View clinical trials related to Osteoporosis.Filter by:
Osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP) affect large numbers of the population. Around 8 million people in the UK are affected by OA and over 300,000 people present with fragility fractures in the UK each year. High impact exercise has been shown to improve markers of bone health but the effect of this exercise on the cartilage is less well understood. A six month, one leg, exercise program based on hopping will be carried out by a group of post-menopausal women. Post-menopausal women are particularly at risk from OP and the research should give information on the feasibility of this type of exercise program in this age group and the effect on cartilage. Participants will be aged between 55 and 70 (at least five years post menopause) with no conditions that would limit their ability to complete the exercise program. To assess changes in participants' cartilage and bone properties they will be asked to attend several meetings at Loughborough University. Before and after the exercise program participants will have bone density scans and MRI scans of the knee joint. A subset (n=4) will undergo high resolution bone scans that can demonstrate changes in bone structure. The intervention is a home based exercise programme lasting approximately 10 minutes per day. Initially this will be individualised to each participant with the end goal being daily exercise sessions. The programme will last for six months with supervised sessions offered throughout the trial. Using an intervention affecting just one leg will allow the research team to use the other leg as a control. The research team hypothesise that in a population of post-menopausal women, a six month, unilateral exercise intervention will improve bone mineral density at the proximal femur with no negative effects on articular cartilage.
The investigators will conduct a cross-sectional study of bone density, bone microarchitecture, vertebral fractures and trabecular bone score in 25 patients with acromegaly treated with Pegvisomant, the growth hormone (GH) receptor antagonist for at least 1 year and with normal insulin-like growth factor-1 (IGF-1) levels. This study aims to describe the bone architecture and associated biochemical indices of bone turnover and metabolism in patients with active acromegaly and how these are altered with treatment of the disease.
A novel methodology was recently developed and validated by the applicants to compute bone strength at the distal radius and tibia using second-generation HR-pQCT reconstructions. The methodology is expected to improve significantly the assessment of bone fracture risk in idiopathic and secondary osteoporosis, but no reference data and no reproducibility data are available. The objective of the study is the determination of the sex- and age-specific distributions of accurate distal radius and tibia strength assessed by HR-pQCT in the Swiss population.
The purpose of this study is to generate proof of concept human data by evaluating osteoarthritis outcome measures in arthritic patients that are prescribed Forteo® as the standard of care to treat their primary diagnosis of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a common complication in chronic liver disease, especially in the late stages of the disease. Good nutrition and calcium and vitamin D supplementation are recommended for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis. There are no specific guidelines for its pharmacological treatment, but bisphosphonates have been shown to be effective in increasing bone mass in patients with chronic cholestasis, with a good safety profile. There are few studies evaluating the prevalence of osteoporosis in patients with cirrhosis (except for primary biliary cholangitis (PBC)). There are no clear recommendations for osteoporosis screening in cirrhotic patients. A diagnosis and early therapeutic intervention before the onset of the complications derived would significantly improve the quality of life and decrease the morbidity and mortality associated with osteoporosis and fractures Objective: -To assess the prevalence of osteoporosis and fragility fractures in patients with liver cirrhosis in our country and the risk factors associated Method: Patients diagnosed with hepatic cirrhosis, other than PBC, will be included in any Child stage during a hospital admission. Epidemiological, demographic, clinical, analytical and imaging data (dorso-lumbar spine radiography, bone densitometry and Trabecular Bone Score) will be evaluated. A descriptive statistic of the main variables will be carried out as well as a multivariate analysis to evaluate the predictive factors of osteoporosis and / or fragility fractures
A Phase 1 Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Single and Multiple Ascending Dose Study of the Safety and Tolerability of Intravenous LLP2A-Alendronate in Adult Men and Women with Osteopenia Secondary to Corticosteroids.
The study is a genetic historical cohort study in a military combat recruits - this study does not examine a specific treatment but rather examines a statistical link between medical history of traumatic fractures, clinical diagnosis of stress fractures and the presence of unique SNPs in subjects DNA.
There has been no comparative data between oral ibandronate and oral ibandronate plus active vitamin D
There has been no comparative data between Zoledronic acid and Zoledronic acid combined with active vitamin D in primary and secondary osteoporosis.
Purpose: The Guangzhou Nutrition and Health Study (GNHS) aims to assess the determinants of risk of osteoporosis and cardio-metabolic diseases and changes in their relevant indices in nutritional aspects, as well as other environmental and genetic factors. Study design: GNHS is a community-based prospective cohort study. Participants: About 4540 apparently healthy residents, living in Guangzhou city (South China) for >5 years, aged 40-80 years, recruited between 2008 and 2013. Visits and Data Collection: Participants were/will be visited every three years by invited to the School of Public Health, Sun Yat-sen University. At each visit, face-to-face interviews, specimen collection, anthropometric measurements, DXA scanning, ultrasonography evaluation were/will be conducted. Up to May 2017, 3400 and 2380 subjects completed the 2nd and 3rd visits. Key variables: 1. Questionnaire interviews: Structured questionnaires were/will be used to collect the participants' socio-demographic characteristics, lifestyle factors, menstruation and reproductive history (women only), sleep quality, family history, psychological health, social support and participation, cognitive function, habitual dietary intake, use of supplements and history of chronic diseases. 2. Physical examinations: Anthropometric measurements, blood pressure tests, handgrip strength, and usual gait speed. 3. DXA scanning: A dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry (DXA) was/will be used to determine bone density and bone mineral content, bone geometry information, fat mass and muscle mass. 4. Ultrasonography evaluations: Ultrasonography evaluation was/will be performed to determine carotid artery intima-media thickness and plaque, and fatty liver. 5. Specimen collections: Overnight fasting blood sample and early morning first-void urine sample and faces samples were/will be collected, separated and stored at −80°C till tests. 6. Laboratory tests: 1. Blood tests: Metabolic syndrome-related indices; inflammatory markers; sexual hormones and SHBG; genetic markers; nutritional indices (e.g., carotenoids; fatty acids; minerals, folate, betaine, choline, and vitamin D, etc.) 2. Urinary tests: Flavonoids and flavones; minerals; creatinine and renal function related markers 3. Fecal test: Gut microbiota and related metabolites. 7. Morbidity and mortality: Relevant data were/will be also retrieved via local multiple health information systems.