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To demonstrate the predictive ability of the different screening scores (i.e. OST, ORAI, ABONE, body weight criterion, age alone or others) and their potential use in the primary care setting.
Large amounts of experimental and animal evidence have confirmed that iron accumulation is associated with bone loss. However, it is still lack of the clinical studies relating iron accumulation to bone loss, especially in the pathological conditions during our Chinese. In this study, the investigators aim to assess the association between the levels of serum ferritin and bone mineral density in Chinese healthy postmenopausal women.
A 12 month study to measure the efficacy and safety of abaloparatide in men with osteoporosis.
This project aims to ascertain that novel imaging and metabolic markers can be used to identify as well as to validate and improve the detection of Singapore-Chinese women at increased risk of diabetes.
The St JOSEPH'S HOSPITAL set up a fracture liaison service for osteopotic fracture. A specific nurse screens eligible patient admitted in emergency yard and call them to propose a bone densitometry and a medical coverage.. The aim of the study is to evaluate this new organisation
With the availability of effective anti-retroviral therapy, HIV-infected individuals are expected not to die of AIDS and have longer life expectancy. But at the same time, HIV-associated non-AIDS (HANA) conditions are becoming more important in their clinical management. It is currently uncertain whether patients started on different anti-retroviral regimens will have different incidence of HANA conditions. This study aims to evaluate the incidence of various HANA conditions in a cohort of newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals in Hong Kong initiating anti-retroviral treatment. The incidence of various HANA conditions will be evaluated for those receiving INSTI versus other non-INSTI-based regimens. The HANA conditions evaluated will include 1. Hypertension 2. Diabetes and insulin resistance 3. Dyslipidemia 4. Lipodystrophy 5. Metabolic syndrome 6. Osteopenia and osteoporosis 7. Vitamin D deficiency 8. Renal impairment and kidney tubular dysfunction and 9. Liver fibrosis. Patients will be assessed prior to initiation of anti-retroviral therapy, and 48 weeks and 96 weeks after initiation of treatment. The incidence of development of each HANA condition will be determined and compared between those initiated different anti-retroviral regimens.
A phase 1 clinical trail to evaluate the safety and pharmacokinetic characteristic after administration of fixed-dose combination or loose combination of HUG186 in healthy adult male or menopausal female volunteers
The aim of this study is the quantitative determination of bone-specific microRNAs in the serum of postmenopausal women with osteoporosis during antiresorptive or osteoanabolic therapy.
Regular consumption of a beverage containing β-cryptoxanthin (β-Cx) and plant sterols (PS) has been shown to exert a synergic effect in reducing some markers of cardiovascular risk and bone-remodeling (formation and resorption). The present project aims to: - Evaluate (by in vivo and in vitro studies) the bioavailability of added β-Cx, PS and galactooligosaccharides (GOS) and its stability in the beverage employed in the proposed study. - Study the biological effect (bioefficacy) associated with the regular consumption of modified milk-based fruit beverages containing β-Cx, PS and GOS in post-menopausal women (target group) by assessing changes in inflammation, cardiovascular and bone turnover biochemical markers. - Characterize genetic variability (polymorphisms), genetic expression and DNA oxidative damage in the target group as determinants of bioavailability and biological effects of β-Cx, PS and GOS. - Evaluate the potential prebiotic effect associated to regular consumption of a beverage supplemented with β-Cx, PS and GOS: including "in vitro" studies and characterization of subjects' microbiota and possible microbiota changes associated to the beverage consumption.
The objectives of this research grant are to determine the association of hypoxia with the severity of osteoporosis in the patients with bronchiectasis and whether the mechanism of inflammation is triggered by inflammasones, which makes it more prone to osteoporosis in patients with bronchiectasis.