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Osteoporotic fractures, as a consequence of a reduced mineral bone density (BMD) represents a major public health problem. The lifetime risk of fractures exceeds 40% for women and 13% for men. At least ten different individual characteristics have already been proposed, evaluated, and some of them accepted as risk factors. Some of those risk factors were compiled in a tool developed by the World Health Organization in order to predict the ten-risk for a new fracture, even without considering BMD in that prediction . Increased consumption of carbonated soft drinks has been reported to have associations to a lower bone mineral density and an increment in bone fractures among young and also elder subjects. However, some prospective studies have not found any significant associations and others suggested that risk is only increased for some kinds of beverages, like cola beverages, but not to the entire universe of soft drinks. In this sense, a large prospective analysis performed on 1413 women and 1125 men from the Framingham Offspring Cohort, analyzed- the relation between soft drinks consumption and BMD at the spine and 3 hip sites. Cola intake was associated with significantly lower BMD at each hip site, but not the spine, in women but not in men. Similar results were observed for diet cola and, although weaker, for decaffeinated cola. No significant relations between non-cola carbonated beverage consumption and BMD were observed. In spite of the fact that reduced bone mineral density and osteoporotic fractures represent an increasing burden of disease and disability in postmenopausal women, most of the studies performed in this population used BMD as primary outcome, and not common osteoporotic fractures (e.g. hip, spine or wrist). Therefore, there is no conclusive evidence of a potential causal association between soft drinks (cola and non-cola) and fractures in a population in which osteoporotic fractures hold the highest incidence. This research proposal is based on using the Women Health Initiative data to analyze the relation between cola and non-cola soft drinks consumption on common osteoporotic fractures. BMD will be considered a secondary outcome.
In 2012, a cross-sectional survey sampling 1,966 community-dwelling old people was conducted. Structurized questionnaires were interviewed face-to-face by well-trained staffs. An overnight fasting blood were obtained for biochemistry parameters.
The main purpose of this study is the evaluation of the efficacy of zoledronic acid on bone density in children with osteoporosis caused by multiple disabilities. Secondary purposes are: 1. Description of child population with osteoporosis in the context of motor impairment in Lorraine region 2. Description of osteoporosis stage (level of bone mineralization and clinical consequences) in children with multiple disabilities 3. Description of current osteoporosis preventive care 4. Description of risk factors associated to bone status (drugs) 5. Evaluation of zoledronic acid treatment on fracture numbers 6. Evaluation of zoledronic acid on phosphocalcic profile 7. Description of side effects of zoledronic acid in this indication 8. Description of treatment effects in the sub-population of children with Rett syndrome.
Body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), and body balance are important factors that threaten postural control. They act as vital elements in the vicious circle that leads to fracture occurrence in elderly population, particularly postmenopausal women.
Background: Back pain and osteoporosis with vertebral fractures are common conditions in elderly women and significantly affect their quality of life. A common complication of osteoporosis are vertebral fractures. Treatment with bone-specific drugs does often not help the pain condition caused by the vertebral fractures even when the progress of the disease has decreased. Vertebral fractures often result in deformation of the spine and poorer quality of life of the individual. The spinal kyphosis also affects the lung function and the effect of the kyphosis itself is severe. Alternative treatments of back pain may lead to reduced drug demand for pain. Physical activity is one of the most important factors that regulates bone mass and can also affect balance and fall risk positively. The back orthosis that we intend to use in the treatment study has been shown in some previous scientific studies to strengthen the muscles in the back and also decrease the pain. Purpose: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of treatment of back pain in elderly women with an activating functional orthosis versus treatment with a group of physiotherapeutic tools and a control group for a six-month treatment period and follow-up after 12 months from the start of study. The aim was also to study elderly women with osteoporosis and back pain in a follow-up study of a cohort of women at high risk of osteoporotic fractures, with focus on back pain, functional capacity and quality of life. The aim was to study the effect of treatment with activating functional orthosis versus physiotherapeutic treatment in a group and a control group without treatment. The main outcomes will be the experienced perceived back pain and back extensor strength. Additional outcomes will be quality of life, balance, lung function and kyphosis. Biochemical markers for pain will be measured in the RCT (Randomized Controlled Trial). Significance: Evaluation of alternative treatment methods such as exercise by a physiotherapist and treatment with a functional orthosis will give new additional treatment options for our patients. An activating functional orthosis could reduce the use of analgesics and increase the quality of life of the affected women.
Randomized, Open-label, Single-dose, 3-period, 6-sequence, 3-way crossover Study
Hyperemesis Gravidarum (HG) is a common disorder for hospitalization in the first trimester of pregnancy and related to protracted vomiting and nausea. It can be accompanied by ketonuria, dehydration and weight loss. Our aim was to investigate osteoporosis in patients with HG. In our study, we investigated osteoporosis in a total of 79 patients (40 HG and 39 control) by means of dual energy x-ray absorptiometry (DEXA) measurements and laboratory parameters related to HG.
The PEQ is the first tool to measure facilitators, barriers, and preferences to exercise in people with osteoporosis.
According to the World Health Organization criteria, osteoporosis was defined as a bone mineral density that lies 2.5 standard deviations or more below the average value for young healthy women. Osteoporosis is a major cause of fractures and can lead to serious complications in postmenopausal women. For this reason, approaches to prevent the appearance and progression of osteoporosis are of primary importance. This randomized clinical trial analyzes the effects of two types of physical exercise oriented to prevent osteoporosis in postmenopausal women with pharmacological supplements of Calcium and Vitamin-D.
The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of Moringa Oleifera on the structure and function of bone in post-menopausal women ingesting 1000 mg of Moringa Oleifera daily for 12 weeks.