There are about 24826 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in United Kingdom. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The goal of this clinical trial is to evaluate the effectiveness of an 8-week online yoga intervention in improving the well-being and productivity of desk-based workers. The main questions it aims to answer are: - How effective is an 8-week online yoga intervention in improving the well-being (mental and physical) and productivity (work engagement and job performance) of the yoga group compared with passive controls? - Are there any differences in well-being and work-related measures between the yoga and control groups? Participants in the yoga group will practice yoga three days a week for 8 weeks and will be compared with a wait-listed control group, which will continue with the usual routine for 8 weeks. Researchers will evaluate the impact of yoga on the well-being and productivity of desk-based workers.
Oesophagogastric cancer (cancer of the gullet and stomach) is the fifth most common cancer in England and Wales with 16,000 new cases diagnosed every year. Survival rates are poor with only 15% surviving beyond 5 years. There is also increasing research to understand the cancer biology and factors allowing cancers to progress. It is likely there is a relationship between the cancer-specific microbiome, cells related to inflammation, which promotes cancer progression. Our BIORESOURCE 1 study has established a comprehensive resource of matched samples from patients with oesophageal and gastric cancer. This longitudinal study aims to obtain further matched biosamples in the follow-up period after cancer surgery to find biomarkers that may predict treatment response, recurrence and/or long term prognosis.
This non-inferiority study aims to determine whether a hydrolysed rice protein formula is as effective as a cow's milk protein based extensively hydrolysed formula using a double-blind, randomised-controlled design over a 28-day intervention period followed by a 2-month follow-up period in infants 0-13 months of age presenting with symptoms/clinical history suggestive of cow's milk allergy. The primary outcome is growth, and secondary outcomes are gastrointestinal tolerance, and differences in intake, allergic symptoms, parental QOL, acceptability, dietary intake, and safety.
Following surgical removal of diseased bowel, patients often require a temporary redirection of bowel contents to a stoma, to allow healing prior to re-joining of the remaining bowel at a later date. Some patients may experience complications, either during or after reversal surgery, and this may be due to changes in the 'friendly' bacteria that live in our bowels. Previous research shows that the distal section of bowel that is non-functioning undergoes tissue-wasting and the 'friendly' bacteria that help our digestion die. Data shows that patients that have a reduction in their microflora are more likely to experience side effects. This study investigates a method of replenishing the microflora prior to surgery.
FARGO is a randomised, phase IIa, multi-centre, placebo-controlled trial to compare Faecal Microbiota Transplant (FMT) with placebo in patients with primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and concomitant inflammatory bowel disease.
Anisometropic amblyopia is when one eye has a much stronger glasses prescription than the other, causing poor vision in one eye, even with glasses, because the brain favours the better-seeing eye. With standard care treatment (glasses plus either patching or atropine drops given to the better seeing eye), 35% of children with anisometropic amblyopia do not have any significant visual improvements, and will have reduced vision in one eye for life. There is no consensus for the reasons why some children do not respond as well as others. Recent research using the Plusoptix PowerRefractor (PR3), which quickly measures eye focusing (accommodation), suggested that in children with anisometropic amblyopia, the focusing of the amblyopic eye might influence treatment success. However, such measurements weren't previously common due to equipment limitations in clinics. The investigators aim to use the non-invasive PR3 to assess accommodation in hypermetropic anisometropic amblyopia, at the University of Sheffield. This will be a two-phase study of children aged 4-10 years who have hypermetropic anisometropia. The investigators will recruit participants attending the Ophthalmology Department at Sheffield Children's NHS Foundation Trust (SCH). The investigators will take repeated measurements of accommodation at points during standard care treatment (phase 1) and conduct a pilot intervention study (phase 2) to determine whether adjusting glasses prescriptions based on accommodation responses with amblyopia treatment can improve vision in the weaker eye. The goal is to gather evidence to inform a future larger multicentre RCT to improve the visual outcomes for anisometropic amblyopic children in the future.
This study is being done in order to understand what causes people to have a chronic cough, which is defined as a cough lasting for more than 8 weeks. The research team wish to find out whether there is any inflammation in the lungs of patients with chronic cough. The research team will also determine whether a suspected chemical produced in the body, called adenosine triphosphate (ATP) can be responsible for causing the chronic cough. In order to be able to find out what is abnormal in those who have a chronic cough, The research team will need to compare their results with those that do not have a chronic cough. In this study, the research team will examine 10 participants who suffer from chronic cough and 8 individuals who do not have a chronic cough and are healthy.
Brief summary: There is current scientific interest in hydroxytyrosol due to its anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties, efficient protection of vascular tissue and ability to neutralise free radicals via hydrogen donation. Recognised as the potent polyphenol within a commercially available olive-fruit water (OliPhenolia®), data from this research will determine the dose of OliPhenolia® required for the optimum absorption and metabolism of hydroxytyrosol. The primary aim of this research is to identify the dose of hydroxytyrosol (0.5, 1.0 or 1.5 mg∙kg-1) within OliPhenolia® that demonstrates the greatest area under the plasma concentration curve for hydroxytyrosol over a four-hour period. A secondary aim is to assess maximum concentration (CMAX) and time to maximum concentration (TMAX) of total hydroxytyrosol and secondary metabolites (Tyrosol, HT-3-glucoronide, HT-3-sulphate, 3,4-Dihydroxyphenylacetic Acid, Homovanillic Acid and Oleuropein) following consumption of 3 randomised doses of OliPhenolia® on separate occasions with healthy adult volunteers.
Preterm infants (i.e., those born before 37 completed weeks of pregnancy) often require additional care and are admitted to neonatal units. Readiness for discharge home typically requires a level of physiological maturity such that an infant is: 1) able to breathe spontaneously without additional support; 2) able to maintain their own body temperature; 3) able to take all their nutritional requirements orally; 4) weighs ≥1700 grams and consistently gaining weight. Staying in hospital longer than necessary can be detrimental to infants, stressful for families, and costly to the NHS. Reducing length of stay by just one day would be meaningful to parents and could save the UK National Health Service (NHS) almost £25million per year. Currently little is known about whether, how long and why preterm infants stay in hospital beyond the point at which they are physiologically ready for discharge. This study will use data from babies' medical records from the whole of England and Wales to identify the age and postmenstrual age when preterm infants reach each of the physiological barriers to discharge and identify which physiological discharge barrier requires preterm infants to remain in hospital the longest. The study will quantify the difference between the time preterm infants become physiologically ready for discharge and their actual discharge home and describe factors associated with extended stays.
This study will evaluate the effect of triple ICS/LAMA/LABA therapy with BGF MDI 320/14.4/9.6 μg on cardiopulmonary outcomes relative to LAMA/LABA therapy with GFF MDI 14.4/9.6 μg in a population with COPD and elevated cardiopulmonary risk.