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This study evaluates the implementation of the BOKS program in three schools (K-8) in Revere, MA, and its effect on participating students with regard to BMI, cognitive, and quality of life outcomes. BOKS (Build Our Kids' Success) is a before-school physical activity program that has been implemented in over 2,000 elementary and middle schools. Two sessions will be held (Spring 2018 and Winter 2018. This is a cohort study evaluating the impact of program participation on child BMI, quality of life, and executive function.
We evaluated the effects of Time-Restricted Feeding (TRF) regimen on impaired fasting glucose in comparison with overweight/obese patients receiving standard of care over 12 months.
Obesity interventions in early childhood are recommended as they have been proven to be more effective than interventions later in life. The overall aim of this study is to assess the effectiveness, feasibility, and acceptance of an overweight and obesity intervention in socially disadvantaged families. Participants will be families with children aged 2-6 years (n = 300) with overweight or obesity and will be recruited from three sites: Stockholm, Sweden (n = 100); Timisoara, Romania (n = 100); and Mallorca, Spain (n = 100).
The aim of this study is to investigate whether and how 'MyPlan 2.0' helps older adults to be more physically active or less sedentary. Two groups will be created, an intervention group and a waiting-list control group.
The objectives of this trial are to assess the effects of interactions between genetic factors and diet with various macronutrient intake on the metabolic disorders, obesity and type 2 diabetes risk, prevention, development and progress.
The aims of the present study is to examine whether Time-Restricted Feeding (TRF) is a safe and effective regimen to improve insulin resistance and decrease body weight in overweight/obese Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) patients over 16 weeks compared to reduced energy restriction.
The aim of this study is to look at how the study medicine behaves in the participant's body and how it is removed from the participant's body. The study compares Japanese and Caucasian people who are normal weight, overweight or with obesity. The participants will either get NNC0174-0833 (a potential new medicine) or placebo (a "dummy" medicine similar to the study medicine but without active ingredients) - which treatment any participant gets is decided by chance. Participants will get 1 injection by a study nurse at the clinic. The injection will be with a needle in a skin fold in the participant's stomach area. The study will last for about 4 months, but duration of participation for any participant will last up to about 2 months. The participants will have 8 clinic visits with the study staff.
Obesity is associated with a variety of comorbidities, amongst which non-alcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). A recent meta-analysis has shown that the prevalence of NAFLD in obese pediatric populations is around 35%, compared to approximately 8% in general pediatric populations, making it a very important health threat in these populations. The golden standard for diagnosis of NAFLD is liver biopsy. However, since liver biopsy is associated with a certain risk of morbidity and mortality, this method is inappropriate for screening large populations at-risk for developing NAFLD. Magnetic resonance spectroscopy has demonstrated excellent correlation with liver biopsy and the is the most accuratete non-invasive method to measure liver fat content in children. However, MRS is expensive and not available in all centres. A novel ultrasonographic measurement to quantitatively assess liver steatosis is the hepatorenal index (HRI). Previous studies have shown high sensitivity and specificity of the HRI, as compared to MRS and liver biopsy. However, this measurement has never been validated in children. In this study, the HRI will be compared to MRS in children with obesity, to validate the HRI and to determine cut-off points.
This study aims to perform an open-series pilot trial to examine the efficacy of cognitive-behavioral therapy delivered in a guided self-help format (CBTgsh) with added content related to physical activity (PA), for the treatment of binge-eating disorder (BED), operationalized as BED full diagnostic criteria or BED with the full criteria except for the binge episode size criterion.
This is a Phase 1, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled multiple-ascending dose (MAD) study designed to evaluate the safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics (PK) of PHP-303 in otherwise healthy overweight or obese volunteer subjects. Within each ascending dose cohort, subjects will be randomized in a 4:1 ratio to receive PHP-303 or placebo. The primary objective is to establish the safety and tolerability and maximum tolerated dose (MTD) of orally-administered PHP-303.