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Infections with SARS-CoV-2 result in a systemic disease with a variety of outcomes, from no symptoms to severe and diverse pathologies. Therefore, it is important to identify risk factors determining COVID-19 severity, especially if those factors might be adjusted, allowing early and effective therapeutic interventions. Zinc is a trace element essential for human health. Zinc deficiency is common in old adults, vegetarians and patients with chronic inflammatory diseases. This condition causes immune dysfunction leading to increased risk of inflammatory and infectious diseases, including acquired immune deficiency syndrome, measles, malaria, tuberculosis, and pneumonia. Besides, zinc has a direct antiviral activity against specific viruses like rhinovirus, HCV, herpes simplex virus. In this scenario, it has been shown that zinc supplementation has benefits on the recurrence and persistence of acute and chronic viral infections like common cold or HCV, HBV. Moreover, our team has recently done an observational study with 249 COVID-19 patients that showed how COVID-19 patients with lower plasma zinc content had worse prognosis, increased time of hospitalization and mortality. Therefore, the main aim of the project is to explore the therapeutic benefit of zinc supplementation for COVID-19 patients and to determine the cellular and molecular basis of the effect of Zn levels on SARS CoV-2 infections. For that purpose the investigators will run a clinical trial supplementing with zinc COVID-19 patients. Moreover, the investigators will carry out experiments to understand the association between zinc nutritional status and SARS-Cov-2 infection progression in cellular and animal models. Given the current knowledge about zinc supplementation toxicity and dosage, the investigators expect that recommendations derived from this study will be rapidly applied by physicians and public health decision makers. The results of these studies will be used as a guideline to administer zinc supplements in COVID-19 patients in order to reduce disease severity and mortality. Moreover, the experiments will clarify whether zinc supplementation as a prophylaxis strategy is useful to protect the population at risk of zinc deficiency, more than 20% worldwide. Finally, considering the new knowledge that this project will generate about the role of zinc in immune responses and viral expansion, the investigators expect that our results will help researchers and physicians to design novel strategies to boost specific immune cell subpopulations against SARS-CoV2 infection. Thus, this knowledge could be used long-term for designing medicines against SARS-CoV-2 and other viral infections.
Development; It covers the areas of physical, mental, emotional and social development. Development in one area affects other areas as well. Infancy is the period in which children grow and develop the fastest. Babies need many environmental factors and stimulants in order to have a healthy developmental process. For the Covid 19 pandemic, many restrictions have been made in Turkey to reduce the spread of the epidemic and to maintain social distance between people. It has been suggested that individuals practice their own social isolation. It has also caused babies who spend their time at home during the pandemic process to be deprived of environmental stimuli. In current studies in the literature, it has been reported that the COVID-19 pandemic affects infant and child development significantly and negatively. It has been reported that the risk of delay in children who have experienced the COVID-19 pandemic is especially in the fine motor and communication areas. There is a limited number of studies in the literature on this subject. No study was found in Turkey. The aim of this study is to evaluate the neuromotor development of infants in early childhood (6-24 months) in the Covid-19 pandemic and to reveal the effects of the pandemic process. Denver II Developmental Screening Test was used to evaluate the neuromotor development of healthy infants aged 6-24 months, who applied to the healthy pediatric outpatient clinic of Acıbadem Altunizade Hospital, and Alberta Infant Motor Scale was used to evaluate gross motor functions.
The aim of this study is to investigate the efficacy of a home-based pulmonary rehabilitation program with the support of teletechnology in COVID-19 survivors. The main questions it aims to answer are: - The change of six-minute walk distance - The change of time of one-minute sit-to-stand test - The change of maximal strength of upper-limb, lower-limb and respiratory muscle - The change of quality of life Participants in the home-based pulmonary rehabilitation group will receive teletechnology-assisted consultations (either by videotelephony or telephone calls) for every 1-2 weeks during the intervention period, and participants in the usual care group will not receive teletechnology-assisted consultations during the intervention period.
A retrospective analysis was conducted on patients infected with the Omicron variant of COVID-19 diagnosed from August 2022 to now. Patients were divided into observation groups and control groups according to whether or not oral Lianhua Qingwen granules were used. Through data analysis and follow-up, the effectiveness of Lianhua Qingwen in treating patients infected with the Omicron variant of COVID-19 was discussed.
