There are about 22938 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in United Kingdom. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a common disease which is characterised by severe joint inflammation and chronic pain. The discovery of new joint specific treatments has transformed patient outcomes and yet most patients, even those whose joints respond fully to these treatments, continue to experience significant levels of pain. The investigators therefore believe that RA pain is caused by alternative sources in addition to the joints. Our group are pioneering the investigation of a possible link between the brain and the pain which RA patients experience. By employing sophisticated brain scanning methods, the investigators have shown that high levels of pain and blood inflammation are associated with changes within a specific region of the brain known as the left inferior parietal lobule(L-IPL). This region exhibited abnormal connections with other brain regions already known to be associated with pain in another chronic pain disorder called fibromyalgia. Fibromyalgia is a musculoskeletal condition which is not classically related to high levels of blood inflammation, although, interestingly, it is not uncommon for it to co-exist in RA patients. In light of our preliminary brain scan studies, the investigators now think that fibromyalgia in the context of RA may be partially influenced by inflammation. In order to fully understand the precise processes that lead to this potential relationship, it is important to characterise the biological abnormalities that underlie our brain scan observations. Previous animal experiments have consistently observed abnormalities, such as high levels of the brain chemical glutamate and haphazard brain activity, in the context of inflammation. Conducting similar experiments in humans is not practical due to the inherent dangers of sampling live brain tissue. Instead, neuroscientists commonly use non-invasive methods to manipulate specific parts of the brain in order to better understand how they function. In conjunction, the latest scanners are now able to indirectly measure the effect of the brain modulation on relevant aspects of brain biology without the need to remove tissue. This information will help us to better understand the relationship between inflammation and pain in the RA brain.
The goal of this observational study is to learn about survival and prognostic factors in patients who underwent surgical treatment for primary squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal vestibule. The main questions it aims to answer are: - what is the prognosis of patients affected by squamous cell carcinoma of the nasal vestibule? - are there any specific factors that could influence prognosis? - is it possible to elaborate a new staging system, able to overcome the limitations of the currently used ones? Data about patients, tumour and type of surgery performed will be collected. Participants will be followed-up for a minimum 6 months period after surgery.
Ataxia telangiectasia is a rare, genetic and progressive condition with no known cure. Therapies present a mainstream management option and have the potential to offer optimisation of fitness and general health. This pilot RCT aims to explore the effectiveness, feasibility, and acceptability of a co-produced home-based complex exercise intervention for children with ataxia telangiectasia. The study was designed through broad consultation with a collaborative of children and young people with A-T including family members, therapists, clinicians and researchers, called the A-Team collaborative (https://osf.io/edzn3/)
This clinical investigation will evaluate the effectiveness, tolerability and safety of two denture fixative creams versus no fixative control
Children are known to have devastating impact from traumatic brain injury (TBI). The focus of treatment of severe TBI is to limit secondary insult which can aggravate brain injury and worsen outcome and is supported by monitoring brain pressure (ICP) and arterial pressure (ABP). These pressures, if incorporated in Multi-modality monitoring can be used to interpret state of mechanisms used by brain to maintain normal blood flow. This has been advised to guide management of severe TBI in adults, however, there is limited experience with advanced brain monitoring in children. The investigators propose to study the use of this in children with severe TBI. Children (up to 16 years of age) with a severe TBI are referred to a neurosurgical unit (NSU) and admitted to a paediatric intensive care unit (PICU) as part of usual NHS clinical practice. All patients with a severe TBI require a monitoring wire to be inserted into the brain to read the pressure inside the skull and a similar device in an artery to monitor the blood pressure. These recordings are documented by a PICU nurse at a prescribed frequency. Without interrupting this clinical practice investigators propose to record these values using computer software called ICM+. These recordings will provide real time analysis and a continual recording of important parameters which will provide the study with much needed information on the patterns of pressures in the brain after this injury in children. All patients will be followed up for 12 months to see how well they recover, neuropsychology assessment will be performed by a Neuropsychologist at the recruiting centre using a standardised form.
The goal of this clinical trial is to determine the safety and efficacy of IP-001 for intratumoral injection administration following thermal ablation of a solid tumor.
Stain Analysis Mapping of the Plantar surface (STAMP) is a method designed by the University of Leeds to measure 'in-shoe' strain patterns on the plantar surface of the foot. Shear Load Inductive Plantar Sensing (SLIPS) is an insole designed by the University of Leeds to measure plantar shear stress and plantar pressure. This study aims to compare plantar strain using STAMP and plantar shear stress and plantar pressure using SLIPS in two groups of patients with diabetes; high risk patients with a recently healed plantar ulcer and low risk patients (according to the NICE definition).
This is a Phase III, randomized, open-label, multicenter, global study to compare the efficacy and safety of Datopotamab Deruxtecan (Dato-DXd) in combination with durvalumab and carboplatin compared with pembrolizumab in combination with histology-specific platinum-based chemotherapy as first-line treatment of adults with stage IIIB, IIIC, or IV NSCLC without actionable genomic alterations (including sensitizing EGFR mutations, and ALK and ROS1 rearrangements).
This study is a feasibility study to see if an ultrasound scan of the vocal cords can detect narrowing of the vocal cords as seen in a condition called inducible laryngeal Obstruction (the vocal cords narrow or close on breathing in, which makes it very difficult to breathe).
Researchers are looking for a better way to prevent an ischemic stroke which occurs when a blood clot travelled to the brain in people who within the last 72 hours had: - a stroke due to a blood clot that formed outside the heart (acute non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke), or - temporary stroke-like symptoms with a high risk of turning into a stroke (high-risk transient ischemic attack), and who are planned to receive standard of care therapy. Ischemic strokes or transient ischemic attacks result from a blocked or reduced blood flow to a part of the brain. They are caused by blood clots that travel to the brain and block the vessels that supply it. If these blood clots form elsewhere than in the heart, the stroke is called non-cardioembolic. People who already had a non-cardioembolic stroke are more likely to have another stroke. This is why they are treated preventively with an antiplatelet therapy, the current standard of care. Antiplatelet medicines prevent platelets, components of blood clotting, from clumping together. Anticoagulants are another type of medicine that prevents blood clots from forming by interfering with a process known as coagulation (or blood clotting). The study treatment asundexian is a new type of anticoagulant currently under development to provide further treatment options. The way it works, it aims to further improve the standard of care with regard to the risk of bleeding. The main purpose of this study is to learn whether asundexian works better than placebo at reducing ischemic strokes in participants who recently had a non-cardioembolic ischemic stroke or temporary stroke-like symptoms when given in addition to standard antiplatelet therapy. A placebo is a treatment that looks like a medicine but does not have any medicine in it. Another aim is to compare the occurrence of major bleeding events during the study between the asundexian and the placebo group. Major bleedings have a serious or even life-threatening impact on a person's health. Dependent on the treatment group, the participants will either take asundexian or placebo as tablets once a day for at least 3 months up to 31 months. Approximately every 3 months during the treatment period, either a phone call or a visit to the study site is scheduled on an alternating basis. In addition, one visit before and up to two visits after the treatment period are planned. During the study, the study team will: - Check vital signs such as blood pressure and heart rate - Examine the participants' heart health using an electrocardiogram (ECG) - Take blood samples - Ask the participants questions about how they are feeling and what adverse events they are having. An adverse event is any medical problem that a participant has during a study. Doctors keep track of all adverse events that happen in studies, even if they do not think the adverse events might be related to the study treatments. In addition, the participants will be asked to complete a questionnaire on quality of life at certain time points during the study.