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This is a study of the BinaxNOW Covid-19 Ag Card as a method to rapidly identify SARS-CoV-2 infection in asymptomatic children, teachers, and other school staff for exclusion. 240 students and 80 teachers in the Madison Metropolitan School District (MMSD) will be enrolled and can expect to be on study for up to 8 weeks.
retrospective cohort (non-experimental study) of COVID 19 patients assisted in hospitalization (severe and critical) between 2020 and 2021
There is an urgent need to identify effective treatments for SARS-CoV-2 infection that helps people recover quicker and reduces the need for hospital admission. The investigators develop an open, adaptive, platform trial to evaluate treatments, Fluvoxamine, Bromhexine, Cyproheptadine, and Niclosamide suitable for use in the community for treating COVID-like-illness that might help people recover sooner and prevent hospitalisation.
SARS-CoV-2 is a highly transmissible and pathogenic coronavirus that emerged in late 2019 and has caused a pandemic of acute respiratory disease, collectively called coronavirus disease-19 (COVID-19). SARS-CoV-2 has a high transmission rate, and severe cases of COVID-19 require admission to hospital intensive care units with the need for mechanical ventilation and associated high mortality. Currently cases continue to rise in many countries as the 'second and third waves' of SARS-CoV-2 infection evolve. The authorized vaccines and most vaccines in development are focused on the major antigenic target of the virus, the SARS-CoV-2 spike (S) protein. Authorization was granted in Brazil by ANVISA for the Fiocruz/Oxford-AstraZeneca ChAdOx1-S COVID-19 vaccine as a 2-dose homologous vaccination regimen, 28- to 84-days apart. Emergency Use Authorization (EUA) was also granted for Sinovac Biotech's CoronaVac vaccine as a 2-dose homologous vaccination regimen, 28 days apart. Further vaccines, using different platforms are approved or expected to be approved for use against SARS-CoV-2. Most of the vaccines are expected to be authorized as 2-dose, homologous vaccination series. SCB-2019 is Clover's adjuvanted recombinant SARS-CoV-2 trimeric S-protein subunit vaccine. The SCB-2019 antigen includes SARS-CoV-2 S protein as a trimer fused to Trimer-Tag and is produced in Chinese hamster ovary cells (CHO). SCB-2019 preserves the native trimeric structure of S-protein in the prefusion form and induces neutralizing antibodies to SARS-CoV-2. Trimer-Tag is derived from the fully-human C-propeptide domain of pro-collagen and is capable of self-trimerization, thus fusing any biologically-active proteins in-frame with Trimer-Tag. The resulting fusion proteins expressed in mammalian cells are secreted as disulfide bond-linked homotrimers. The immunogenicity and safety of different dose levels (3, 9, and 30 μg) SCB-2019 vaccine, administered as 2-dose regimen 21-days apart was assessed in a phase 1 clinical study. All dose levels were well-tolerated and induced neutralizing antibodies against S protein of the SARS-CoV-2 virus. Based on the results of that study, Clover selected 30 μg of SCB-2019 in combination with the CpG 1018/alum adjuvant system for further evaluation in the phase 2/3 clinical program as having the most favorable benefit/risk profile. The pivotal study (CLO-SCB-2019-003) included approximately 30,000 healthy participants and individuals with stable pre-existing chronic medical conditions, is being conducted in multiple countries, including in Brazil. The primary purpose of that study (CLO-SCB-2019-003) is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of SCB-2019 in the prevention of COVID-19. The study showed efficacy. Heterologous boost vaccinations using different platforms may elicit immune responses of greater magnitude and breadth than can be achieved by priming or boosting with the same vaccine (He et al, 2021, Spencer et al., 2021). Also, given the anticipated challenges of vaccinating large proportions of the population, especially with respect to supply, out-of-stock situations, and potential misadministration, it is important for policy makers to have data on flexible vaccination schedules, where the third dose might be different from the priming platform. Protein-based adjuvanted vaccines have the advantage of being from a known and licensed technology that can produce high quantities of vaccine. Protein-based adjuvanted vaccines have also been shown to be highly immunogenic, both in the context of COVID-19 (Keech 2020; Richmond 2021) and other licensed vaccines (Skwarczynski 2016). The purpose of this study is to compare the immunogenicity and safety of heterologous and homologous booster schedules in individuals who received ChAdOx1-S or CoronaVac vaccination previously. The study will be performed in 2 stages - Stage 1 will serve to down-select one of the SCB-2019 formulations for boosting. Stage 2 will compare homologous and heterologous booster regimens in individuals who have received a 2-dose primary vaccination series of either ChadOx1-S or of CoronaVac.
The overall project aim is to study outcomes after COVID-19 and influenza hospitalisation from 2016 - 2021 by retrieving data from the main social security carriers in Austria for the years 2010-2018
The purpose of the study is to examine whether a simple mindfulness intervention conducted via a virtual platform can reduce stress among pregnant women.
The COVID-19 pandemic is the biggest medical challenge in decades. Individuals with pre-existing cardiovascular diseases have a higher risk of severe disease and death from COVID-19. The SARS-CoV-2 virus causes infection by targeting a molecule on the walls of the cells lining the lungs and the blood vessels leading to injury. There are concerns that after recovery from COVID-19, the damage sustained by these cells may have long-term consequences including high blood pressure, stroke and heart attacks. The burden of high blood pressure as a result of the pandemic is unknown and a greater understanding of COVID-19 impact on blood pressure and its underlying mechanisms is urgently needed. LOCHINVAR is based on our pilot study "COVID-19 blood pressure endothelium interaction study" (OBELIX,NCT04409847, IRAS 284453), which found that patients with normal blood pressure at the time of hospital admission with COVID-19 showed a nine-point higher blood pressure ≥12 weeks after recovery, compared to a group without COVID-19. LOCHINVAR will extend the OBELIX study aiming to establish if COVID-19 increases the risk of developing high blood pressure and investigating underlying mechanisms through detailed measurements of blood pressure, blood vessel function, hormones and chemicals in the blood, urine and stool. We will invite 150 adults without pre-existing high blood pressure who were discharged from hospital after an admission: half with COVID-19 and half without. Baseline visit will be ≥12 weeks after discharge for measurements of blood pressure, tests of heart and blood vessel health, blood, urine and stool samples along with questionnaires on mood and quality of life. Two further study visits follow, at 12 and 18 months. This study will generate crucial evidence on the long-term impact of COVID-19 on blood pressure along with information on potential mechanisms of this effect with immediate, transferable impact on clinical practice and inform risk mitigation measures.
The level of neutralizing antibody was detected by using the constructed pseudovirus covid-19 variant at baseline , 1 month , 6 months and 12 months after primary vaccination, within 15 days after booster immunization at 12 months . and the ability of IgG subclasses to neutralize and cross immunization of variant strains was analyzed.
vaccines for covid-19 are gold strategy and great achievement at this century for protection against complications of covid-19 , development of many vaccines with different technology represent a big challenge for this disease so the world live bad days and the vaccines save world to see the light once again , mRNA based vaccines have a new technology which designed before for cancer therapy, this technology is very effective , producible and fast for future disease targets but these vaccine must contain excipients for preservation of this technology mRNA so we now study these side effects of excipients and we suspect that polyethylene glycol as excipients have big role at hypoglycemic effects with antidiabetic medications like metformin and insulin especially at children and older age
This study aims to assess the clinical presentation, radiological patterns and outcome of COVID-19 infection in patients with chronic pulmonary disease. Inter-relationship between the severity of COVID-19 infection and chronic pulmonary diseases.