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Compare the data obtained with two formulations of alendronate 70 mg (tablets vs effervescent tablet for buffered solution) on the change in bone turnover markers, on gastric tolerance and on treatment adherence (including compliance and persistence).
Prebiotics have been linked to increased calcium absorption in animal and human studies (particularly in adolescents and in premenopausal women). Similarly, probiotics have been found to benefit calcium homeostasis in pregnant women, and to promote bio-mineralization in animal models. The effect of symbiotic on calcium absorption has been tested in rats, but not in human studies. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effect of daily consumption of a functional symbiotic yogurt containing inulin and Lactobacillus rhamnosus compared to a control yogurt, on calcium absorption in young adult women. A secondary objective is to relate changes in calcium absorption following yogurt consumption, with calcium metabolism, vitamin D status, bone mass, calcium intake and overall composition of habitual diet.
This study evaluates the longitudinal, dose-dependent effects of jumping on bone health in young women. The women will be divided into 9 groups of varying jump height and repetitions, with a tenth group serving as control.
The goals of this study are 1) to investigate the extent to which dried plum improves bone health by measuring bone density (a measure of bone strength) of whole body, hip, and forearm, indicators of bone formation and bone breakdown, and 2) to determine the anti-inflammatory effects of dried plum by assessing biomarkers of inflammation. Additionally, relevant medical history and lifestyle variables will be recorded.
The vast majority of people want to be healthy and often make a change to be healthier. Change that is begun is seldom maintained. Osteoporosis is an example of one condition where people are encouraged to regularly engage in preventative health behaviors. This is a study testing a new approach to helping women engage in osteoporosis health behaviors. This new approach includes beliefs, self-regulating skills and abilities, and social facilitation delivered via a cell phone app. If effective, this approach could be tested with other health behaviors.
Osteoporosis is a major public health problem. Its screening and its treatment remain largely insufficient while therapies have demonstrated their effectiveness. In the event of a severe fracture, the update of the 2016/2017 recommendations, prepared by the Research and Information Group on Osteoporosis and the French Rheumatology Society, concerning osteoporosis recommends a specific treatment with bisphosphonates as first-line treatment, without bone densitometry, regardless of age. The frequency of prescribing anti-osteoporotic treatment as an outpatient after a fracture of the upper extremity of the femur is very low (2% to 21% according to the studies). The main factors associated with non-prescription found are co-morbidities (charlson score> 6), dementia, obesity (BMI> 30), chronic alcoholism, male sex, polypharmacy> 4, age. Conversely, the factors associated with prescribing are recurrent falls (> 2 / year), a history of osteoporotic fracture, an Iso Resource Group> 3, female sex, and corticosteroid therapy.
Epigenetic modification refers to the change of heritable gene expression occurring in the case of unchanged DNA sequence, including DNA methylation, epigenetic modification, RNAS, chromatin modification, etc. The study found that osteoporosis (OSTEOPOROSIS,OP) with neurological disorders is very common, the risk of fracture of patients increased. It is considered that epigenetic regulation plays an important role in the occurrence and development of OP with neurological disorders. In particular, the role and molecular mechanism of epigenetic modification in OP with neurological disorders are not clear, and the results of clinical studies with different sample sizes are not consistent. (1) Two-way continuous queues,an ambispective cohort study， namely: forward-looking queue method (2017-2027) and Retrospective queue method (2007-2017) were used to understand the effect of epigenetic modification on bone mineral density, bone metabolic Biochemical Index, imaging index and fracture incidence of patients with neurological diseases in outpatients and wards, and to provide basis for further study. To observe the effects of epigenetic modification on cognitive function in two groups of patients (memory scale, life activity Energy meter (ADL) and cognitive scale (MMSE) and clinical physical examination and neuropsychological test, etc., Bone correlation detection (Lumbar and hip bone mineral density T-score, imaging index, bone Metabolic Biochemical Index and fracture incidence index) Influence. Multivariate stepwise regression analysis was performed to eliminate confounding factors, such as age, body mass index (BMI), related risk factors, and internal diseases. The patient's previous information is also analyzed; (2) To find meaningful epigenetic modification from clinical data, the molecular mechanism was studied in depth, and the imaging indexes (X-ray, CT, MRI) and Bone marker Index (serum osteocalcin (OC), total I-type procollagen peptide (TP1NP) were found in the study. Type I collagen hydroxy-terminated peptide beta degradation product (Β-CTX)). The relationship between the reaction epigenetic modification and cognitive function index, image and bone markers and the mechanism model were further established.
The study is looking at the efficacy of subcutaneously administrated denosumab 60 mg every 6 months versus placebo after 3 years, by analyze of lumbar spine bone mineral density (BMD) in systemic mastocytosis. Investigators hypothesize that use of denosumab subcutaneously in patients with osteoporosis related to systemic mastocytosis is effective and safe to improve bone mineral density and prevent new bone events, based on targeted specific RANKL secretion by mast cells and short half-life of denosumab.
Fifty patients awaiting liver transplantation and 50 age and gender matched control subjects with normal liver function will be included in the study. The aim of this project is to compare liver transplantation recipients'bone microarchitecture with healthy controls and to evaluate patients' changes within one year after transplantation
Osteoporosis after gastrectomy, which is characterized by both the loss of bone mass and the deterioration of bone architecture, is a serious complication in the long course after gastrectomy. The aim of the present study was to evaluate osteoporosis by using high-resolution peripheral quantitative computed tomography (HR-pQCT) in the long course after gastrectomy. In total gastrectomy and distal gastrectomy groups, at least 5 years should have elapsed since gastrectomy.