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AZD9550 is in early development for the treatment of non-alcoholic-steatohepatitis, a type of liver disease that commonly affects overweight and obese patients who have T2DM. The purpose of this study is to investigate the safety, tolerability, and effects of increasing doses of AZD9550 in overweight and obese participants aged 18 through 65 years living with T2DM, and to investigate how AZD9550 is absorbed, distributed, and eliminated from the body.
This pilot study will compare the effect of combining dietary nitrate and caloric restriction versus dietary nitrate alone. The participant will be contacted, having responded to an advertisement on social media and posters, to attend the screening visit. They will be asked about their health status, suitability for MRI and availability. The investigators will use physical activity and eating attitude questionnaires. The investigators will also measure their height, weight, body mass index (BMI), and blood pressure (BP) and undertake blood tests. If they are eligible, they will be randomised to one of the two arms. The first group will consume nitrate-rich beetroot juice with a calorie-restricted diet for 28 days. The second group will drink the same juice with a weight-maintenance diet for the same period. The food and drinks will be provided. The outcome measures will be measured twice (at the baseline and end visits) to evaluate the change. The primary outcome is the cognitive function. The secondary outcomes are peripheral vascular health (BP and microvascular perfusion), cerebral vascular health (brain blood flow), anthropometry, body composition, and exhaled NO and nitrate concentrations. Also, the feasibility and accessibility of the study will be assessed.
This will be a placebo-controlled, randomized, double blind, crossover study with a 4 week wash out period. Collect pilot data on the safety, tolerability, and feasibility of empagliflozin therapy in overweight/obese patients with CFRD to support a future larger randomized controlled trial.
The goal of this clinical trial is to learn about cardiovascular disease risk among adolescent girls with overweight/obesity. The main questions this trial aims to answer are: 1. Does an acceptance-based healthy lifestyle intervention demonstrate more weight loss than a health education intervention? 2. Does an acceptance-based healthy lifestyle intervention show more improvements in participants' physiological, health-related, and psychological factors compared to a health education intervention? Participants in this trial will: 1. Engage in treatment for 6-months, comprising of a mixture of in-person and remote group sessions, occurring at Drexel University or over a video-conferencing platform. 2. Complete various assessments. These include self-reported questionnaires, measures of weight, height, body composition, blood pressure, and blood lipids, and wearing of smart watches to measure sleep and physical activity. Researchers will compare the acceptance-based and health education intervention groups to see if the acceptance-based treatment will indeed be effective in improving participants' health outcomes.
Diabetes mellitus is a chronic metabolic disease associated with a high rate of disability and mortality. Prediabetes is the intermediate stage from normal blood glucose to diabetes. Reversal of prediabetes can help reduce the incidence of related complications and reduce premature mortality. Therefore, the early treatment of prediabetes is crucial, detection and effective management of this large population in time is the key to prevent diabetes. Overweight/obesity is one of the key risk factors leading to prediabetes and diabetes. In order to delay the progression of prediabetes and prevent related complications, weight loss is a key strategy to reverse prediabetes in overweight/obese patients. Lifestyle intervention is the first-line treatment for weight loss and is the most suitable intervention method. Although weight loss has been shown to have many metabolic benefits, it is a great challenge in the real world due to the long-term and complex of weight management. In order to further optimize the weight loss treatment of prediabetic patients, the study apply the mobile internet intelligent healthcare big data technology, 100 overweight/obese prediabetic patients who met the enrollment conditions were randomly divided into control group and intervention group by 1:1, with 50 patients in each group. The control group was treated according to the traditional diagnosis and treatment mode, and the diagnosis and treatment plan was formulated by the endocrinologist, and the diet education was conducted by the dietitian, and the individualized diet plan was formulated. Given a calorie-restricted diet, it is recommended to reduce daily energy intake by 500kcal on the basis of requirement. At least 150 minutes of moderate-intensity exercise per week is recommended. After the visit, the patient underwent follow-up self-weight monitoring and diet management outside the hospital. The intervention group was managed by co-management of three disciplines (endocrinologists, dietitians and weight managers). The three disciplines team tracked and assessed the patients' daily diet and weight changes, and gave guidance. The duration of intervention was 6 months. To explore the impact of the new model of mobile internet healthcare and "three disciplines co-management" on overweight/obese prediabetic patients, and whether it can improve the weight, glycemic and lipid metabolism and insulin resistance, and compare the reversal rate of prediabetes in the two groups.
Patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) face an increased risk of obesity, hypertension, and hyperglycemia, attributed to impaired cardiorespiratory fitness, elevated Hb1AC levels, and impaired lipid status. Therefore, effective prevention of complications and T2DM-related diseases is crucial for increasing the life expectancy of T2DM patients. Regular exercise plays a crucial role in the prevention and management of diabetes and its associated complications. However, most T2DM patients are not engaged in exercise. The most common causes are a lack of time, monotonous training patterns, and the severe exhaustion patients experience after recently developed and effective HIIT and SIT programs. Therefore, recent studies have explored the concept of "exercise snacking" (brief isolated bouts (< 1 min) of intense exercise spread throughout the day ) as a promising strategy to improve glycemic control, functional capacity, and cardiometabolic health among clinical and healthy populations. However, the type, intensity, and volume of exercise bouts that result in the best improvement are unknown. Therefore, we hypothesize that these exercise modalities may also acutely improve glycaemic control in sedentary overweight patients with T2DM. 1. This study will examine the acute impact of two modalities of ''Exercise Snacking'', compared with a no-exercise control (CON), on blood glucose levels and blood pressure 2. Compare the acute effects of two ''Exercise Snacking'' modalities 3. Collect data on individuals' perceptions of each workout mode using measures of Rate of Perceived Exertion (RPE), enjoyment, affect, and adverse events
This is a single center, double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled, single ascending subcutaneous dose study in lean to overweight or obese but otherwise healthy men. It is planned to enroll 4 cohorts of 8 subjects (Regimens A, B, C and D), with 2 additional optional cohorts of 8 subjects (Regimens E and F). Within each cohort, subjects will be randomized in a ratio of 6 active to 2 placebo. The primary objective is to assess the safety. Secondary objectives are to characterize the pharmacokinetics (PK) and to investigate pharmacodynamic effects.
The primary aim of this randomized cross-over intervention study is to investigate the effect of four weeks of intermittent carbohydrate restriction (alternating between two days of normal dietary intake and two days of carbohydrate restriction to 70-90 grams) on 24-hour average sensor glucose in individuals with type 2 diabetes compared with a four-week control period with normal dietary intake.
The purpose of this Phase-2 chronic weight management master protocol (CWMM) is to create a framework to evaluate the safety and efficacy of various investigational interventions for chronic weight management with intervention-specific appendices (ISAs). The ISAs may start independently of other ISAs as interventions become available for clinical testing.
The goal of this study is to investigate the effects of Bifidobacterium longum subspecies BL21 on BMI, metabolic indicators, and changes in gut microenvironment microbiota in overweight/obese adults. The blood, urine, and feces samples of the subjects need to be collected at 0,4 and 8 week and promptly tested in the laboratory. During the intervention period, all groups of subjects were required to take the corresponding products daily and record adverse reactions.