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The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of the two most established primary treatments for patients with clinically localized prostate cancer: radical retropubic prostatectomy, and external-beam radiotherapy. The primary aim is assessing biochemical disease-free survival, overall survival, and prostate cancer-specific survival. As secondary objectives quality of Life impact of treatments' side effects will be also assessed.
Mild cognitive impairment (MCI) with ageing is thought in part to be related to reduced serum sex hormones which is well-recognized, especially in females, but poorly understood. International studies assessing hormone replacement therapy (HRT) to prevent/reduce MCI are ongoing. MCI leads to morbidity, reduced quality of life and substantial healthcare costs. The commonest therapeutically induced reduction in sex hormone level in men is treatment of prostate cancer (PCa). PCa is androgen dependent and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) suppressing testosterone to castrate levels is key therapy for advanced disease. About one million men worldwide have received ADT for PCa, mostly using luteinising hormone releasing hormone agonists (LHRHa) although oral oestrogens were used in the past; eventually perhaps 4% of Caucasians may be castrated. MCI as a side effect of castration in men remains poorly researched. This study aims to demonstrate that pathological changes occur in the brains of a significant proportion of prostate cancer patients subjected to ADT that correlate with MCI symptoms. Highlighting the pathological changes of MCI should improve understanding and interventions for slowing/preventing MCI in PCa survivors. Brain scans employing positron emission tomography (PET) imaging technique will be used to detect the presence of pathological changes in the brain that relate to ADT induced MCI. MCI will be assessed by neuropsychological assessments (standard paper-based questionnaires and online) and its neural basis will be investigated using magnetic resonance imaging (MRI).
The main object of this multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled phase III trial is to assess impact of maintenance of orteronel on disease progression and hence on quality of life of patients with metastatic castration resistant prostate cancer pretreated with novel hormonal agents who have non-progressive disease after chemotherapy with a taxane.
The purpose of our study is to image human prostate tissue using a transrectal photoacoustic imaging probe.
To determine the dose of continuous daily oral lovastatin needed to achieve MYC [v-myc myelocytomatosis viral oncogene homolog (avian)] down-regulation in prostatectomy specimens in intermediate-/high-risk localized prostate cancer patients.
1. The investigators hypothesize that increasing radiation dose to the functional MRI-defined lesion in the prostate bed will result in an improved initial complete response (reduction in prostate-specific antigen (PSA) to < 0.1 ng/mL), which is related to long-term outcome biochemically. 2. Biomarker expression levels differ in the DCE-MRI enhancing and non-enhancing tumor regions. 3. 10-15% of men undergoing RT have free circulating DNA (fcDNA) or tumor cells (CTC) that are related to an adverse treatment outcome. 4. Prostate cancer-related anxiety will be reduced in the MRI targeted SRT arm, because the patients will be aware that the dominant tumor will be targeted with higher radiation dose.
To evaluate the clinical impact of an online video simulator during the learning period of laparoscopic radical prostatectomy.
The purpose of this study is to assess the safety and effectiveness of natural killer (NK) cell and natural killer T (NKT) cell-based autologous adoptive immunotherapy in subjects with metastatic, treatment-refractory breast cancer, glioma, hepatocellular carcinoma, squamous cell lung cancer, pancreatic cancer, colon cancer or prostate cancer.
This study tests the safety and tolerability of autologous anti-PSMA gene-modified T cells (designer T cells) in hormone refractory prostate cancer.
Purpose: The purpose of this trial is to compare two different treatment options for patients with low risk and low-tier intermediate risk prostate cancer. The two treatment arms being compared in this study are: (control arm) permanent interstitial prostate brachytherapy (PIPB) VERSUS (experimental arm) intensity modulated external beam radiation therapy (IMRT). Hypothesis: The acute and late toxicities experienced by patients in the experimental arm (IMRT) are not significantly worse then the toxicities experienced by patients in the control arm (PIPB).