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Introduction: In Brazil, the person who is sixty years or more is considered elderly. The country points to an age structure increasingly aging, implying adjustments of policies, especially health, to serve this population. A vitamin D deficiency can cause atrophy muscular of type II fibers (fast twitch and strength), which can increase the risk of falls. The aging process produces reduction in the ability of postural control system to maintain balance, which may increase postural instability and consequently take the elderly to falls. Purpose: To evaluate whether vitamin D supplementation associated with regular exercise in vulnerable older women improves muscle strength and postural balance in 12 weeks. Methods: This will be a randomized prospective clinical trial, double-blind, placebo-controlled intervention. Will be part of the study 40 elderly women vulnerable, who meet the inclusion criteria and that will be coming from the community through calls made by radio. The volunteer will take blood, bone densitometry, functional capacity test, strength assessment and postural balance before and after 12 weeks of intervention with vitamin D supplementation and resistance and postural balance exercise.
The process of bone remodeling exhibits pronounced diurnal pattern that is important for bone health. A balanced rate of bone resorption is required to maintain bone health, a balance that can be disturbed during the lifecycle to effect net rate of formation (as occurs during growth and development to adulthood) or net resorption (as occurs, for example, during the menopause).The research to be undertaken investigates the pluripotent effect of dairy-based products on the regulation of the diurnal process of bone metabolism in post-menopausal women at risk of osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a common disease that makes the bones fragile and easy to break. Osteoporotic fractures are a serious health problem resulting in pain, reduced mobility, increasing degree of dependence and sometimes death. Osteoporosis is currently diagnosed by measuring bone density at the hip/spine through an exam called DXA. Although all post-menopausal women are at higher risk, currently Italian national guidelines do not recommend population-screening programs. This leads to several cases not being identified before a fracture occurs. Since dental panoramic radiographs (OPGs) are common procedures during dental check-ups or before dental treatments, it would be of great value if dentists could use them to identify people with unknown osteoporosis and early refer them to a specialist before they fracture. This study aims to test if it is meaningful to use OPGs to screen for post-menopausal osteoporosis. In particular, it will inform on how many undiagnosed osteoporotic women attend a Dental Hospital, how willing they are to have a DXA scan after a dental appointment and how precise the OPGs are as screening tools. 124 post-menopausal women will be recruited, which will undergo an OPG and a DXA scan to check their bone density.
Clinical trial to investigate effect of voluntary upper extremity loading in combination with anabolic osteoporosis therapy.
Osteoarthritis (OA) and osteoporosis (OP) affect large numbers of the population. Around 8 million people in the UK are affected by OA and over 300,000 people present with fragility fractures in the UK each year. High impact exercise has been shown to improve markers of bone health but the effect of this exercise on the cartilage is less well understood. A six month, one leg, exercise program based on hopping will be carried out by a group of post-menopausal women. Post-menopausal women are particularly at risk from OP and the research should give information on the feasibility of this type of exercise program in this age group and the effect on cartilage. Participants will be aged between 55 and 70 (at least five years post menopause) with no conditions that would limit their ability to complete the exercise program. To assess changes in participants' cartilage and bone properties they will be asked to attend several meetings at Loughborough University. Before and after the exercise program participants will have bone density scans and MRI scans of the knee joint. A subset (n=4) will undergo high resolution bone scans that can demonstrate changes in bone structure. The intervention is a home based exercise programme lasting approximately 10 minutes per day. Initially this will be individualised to each participant with the end goal being daily exercise sessions. The programme will last for six months with supervised sessions offered throughout the trial. Using an intervention affecting just one leg will allow the research team to use the other leg as a control. The research team hypothesise that in a population of post-menopausal women, a six month, unilateral exercise intervention will improve bone mineral density at the proximal femur with no negative effects on articular cartilage.
Osteoporosis has a devastating impact on quality of life of postmenopausal women, and is a significant cause of disability and morbidity. Many drugs are approved for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis, but are associated with high costs and side effects. Some data from animal studies suggests that supplementation with probiotics can safely treat and prevent osteoporosis. The probiotic VSL#3 is commercially available, is safe for human consumption, and has been widely used in human clinical trials, and has known health-promoting effects in both children and adults. The double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial of VSL#3 will be conducted for 12 months in 40 postmenopausal women to determine if VSL#3 improves bone mineral density and related bone markers. Study visits will include all or some of the following procedures: a medical exam, urine collection, height and weight measurement, a blood draw to assess bone biomarkers, a DEXA (dual energy X-ray absorptiometry) scan to measure bone density, and health questionnaires. This is one of the first clinical trials proposed to investigate the effects of probiotics in bone in humans. If successful, this proposal will provide the first evidence that nutritional supplementation with the probiotic VSL#3 is a safe and effective strategy for preventing postmenopausal bone loss.
This study compares the efficacy and safety of generic zoledronic acid (Yigu®) and original zoledronic acid (Aclasta®) in the treatment of postmenopausal osteoporotic women in China. Four hundred and sixty-six subjects will be randomised (1:1ratio) to either Yigu® 5mg IV or Aclasta® 5mg IV treatment arms.
The PEQ is the first tool to measure facilitators, barriers, and preferences to exercise in people with osteoporosis.
According to the World Health Organization criteria, osteoporosis was defined as a bone mineral density that lies 2.5 standard deviations or more below the average value for young healthy women. Osteoporosis is a major cause of fractures and can lead to serious complications in postmenopausal women. For this reason, approaches to prevent the appearance and progression of osteoporosis are of primary importance. This randomized clinical trial analyzes the effects of two types of physical exercise oriented to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with pharmacological supplements of Calcium and Vitamin-D.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of Moringa Oleifera on the structure and function of bone in post-menopausal women ingesting 1000 mg of Moringa Oleifera daily for 12 weeks.