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In 22% of patients with elevated Prostate-specific antigen (PSA) MRI guided biopsy will not detect significant prostate cancer (PCA) (defined as either: Gleason score (GS) ≥ 3+4 or tertiary pattern 5, or final stage ≥ pT3a and/or pN1). Therefore this study evaluates the ability of [68Ga]PSMA PET/MRI to detect and localize significant primary PCA to accurately direct prostate needle biopsy using the Gleason score from the histology of the core biopsies as standard of truth.
This population-based application responds to the American Cancer Society Research Scholar Grant, Priority Program in Cancer Control. Recent years have seen a growing research interest in learning how to get known-effective health education strategies to reach more people who could benefit from them. An important part of this growing movement is a focus on sustained impact, or continued program benefit after the funding period is over. It is believed that the best way to achieive this sustained impact is through integrating the program into the host community at multiple levels. This innovative strategy has not been systematically tested in community-based settings, where the most vulnerable people can be reached. Since churches have a historical and ever-growing role in health promotion particularly among African Americans, they are an ideal place to reach this group for cancer education. The proposed project will compare two ways to apply a known-effective cancer educational strategy through African American churches: 1) a standard method vs. 2) a new method in which the churches integrate the strategy into their organizational structure and practice at multiple levels. It will be determined whether this "integrated approach" results in more effective and sustained cancer education and screening activities at both the church and individual levels over time. The educational strategy is one that has been used successfully in previous work: Project HEAL (Health through Early Awareness and Learning). Project HEAL is a series of three cancer early detection workshops (breast, prostate, colorectal) delivered through trained and certified lay peer community health advisors in African American churches. 14 churches will be randomly chosen to conduct either the standard Project HEAL program or an integrated Project HEAL strategy where the churches build the program into their organization in multiple ways (e.g., allocating volunteer or paid staff, space, or funds; policy change; ministry development). The project will be conducted in three phases: 1) refining the integrated approach with community and stakeholder feedback; 2) pilot testing the integrated approach in 2 churches; and 3) conducting the study to comparatively evaluate the standard vs. the integrated approaches in 14 churches. A scientifically rigorous evaluation plan will be used to look at outcomes at both the individual and the church level. This project will make important contributions to research in evidence-based medicine and sustainability. In a climate of limited resources, identifying sustainable and effective ways to increase cancer awareness and screening in African American men and women is more important than ever.
This is a prospective evaluation to determine the effectiveness of the Prostate Cancer Supportive Care (PCSC) Program's group therapy program, Living with Prostate Cancer (LPC). LPC is an intervention which utilizes a small group format (5-7 participants with 2 leaders and a paraprofessional counselling student) to understand and learn how to manage emotional responses, depressive symptoms, and life stressors associated with prostate cancer. Data for this evaluation will be derived from a focus group (at 3 months) and self-report questionnaires that participants will complete immediately prior to the intervention, immediately following the intervention and at 3, 6, and 12-months post-intervention.
With improvements in detection and treatment of prostate cancer (PCa), more men than ever are living with side effects from PCa treatment; most distressingly, treatment side effects include problems with sexual functioning (e.g. erectile dysfunction, climacturia, inorgasmia). This study aims to develop a mindfulness-based group treatment for couples with sexual functioning complaints post-PCa treatment. Couples will be invited to a four-session mindfulness-based treatment group. Pre- and post-treatment outcomes (e.g., distress, sexual functioning/enjoyment, relationship satisfaction, treatment adherence) will assess feasibility and effectiveness of this novel treatment for couple's sexual lives after PCa.
The goal of this clinical research study is to learn about the safety and tolerability of giving Darzalex (daratumumab) to patients who have prostate cancer before having an already-scheduled prostatectomy (surgical removal of the prostate). Researchers also want to learn if daratumumab can help to control the disease before the prostatectomy.
This is an open-label positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) study to investigate the diagnostic performance and evaluation efficacy of 68Ga-NOTA-RM26 in prostate cancer patients. A single dose of 111-148 Mega-Becquerel (MBq) 68Ga-NOTA-RM26 will be injected intravenously. Visual and semiquantitative method will be used to assess the PET/CT images.
Patients will receive proton beam-based SABR as standard of care. Standard of care will include clinical examinations and testing (serum prostate-specific antigen levels, computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, urodynamics, bone scan, proton beam therapy dosimetry), and in follow-up monitoring of quality of life.
BARCODE 1 is a screening study designed to investigate the role of genetic profiling for targeting population prostate cancer screening. This study forms a pilot of 300 men, with the view to continue to a future study of 5000 men.
In this pilot study, a total of 80 patients with prostate or bladder cancer (40 black, 40 white) will complete 3 patient-reported outcome (PRO) surveys: baseline (pre-treatment), during treatment, and after treatment. The overall goal of this study is to assess whether collecting patient-reported data is feasible as part of clinical care of cancer patients, and whether these data are useful for clinicians and patients. Among these 80 patients, those who agree will also undergo a semi-structured interview to assess value of HRQOL assessment at the end of the study. Of specific interest is an evaluation of whether feasibility and perceived value differ between black and white participants.
This is a prospective study to measure the impact on first-line therapy of genomic testing of biopsy tissue from recently diagnosed treatment-naïve patients with early stage localized prostate cancer.