Chronic fatigue syndrome (syn. myalgic encephalomyelitis or ME/CFS) is a relatively common, but pathogenetically still insufficiently understood, complex, severe, chronic disease. It has been classified by the WHO as a neurological disorder (ICD-10 G93.3). The leading symptoms are pathological exhaustion (fatigue) and prolonged, inadequate deterioration of condition after exertion (syn. post-exertional malaise or PEM). In addition, pain, sleep disturbances, flu-like symptoms, and cognitive, autonomic, and neuroendocrine symptoms are typically found. In the majority of patients*, the trigger is a viral disease, including infectious mononucleosis caused by Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), which is particularly common in young patients, but also influenza or coronavirus disease 2019 (Covid-19) at any age. Causative factors are discussed to be autoimmune mechanisms as well as a genetic predisposition. The general activity level and quality of life of patients are usually significantly reduced due to the disease. A large proportion of those affected are confined to a wheelchair, home or bed. ME/CFS is one of the most common reasons for long absences from school due to illness. Because no reliable biomarkers are available, ME/CFS is a diagnosis of exclusion. The diagnosis is made using internationally established clinical criteria and after careful differential diagnosis. To date, no causal, but only symptom-oriented, non-standard treatment approaches are found. With appropriate care, the prognosis in childhood and adolescence is better than in adults. Long-term recovery is possible in two-thirds of young patients, whereas less than one-third of adult patients can expect recovery. In Germany, there are currently two special outpatient clinics for patients with ME/CFS, one for adult patients* at the Charité Fatigue Centrum in Berlin, headed by Prof. Scheibenbogen, and one for children, adolescents and young adults up to 25 years of age at the ME/CFS focus of the Children's Polyclinic of the MRI of the TUM in Munich, headed by Prof. Behrends. A joint data collection of these ME/CFS centers has not been established. The proposed ME/CFS registry study (MECFS-R) is intended to initially pool medical data from specialized routine care on a bicenter basis and, after recruitment of additional German centers, on a multicenter, longitudinal, and web-based basis, as extensive as possible, and to make this data available for research. Following the example of already well-established European registry studies (e.g., the ESID registry of the European Society for Immunodeficiencies), digital data acquisition should take place in a tiered approach according to cost-benefit analysis. Medical institutions can decide, based on capacity, whether a clearly defined core data set (level 1) or more complex data sets (level 2 or 3) should be digitally captured. The digital implementation is to be carried out in collaboration with the Munich-based IT company Bitcare, whose database concepts have proven successful in the context of the Transplantation Cohort (Tx Cohort) of the German Center for Infection Research (DZIF) or the Covid-19 study of the MRI of TUM (COMRI) and with whom the team at the MRI of TUM has been working successfully for many years. The aim of the MECFS-R is to accurately describe the clinical picture and its course in Germany clinically and epidemiologically as well as to derive epidemiological or medical risk factors, if applicable, and to define subcohorts for future treatment approaches.
Investigators are evaluating whether an intervention consisting of box-fans with MERV 16 filters ("filtration fans") and recommendations for improving ventilation in the home can reduce secondary spread of Covid19 from an index case to susceptible contacts within the home.
This will be a single centre, Phase 1, First-In-Human , Randomized, Active-controlled (2- arm) Double-blind, single dose, parallel design study. The study will be conducted in a young healthy adult population aged ≥ 18 - ≤ 50 years. This study will consist of a single cohort of 70 subjects (35 receiving a single dose of UQSC2 vaccine and 35 subjects receiving a single dose of a TGA (Therapeutic Goods Administration) registered SARS-CoV-2 vaccine NVX-CoV2373).
Health workers, especially those in patient-facing roles, had a significantly increased risk of COVID-19 infection, having serious outcomes, and risking spreading the virus to patients and staff. Vaccination campaign planning suggests allocating initial supplies of BNT162b2 vaccine to health workers given the importance of early protection to safeguard the continuity of care to patients. The aim of the study is to assess the effectiveness and safety of BNT162b2 vaccine among the health workers of Fondazione Policlinico Universitario Agostino Gemelli IRCCS (FPG). The retrospective cohort study will be conducted among health staff working at the FPG. Vaccination data will collect from hospital records. The primary end points will be vaccine effectiveness and safety.
The goal of this randomized placebo-controlled study is to investigate the short-term effects of transdermal estrogen therapy on postmenopausal women with COVID-19 disease. The main question[s] it aims to answer are: - the clinical outcomes with adding estrogen treatment to conventional therapy of Covid-19 disease - the biochemical outcomes with adding estrogen treatment to conventional therapy of Covid-19 disease All participants received favipiravir for a week according to the national guidelines published by the Health Ministry of Turkish Republic at that time. As an intervention, transdermal estradiol patch (7.8 mg patch/week) was applied for 14 days on the upper buttock of the patients in experimental arm. As a placebo, hydrogel patch (adhesive hydrogel patch/week) was applied to the female patients for 14 days. Researchers compared experimental and control groups to see if the impact of adding estrogen on the clinical course of Covid-19 disease
For tumor patients, the virus antibody titer produced by the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine is often lower than that of normal people in a short period of time, but in the long run, it can significantly reduce the infection rate and fatality rate of the new coronavirus, and the adverse reactions are mild and there is no significant difference with normal people. However, there is still no real-world research data in China to prove the protective effect of the SARS-CoV-2 vaccine on patients with tumors infected with the SARS-CoV-2 virus.