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This is a single blind, case control, multicenter study jointly developed by Zhongshan Hospital of Fudan University, Shanghai Public Health Clinical Center, Shanghai Xuhui Central Hospital, Qingpu Branch of Zhongshan Hospital Affiliated to Fudan University, and Shanghai Singlera Genomics Company. The enrolled population will include positive group, precancerous lesions and healthy control group, which is expected to enroll 2,430 participants. The primary objective is to establish molecular testing methods for non-invasive screening and early diagnosis of digestive system cancers through ctDNA methylation and mutation, cfDNA and ctDNA fragment size, and end motif based model (for esophageal, gastric, colorectal cancer), and through ctDNA methylation detection, ctDNA low-pass WGS, miRNA7 and CTC detection and analysis technology based model (for hepatocellular carcinoma). The sensitivity and specificity of the models in cancer early detection will be evaluated.
Surgery is the main treatment method for colon cancer. About 50% of patients can be cured with surgery alone. For colon cancer with high-risk stage II or III after surgery, the current guidelines recommend 3-6 months after surgery. adjuvant chemotherapy to reduce the risk of recurrence and metastasis. However, for this part of the population, the overall benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy is limited, and different high-risk factors have different weights; some patients will still experience recurrence and metastasis even after receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. A number of previous studies have shown that patients with a positive ctDNA test on postoperative liquid biopsy without postoperative adjuvant therapy have a recurrence risk of 70-80%. Even if they receive adjuvant chemotherapy, the recurrence risk is significantly higher than that of ctDNA-negative patients. ctDNA has received increasing attention as a predictor of postoperative recurrence risk. This study intends to randomly assign 1:1 to mFOLFOXIRI regimen adjuvant chemotherapy for 6 months and mFOLFOX6 regimen for colon cancer patients with postoperative high-risk stage II-III and liquid biopsy results within 1 month after surgery. Adjuvant chemotherapy was performed for 6 months, ctDNA was dynamically monitored after 3 months of treatment and at the end of adjuvant therapy. During the follow-up period, CEA was reviewed every 3 months, and chest, abdomen, and pelvis CT and ctDNA were reviewed every 6 months; the primary endpoint of the study was 2 years RFS, secondary endpoints included 3-year DFS, OS, safety and tolerability. Through intensive postoperative adjuvant therapy, we hope to screen colon cancer patients with high recurrence risk to receive adjuvant chemotherapy and improve the survival prognosis of ctDNA-positive colon cancer patients.
This is a Phase 1 open-label, non-randomized, multi-center clinical trial of intratumoral IVX037 in people with micro satellite-stable (MSS) colorectal or gastroesophageal cancer metastatic to liver, or advanced ovarian cancer.
This is a multicenter, randomized, open-label, controlled Phase 3 trial of XL092 + atezolizumab vs regorafenib in subjects with MSS/MSI-low mCRC who have progressed after or are intolerant to standard-of-care (SOC) therapy.
Adenoma detection rate (ADR) is a validated quality metric for colonoscopy with higher ADR correlated with improved colorectal cancer outcomes. Artificial intelligence (AI) can automatically detect polyps on the video monitor which may allow endoscopists in training to improve their ADR. Objective and Purpose of the study: Measure the effect of AI in a prospective, randomized manner to determine its impact on ADR of Gastroenterology trainees.
We aim to improve the yield and effectiveness of the Dutch colorectal cancer screening program by using a personalized screening strategy based on fecal Hemoglobin concentration in previous screening round for participants with a negative fecal immunochemical test (FIT).
Colonoscopy completion by caecal intubation seldom represents a significant effort for the endoscopist. In this situation, additional techniques are necessary to achieve this goal: patients' manual abdominal compression, postural changes, and endoscopist relay. To date, no tool allows colonoscopy technical difficulty grading. This study pursues to describe the frequency of additional techniques for caecal intubation in a large sample of Argentinians in different centres who undergo colonoscopy for attending purposes, to develop a novel score for assessing colonoscopy technical difficulty.
The survival rate of colorectal cancer patients is increasing due to the development of medical technology. However, many colorectal cancer survivors (CRCs) have bowel dysfunction unlike other cancer survivors. After bowel dysfunction of CRCs was known, many previous studies were conducted to improve bowel dysfunction. Medication, probiotics, Biofeedback training (BFT), Kegel exercise, and sacral nerve stimulation were the methods of intervention research to improve bowel movements in CRCs. Research on randomized control trial of BFT and Kegel exercise is very insufficient. Surgery, chemo, and radiation have a lot of influence on the bowel process of CRCs. In particular, damage to the abdominal muscles, pelvic floor muscles, and autonomic nervous system can also be caused by secondary symptoms such as increased fatigue, reduced physical strength, and musculoskeletal diseases. Therefore, the investigators examine that exercise which can improve fatigue, physical fitness, and musculoskeletal disease affects bowel symptoms of colon cancer survivors.
Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the second most commonly occurring cancer worldwide. Thirty-five percent of CRC patients are diagnosed at stage II/III, and their outcome differs even if they are in the same stage. Previous study found that the microenvironmental collagen is associated with tumor progression and metastasis. Whether tumor microenvironmental collagen signature is associated with colorectal cancer prognosis still remains unknown. We hypothesize that the tumor microenvironmental collagen signature of colorectal cancer is associated with prognosis.
The purpose of this study is to determine the frequency of colorectal cancer in male and female endurance athletes between the ages of 35 and 50.