View clinical trials related to Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2.Filter by:
Persons with Type 2 Diabetes (T2D) are at an increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and mortality. Dietary changes are recommended by guidelines to treat T2D and reduce risk of CVD. Plant-based diets eliminate certain (i.e. vegetarian diet) or eliminate all animal based products (i.e. vegan diet). Clinical trials with plant-based diets have not looked at incidence of CVD as a (primary) outcome, but at intermediate outcomes of cardiovascular risk. A meta-analysis of 8 trials including 369 persons with T2D found an effect of a plant-based diet on glycated hemoglobin (HbA1c) of -0.29% [95% CI: -0.45, -0.12%] relative to mostly (omnivorous) low-fat diets or usual diet. The 95%CI ranged from what the authors had defined as clinically trivial to clinically relevant. For lipids, a network meta-analysis in persons with T2D compared the effect of a plant-based diet to a (omnivorous) low fat diet (274 patients allocated to a plant-based diet vs 2047 patients allocated to low fat diets). Compared to omnivorous low fat diets, the mean effect of plant-based diets on LDL-Cholesterol was -0.33 mmol/L [95%CI:- 0.55, - 0.12]. However, the quality of the evidence for this estimate was graded as low, mainly due to imprecision and within-study-bias. Furthermore, plant-based diets might reduce blood pressure (BP). However, while vegetarian diets reduce BP in patients with and without hypertension, for vegan diets the effect was only significant in patients with a systolic BP>130mmHgz (see section 1.4.3). Additionally, the effect of plant-based diets on inflammation, which might also be causally related to CVD risk in persons with T2D, has not been reported in trials with persons with T2D. Furthermore, most clinical trials of plant-based diets in persons with T2D have used resource intensive interventions, like weekly group meetings and cooking sessions. The effect of an online plant-based dietary intervention, which is more scalable, has not been reported in clinical trials. Lastly, factors influencing adherence in these trials have not been reported. In summary, plant-based diets likely lower CVD risk by lowering HbA1c, LDL cholesterol and potentially blood pressure in persons with T2D. However, estimated effect sizes are imprecise and the effect on inflammation is still unknown. Furthermore, trials to date have used resource intensive interventions. Thus, the present trial aims to study the effect of a primarily online plant-based dietary program on (cardio)vascular risk factors in persons with T2D. Additionally, adherence and factors influencing adherence will be investigated. Participants will be randomized to the intervention or control group. The intervention group will be guided to transition to a plant-based dietary pattern using an online platform and online sessions. Researchers will compare the intervention group to the control group, that continues with usual diet, to see if the cardiovascular risk profile of the intervention group improves.
The goal of this clinical trial is to learn about the effects of high blood glucose levels in the brain and assess if the changes seen in individuals with poorly control T2DM can be reversed with good glucose control. The main question[s] it aims to answer are: - To determine, whether abnormalities in brain glucose transport seen in individuals with uncontrolled diabetes, can be improved with better glucose control. - Assess which factors, (duration of diabetes mellitus (DM) and glycemic control) contribute to changes in glucose transport Participants will have: - A screening visit - placement of a continuous glucose monitor (CGM) 2 weeks before the first magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) at week 0 - Additional visits/phone calls for intensification of diabetes management and nutrition visits - Second magnetic resonance spectroscopy (MRS) at week 12
The choroidal thickness was found to be thinner in diabetic eyes without retinopathy compared to healthy eyes, thus choroidal thickness might be an important parameter for the development of diabetic retinopathy in diabetic eyes without retinopathy. Repeated low-level red-light (RLRL) therapy is an emerging innovative and non-invasive treatment for a variety of eye diseases. Notably, RLRL was found to be effective in thickening choroidal thickness in a 1-year randomized controlled trial, indicating its potential in modulating blood flow in the fundus. This study aims to answer whether RLRL therapy can thicken choroidal thickness in adults with diabetes mellitus or diabetic retinopathy.
