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This study evaluates the efficacy of the probiotic food supplement Vivomixx in the prevention of bone loss occurring in post menopausal women with breast cancer treated with an aromatase inhibitor. Half of the participants will receive Vivomixx while the other half will receive a placebo. The primary endpoint is to assess changes of bone turnover markers during the period of 6 months.
With the availability of effective anti-retroviral therapy, HIV-infected individuals are expected not to die of AIDS and have longer life expectancy. But at the same time, HIV-associated non-AIDS (HANA) conditions are becoming more important in their clinical management. It is currently uncertain whether patients started on different anti-retroviral regimens will have different incidence of HANA conditions. This study aims to evaluate the incidence of various HANA conditions in a cohort of newly diagnosed HIV-infected individuals in Hong Kong initiating anti-retroviral treatment. The incidence of various HANA conditions will be evaluated for those receiving INSTI versus other non-INSTI-based regimens. The HANA conditions evaluated will include 1. Hypertension 2. Diabetes and insulin resistance 3. Dyslipidemia 4. Lipodystrophy 5. Metabolic syndrome 6. Osteopenia and osteoporosis 7. Vitamin D deficiency 8. Renal impairment and kidney tubular dysfunction and 9. Liver fibrosis. Patients will be assessed prior to initiation of anti-retroviral therapy, and 48 weeks and 96 weeks after initiation of treatment. The incidence of development of each HANA condition will be determined and compared between those initiated different anti-retroviral regimens.
The goal of the study is to characterize the effect of Prolia® (denosumab, AMG 162; Human Monoclonal Antibody to RANK, Ligand) on indices of bone strength in type 2 diabetes (T2D). The investigational plan involves administration of Prolia® or identical placebo for 12 months as a randomized double-blind placebo-controlled trial in 66 T2D postmenopausal women assigned to Prolia® or placebo. The study will include assessment of different measures of bone quality: skeletal microarchitecture, including measurement of skeletal cortical pores; bone mineral density; bone material quality, and accumulation of advanced glycation endproducts (AGEs) in collagen. This information will help to determine whether Prolia® treatment in type 2 diabetes has skeletal benefits.
Introduction: Osteoporosis and Osteopenia are common bone disorders, characterized by low bone mass, signs of bone deterioration and are responsible for typical bone fragility. Physical activity is certainly a valid prevention tool because it contributes to a healthy energy balance, increasing muscle mass and providing beneficial effects in bone metabolism. Stress induced by more vigorous activities such as weight lifting, increases the risk of injury, particularly in the elderly. Therefore, alternative strategies with lower risk of injury are indicated such as whole body vibration and walk. Objective: Compare the effect whole body vibration and walking on muscular strength, balance and functional performance in the elderly with Osteoporosis and Osteopenia Methods: It is a clinical trial study, controlled, parallel, randomized and blind, which will follow the guidelines established in the Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials (CONSORT). Participants will be randomly distributed in 2 groups: the experimental group (GI) that will hold the training in the vibrating platform and the control group (GC) that will perform the walk, settling 1 treatment session. All participants will be subjected to the initial and final assessment.
Compare the data obtained with two formulations of alendronate 70 mg (tablets vs effervescent tablet for buffered solution) on the change in bone turnover markers, on gastric tolerance and on treatment adherence (including compliance and persistence).
Fifty patients awaiting liver transplantation and 50 age and gender matched control subjects with normal liver function will be included in the study. The aim of this project is to compare liver transplantation recipients'bone microarchitecture with healthy controls and to evaluate patients' changes within one year after transplantation
This examines in-vivo microwave sensing to measure a radio- frequency signal propagating through the wrist and, based on this information, establish a correlation of measured parameters with the integral bone density. This radio- frequency device is designed to obtain an integral estimate of bone density (osteoporotic vs normal). The measurements can be done in three ways. The first method (Method 1) utilizes Received Signal Strength (RSS) of an RFID tag array at 915 megahertz located on the top of the wrist. The transmitting antenna located on the bottom of the wrist is connected to an RFID reader. In that way, the signal travels twice across the wrist: from the reader to the tag and vice versa. The second method (Method 2) is to use only one transmitting antenna, connect the transmitting antenna to a portable Network Analyzer and measure the reflection coefficient, S11, of the antenna itself. This method does not imply that the entire signal will travel back and forth through the wrist, although its significant portion will. This method is, however, broadband and allows us to measure antenna resonances, which are very sensitive to the wrist composition. The third method (Method 3) is to use both transmitting and receiving antennas, connect the antennas to a portable KeySight Network Analyzer and measure the transmission coefficient, S21, of the antenna pair. This method implies that the entire signal will travel through the wrist once. This method is also broadband and allows us to measure decay of the radio-signal in the wrist over a band of frequencies. The two last methods could be combined together.
To test the changes in osteoarthritis according to the X-rays, and changes in bone quality before and 1 or more years after beginning the jogging
Based on the case reports and other literature, the investigators hypothesize that using PVP for treating GIOPVCF is associated with increased risk of vertebral refractures and does not provide further benefits compared to conservative treatments. The overall objective of this prospective cohort study is to compare the efficacy of PVP and conservative treatment for GIOPVCF. The evaluation of efficacy of therapy includes: 1) the incidence of vertebral refractures; 2) therapeutic effects (pain relief and health-related life quality) and 3) complications. The results from study will be written in English and disseminated widely through scholarly presentations, peer-reviewed publications, and other written communications.
Osteoporosis is a common disease that makes the bones fragile and easy to break. Osteoporotic fractures are a serious health problem resulting in pain, reduced mobility, increasing degree of dependence and sometimes death. Osteoporosis is currently diagnosed by measuring bone density at the hip/spine through an exam called DXA. Although all post-menopausal women are at higher risk, currently Italian national guidelines do not recommend population-screening programs. This leads to several cases not being identified before a fracture occurs. Since dental panoramic radiographs (OPGs) are common procedures during dental check-ups or before dental treatments, it would be of great value if dentists could use them to identify people with unknown osteoporosis and early refer them to a specialist before they fracture. This study aims to test if it is meaningful to use OPGs to screen for post-menopausal osteoporosis. In particular, it will inform on how many undiagnosed osteoporotic women attend a Dental Hospital, how willing they are to have a DXA scan after a dental appointment and how precise the OPGs are as screening tools. 124 post-menopausal women will be recruited, which will undergo an OPG and a DXA scan to check their bone density.