View clinical trials related to Tuberculosis.Filter by:
The purpose of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of a molecular drug-sensitivity test-guided individualized shorter all-oral regimen composed of 4-5 anti-tuberculosis drugs recommended by WHO in RRTB patients for 9-12 months in real-world practice, in some high RR-TB burden province of China. This study hopes to form a clinical pathway of all oral short-term treatment based on the guidance of rapid molecular drug sensitivity that can be popularized in China, and update the Chinese guidelines of RR-TB treatment management.
Utilizing the Crosstalk Among Chicoric Acid, 13-Cis Retinoic Acid(Aerosolized), Minocycline and Vitamin D as a Potent Quadrate Therapy for treating patients with Multidrug-resistant TB and patient with both Multidrug-resistant TB and COVID-19 . A double-edged sword Clinical Study I)Part of Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is a major infectious disease killer globally. It affected 10 million and killed 1.4 million people in 2019 alone. The predicted impact of the COVID-19 pandemic is an additional 190,000 TB deaths in 2020, and it is expected in the next 5 y that there will be up to a 20% increase in the global TB disease burden , stressing the critical need for new safe and effective drugs against Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Mtb). In addition, controlling multidrug-resistant TB (MDR-TB) presents a huge public health challenge . New drug discovery could require several years with no guarantee but repurposing established may be useful to treat patients with tuberculosis . Here we demonstrate that we could utilize the crosstalk among Chicoric Acid, 13-Cis Retinoic Acid, Minocycline , and vitamin D as a novel quadrate therapy against TB.Drug-resistant tuberculosis represents a global emergency, requiring new drugs. Recently Minocycline was found to be highly potent in laboratory strains of Mycobacterium TB, and 30 drug-sensitive and multidrug/extensively drug-resistant clinical strains were susceptible to clinically attainable dosages. The lung concentration-time profiles of a 7 mg/kg/day human-equivalent minocycline dosage yielded bacterial kill rates comparable to first-line antituberculosis drugs. Extracellular bacilli were destroyed directly by minocycline. Minocycline also killed intracellular bacilli indirectly through granzyme A-driven apoptosis. Furthermore, minocycline showed dose-dependent antiinflammatory effect, suggesting that it may protect tuberculosis patients against immunopathology. A study showed that M. tuberculosis induced the expression of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO), an enzyme involved in tryptophan catabolism, in macrophages and in the lungs of animals (mice and macaque) with active disease. In a macaque model of inhalation TB, suppression of IDO activity reduced bacterial burden, pathology, and clinical signs of TB disease, leading to increased host survival. This increased protection was accompanied by increased lung T cell proliferation, induction of inducible bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue and correlates of bacterial killing . A recent study showed that Minocycline-induced significantly inhibition of IDO expression. But Minocycline-induced inhibition of IDO expression is retinoid-dependent. The combined treatment with minocycline and retinol, however, resulted in a striking, statistically significant decrease in IDO. Co-treatment with minocycline and retinol again resulted in decreased TNF-α and IL-6 levels. A study showed that IL-6 inhibits IFN-γ induced autophagy in Mycobacterium (TB) H37Rv infected macrophages. As well as neutralization of endogenous IL-6 by anti-IL-6 antibody significantly enhances the IFN-γ mediated killing of the intracellular bacteria. Minocycline's anti-inflammatory effects are mediated through RAR signaling. Therefore, The combined treatment with minocycline and retinol is expected to effectively inhibit (TB) and its inflammatory complication, Fortunately, Retinoic Acid significantly inhibits the in vivo growth of M. tuberculosis and the development of tuberculosis. In addition to, 13-Cis RA and Chicoric Acid ( CA ) enhanced the cell surface expression of HLA-DR and CD14 molecules on U937 macrophages and prevented the growth of Mtb within macrophages. Moreover, 13-cis RA and CA, have increased NO generation compared to untreated control macrophages, significantly . Both drugs have a significant inhibitory effect on Mtb growth but CA at the highest concentration was more potent than 13-cis RA . Therefore we will use retinoic acid to induce the effect of Minocycline as well as its ability to inhibit tuberculosis in combination with CA .Recent data showed that Vitamin D support innate immune responses to Mycobacterium TB and Low vitamin D levels were associated with a 5-fold increased risk for progression to tuberculosis. Deficiency of vitamin D has long been implicated in activation of (TB) . Serum vitamin D in TB patients are lower than in healthy controls . Vitamin D has been found to speed up the clearance of (TB) bacteria from the lungs of people with multi-drug resistant TB, according to a study of 1,850 patients. It was showed that Vitamin D receptor (VDR) must form a heterodimer complex with retinoid X receptor (RXR) to regulate gene transcription. Retinol plays a crucial role in lung development and signaling the vitamin D pathway. 9-cis-retinoic acid, an active vitamin A metabolite and the ligand of RXR, assists VDR signaling and suppresses the degradation of circulating vitamin D.