This study relates to men with hypogonadism, a condition describing a deficiency of androgens such as testosterone. Deficiency of these hormones occurs in men due to testicular (primary) or hypothalamic-pituitary (secondary) problems or may be observed in men undergoing androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer. Testosterone plays an important role in male sexual development and health, but also plays a key role in metabolism and energy balance. Men with testosterone deficiency have higher rates of metabolic dysfunction. This results in conditions such as obesity, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease. Studies have confirmed that treating testosterone deficiency with testosterone can reduce the risk of some of these adverse metabolic outcomes, however cardiovascular mortality remains higher than the general population. We know that testosterone deficiency therefore causes metabolic dysfunction. However, research to date has not established the precise mechanisms behind this. In men with hypogonadism there is a loss of skeletal muscle bulk and function. Skeletal muscle is the site of many critical metabolic pathways; therefore it is likely that testosterone deficiency particularly impacts metabolic function at this site. Men with testosterone deficiency also have excess fat tissue, this can result in increased conversion of circulating hormones to a type of hormone which further suppresses production of testosterone. The mechanism of metabolic dysfunction in men with hypogonadism is therefore multifactorial. The purpose of this study is to dissect the complex mechanisms linking obesity, androgens and metabolic function in men. Firstly, we will carry out a series of detailed metabolic studies in men with testosterone deficiency, compared to healthy age- and BMI-matched men. Secondly, we will perform repeat metabolic assessment of hypogonadal men 6 months after replacement of testosterone in order to understand the impact of androgen replacement on metabolism. Lastly, we will perform the same detailed metabolic assessment in men with prostate cancer before and after introduction of a drug which causes testosterone deficiency for therapeutic purposes.
This is a Phase 4 study with 2 parts: Part 1 (Prevalence Phase) is non-interventional and will assess the prevalence of hypercortisolism in a population with difficult to control type 2 diabetes (T2D) (hemoglobin A1c ≥7.5%) despite receiving standard-of-care therapies. Part 2 (Treatment Phase) is a randomized, prospective, placebo-controlled, double-blind multi-center trial that will assess the safety and efficacy of mifepristone treatment in patients with hypercortisolism who have difficult to control T2D despite receiving standard of care therapies.
The primary aim of this clinical study is to find signal characteristics of VOCs detected by Sokru device during fasting, insulin injection and after glucose intake and to find the association with blood glucose variation in variant states of glycemia and hypoglycemia.
Prospective trials performed on type 2 diabetes patients without established cardiovascular disease has shown that SGLT2 inhibitors reduce cardiovascular risk. No studies have yet examined the occurrence of cardiovascular disease in patients with acute myocardial infarction. The investigators designed the current study to evaluate the most ideal oral hypoglycemic agent in type 2 diabetes patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention for acute myocardial infarction. The investigators hypothesize that the use of SGLT-2 inhibitors will reduce cardiovascular events and modify left ventricular remodeling after myocardial infarctions.
Diabetic polyneuropathy (DPN) is a type of nerve damage that can occur in diabetics. It can cause weakness and a loss of sensation, particularly in the legs and feet. This can have an impact on muscle strength and balance, making walking more difficult and increasing the risk of falling. Evaluating ankle muscular strength and balance using quantitative and standardised tools is critical for patients with and without DPN as well as determining how much DPN affects ankle muscle strength and balance.
The purpose of this study is to assess the superiority of esmolol echocardiography over conventional echocardiography in the diagnosis of subclinical myocardial involvement associated with diabetes mellitus 2, cirrhosis and antineoplastic treatments.
The goal of this multi-center, cross-sectional, observational study is to test and compare the difference of the supraspinatus tendon's elasticity between diabetics and healthy people. The main questions it aims to answer are: - Ultrasonic characteristics of supraspinatus tendon in diabetic patients - Influencing factors of elastic value and thickness of supraspinatus tendon Participants will be asked to: - Perform ultrasound examination of the shoulder join. - Fill in a survey with certain questions on their basic information.