagnosis. Seventeen women who were selected as controls were later diagnosed with breast cancer, at which time they became a case. A total of 1,547 postmenopausal women were included in the breast cancer nested case-control study.
Despite advances in mammographic technique, mammography is limited in the detection and diagnosis of breast lesions with respect to sensitivity and specificity. In recent decades, ultrasound has become an essential adjunct to mammography for the further characterization of mammographically detected or palpable lesions or in the diagnosis of patients with dense breasts. However, in spite of defined morphological criteria for the differentiation of benign from malignant lesions, ultrasound of the breast also shows limitations regarding sensitivity and specificity. On the one hand, benign lesions may have one or more malignant characteristics and thus require a biopsy. On the other hand, malignant lesions can also show benign characteristics and thus make an accurate assessment difficult. To overcome these limitations, newer sonographic methods have been developed. These include elastography, color and power Doppler imaging, contrast enhanced imaging and 3D sonography. The application of elastography is based on the fact that cancer has a higher stiffness than healthy breast parenchyma. In addition, cancers are characterized by neoangiogenesis and thus generally show an increased vascularization in color and power Doppler. The detection of neoangiogenesis can be improved by the application of contrast agents. The latter provides both morphological and functional information about tumors, through the study of the contrast agent kinetics. Finally, 3D sonography allows for tumors to be examined in a third, coronal plane. This way, the interaction between the tumor and the surrounding healthy tissue can be better appreciated. The objective of this study is the evaluation of suspicious (classified as BI-RADS 4 and 5) breast lesions by using high-resolution sonography, including elastography, color/power Doppler, contrast agent application and 3D sonography. Both morphological and functional information can thus be obtained. The primary hypothesis of this study is that this multiparametric approach will improve the detection and characterization of breast lesions.
This study evaluates the effectiveness of persuasive direct mail materials coupled with an incentive for increasing breast and colorectal cancer screening among people enrolled in Medicaid. Half of age- and gender-appropriate enrollees received this intervention; the other half received the same intervention 15 months later
Biomarkers of resistance to neoadjuvant chemotherapy in locally advanced breast cancer
This study is to Assess hypercalciuria between J1 of the cure and 1 J1 6 of the cure of adjuvant chemotherapy in patients receiving conventional adjuvant chemotherapy of breast cancer.
Among the possibilities of intervention to minimize the effects of cancer treatment, the exercises are efficient in improving the physical fitness and quality of life of the elderly in treatment. The goal is to compare the effects of two home physical exercise protocols on quality of life and physical fitness of elderly people with breast cancer who are in hormone use. A study was carried out at the Institute of Integral Medicine Professor Fernando Figueira (IMIP) within the Professional Master Program in Palliative Care Associated with the Residency Program in Health, which evaluated the effectiveness of a protocol of 29 exercises with walking sessions, performed at home , In the quality of life and physical fitness of the elderly in the treatment of breast cancer. The results of the mentioned research showed that the elderly showed improvement both in quality of life and physical fitness. In view of the results and the clinical and functional kinetic observation of these patients, the hypothesis was that a shorter intervention protocol, with fewer exercises with fewer repetitions and a lower degree of difficulty can bring results similar to those found, requiring a shorter time In the accomplishment of the exercises, which can favor the adherence to the protocol by the patients, still achieving positive results in their quality of life and physical fitness. The elderly will undergo evaluations to characterize the sample through questionnaires, the physical fitness assessment will be performed through the Senior Fitness Test (SFT) and anthropometric evaluation before (beginning of the research), in the 6th week and after the 12th week of the research. It will be offered the elderly, instructional material developed for this research - printed manual. It will consist of a routine of 12 exercises to be performed autonomously for range of motion and muscular fitness, using the environmental resources of the home. All control and training guidelines for using the manual will be offered through an introductory lecture and subsequent weekly telephone contacts (twice a week). Participants should complete their respective program for a total period of 12 weeks and mark in the manual how often they performed the exercises. The control group used a protocol with 29 home exercises in a longer manual. The results will be obtained from the statistical package SPSS 10.0 for Windows and a p <0.05 will be accepted.
In this study, PLD, an anthracycline encapsulated in stealth liposomes, which are believed to efficiently deliver the doxorubicin within the tumour mass with less toxicity compared with standard doxorubicin formulation was used. The study aimed to determine whether the combination of PLD-docetaxel would increase tumour response in patients with breast cancer.
The purpose of this study was to specifically compare the long term patient satisfaction of the abdomen after DIEAP flap procedure with conventional abdominoplasty.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether functional games can be used to improve the adherence and quality of life of breast cancer patients with chemotherapy.