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Osteoporosis remains a significant healthcare burden for the United States. Current FDA-approved osteoporosis treatments include teriparatide, abaloparatide, bisphosphonates, denosumab, and raloxifene. Denosumab is a fully human monoclonal antibody that specifically binds to receptor activator of nuclear factor-kB ligand (RANKL). Denosumb potently suppresses osteoclastic activity but bone turnover rapidly normalizes and bone turnover marker levels can rebound above baseline levels after the drug is discontinued. The proposed study will help us determine the relative efficacy of two oral antiresorptives that are FDA-approved for treatment of postmenopausal osteoporosis (alendronate and raloxifene) in preventing the rebound increase in bone turnover that occurs after denosumab discontinuation.
Fractures related to skeleton fragility (i.e. osteoporotic fractures) represent a growing health problem, as the life expectancy and thus the number of frail elderly subjects is increasing. These fractures are associated with individual and societal consequences. The fractures are responsible for increased disability, chronic pain, and loss of independency. The annual cost of either prevalent or incident osteoporotic-related fractures exceeds the same ratio calculation for many other serious chronic diseases. Mortality risk is increased following osteoporotic fractures. Several classes of osteoporosis therapies are proven to reduce fracture risk, based on placebo controlled trials of 3-5 years duration, including in elderly patients. These data are the rationale for screening of patients at risk of fracture, recognizing that the optimal approach is to identify subjects at risk for major fractures . Bone fragility is related to the decrease of both the quality and the quantity of bone. Bone mineral density (BMD) is a surrogate of bone fragility, with the advantage of being non-invasively measurable, at relevant sites, such as vertebrae and upper extremity of the femur. A low BMD, age, and prevalent fractures are the 3 main determinants of the risk of sustaining a fracture. A low BMD has also been reported as a determinant of all cause mortality risk in the general population. So far, screening of low BMD by QCT has not been recommended because of low availability of the devices, irradiation, and cost. However, a huge number of QCT are performed daily for various medical indications. These thoracic and abdominal QCT carry potential information about vertebral BMD. These data are already available, with no additional cost, patient time, nor radiation exposure. They can be retrospectively (in our study) or prospectively (in the future context of care) analyzed, and are the basis of an opportunistic screening for osteoporosis: this denotes the use of diagnostic QCT scans made for other medical indication to screen for patients at high fracture risk. There is no study of this QCT based measurement as an opportunistic screening for patients at short-term risk for fracture. Opportunistic screening of osteoporosis, by diagnosis of low BMD on abdominal QCT performed for various medical indications, is able to detect subjects at short-term (i.e. over 3 years) risk of fracture (necessitating an hospitalization).
Osteoporosis is a common senile disease with a high incidence. The Chinese medicine differentiation treatment has small side effects and can be taken for a long time, which has certain advantages. This project adopts the experience of the person in charge of the project-Xulin Jiangu Granules and clinically collects patients with postmenopausal osteoporosis (kidney deficiency and blood stasis syndrome).
The goal of this translational study is to establish a newly emerging CT-based tool for the characterization of changes in bone micro-architecture and assessment of their implications for fracture-risk in a population of COPD patients at risk for osteoporosis. The tool will be suitable and generalizable across emerging CT scanners from different vendors, and it will provide a more structurally-based assessment of osteoporosis and bone loss than is provided by simple bone density measures. The study will characterize the impact of different COPD-related factors on bone structure, and their implications for fracture-risk, leading to the development of a COPD-specific model for assessment of fracture-risk that will utilize patient-specific demographic, clinical and radiographic data, and CT BMD at the spine, as well as bone structural measures at the wrist and/or ankle.
This study evaluates the efficacy of the probiotic food supplement Vivomixx in the prevention of bone loss occurring in post menopausal women with breast cancer treated with an aromatase inhibitor. Half of the participants will receive Vivomixx while the other half will receive a placebo. The primary endpoint is to assess changes of bone turnover markers during the period of 6 months.
With the availability of effective anti-retroviral therapy, HIV-infected individuals are expected not to die of AIDS and have longer life expectancy. But at the same time, HIV-associated non-AIDS (HANA) conditions are becoming more important in their clinical management. It is currently uncertain whether patients started on different anti-retroviral regimens will have different incidence of HANA conditions. This study aims to evaluate the incidence of various HANA conditions in a cohort of newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals in Hong Kong initiating anti-retroviral treatment. The incidence of various HANA conditions will be evaluated for those receiving INSTI versus other non-INSTI-based regimens. The HANA conditions evaluated will include 1. Hypertension 2. Diabetes and insulin resistance 3. Dyslipidemia 4. Lipodystrophy 5. Metabolic syndrome 6. Osteopenia and osteoporosis 7. Vitamin D deficiency 8. Renal impairment and kidney tubular dysfunction and 9. Liver fibrosis. Patients will be assessed prior to initiation of anti-retroviral therapy, and 48 weeks and 96 weeks after initiation of treatment. The incidence of development of each HANA condition will be determined and compared between those initiated different anti-retroviral regimens.
The goal of the study is to characterize the effect of Prolia® (denosumab) on indices of bone strength in type 2 diabetes (T2D). The investigational plan involves administration of Prolia® or identical placebo for 12 months as a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial in 66 T2D postmenopausal women assigned to Prolia® or placebo. The study will include assessment of different measures of bone quality: skeletal microarchitecture, including measurement of skeletal cortical pores; bone mineral density; bone material quality, and accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in collagen. This information will help to determine whether Prolia® treatment in type 2 diabetes has skeletal benefits.
Introduction: Osteoporosis and Osteopenia are common bone disorders, characterized by low bone mass, signs of bone deterioration and are responsible for typical bone fragility. Physical activity is certainly a valid prevention tool because it contributes to a healthy energy balance, increasing muscle mass and providing beneficial effects in bone metabolism. Stress induced by more vigorous activities such as weight lifting, increases the risk of injury, particularly in the elderly. Therefore, alternative strategies with lower risk of injury are indicated such as whole body vibration and walk. Objective: Compare the effect whole body vibration and walking on muscular strength, balance and functional performance in the elderly with Osteoporosis and Osteopenia Methods: It is a clinical trial study, controlled, parallel, randomized and blind, which will follow the guidelines established in the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT). Participants will be randomly distributed in 2 groups: the experimental group (GI) that will hold the training in the vibrating platform and the control group (GC) that will perform the walk, settling 1 treatment session. All participants will be subjected to the initial and final assessment.
Compare the data obtained with two formulations of alendronate 70 mg (tablets vs effervescent tablet for buffered solution) on the change in bone turnover markers, on gastric tolerance and on treatment adherence (including compliance and persistence).
Fifty patients awaiting liver transplantation and 50 age and gender matched control subjects with normal liver function will be included in the study. The aim of this project is to compare liver transplantation recipients'bone microarchitecture with healthy controls and to evaluate patients' changes within one year after transplantation