View clinical trials related to Osteoporosis.Filter by:
The objectives of this research grant are to determine the association of hypoxia with the severity of osteoporosis in the patients with bronchiectasis and whether the mechanism of inflammation is triggered by inflammasones, which makes it more prone to osteoporosis in patients with bronchiectasis.
Osteoporosis is a common disease among elderly people, which leads to an increased bone fracture risk. Bone fractures can greatly reduce quality of life and increase age-related problems including reduced life expectancy. In clinical practice, a bone mineral density (BMD) scan using dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) is used for diagnosing osteoporosis. However, DEXA does not always accurately predict who will develop fractures and who will not. This is because bone mineral density alone does not capture all of the factors that contribute to bone strength. One factor bone mineral density does not measure is trabecular microarchitecture of bone (structure of bone). Our goal in this study is to use a specialized CT scan called Dual-Energy CT (DECT) to capture information about the trabecular (spongy) bone in the vertebra of the lower (lumbar) spine. Research has shown that this kind of information helps in predicting bone strength in bone specimens. The investigator will use this information to develop a method to more accurately predict which patients are likely to experience fractures of the lumbar vertebra. These are the most common type of fractures associated with osteoporosis. The participant is being asked to participate in this research study because a physician is treating the participant for osteoporosis and the participant has met the initial criteria to participate in the study. Participation in this study involves having a DECT scan, as well as a DEXA scan if the participant has not had one recently (within two months). Research studies include only those individuals who choose to take part. Please take time to make a decision. Please ask the study doctor or the study staff to explain any words or information that are not understood. The participant may also want to discuss it with family members, friends or other health care providers.
1. To Compare overall rates of second hip fractures in both genders, 2. To determine the effect of hip fracture on proximal femoral volumetric bone mineral density (vBMD), bone structure and muscle by quantitative computed tomography(QCT), 3. To evaluate the contribution of QCT-image analysis to the prediction of the second hip fracture risk. 4. To identify the differences between femoral neck fracture and trochanter fracture following hip fracture
The goal of the study is to characterize the effect of Prolia® (denosumab, AMG 162; Human Monoclonal Antibody to RANK, Ligand) on indices of bone strength in type 2 diabetes (T2D). The investigational plan involves administration of Prolia® or identical placebo for 12 months as a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial in 66 T2D postmenopausal women assigned to Prolia® or placebo. The study will include assessment of different measures of bone quality: skeletal microarchitecture, including measurement of skeletal cortical pores; bone mineral density; bone material quality, and accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in collagen. This information will help to determine whether Prolia® treatment in type 2 diabetes has skeletal benefits.
Vertebroplasty in the symptomatic osteoporotic vertebral fracture has become increasingly popular. However, there have been some limitations in restoring the height of the collapsed vertebrae and in preventing the leaking of cement. In the severely collapsed vertebrae of more than two thirds of their original height, vertebroplasty is regarded as a contraindication. We tried postural reduction using a soft pillow under the compressed level. This study was undertaken to investigate the effectiveness of the combination of postural reduction and vertebroplasty for re-expansion and stabilization of the osteoporotic vertebral fractures. single level vertebral compression fracture were treated with postural reduction followed by vertebroplasty. We analyzed the degree of re-expansion according to the onset duration.
Introduction: Osteoporosis and Osteopenia are common bone disorders, characterized by low bone mass, signs of bone deterioration and are responsible for typical bone fragility. Physical activity is certainly a valid prevention tool because it contributes to a healthy energy balance, increasing muscle mass and providing beneficial effects in bone metabolism. Stress induced by more vigorous activities such as weight lifting, increases the risk of injury, particularly in the elderly. Therefore, alternative strategies with lower risk of injury are indicated such as whole body vibration and walk. Objective: Compare the effect whole body vibration and walking on muscular strength, balance and functional performance in the elderly with Osteoporosis and Osteopenia Methods: It is a clinical trial study, controlled, parallel, randomized and blind, which will follow the guidelines established in the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT). Participants will be randomly distributed in 2 groups: the experimental group (GI) that will hold the training in the vibrating platform and the control group (GC) that will perform the walk, settling 1 treatment session. All participants will be subjected to the initial and final assessment.
Despite significant improvement in treating periodontal disease (PD) and the identification of multiple risk factors, little is known about the specific contribution of genetics to PD pathogenesis. Several genomewide association studies (GWAS) of PD have been published, but only one reported locus has reached the threshold for genome-wide significance. Epidemiological studies and biological experiments established associations and suggested common pathogenetic pathways between PD and cardiovascular disease (CVD), diabetes (DM), and osteoporosis. The overall objective is to identify genetic loci for PD as a first step toward a better understanding of PD pathogenesis. In a preliminary study in the Women's Genome Health Study (WGHS), new-onset cases of PD were associated with a family history of myocardial infarction (MI). Further preliminary analyses presented shared phenotypic variation of PD/CVD, PD/DM, or PD/osteoporosis that could be accounted by the whole-genome genetic matrices. Several variants from the GWAS catalog of bone density and family history of MI were found correlated with PD in the WGHS. Based on these findings and the literature, the central hypothesis is that there are common pathogenetic links between PD and these other diseases and that GWAS using the comorbidity case definitions will help identify potential common loci.
Compare the data obtained with two formulations of alendronate 70 mg (tablets vs effervescent tablet for buffered solution) on the change in bone turnover markers, on gastric tolerance and on treatment adherence (including compliance and persistence).
To evaluate the noninferiority of a 6-month treatment with 210 mg romosozumab at 90 mg/mL administered subcutaneously (SC) once a month (QM) in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis either by healthcare provider (HCP) administration with prefilled syringe (PFS) or by subject self-administration with autoinjector/pen (AI/Pen)
Prebiotics have been linked to increased calcium absorption in animal and human studies (particularly in adolescents and in premenopausal women). Similarly, probiotics have been found to benefit calcium homeostasis in pregnant women, and to promote bio-mineralization in animal models. The effect of symbiotic on calcium absorption has been tested in rats, but not in human studies. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effect of daily consumption of a functional symbiotic yogurt containing inulin and Lactobacillus rhamnosus compared to a control yogurt, on calcium absorption in young adult women. A secondary objective is to relate changes in calcium absorption following yogurt consumption, with calcium metabolism, vitamin D status, bone mass, calcium intake and overall composition of habitual diet.