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Osteoporosis is characterized by low bone mineral density and alterations in bone microarchitecture, leading to bone fragility and high risk of fractures. In the peri-menopausal period and during menopause, estrogen deficiency is responsible for an acceleration of bone remodeling. It is therefore important to sensitize women to this pathology at the beginning of menopause. Osteoporosis is a public health issue with more than 3 million women in France suffering from almost ¼ of the population over 50 years old. Paradoxically, the number of bone densitometry and prescribed osteoporosis drugs are decreasing. There is an under-screening and a disinterest of the pathology on the part of the medical world and the patients. The investigators hypothesize that women lack knowledge about osteoporosis. This study will identify these gaps, and put in place appropriate strategies to improve this knowledge. For this purpose, a descriptive cross-sectional observational study will carry out, through the fulfillment of self-administered questionnaire for women over 30 years old. The main objective is to assess the knowledge of women, about osteoporosis and its consequences. The judgment criterion is based on a percentage of correct answers per question. The interests of the study are to identify gaps in knowledge, to optimize the investigator's therapeutic education, to fight patient wait-and-see and false beliefs, and finally to improve adherence and longer-term adherence.
This project aims to ascertain that novel imaging and metabolic markers can be used to identify as well as to validate and improve the detection of Singapore-Chinese women at increased risk of diabetes.
Prebiotics have been linked to increased calcium absorption in animal and human studies (particularly in adolescents and in premenopausal women). Similarly, probiotics have been found to benefit calcium homeostasis in pregnant women, and to promote bio-mineralization in animal models. The effect of symbiotic on calcium absorption has been tested in rats, but not in human studies. The primary objective of this study is to investigate the effect of daily consumption of a functional symbiotic yogurt containing inulin and Lactobacillus rhamnosus compared to a control yogurt, on calcium absorption in young adult women. A secondary objective is to relate changes in calcium absorption following yogurt consumption, with calcium metabolism, vitamin D status, bone mass, calcium intake and overall composition of habitual diet.
This study evaluates the longitudinal, dose-dependent effects of jumping on bone health in young women. The women will be divided into 9 groups of varying jump height and repetitions, with a tenth group serving as control.
The vast majority of people want to be healthy and often make a change to be healthier. Change that is begun is seldom maintained. Osteoporosis is an example of one condition where people are encouraged to regularly engage in preventative health behaviors. This is a study testing a new approach to helping women engage in osteoporosis health behaviors. This new approach includes beliefs, self-regulating skills and abilities, and social facilitation delivered via a cell phone app. If effective, this approach could be tested with other health behaviors.
A randomized, open-label, single-dose, crossover study
Osteoporotic fractures, as a consequence of a reduced mineral bone density (BMD) represents a major public health problem. The lifetime risk of fractures exceeds 40% for women and 13% for men. At least ten different individual characteristics have already been proposed, evaluated, and some of them accepted as risk factors. Some of those risk factors were compiled in a tool developed by the World Health Organization in order to predict the ten-risk for a new fracture, even without considering BMD in that prediction . Increased consumption of carbonated soft drinks has been reported to have associations to a lower bone mineral density and an increment in bone fractures among young and also elder subjects. However, some prospective studies have not found any significant associations and others suggested that risk is only increased for some kinds of beverages, like cola beverages, but not to the entire universe of soft drinks. In this sense, a large prospective analysis performed on 1413 women and 1125 men from the Framingham Offspring Cohort, analyzed- the relation between soft drinks consumption and BMD at the spine and 3 hip sites. Cola intake was associated with significantly lower BMD at each hip site, but not the spine, in women but not in men. Similar results were observed for diet cola and, although weaker, for decaffeinated cola. No significant relations between non-cola carbonated beverage consumption and BMD were observed. In spite of the fact that reduced bone mineral density and osteoporotic fractures represent an increasing burden of disease and disability in postmenopausal women, most of the studies performed in this population used BMD as primary outcome, and not common osteoporotic fractures (e.g. hip, spine or wrist). Therefore, there is no conclusive evidence of a potential causal association between soft drinks (cola and non-cola) and fractures in a population in which osteoporotic fractures hold the highest incidence. This research proposal is based on using the Women Health Initiative data to analyze the relation between cola and non-cola soft drinks consumption on common osteoporotic fractures. BMD will be considered a secondary outcome.
In 2012, a cross-sectional survey sampling 1,966 community-dwelling old people was conducted. Structurized questionnaires were interviewed face-to-face by well-trained staffs. An overnight fasting blood were obtained for biochemistry parameters.
The main purpose of this study is the evaluation of the efficacy of zoledronic acid on bone density in children with osteoporosis caused by multiple disabilities. Secondary purposes are: 1. Description of child population with osteoporosis in the context of motor impairment in Lorraine region 2. Description of osteoporosis stage (level of bone mineralization and clinical consequences) in children with multiple disabilities 3. Description of current osteoporosis preventive care 4. Description of risk factors associated to bone status (drugs) 5. Evaluation of zoledronic acid treatment on fracture numbers 6. Evaluation of zoledronic acid on phosphocalcic profile 7. Description of side effects of zoledronic acid in this indication 8. Description of treatment effects in the sub-population of children with Rett syndrome.
Body composition, bone mineral density (BMD), and body balance are important factors that threaten postural control. They act as vital elements in the vicious circle that leads to fracture occurrence in elderly population, particularly postmenopausal women.