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Once written consent is obtained, the participant will be provided with an accelerometer to be worn for 7 days to assess current physical activity levels. Subjects will be provided with a standardized diet (55/15/30% CHO/PRO/FAT) prior to collection of pre-intervention data of insulin sensitivity. Individuals will then participate in an 8-week electrical stimulation intervention (30min/day, 3x/week) and randomized into placebo/control, NMES, resistance training combined with NMES (RT +NMES), or resistance training (RT) group (n=15 per group), followed by collection of post-intervention data. The control group will receive electrical stimulation up to sensory level, the NMES group will receive stimulation up to tolerable intensity to induce visible muscle contraction, the RT+ NMES will receive stimulation up to tolerable intensity during resistance training, and the RT group will only receive exercise training. Pre-and post-intervention data includes measurements for body composition, resting metabolic rate, VO2max, insulin sensitivity, and comprehensive blood work.
This study is designed to compare two types of snacks (almonds or a cereal-based snack), eaten between meals, on measures of appetite, including appetitive hormones, self-reported feelings of hunger and fullness, and food intake at a buffet meal or in the home environment. The investigators hypothesize that the acute responses of appetitive hormones to a meal challenge protocol will differ between almond and cereal-based snacks based on multivariate models of satiety that will be predictive of ad libitum food intake at a dinner meal as part of the meal challenge protocol. Further, the investigators will estimate if, under free-living conditions, self-selected and self-reported food intake will show appropriate energy compensation for the added calories of the snacks, and determine if one type of snack is superior to the other in this regard.
In 2014 the Danish Government introduced a wide-ranging school reform that applies to all public schools in Denmark. In a physical activity promotion perspective, a distinctive feature of the school reform is that it has become mandatory to integrate an average of 45 minutes of daily physical activity in the regular school day. The overarching objective of the PHASAR study is to evaluate the implementation of this ambitious policy-driven physical activity promotion initiative and its potential effect on physical activity and overweight. The PHASAR study provides a rare opportunity to evaluate the effectiveness of a nation-wide policy-driven school-based physical activity promotion initiative.
This study evaluates the efficacy of a multidisciplinary intervention (diet, exercise, motivational support and homeopathy or placebo) for overweight and obesity in Mexican adolescents. Half of study participants will receive the multidisciplinary intervention plus Calcarea carbonica ostrearum, a homeopathic medicine, while the other half will receive the same multidisciplinary intervention plus placebo.
The purpose is to establish feasibility of delivering an individually-tailored, behavioral intervention to manage gestational weight gain [GWG] that adapts to the unique needs and challenges of overweight/obese pregnant women [OW/OBPW] and will utilize control systems engineering to optimize this intervention; in other words, make this intervention manage GWG in OW/OBPW as effectively and efficiently as possible.
The proposed study will evaluate the efficacy of a family-based obesity prevention intervention in increasing physical activity and improving the quality of dietary intake among Hispanic Youth. Additional primary outcomes that will be examined include drug use and sexual risk behaviors. Secondary outcomes include examining the effects of family functioning and BMI. The knowledge expected to be gained in this study will have strong implications for prevention as well as contribute to the reduction of obesity-related health disparities seen in Hispanic youth.
Postmenopausal women, as men, are more prone to central or android obesity than premenopausal women. Recently, some studies have shown that obesity is associated with gut microbiota dysbiosis and gut microbiota could be responsible of fat mass accumulation. Moreover, abdominal fat mass accumulation is associated with an increase of cardiovascular disease risks. Recent studies suggest that physical activity may positively alter gut microbiota composition. Accumulating evidence suggests that high intensity interval training (HIIT) is an effective strategy for reducing body fat of overweight individuals, especially at the abdominal level. Resistance Training (RT) is associated with increased muscle mass and strength gain in main muscle groups. Thus, RT is also an interesting modality to fight against deconditioning and autonomy loss with age. The aim of the study was to observed the effects of a 12-week high intensity interval training (HIIT) combined with resistance training (RT) program on gut microbiota and body composition changes in postmenopausal women. It is hypothesized that HIIT +RT will improve gut microbiota and body composition (including whole body and (intra)-abdominal fat mass) in a concomitant and parallel way.
The investigators aim to determine the association of dietary intake on cardiovascular disease risk factors among children with overweight and obesity who are being evaluated for elevated blood pressure. The investigators will also investigate for predictors of vascular function and determine if predictors vary by level of sodium intake.
A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multi-center, parallel group study on overweight and obese individuals following healthy lifestyle consisting of calorie-reduced diet (20% calorie restriction) and increase in daily activity (1000 steps more per day)
This project will develop and test an online health promotion program that augments diet and physical activity behavior change methods using acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT). ACT is an evidence-based cognitive behavioral therapy found to be effective in over 200 randomized controlled trials (RCTs) in improving a wide range of psychological and behavioral health problems. Recently, several clinical trials have found ACT enhances diet and exercise behavior as well as long term weight management. These studies have focused on testing ACT provided by experts in face-to-face interventions, which limits broad dissemination. Delivering an ACT health promotion program online could potentially provide a low-cost resource to improve health across Utah. The specific aims are to: 1. Develop a canvas-based online course (ACT on Health) that teaches how to improve diet and physical activity as well as ACT-based skills to enhance behavior change efforts. 2. Evaluate ACT on Health relative to a waitlist in a RCT with 60 overweight/obese adults on outcomes including self-reported physical activity, diet, and quality of life. If successful, this project will both provide an ongoing canvas extension course delivered throughout Utah to improve health behaviors. This project seeks to develop and test an online, self-guided ACT program (ACT on Health) to improve diet and physical activity. ACT on Health will include 8 weekly modules teaching effective health behavior change methods coupled with ACT strategies to reduce maladaptive motivators and enhance adaptive motivators for change. The investigators will evaluate the program in a RCT relative to a waitlist condition with 60 overweight/obese adults recruited through Extension in 7 Utah counties. The program will be offered through the USU Extension Canvas platform to ensure, if effective, that the program could continue to be offered across Utah. The two hypotheses for this study are as follows: 1. Participants will report a high degree of satisfaction and will demonstrate adequate engagement in the ACT on Health program. 2. Participants assigned to ACT on Health will improve more on self-reported diet, physical activity, and quality of life relative to the waitlist condition.