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The PROTEOS study is an randomized controlled, open label, parallel-group, multi-centre and multicounty interventional study to assess the acceptance and implementation of Compact Protein, a low volume, energy dense and high protein oral nutritional support in clinical practice according to the ESPEN guidelines in colorectal and lung cancer patients undergoing chemo(radio)- or immunotherapy treatment.
This retrospective study reviewed 3,144 patients who underwent surgery for colorectal cancer. This study was designed to comprehend the clinicopathological characteristics associated with individual codon-specific KRAS mutations in colorectal cancer.
High uptake is vital to population-based screening. BowelScreen (Irelands national organised population-based colorectal cancer screening programme) has not achieved recommended screening uptake targets. In Ireland sending the test kit in the screening invitation reminder may be an important strategy in targeting non-responders and would address a key difference between Ireland and other international screening programmes with higher uptake. In addition, few studies have focused on behavioural barriers to screening participation. Founded upon the MRC Guidelines for the Development of Complex Interventions, our systematic, theoretically-informed investigation of FIT screening participation has begun to identify behavioural antecedents to screening participation in Ireland. This study will implement a multilevel evidence-based, theoretically-informed intervention which includes the automatic inclusion of the test kit in the screening reminder, alone and in combination with an intervention to influence individuals' screening participation. This multilevel intervention will provide recommendations for the screening invitation delivery, potentially bringing the programme closer to recommended uptake targets (50%) and in the long-term influence reductions in bowel cancer incidence and mortality in Ireland.
This study was conducted to examine the effect of the nurse navigation program (NNP) applied to patients with colorectal cancer on symptom management and psychosocial adjustment to the disease. The design type was determined as a randomized controlled experimental study with a pretest-posttest control group, with repeated measurements. For this purpose, individuals were divided into two groups as experimental (n=31) and control (n=31) groups. The study was carried out in Istanbul Lütfi Kırdar City Hospital Oncology Clinic between July 2021 and February 2022, after the necessary permissions were obtained. While individualized colorectal cancer education, psycho-oncological counseling and telephone support services were provided to the individuals in the experimental group under the guidance of nurse within the scope of NNP, no intervention was applied to the control group. In the study, data were collected with three different data collection tools: "Information Form", "Nightingale Symptom Assessment Scale (N-SAS)", "Psychosocial Adjustment To Illness Scale (PAIS/PAIS-SR)". Data were collected before NNP (once in the first week after chemotherapy), during NNP (once in the second week after chemotherapy, once in the first week after the next chemotherapy), after NNP (once in the second week after the next chemotherapy). The duration of the interventions performed via the WhatsApp application varied between 45-60 minutes between individuals. The research was completed with a total of 60 individuals, 30 in the experimental group and 30 in the control group. The data obtained in the study were analyzed using the SPSS (Statistical Package for Social Sciences) for Windows 22.0 program.
Colorectal cancer is among the top three types of cancer that are most common and causes death worldwide.Nutritional support is widely used in elective colorectal surgery patients, as nutritional status is an important factor affecting clinical outcomes. European Society for Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism (ESPEN, 2016) emphasizes that nutritional supplementation with compounds such as amino acids, arginine, glutamine, and fish oil (omega 3) improves postoperative recovery. Glutamine; it becomes an essential amino acid under stress. It is an energy substrate for cells such as intestinal mucosal cells and lymphocytes, a material for glutathione synthesis, and a potent antioxidant, which also increases heat shock protein expression. In stressful conditions, arginine is the primary fuel source for T cells and is required for nitric oxide synthesis; therefore, it helps maintain immune function. Omega 3; It plays a role in the treatment of inflammation and improves wound healing. In addition, EPA and DHA increase the immune response by improving lymphocyte function. RNA; They are essential for maturation, proliferation, and function in nearly all biochemical processes, in rapidly proliferating cells such as T cells. studies have shown that immunonutrition (IMN) formulas enriched with biologically active compounds may be more effective in reducing infection complications and shortening postoperative hospital stays. This study aimed to investigate the additional effects of perioperative compared with preoperative immunonutrition on anthropometric, nutritional, and biochemical parameters, complications, and the length of hospital stay in patients with colorectal cancer.
The aim of this study is to determine the effect of stoma care training given at home via videoconferencing after discharge on the self-efficacy and compliance with stoma of individuals with stoma. In addition to the main purpose, it is aimed to determine whether stoma care education given via video conference at home has an effect on individuals with stoma to perform their own stoma care.
Aim of study: is there possibility of relationship between ABO blood group, Rh & obesity with CRC, that is what we tried to show in this study .
Patients with colorectal cancer will be recruited to undergo vitamin D supplementation in the peri-operative period. Vitamin D levels (25OHD) will be measured to assess response to supplementation.
The overall goal of this educational program was to increase colorectal cancer screening (CRCS) in men and women who attend Federally Qualified Health Centers (FQHC) in Puerto Rico. FQHCs, referred to in Puerto Rico as "Clínicas 330", are ideal settings to implement innovative approaches to increase CRCS because they serve primarily low-income patients who typically have lower rates of screening. The goal of this study, is to develop and evaluate the impact of a clinic level intervention on increasing CRCS among low-income Puerto Rican men and women aged 50-75, who have either never been screened for colorectal cancer, or are under-screened according recommended guidelines. To evaluate the delivery of the CRCS education program we used a group randomized controlled trial that provided data to determine the effectiveness of the CRC intervention program compared with usual practice (no intervention).
A cardiopulmonary exercise test (CPET) is increasingly used for preoperative risk assessment. Oxygen uptake (VO2) at peak exercise (VO2peak) and VO2 at the ventilatory anaerobic threshold (VO2VAT) are the most commonly used preoperative CPET variables that are associated with postoperative outcomes following colorectal cancer surgery. The aim of this study is to investigate the association between two relatively new preoperative submaximal and effort-independent CPET variables, the cardiopulmonary optimal point (COP) and the Oxyen uptake efficiency plateau (OUEP) and postoperative outcomes in colorectal cancer surgery. In additiion, the association between the oxygen uptake at the COP en OUEP and postoperative outcomes wil be explored.