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The occurrence of a transient ischemic attack (TIA) or a minor stroke is frequently assumed as a temporary and non-disabling event. Nevertheless, patients can experience subtle but meaningful impairments, including a decreased performance in activities of daily living (ADLs), a high prevalence of depression, cognitive decline, physical deficits, hearing degeneration, with implications in returning to work, social relations and activities. Additionally, it has been described a higher risk of stroke among these patients, which highlights the importance of promoting secondary prevention, soon after these acute episodes. Therefore, this pilot randomized controlled trial (RCT) aims to evaluate the feasibility and the effectiveness of a three-month multidomain intervention program, composed of five non-pharmacological components which may contribute to accelerate the return to the pre-event level of functioning in patients with TIA and minor stroke. The results may guide future clinical practices and health policies aiming to reduce the overall burden of stroke.
The purpose of this study is to build upon trials done over 30 years ago, which did not include statins, new antiplatelet agents, and newer antihypertensive medications. Since the landmark trials (NASCET, ECST), there have been new developments in medical stroke prevention, which creates a gap in knowledge. The aim of this study is to evaluate that clinical care with Intensive Medical Therapy (IMT) alone, the one year stroke rate in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis and low risk clinical features will be <5%.
Background: Transient ischemic attack (TIA) is defined as acute neurological symptoms of vascular origin, which resolves completely within 24 hours. However, emerging evidence indicates that up to 1/3 of patients is experiencing (non-focal) lasting symptoms, such as fatigue, depression, and anxiety. Aim: The aim of this study is to investigate self-reported lasting symptoms after TIA, timing of these symptoms as well as their potential resolution and characterize patients who have high risk for developing these symptoms. Method: This is a prospective cohort study which will include 350-400 patients with TIA from a single comprehensive stroke care center which serves the population in North Denmark Region, one of five administrative regions in Denmark (Stroke Unit, Aalborg University Hospital). Outcome measures include patient-reported outcomes collected at discharge, 3, 6 and 12 months and semi-structured interviews with a selected sample of patients. Perspective: This study will provide much needed insights into the development of lasting symptoms in patients with TIA in a cohort with presumed high external validity. Based on these results, a person-centered intervention will be designed to support the return to everyday life for patients with TIA.
Transient ischemic accidents (TIA) are a frequent resort to hospitalization in the emergency department and are serious events in terms of recurrence and handicap. The organization of the "TIA sector" at CHUGA aims to facilitate on the one hand the care of the patient during his hospitalization in the emergencies and on the other hand to allow a safer discharge of the patient as well as his follow-up in ambulatory. The aim of this study is to study the feasibility of comprehensive short-term outpatient management after hospitalization in the emergencies. The research hypothesis is that 90% of patients complete all of the 10 recommended examinations for the diagnosis of TIA, analysis of its risk factors and initiation of necessary treatments, if necessary.
What research question is being addressed? Can improve the prediction of adverse outcomes be improved for people following a stroke to optimise their treatment and care? How is it of relevance and importance to patients and public? Following a stroke, people are at a higher risk of developing certain conditions including heart failure, another stroke and atrial fibrillation, a type of irregular heart rhythm. In the proposed study, the investigators will look at factors which may increase a person's risk of such conditions following stroke. From this, the investigators will determine if risk scores for these conditions can be improved for people post-stroke. This could help doctors decide what treatments are best. Who would be eligible? All adults at participating hospitals who have had an ischaemic stroke (where the stroke is caused by loss of blood flow to the brain) or a transient ischaemic attack ('mini-stroke') confirmed by a stroke doctor. All patients will be asked to take part in the study, or their family members may be asked to provide advice on their behalf if the patient is unable to. Where is the study being conducted? At participating hospitals in England and Wales. What will the participants undergo? At the time of stroke, patients have a lot of information collected about their health, the investigators will copy information from patient's medical records about their health after they agree to take part in the study. Patients or their family members will also be asked to complete some additional brief questionnaires about their quality of life, wellbeing and fatigue. Some questionnaires such as for cognitive function are already collected for patients following a stroke, but where this information has not been collected, it will be collected for the study. The investigators will ask the patients if they can be contacted in 12-months to repeat the questionnaires and information collected about their health.
This study ought to identify the occurence of the major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE) and the pumonary emoblism (PE) in patients undergoing elective primary THA & TKA
Support for physical activity is necessary to sustain health and reduce the risk of stroke recurrence after stroke or transient ischemic attack (TIA). Still, rehabilitation services are not available to many of those who potentially would benefit from such services largely due to barriers related to accessibility. While telehealth is a promising strategy to support physical activity, there is a gap in knowledge regarding the implementation of technology that meet the needs of people post stroke or TIA in order to foster adherence and engagement in physical activity. This project therefore seeks to improve health and reduce the risk of recurrent stroke among people post stroke or TIA by increasing the access to physical activity through telehealth. The present project builds on experiences of telehealth-delivered physical activity in Australia where restricted access to health-care services is a longstanding problem. Collaborating researchers in Australia have developed a telehealth program (ENAbLE program) which has been designed and tested in collaboration with end users, through a series of feasibility and pilot studies. The ENAbLE program provides support for physical activity through physical exercises supervised by a physiotherapist and behavior change techniques for physical activity (i.e. individual counseling, information, recommendations, goal-setting, self-monitoring and structured follow-ups) across 6 months. The intervention is delivered to people post stroke or TIA in their own homes via video-meeting. This study, which is conducted in Sweden, aims to evaluate if the ENAbLE program supported by a new mobile application could be delivered as intended through a pilot randomized controlled trial in order to determine the feasibility and preliminary effects in people post stroke or TIA living in urban and rural regions of Sweden.
This is a pragmatic, multi-center, prospective, observational, non-interventional study and standing database of patients hospitalized for transient ischemic attack (TIA) or stroke in the 11 accredited adult neurology training institutions in the Philippines. Data will be collected from each patient while admitted in the hospital and until hospital discharge. Data collection for this study will span 3 years from study initiation, after which the utility of an extension or a re-implementation of the study will be assessed.
The purpose of this study was to test whether ticagrelor combined with aspirin can reduce the recurrence rate of stroke within 3 months compared with clopidogrel combined with aspirin in patients at high risk of non-disablement ischemic cerebrovascular events who carry the CYP2C19 function loss allele within 24 hours of onset.
In a randomized controlled trial the effect of 12 weeks of cross-sectorial physical exercise combined with patient education and individual follow-up session is investigated in patients with minor stroke or non-disabling stroke.