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Deltyba Registry aims to collect the usage information of Deltyba which could be a factor of developing resistance in actual clinical settings.
The main purpose of the CoDISEN cohort study is to propose a model of prevention and care for HIV and viral hepatitis adapted to the needs of people who inject drugs (PWID) in Dakar, Senegal.
Prospective cross-sectional study at the outpatient clinic (OPC) of the Bagamoyo District Hospital (BDH) in Tanzania. Assessment of basic epidemiological data (Point prevalence and risk factors) on CKD with simple clinical, laboratory tests and the patients history. After informed consent blood samples are taken for complete blood count, serum creatinine, HbA1c, HIV-Screening, and urine samples for dipstick, urine sediment, and albumin-creatinine ratio. Further, office blood pressure, weight and height are taken. Further, patients history are asked by a questionnaire (i.e.history of infectious and cardiovascular diseases and basic demographic data: i.e. sex, age). CKD is defined as the presence of either impaired kidney function and/or albuminuria based on a one-time measurement. Primary outcome of the study are prevalence rates of CKD and the impact of non-communicable and communicable disorders on CKD.
There is an urgent need for novel therapies to shorten TB treatment and improve long-term lung function outcomes. Host-directed therapies (HDT) have received significant attention recently given the ability of M. tuberculosis to subvert host immune responses and cause destructive lung pathology. Statins are among the most promising HDT agents for TB. In addition to having a highly favorable safety profile, statins have been shown to have anti-TB activity in macrophages, to synergize with anti-TB drugs, and to shorten the duration of TB treatment in the standard mouse model. The StAT-TB trial will comprise two different stages. In the 14-day Stage 1 study, investigators will test the safety and tolerability, as well as Pharmacokinetics (PK), of two different doses of pravastatin co-administered with standard anti-TB treatment. In Stage 2, investigators will test the ability of pravastatin adjunctive therapy (dose to be determined in Stage 1) to shorten the mean time to sputum culture conversion (primary endpoint) and improve lung function outcomes (secondary endpoints) relative to the standard regimen. In addition, investigators will continue to investigate the anti-TB mechanism of action of pravastatin in order to further improve HDT options for TB in the future.
This study evaluates new technique for diagnosis of tuberculosis. Among patients who are suspected with tuberculosis, half of participants will be tested conventional method such as Xpert TB/RIF assay, while the other half will be performed new diagnostic technique using homobifunctionalImidoesters compounds.
This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, single ascending dose study conducted at one study center in Switzerland. Four (4) panels (A, B, C and D) of 8 male subjects (6 active and 2 placebo) each undergoing 2 investigation periods and receiving either single doses of PBTZ169 at increasing dose levels or a matching placebo. Subjects will participate in only one panel. Blocks of 4 subjects (3 under active treatment, 1 under placebo) will be investigated in parallel. Panels A and B are interleaved. Safety will be assessed throughout the study; serial ECGs and serial blood samples will be collected for the safety and PK assessment of PBTZ169. Dose escalation will be allowed once the Trial Safety Board has determined that adequate safety and tolerability after panel B and panel C completion has been demonstrated to permit proceeding to the next panel.
The aim of the study is to investigate the possible correlation of plasma drug concentrations with Time To Positivity (TTP) in liquid culture in patients with active pulmonary multi sensitive TB in the first two weeks of treatment. Secondary aims are: the correlation between plasma drug concentrations and hepato/neuro toxicity; the impact of different allelic variants on PK data, toxicity and TTP in liquid culture; the feasibility of using dried blood/plasma spots to measure plasma concentrations of anti-TB drugs and determine genetic polymorphisms.
Observational, multi-centre, prospective study to investigate the feasibility of centralized TDM of moxifloxacin and levofloxacin in MDR-TB patients by determining turn-around time between sampling and receiving dosing advice. In addition, the effect of TDM will be evaluated by comparing treatment results of prospective patients receiving TDM with historical controls without TDM.
Maternal infections affect the basal immune status of neonates. One of the possible mechanism is the fetomaternal microchimerism, in which some cells and active substances are exchanged bi-directionally between maternal and fetal circulation through placenta. Even in the absence of a direct (vertical) transmission of pathogens to fetuses, certain infections make the neonates more prone to allergies and some adverse events of early vaccinations. We postulate that the basal immune status of neonates born to HIV and LTBI infected mothers is primed by gestational exposure to immunological active molecules, which could results in an altered response to early BCG vaccination. Transcripts expression identified by RNA sequencing are compared between sets of mother-child and their respective umbilical cord blood, and between groups of infected and non-infected pairs.
Healthy adults will be once administered GC3107(BCG Vaccine) Intradermally.