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The investigators will assess the need and feasibility of randomising a sufficiently large number of women exposed to IPV during pregnancy in a full-scale future randomised trial. To achieve this, the investigators will: 1. estimate rates of consent to randomization, and the rates of adherence and dropout following randomization (for the use in sample size estimation) 2. determine recruitment duration 3. examine the women's perception about the benefit of the intervention 4. determine the reasons for acceptability, non-adherence, and obstacles to recruitment, randomisation and consent through qualitative interviews
Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a kind of systemic autoimmune disease which can cause multiple organs and system damage, which often occurs in women of childbearing age. Compared with healthy pregnant women, SLE patients have higher incidence of premature delivery, preeclampsia and fetal loss during pregnancy. Since SLE patients usually have disease activity during pregnancy and postpartum, and a variety of maternal and fetal diseases are closely related to SLE, it is very important to monitor the disease activity and drug treatment of SLE patients during pregnancy.
Gestational diabetes is one of the most common medical disorders in pregnancy and is a major risk factor for the postpartum development of dysglycemia. Despite the high risk of developing dysglycemia, 50-80% of women with gestational diabetes are not receiving testing within a year postpartum. The investigators will conduct a prospective cohort pilot study to examine the use of flash glucose monitoring immediately postpartum to estimate the risk of maternal dysglycemia postpartum.
This study will propose a novel approach to treat pregnant women with mild to moderate carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS) using the recently introduced High intensity laser therapy with its deep penetration and high-power characteristics. It's hopeful that the results of this study can fill the gap of knowledge surrounding the conservative treatment options for CTS in order to help patients restore their nerve function properly and promote new ways of addressing CTS.
The clinical presentation of the ongoing coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19) pandemic in pregnant women is unique with more asymptomatic infection, higher morbidity when symptomatic, yet without a difference in mortality rate. This is strikingly different from the high mortality observed during the past influenza A pandemics. Though both influenza A virus (IAV) and SARS-CoV-2 are single-stranded RNA viruses, the exquisite vulnerability of pregnant women to influenza A but not COVID-19 remains a mystery. Our objective, therefore, is to determine the mechanisms that predispose pregnant women to severe influenza A but confer protection against SARS-CoV-2 infection by examining the viral entry factors and innate immune response mechanisms in the nasal epithelium of pregnant vs. non-pregnant age-matched women.
Diastasis Rectus abdominis is a common condition in pregnant and postpartum women, where the connective tissue between the two muscle bellies of the rectus abdominis muscle is stretched and weakened, causing an increased inter-rectus distance. Treatment of this condition aim to reduce the inter-rectus distance, and conservative treatment including therapeutic exercise is the primary treatment of choice. To date, there is no generally accepted protocol of therapeutic exercises for this condition, and the evidence as to which exercise modality is the most effective and feasible in reducing the inter-rectus distance in women presenting with diastasis rectus abdominis is both sparse and weak. As this condition occur during the last two trimesters of pregnancy and as there is a paucity of high-quality studies on a pregnant population, investigators will conduct a randomized controlled trial on the effect of a specific exercise program during pregnancy on diastasis rectus abdominis. 100 pregnant women in gestation week 25 presenting with diastasis rectus abdominis of ≥ 28 mm will be included. Participants will be allocated to either an intervention group or a control group by block randomization. The intervention group will participate in a 12-week specific exercise program, consisting of two group sessions and two self-managed sessions weekly. The control group will not participate in any exercise intervention; however, participants will be recommended to follow national guidelines for general exercise during pregnancy. Participants will be assessed prior to intervention, post intervention at gestation week 37, and 6 weeks, 6 and 12 months postpartum. The primary outcome measure will be change in the inter-rectus distance in mm, measured by two-dimensional ultrasonography.
During pregnancy many physiological changes and adaptations occur.Hormonal, hematological and hemodynamic changes are responsible for most of the ocular adaptations.We are planning to compare the choroid and retinal blood flow values and choroidal thickness of pregnant women and healthy non pregnant women with optical coherence tomography and optic coherence tomography angiography
This is a study to determine the effect of a novel patient-centered, reproductive planning decision support tool developed by the research team called MyPath on postpartum contraceptive decision-making among women with SUDs.
The aim of this study is determine the effect of a food supplement with probiotics on metabolic profile and weight gain in pregnant women.
Patients will be enrolled at 28w0d-36w0d. Randomized to one of two arms: 1. Labor podcasts - Seven labor podcasts that can be downloaded for any podcast app 2. Usual care