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The aim of this study was to investigate the effectiveness of structured lifestyle intervention following a transcultural diabetes nutrition algorithm (tDNA) care compared to usual diabetes care in patients with overweight, obesity and type 2 diabetes (T2D), receiving either the motivational interviewing counseling or conventional counselling technique in an outpatient clinic setting. The hypothesis is weight loss and glycated haemoglobin (A1C) level will be improved in patients following the tDNA care compared to usual diabetes care and the improvements will be greater in those receiving motivational interviewing counseling than conventional counselling.
The investigators aim to test an evidence-based intervention, allocated to a mobile app designed to parents and their children with 3 to 6 years old, identified by family doctors or nurses at well-child care visits as overweight or obese for age. This intervention aims to improve parent's perceptions and attitudes regarding children's weight status and food intake, leading to better dietary intake and children's' eating behaviors through positive parental child-feeding practices. In this study, the investigators aim to assess the feasibility of the intervention and explore its impact on the beliefs and attitudes of parents.
The aim of this trial is to investigate the effectiveness of a mobile health (mhealth) intervention to help overweight and obese women achieve appropriate gestational weight gain (GWG) for their pre-pregnancy body mass index (BMI). The goal of the intervention is to help women achieve GWG within the range recommended by the Institute of Medicine. The investigators propose an adaptive intervention that begins with an effective, yet low resource-intensive treatment and then provides incremental support and resources only to patients who need them. The intervention includes: 1) an mHealth tools allowing data to be automatically transmitted to a mobile website; 2) personalized text messages; and 3) personalized 1:1 telephone coaching sessions. The latter more intensive components are reserved for patients whose GWG is not within the IOM guidelines. The lifestyle intervention will be delivered through 1 telephone counseling session with a study dietician trained in motivational interviewing techniques, as well as through technology-based tools, automated text messages and weekly e-mails of core lifestyle intervention sessions. Personalized text messages and 1:1 telephone coaching sessions will be given to those who are not meeting the GWG guidelines. The lifestyle intervention will be compared to usual medical care. Maternal outcomes will be assessed shortly before delivery and at 6 weeks postpartum. Infant birthweight and weight at one year will also be assessed.
This trial studies how well nutrition and exercise interventions work in reducing androgen deprivation therapy-induced obese frailty in prostate cancer survivors. Individualized nutrition and exercise advice for prostate cancer patients on androgen deprivation therapy may help to reduce obese frailty and change the levels of myokines in blood.
Using a randomized two-group, repeated measures experimental design, the goal of the proposed study is to investigate the efficacy of a 12-week nutrition and exercise education, physical activity, coping skills training, and home-based physical activity intervention in Hispanic women and their 3-4 year old children and 6 months of continued monthly contact to help overweight and obese Hispanic mothers improve adiposity, weight, health behaviors, and self-efficacy and their 3-4 year old children improve their adiposity and weight gain trajectory and health behaviors.
Current efforts to arrest the epidemic of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) have had limited success. Thus there is an urgent need for effective approaches to prevent the development of T2DM. It is widely accepted that the current epidemic is driven by an increase in global food abundance and reduced food quality, making changes in diet a key determinant of the T2DM epidemic. Dietary factors can affect cardio-metabolic health; among these factors, advanced glycation end-products (AGEs) in food are potential risk factors for insulin resistance and T2DM. AGEs are a heterogeneous group of unavoidable stable bioactive compounds. Endogenous formation of AGEs is a continuous naturally occurring process, and is the result of normal metabolism. However, increased formation of AGEs occurs during ageing and under hyperglycaemic conditions. AGEs are implicated in the development of diabetes and vascular complications. Over the past several decades, methods of food processing have changed and meals now contain excess fat and sugar and are most susceptible for the formation of AGEs. In addition, AGEs in food are highly desirable due to their profound effect on shelf life, sterility, flavour, colour, and thus food consumption. Hence, a substantial portion of AGEs are derived from exogenous sources, particularly food. These exogenous AGEs are potential risk factors for insulin resistance and the development of T2DM. We recently found that dietary AGEs represent a significant source of circulating AGEs, and have similar pathogenic properties compared to their endogenous counterparts including the development of insulin resistance and T2DM. Taken together, dietary AGEs are proposed to play a pivotal role in the development and progression of T2DM and its complications. Reduction of dietary intake of AGEs may therefore be an alternative strategy to reduce the risk of vascular disease and insulin resistance. We therefore hypothesize that dietary restriction of AGEs in overweight individuals improves insulin sensitivity, β-cell function, and vascular function.
This study is designed to evaluate whether epigenetic markers in overweight men with type 1 or type 2 diabetes can be improved with a 3 month lifestyle intervention program.
This study will look at the change in body weight in people taking NNC0174-0833, liraglutide and "dummy" medicine, from the start to the end of the study. As well as taking the medicine, participants will have talks with study staff about healthy food choices, how to be more physically active and what participants can do to lose weight. Participants will either take NNC0174-0833, liraglutide or "dummy" medicine - which treatment participants get is decided by chance. Participants will need to take one injection once a week or once a day, depending on the treatment. The study medicine is injected with a thin needle in a skin fold in the stomach, thigh or upper arm. The study will last for about 8 months. Participants will have 12 clinic visits with the study doctor.
The aim of the present study is to investigate effects of 12 weeks time-restricted eating on behaviour and metabolism in individuals with overweight or obesity at high risk of type 2 diabetes.
Aim of the study is to investigate the effect of a 12-week supplementation of Santa Herba Extract on body weight in overweight and obese subjects. Additionally appetite related marker as well as marker of white adipose tissue browning will be evaluated.