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This study aims to compare the treatment results of HIFU and Radical prosatectomy
This is a single dose, randomized, single blind, parallel group study to evaluate the testosterone suppressive effect in healthy male volunteers of a novel leuprolide acetate 3.75mg depot vs market reference leuprolide acetate 3.75mg depot. The safety, tolerability and the pharmacokinetic properties of the investigational drug and the control drug will also be assessed.
The primary objective of this study is to obtain de-identified, clinically characterized, whole blood specimens to evaluate biomarkers associated with cancer for diagnostic assay development.
Currently radiotherapy for prostate cancer is directed using scans or X-Rays, which ensures the radiotherapy treatment 'hits the target' and avoids the healthy tissues around the prostate. There are two current methods of radiotherapy image guidance- either placing small gold seeds into the prostate and taking XRays or doing a small CT scan of the prostate region each day. Neither of these methods are perfect and have drawbacks and inaccuracies. The best way to see the prostate is with an MRI scan - this shows the edge of the prostate much more clearly and can even show the area of most aggressive cancer within the prostate. Shortly the investigators will have the ability to use a new machine - an MR-Linac - which combines an MR scanner and a radiotherapy machine. As well as giving the investigators a clearer picture, and enabling the investigators to keep watching the prostate while the participant has their treatment (not currently possible with standard machines) this new machine will also allow the investigators to change the radiotherapy plan if they can see that the internal anatomy has shifted day to day. Currently the investigators have to give the same radiotherapy plan each day, which means the investigators have to treat a 'safety margin' around to prostate to allow for these day to day anatomy changes (e.g. rectal filling). The aim of this study is to assess the technical feasibility of delivering radical radiotherapy for prostate cancer using the MR-Linac, including the feasibility of changing the radiotherapy plan on a daily basis to mirror internal anatomy changes. The investigators will recruit 30 patients with localised prostate cancer who need radiotherapy. The team will deliver the same dose in the same number of days i.e. the same as standard radiotherapy. Side effects will also be assessed by physicians and using patient questionnaires.
A phase I single-arm open label dose escalation study to evaluate the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and safety of Civasheet® with radical prostatectomy (RP) and adjuvant external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) in a 3+3 dose escalation design among participants with high risk prostate cancer (PCa).
The diagnosis and treatment trajectory of cancer can constitute a traumatic event because these can be perceived as sudden, catastrophic and life threatening. One common mental disorder following traumatic events is post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), described as reexperiencing of the event (e.g., having intrusive thoughts), having avoidance of trauma memories, emotional numbing, and experiencing hyperarousal symptoms. To date, and to the best of the investigator's knowledge, few studies have focused on PTSD in advanced cancer, but the existing data show that these patients are at risk for experiencing PTSD symptoms. Among the early interventions for preventing PTSD in people confronted by traumatic events is group debriefing, the retelling of the event, receiving empathy and compassion, and being encouraged to express feelings. However, four meta-analyses found debriefing to be ineffective. A neuroscience-based and evidence-based alternative may be the Memory Structuring Intervention (MSI) that tries to shift trauma processing from a limbic, emotional and somatic level to a frontal-cortical, cognitive and verbal level of processing. The MSI tries to achieve this shift by teaching people confronted with traumatic events to chronologically organize the segments of the event, to verbally label feelings or somatic sensations rather than re-experience them, and to provide causal links between the event's segments and causality to their feelings and sensations Since in males, sympathetic responses were more predictive of PTSD than in females , parasympathetic activation may be needed to be added to the MSI, for men. A main branch of the parasympathetic response is the vagus nerve, whose non-invasive index is Heart Rate Variability (HRV). One way to increase HRV, and thus parasympathetic activation, is through vagal breathing (i.e., deep, paced breathing). Therefore, adding to the MSI deep vagal breathing (VB) to reduce sympathetic hyperactivity, may increase connectivity between the amygdala and the frontal cortex. This may also increase the emotional regulation possibly yielded by the MSI, however in both genders. The effects of the MSI + vagal breathing on PTSD symptoms and on prognosis in advanced cancer patients receiving announcement of terminal cancer have never been investigated. Furthermore, whether reduced inflammation and increased emotional regulation may account for such effects needs to be investigated at the fundamental level. This project reflects the merging of neuroscience, psychooncology and psychoneuroimmunology for better understanding and treating cancer patients, as well as their partners.
Prostate cancer is the 7th leading cause of cancer death for men in Taiwan. It is important to identify the extent of disease extent to deliver adequate treatment, either for primary staging or in recurrence. However, conventional imaging techniques including computed tomography, bone scintigraphy, and immunoscintigraphy with 111In-capromab pendetide are not sensitive or specific enough to detect metastatic or recurrent disease. Although more widely applied, magnetic resonance still relies on size and shape criteria. 68Ga-PSMA is a new novel positron emission radiotracer which several preliminary data has shown to be effective of detecting recurrent or metastatic prostate cancer. These studies are confined to a small retrospective European population. In this study we aim to synthesize the novel tracer, find the usefulness of 68Ga-PSMA PET in detecting prostate cancer, including primary staging and recurrence, explore the relationship between imaging and clinical parameters, and seek the possibility of 68Ga-PSMA PET to predict tumor nature and prognosis.
This clinical research study is designed to determine the ability of in bore MRI guided Focal Laser Ablation (MRgFLA) in patients with early stage carcinoma of prostate. The results will be evaluated by repeated MRI and prostate biopsy. Previous prospective development study demonstrated that FLA may be a viable option for men with low-intermediate risk prostate cancer. The vast majority of patients undergoing this treatment experienced minimal side effects with no peri-operative complications. Over 80% of patients treated with MRgFLA remain on AS and were able to avoid radical therapy at mean follow up duration of 3 years.
The study is a prospective, single-arm, non-randomized, unblinded trial to determine the safety and efficacy of MRI guided focal laser ablation of localized low and intermediate risk prostate cancer. All subjects meeting the inclusion exclusion criteria and are enrolled will undergo a MRI guided focal laser ablation procedure. The primary aim of the study is to study the safety and efficacy of the procedure.
This randomized trial will compare the safety and efficacy of TPM versus TRUS biopsies performed in the outpatient setting. Primary endpoints will be pain as well as detection of clinically significant disease (defined as Gleason Score >=7 or cancer core length >=6 mm). Secondary endpoints will be detection of any prostate cancer, hospital re-admissions within 30 days, aborted procedures due to discomfort, procedure time, adverse events including hematuria, urinary retention, hematospermia, hematochezia, and infection, and patient-reported outcomes as measured on validated instruments such as International Prostate Symptom Scores (IPSS) and International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF-5). In men who subsequently elect to undergo radical prostatectomy for definitive treatment of their prostate cancer, Gleason scores at final pathology will be correlated to the Gleason scores obtained at time of biopsy.