There are about 13797 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in United Kingdom. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Results from a small number of human cohort studies are also available and indicate that there are positive associations between organic food consumption and reduced risk/incidence of certain acute diseases (e.g. pre-eclampsia, hypospadias) and obesity/overweight. Results from animal dietary intervention studies suggest that (i) switching to organic food consumption results in significant changes in hormonal balances and an increase in immune system responsiveness and (ii) differences in pesticide residue, cadmium, protein and antioxidant concentrations between organic and conventional foods are major drivers for hormonal balances and immune system parameters in animals. However, there is virtually no published data from (i) long-term cohort studies focusing on chronic diseases (e.g. cardiovascular disease, diabetes, cancer and neurodegenerative conditions) and (ii) controlled human dietary intervention studies comparing effects of organic and conventional diets. It is therefore currently not possible to assess whether and estimate to what extent organic food consumption may affect human health.
A randomised back to back study comparing cap and Endocuff to detect adenomas during colonoscopy
This is a prospective randomised controlled trial to assess an intervention of inspection during both phases of colonoscopic examination ( insertion and withdrawal) improve adenoma detection rate when compared to inspection only during withdrawal.
The study will examine stereotactic ablative body radiotherapy (SABR), a new technique to deliver radiotherapy to men with prostate cancer. In addition to this, it will look at the effect of SABR on levels of markers of radiation exposure and bowel damage, along with other potential markers of outcome and side effects. Quality of life and any side effects that develop during and after treatment will also be assessed.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of treatment withdrawal vs continued treatment with golimumab (GLM) administered by subcutaneous (SC) injection on the incidence of a "flare" in non-radiographic axial spondyloarthritis over up to 12 months. The primary hypothesis is that continued treatment with golimumab is superior to treatment withdrawal, based on the percentage of subjects without a "flare" during up to 12 months of blinded therapy.
Background: CCTA is a common way to evaluate coronary artery disease. It stands for coronary computed tomography angiography. It uses scanning to look at the arteries that supply blood to the heart. It is noninvasive, widely available, and generally accurate. But it does expose people to radiation. Exposure to high amounts of radiation can increase a person s risk of getting cancer. Researchers want to learn more about the relationship between CCTA and radiation exposure. Objective: To see how much radiation is used to take pictures of the heart and how measures to reduce radiation are used around the world. Eligibility: People ages 18 years and older who need a computed tomography (CT) scan of the heart Design: Participants will be screened with a review of their medical records. Participants may have a pregnancy test. Participants will have the scheduled scan. Small, sticky discs will be placed on the chest. A small tube will be placed into a vein in the arm. A contrast material (dye) will be given through it. Participants will lie on the CT scanning table. A CCTA scan usually takes about 15 minutes if the heart rate is slow and steady.
This study will explore the effects of 3 different neurostimulation methods on swallowing function in patients with dysphagia secondary to Parkinson's Disease
Athletes and active individuals have been identified as an at-risk group for a low vitamin D status, specifically those residing in countries of higher latitude (such as the United Kingdom). This especially applies to those who train indoors for their sport, this is because Vitamin D is primarily produced following skin exposure to ultraviolet B (UVB) exposure. Vitamin D is essential for the maintenance of optimal bone and musculoskeletal health. It has also been suggested to play a role in the prevention of illness incidence, such as in upper respiratory tract infections (URTI). More recent research has indicated that an improved Vitamin D status may also play a role in enhancing exercise performance. Therefore, having a poor vitamin D status could negatively impact athletic training and competition. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency in university athletes and inactive controls in spring and autumn. During this study the subjects will be asked to visit the labs on two occasions, at the beginning of the study for baseline measurements, and again on two occasions at the end of the study. Participants will have the following outcomes assessed: Sport performance (vertical jump height, muscular strength and aerobic fitness), peripheral Quantitative Computed Tomography (pQCT) scan of the bone mineral composition of the tibia, total body composition via Dual Energy X-ray Absorptiometry (DEXA),total and hip/femoral head bone mineral density and content to assess fracture risk via DEXA. Serum 25(OH)D levels (≈15ml of whole blood will be collected for these measurements. Dietary intake using self-reported food diaries. In addition illness and injury incidence will be recorded daily throughout the study in a booklet provided to the participants.Throughout the trial, the participants will be contacted via telephone/ email on a monthly basis to discuss any issues and maintain good communication.
A clinical trial of AAV2 vector for patients with X-linked retinitis pigmentosa (XLRP)
Laparoscopic (key-hole) appendicectomy is a minimally invasive procedure when compared to open large bowel resection, but is still associated with a significant amount of pain and discomfort. Analgesia is commonly provided by a multi-modal technique involving varying combinations of paracetamol, Non steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), regional analgesia and oral or parenteral opioids. Opioids are associated with an increased incidence of nausea, vomiting and sedation which can complicate post-operative recovery. Different techniques of intraoperative infiltration of local anaesthetic to control postoperative pain are also being used. Their perceived benefits are thought to relate to reduced opioid consumption and therefore reduced opioid side effects. Transversus Abdominis Plane (TAP) block is a technique which numbs the nerves carrying pain sensation from the abdominal wall and provides effective and safe analgesia with minimal systemic side effects. Their perceived benefits are thought to relate to reduced opioid consumption and therefore reduced opioid side effects. The investigators believe ultrasound guided TAP blocks will reduce pain and morphine consumption with a resultant improved patient satisfaction, a reduction in post-operative nausea and vomiting and earlier hospital discharge. The key research question the investigators are trying to answer is whether TAP block provide better pain relief than local anaesthetic infiltration of the laparoscopic port sites. Both techniques are currently being used in the investigator's hospital.