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Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria (PNH) is a rare acquired clonal hematological disorder, which can cause arterial or venous thrombosis. The frequency of PNH in young patients (< 50 years old) with embolic stroke (ESUS), transient ischemic attack (ETUS) or superior sagittal sinus cerebral venous thrombosis (SSS-CVTUS) of undetermined source, is currently unknown. This study proposes to recruit ESUS, ETUS, SSS-CVTUS patients to determine the frequency of PNH diagnosis confirmed by flow cytometry in these patient populations.
This is a single institutional registry database for the patients with stroke and cerebrovascular diseases. Stroke is the fifth leading cause of death in the United States. Despite extensive research, most of the patients die or suffer from varying degree of post-stroke disabilities due to neurologic deficits. This registry aims to understand the disease and examine the disease dynamics in the local community.
This prospective non-interventional cohort study investigates the pathophysiology of Atrial Fibrillation Detected After Stroke or transient ischemic attack (AFDAS) by comparing the autonomic function and inflammation between patients with AFDAS, patients with atrial fibrillation (AF) diagnosed before the ischemic event or known AF (KAF), and patients with normal sinus rhythm (NSR) after 14 day of cardiac monitoring following the event onset.
The primarily goal of the research is to better understand progression of disease in patients who present with an acute stroke to the Hamad General Hospital (HGH) stroke and Transient Ischemic Attack (TIA) clinic. The investigators are specifically interested in patients who have diabetes and have a stroke. The patients enrolled into the research will have detailed clinical evaluation and their imaging studies (MRI and Doppler) will be reviewed. After informed consent, subjects will be examined in the stroke Ward /TIA clinic upon recruitment, and later at less than 48 hours of recruitment (blood extraction and urine samples) and for follow up visits at 1 month+/-7 days (clinical evaluation and to extract blood and urine samples), at 3 months (telephonic conversation only) and at 1 year (clinical and repeat MRI brain). During the initial visit at the ward the investigators will collect serum and plasma for proteomic and metabolomic studies. These will be repeated at less than 48 hours and at 1 month+/-7 days. Investigators will test the effects of risk factors such as diabetes/stroke on the endothelial procoagulant and inflammatory state at onset and evaluate if best medical control leads to improvement in such markers.The repeated studies will determine if better management and presence of certain blood biomarkers can predict or translate to slower progression of disease and correlate it with clinical status.
This study evaluates the effectiveness of fimasartan-based antihypertensive treatment and prognosis in post-acute phase of ischemic stroke or transient ischemic attack patients. All participants will receive fimasartan, and the investigators will follow them up for 6 months.
The effectiveness of emergency management of acute ischemic stroke has improved considerably in recent years with thrombolysis and more recently thrombectomy. This improvement is accompanied by an increase in the number of stroke survivors. One of the major issues for these ever-increasing survivors is the prevention of recurrence. According to data from the 3 French registries, more than 20% of patients have at least one recurrence. Secondary prevention treatment has demonstrated his efficacy to prevent stroke recurrence. This evolution justifies identifying factors associated with adherence to secondary prevention treatment, measured at 1 year post-stroke / transient ischemic attack (TIA), in patients included in the STROKE 69 cohort.
The burden of non-disabling ischemic cerebrovascular events (NICE) is significantly increased. In order to achieve accurate risk stratification and effective treatments, developing new diagnostic, therapeutic, and prognostic strategies is indispensable. Chinese registry of NICE is a national multi-center prospective study aimed to explore the epidemiology, new biomarkers, risk factors and prognostic models.
This is a single-arm, open-labeled and phase II futility study. Application of Remote ischemic conditioning (RIC) as an adjunctive therapy to medication were involved in the study. The study is to test whether RIC is effective in preventing ischemic evens after a minor ischemic stroke/transient ischemic attack within 3 months and to explore the safety and compliance of chronic RIC. Medication strategy is based on physician's best judgement.
Among patients admitted with cerebral ischemia (stroke and transitory ischemic attack (TIA)) it is important to reveal the underlying cause of the disease. In special it is important to reveal if carotid artery stenosis is present as such a finding will directly influence on treatment and follow-up. For the diagnosis of carotid artery stenosis due to atherosclerosis ultrasound examinations is the cornerstone, but computer tomography and magnetic resonance imaging may be better in some cases. Development of high quality pocket-sized ultrasound scanners has allowed for semi quantitatively bed-side assessment of the carotid arteries and the heart. The investigators aim to study the feasibility and reliability of bed-side assessment of the carotid arteries by pocket-sized ultrasound scanners in inexperienced hands and the clinical influence of this examination when performed by experienced users. The investigators hypothesize that a significant proportion of this patient population can be clarified bed-side by junior doctors with no need of further imaging procedures for the assessment of the carotid arteries and the heart.
The aim of this study is to investigate the effect of a multi-component exercise program on physical function, physical activity and health-related quality of life (HRQOL) in older people recently discharged from hospital. The intervention consists of 32 group-based exercise sessions, performed twice a week. In addition the participants in the intervention group will be encouraged to perform an exercise program on their own, at least once weekly. The participants in the control group will be encouraged to exercise on their own, according to the World Health Organization (WHO) recommendations on physical activity for adults aged 65 and above.