View clinical trials related to Transient Ischemic Attack.Filter by:
The proposed study will investigate the clinical use of the ISCDX test that may differentiate between diverse stroke etiologies as listed below: Aim 1: Differentiate between cardioembolic and large artery atherosclerotic ischemic strokes, when hemorrhagic stroke is ruled out, as defined by TOAST classification of subtypes of acute ischemic stroke. Aim 2: In cases of ischemic strokes of unknown or "cryptogenic" etiology, determine the ability of biomarker blood tests to predict etiology between cardioembolic and large artery atherosclerotic.
Adequate brain blood flow is essential for brain survival and function. Brain blood flow is kept relatively constant by a process called cerebral autoregulation (CA). CA is impaired in various diseases including head injury, diabetes, Alzheimer's, pre-eclampsia and stroke. In stroke, impaired CA is associated with poor outcomes. A transient ischaemic attack (TIA) is the same as a stroke, except the symptoms only last for a short amount of time and resolve spontaneously. TIAs are sometimes called mini-strokes and are a major warning sign of strokes. There have been lots of studies of CA in stroke, but very few studies of CA in TIA. Brain blood flow and CA can be studied non-invasively with Transcranial Doppler ultrasound (TCD). Study aim: To investigate whether CA is impaired in patients with TIA 20 patients with acute TIA (within 7 days), and 20 healthy controls will be recruited from the specialist TIA clinic at University Hospitals of Leicester NHS Trust. Participants will be eligible if they are aged over 18 and can consent to participate. They won't be able to participate if they have severe heart failure, an irregular heartbeat, blocked neck blood vessels, severe breathing problems, or if they are pregnant. Participants will undergo an assessment of brain blood flow using TCD, during which their heart rate, breathing and blood pressure will also be monitored. During the assessment participants will sit quietly before being asked to stand and then complete a squat-stand manoeuvre in time with a computer sequence. The research visit will take approximately 90 minutes, the assessment itself will take approximately 1 hour and participants only need to attend once.
TELECAST-TIA is a prospective single-center study evaluating guideline-based transient ischemic attack (TIA) treatment at an Acute Stroke Ready Hospital (ASRH) pre- and post-initiation of a specialist telestroke inpatient rounding service. TELECAST-TIA will study the following clinical endpoints: diagnostic stroke evaluation, secondary stroke prevention, health screening and evaluation, stroke education, inpatient complications, and stroke recurrence rates. Additional relevant non-clinical data will include patient and provider satisfaction scores, transfer patterns, and a cost analysis.
Stroke is a significant medical problem with 150,000 events occurring per year in the UK and incurring healthcare costs of £4 billion per year. Fifty percent of strokes will leave a lasting disability on first manifestation and 10-15% (roughly 16,500 per year) are unheralded ischaemic events in previously asymptomatic Carotid artery disease. Carotid Artery Disease is caused by the formation of an atherosclerotic plaque in the vessel. Stroke or TIA occurs when plaque or adherent thrombus breaks off and embolises to the brain, blocking off its blood supply. Hence, a carotid plaque is said to be symptomatic if it has caused a Stroke or TIA in the territory of the brain supplied by that vessel in the previous six months. Currently, the degree of stenosis (narrowing) of the artery by doppler ultrasound is the main assessment performed. Doppler ultrasound measures stenosis and elevation of blood flow velocity in the artery prior to surgical intervention. However, it has been shown that the degree of stenosis is a poor predictor of stroke as many asymptomatic patients have severe stenosis and many symptomatic patients have moderate stenosis. Stenosis is a two dimensional assessment of a 3-D structure. Other features of the plaque should be considered including the volume of the carotid plaque and its constituents. Carotid Plaque Volume has been measured in 339 individuals, with plaque volume being higher in symptomatic than asymptomatic individuals. In this study, plaque volume did not correlate with stenosis degree. No studies have been conducted measuring the change in carotid plaque volume and morphology following a stroke. This pilot study will perform serial duplex scans on recently symptomatic individuals over a 12 week period and observe the changes in Plaque Volume and morphology. This will attempt to prove that carotid plaque volume is a better predictor of stroke than stenosis. The investigators will also aim to identify other plaque features that may have an important role in predicting stroke risk. Documenting the timescale of change in plaque volume will aid us in defining appropriate timescales for treating the symptomatic population and when those having medical management's risk has returned to baseline. Observing the change in plaque immediately after stroke will improve our knowledge of the changes in plaques that lead to symptoms and may in the future help us predict which patients with asymptomatic carotid stenosis need operation.
This study will test the feasibility of a home blood pressure telemonitoring (HBPTM) system in patients with minor stroke or TIA in the past year. The telemonitoring system will consist of a blood pressure machine and an online survey to submit blood pressure measurements. The investigators want to test whether patients can persistently use the telemonitoring system with ease and whether telephone instructions for blood pressure medications from the research nurse can be correctly understood. A secondary purpose of this study is to look at the effects of telemonitoring in blood pressure and stroke recurrence.
The CARDIOSTROKE is a randomized trial comparing mobile-device assisted control of hypertension together with screening of occult atrial fibrillation to standard care in patients with recent ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack.
Interventions to improve health behaviour in patients with resent acute stroke are not well established. This study will evaluate the feasibility and effect of an early initiated counselling intervention targeting smoking, physical activity, and adherence to preventive medication, with regular follow-up sessions, in patients with acute minor stroke or transient ischemic attack who are discharged home.
Large-artery stenosis plays an important role in the occurrence of ischemic stroke. The primary purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of intensive antiplatelet therapy versus standard antiplatelet therapy and early intensive statin therapy (80mg atorvastatin) versus delayed intensive statin therapy (40mg atorvastatin) and intensive antiplatelet combined with early intensive statin therapy (80mg atorvastatin) versus standard antiplatelet combined with delayed intensive statin therapy (40mg atorvastatin) in reducing the risk of stroke at 90 days in patients with acute and high-risk symptomatic extracranial or intracranial arterial stenosis.
Fragile brain is the most common phenomenon seen in the patients undergoing CEA. The patients with fragile brain have a high incidence of postoperative brain dysfunction. This study intends to apply EEG monitoring (Sedline) to CEA to investigate whether EEG monitoring can reduce the incidence of postoperative neurological complications in CEA patients and improve their prognosis. 220 patients with CEA were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group S [Sedline monitoring + Transcranial Doppler (TCD) + regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rS02)，n=110] and group C [Bispectral index (BIS) + TCD +rSO2,n=110], recording intraoperative and postoperative conditions, neuropsychology scale assessment, blood examination and imaging examination. The incidence of postoperative neurological complications was compared between the two groups.
The effectiveness of outpatient management of minor TIAs and strokes in the context of a dedicated outpatient pathway with specialized care has been demonstrated and has resulted in an 80% decrease in stroke in the year followed the AIT (EXPRESS and SOS-TIA studies) At the same time, few studies have been conducted on their economic interest and none in France. Patient's typology (younger patient, no sequel, no disability) with Transient ischemic attack (TIA) and minor stroke (MS) makes them compatible with ambulatory management.