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Resistant starch (RS) is a type of fiber that has unique digestive properties that can impact overall health including glucose homeostasis and satiety. RS found in potatoes can be increased by using certain cooking methods and serving temperatures. The purpose of this trial will compare the acute glycemic and satiety responses after consuming potatoes differing in RS content that are 1) baked then chilled or 2) boiled and consumed hot in overweight females on two separate occasions.
100 overweight reproductive vitamin D deficient women were divided into two groups; vitamin D (n = 50) and placebo (n = 50). Vitamin D group received treatment dose of 50,000 IU of vitamin D3 per week for 2 consecutive months and placebo group received placebo tablets similar in size, shape and color to vitamin D3 for 2 months also. Total homocysteine concentrations were measured before intervention (basal), on 30 days (one month) and on 60 days (2 months) of intervention. Changes in means of homocysteine concentrations for placebo and vitamin D group over time showed significant difference on 30 and 60 days of intervention. Mean comparisons of homocysteine concentrations and standard error of the means before and after intervention showed statistical significant decrease in homocysteine concentrations among vitamin D group.
The aim of the present study is to assess the prevalence of overweight and obesity in 6 to 12 year old children in Switzerland. This data will be used to investigate trends in the development of overweight and obesity in Switzerland. In addition, a questionnaire will be used to assess data on physical activity, nutrition, health and socioeconomic background and waist circumference as well as skin fold thicknesses will be measured.
This study looks at a new study medicine for weight management in people with overweight or obesity. The aim of this study is to find out how safe and tolerable the study medicine is. The study also looks at how the study medicine behaves in the body and how it is removed from the body. Participants will either get NNC9204-1177 (the new study medicine) or placebo (a formula that looks like the study medicine but does not have active ingredients). Which treatment participants get will be decided by chance. NNC9204-1177 has not been approved by the United States Food and Drug Administration. Its use in this study is experimental. Participants will get 1 or more injections into the skin of the stomach area once each week for 12 weeks. The study will last for about 5 months. Participants will have 19 clinic visits with the study doctor. At certain times during the study, participants will have blood draws and 3 different kinds of electrocardiograms. Participants will answer mental health questionnaires. Women: Women cannot take part if pregnant, breast-feeding or plan to become pregnant during the study period.
The investigators would like to determine whether ultrasound features of the ovaries can be used to reliably diagnose different types of anovulatory disorders in women across all body types. The study will also try to establish whether ultrasound features of the ovary can reflect the degree of reproductive and metabolic problems that a woman with irregular or absent periods might be experiencing.
The main purpose of this study is to compare the impact of aerobic interval training intensity on exercise adherence and changes in cardiorespiratory fitness, cardiometabolic risk profile, body composition, inflammatory markers and subjective health outcomes after a 12-week intervention trial in overweight individuals at increased cardiometabolic risk.
The main purpose of this study is to compare the effects of whole-body electromyostimulation versus a conventional low-volume strength-training program, each combined with an individualized, weight-reducing diet, on the cardiometabolic risk profile, muscle strength, body composition, inflammatory markers and subjective health outcomes in overweight individuals at increased cardiometabolic risk.
High-intensity interval training (HIIT) is currently considered one of the most effective strategies to improved cardiorespiratory fitness, which is recognized as a protective factor for cardiovascular diseases and metabolic diseases such as overweight and obesity. However, current evidence is still limited and requires clarity (frequency, time per session and intensity) regarding to greater increases attributed to HIIT. The aim of this study is to compare the effect of a low-volume high-intensity interval training versus a moderate-intensity continuous exercise on maximal oxygen consumption in overweight women 18 to 44 years old.
This study is a randomized, adaptive, parallel arm study. The treatment group will receive the Elira wearable patch system and provided instructions for use and advised to follow a 1200 calorie diet. The control group will be asked to follow a 12 calorie diet only. Each group will be followed for 12 weeks. Total body weight loss will be measured as well as appetite changes. Safety data will be collected throughout the study period. Safety and effectiveness will be determined based on differences between the groups.
This is a study about how the price of foods affects buying choices at the grocery store. The price of foods can have a big impact on what people choose to buy and prices change over time. This study is being done to see how changes in food prices affect what mothers choose for their families.