This study aims to evaluate the vitamin D supplementation effect to improve clinical outcomes in children with pulmonary tuberculosis treatment. This randomized, double-blind control trial with a cohort design was conducted in West Borneo from December 2020 - July 2021. A Total 84 patients met the inclusion criteria; aged 6 to 18 years old, newly diagnosed with pulmonary tuberculosis with vitamin D insufficiency. Only 80 patients completed the six months follow-up. The intervention was 1,000 IU vitamin D or placebo for six months treatment. Comparison of clinical conditions and nutritional status are analyzed statistically.
Two commonly used treatments for latent tuberculosis infection are either 4 months rifampicin or 6-9 months isoniazid. The invistigators will study the risk of acquisition of rifampicin resistance in commensal Staphylococcus aureus in persons treated with rifampicin versus in persons treated with isoniazide. Through repeated swab cultures before, during, and after treatment the investigators will also investigate potential accumulation of mutations associated with rifampicin resistance over time. Finally, household contacts to persons with rifampicin-resistant S. aureus will be examined to investigate whether onward transmission of rifampicin-resistant S. aureus occurs within households.
Tuberculosis (TB) is the leading cause of death among children with HIV, yet insufficient data are available on the pharmacokinetics of newer HIV/TB cotreatment strategies in children. Current WHO-recommended rifampicin dosages result in low concentrations in most children, and high-dose rifampicin may improve outcomes and shorten treatment duration. Yet the impact of high-dose rifampicin on dolutegravir exposures has not been examined in children. This study aims to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetics of dolutegravir twice daily among HIV/TB coinfected children receiving standard-dose and high-dose rifampicin.
The primary purpose of this study is to assess the safety and efficacy of interferon-gamma by subcutaneous injection in complex treatment of patients with co-infection of HIV and pulmonary tuberculosis and to determine the rational of its use.
The objectives of this research are to determine: - the burden of intestinal parasitic infections among persons living with pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) - whether intestinal parasitic infections alter TB treatment outcomes, including speed of sputum clearance and treatment outcomes - the impact of malnutrition on speed of sputum clearance and TB treatment outcomes - whether nutritional supplementation improves speed of sputum clearance and treatment outcomes In this study the researchers will investigate how intestinal parasites impact the nutritional status of TB patients before the start of nutritional supplementation and how they alter the trajectory of weight gain in those receiving supplementation by analyzing results from 2 cohorts. LEOPARD Cohort 1- - Control-Enroll TB cases, screen for undernutrition, obtain stool for intestinal parasite screening by polymerase chain reaction (PCR), and assess them for treatment outcomes and weight gain - TB LION (Learning Impact of Nutrition) - Enroll TB cases, provide nutritional supplementation for 6 months (as part of existing TB LION study), screen for undernutrition, obtain stool for intestinal parasite screening by PCR, and assess them for treatment outcomes and weight gain LEOPARD Cohort 2 - - Enroll TB cases, screen for undernutrition, obtain stool for internal parasite screening by PCR, and assess them for treatment outcomes and weight gain.
The detection of miRNA (non-coding ribonucleic acid) in the blood in the context of active tuberculosis is an innovative approach to the detection of new disease-specific biomarkers. The primary goal of this analysis is to define, for the first time, an miRNA fingerprint for tuberculosis in sweat. Samples that were collected as part of the Sweatb Study (NCT03667742) project are examined for the occurrence of disease-specific, non-coding miRNAs to define new biomarkers in the sweat. These biomarkers can be detected non-invasively and will help in the detection of patients with active tuberculosis.
Stool4TB aims to evaluate an innovative stool-based qPCR diagnostic platform (with the capacity to become a POC diagnostic tool) in the high TB and HIV burden settings of Mozambique, Eswatini and Uganda, under the hypothesis that it will narrow the extremely large TB case detection gap by improving TB confirmation rates in children and people living with HIV (PLHIV).
The 4-month daily regimen containing moxifloxacin (2HRZEM 7 / 2HRM7) of ICMR-NIRT was studied in 321 sputum positive pulmonary TB patients in a randomised clinical trial. Of the 321, there were 96% with sputum smear grading of 2+/3+ and 80% with >2 zone involvement in the chest radiograph, The sputum culture conversion at the end of intensive phase was 94%, favourable response at the end of treatment of 92% and the TB recurrence rate was 4.1%. The regimen was safe and well tolerated. The advantages of a 33% reduction in treatment duration are manifold in terms of financial and other administrative implications. As the next logical step investigators believe that the effectiveness of this shortened regimen that proved successful in our study needs to be tested in the field. Under NTEP the anti-TB drugs are offered as Fixed dose Combination (FDC).3 The HREZ intensive phase and HRE continuation phase FDC are administered to patients based on body weight category. If our proposed study proves successful, the addition of moxifloxacin tablet to the FDC of anti-TB drugs in the intensive and continuation phases of treatment would be feasible under TB program settings. Investigators propose to evaluate 4-month moxifloxacin containing daily regimen [2 months of HRZEM daily / 2 months of HREM daily (2 HRZEM 7 / 2HREM7)] in the treatment of newly diagnosed sputum smear positive pulmonary TB patients.