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Long COVID Syndrome (LCOV) or (Long COVID) is defined as 'signs and symptoms that develop during or following an infection consistent with COVID-19, continue for more than 12 weeks and are not explained by an alternative diagnosis'. 1 in 10 infected individuals may suffer persistent symptoms, and we are facing an emerging problem that will severely affect individuals, health care systems and society for years to come. We explore hyperbaric oxygen administered in a randomized placebo-controlled clinical trial as a potential treatment for patients suffering from Long COVID. The overall hypothesis to be evaluated is that hyperbaric oxygen (HBO2) alleviates symptoms associated with Long COVID.
Study of safety, efficacy and pharmacokinetics, dose selection
The SARS-CoV2 pandemic has kept the world in suspense for over a year now. Almost 100 million people around the world have contracted COVID-19 to date and over 2 million people have died of COVID-19 by the end of January 2021. Despite the tragedy of these deaths, it must be pointed out at this point that the number of COVID-19 survivors is significantly larger. These COVID-19 survivors are now the focus of interest in rehabilitation measures, as it has been shown that survival of the disease does not go hand in hand with a complete cure. Thirty-five percent of all COVID-19 survivors and 87% of the COVID-19 survivors who were hospitalized in the course of their illness suffer from after-effects that are currently summarized as post-COVID fatigue syndrome also known as "Long-COVID". As health care workers are at higher risk of contracting SARS CoV2 and furthermore, considering their central role in the overcoming of this pandemic, a COVID-19 rehabilitation program for healthcare workers of the Medical University of Vienna, Austria as well as the General Hospital of Vienna, Austria - together the second-largest university-clinic in the world - was developed as part of workplace health promotion. Nowadays, the fatigue syndrome is primarily known as a side effect of cancer treatment and thus from the rehabilitation of cancer patients. Cancer-related fatigue is a massive limiting side effect for patients and the currently most effective treatment strategy against cancer-associated fatigue syndrome is physical training. The idea for this current project is, that physical exercise might have similar effects on post-SARS-CoV2 fatigue as it has on cancer-related fatigue. The current study evaluates the effects of this primarily exercise-based rehabilitation program on Long-COVID fatigue.
This study is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled I/II clinical trial, in order to evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of Recombinant Novel Coronavirus Vaccine (Adenovirus Type 5 Vector) for Inhalation in adults 18 years of Age and Older.
This is a Phase 2 randomized study to evaluate the safety and efficacy of IV Ampion in improving the clinical course and outcomes of adult COVID-19 patients requiring supplemental oxygen.
Individuals susceptible to SARS-CoV-2 and the illness it causes (COVID-19) are comprised of heterogeneous populations with a large risk spectrum for more severe disease. Pre-existing risk factors for a more severe course include respiratory and cardiovascular disease, morbid obesity, diabetes, underlying kidney or liver disease, and immunocompromised status. Whether children and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) or juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) receiving immunomodulating biologic and other therapies which are known to increase risk of viral infection are at increased risk of complications from COVID-19 or post-infectious co-morbidities, including the recently described multi inflammatory syndrome (MISC), is entirely unclear. This research focuses on the heretofore uncharacterized immune response to SARS-CoV-2 infection in children and young adults with IBD or JIA who are receiving maintenance immunosuppressive biologic therapies. Given the large Connecticut based infusion program, in a region of the United States with a recent large outbreak of COVID-19, the investigators have a unique opportunity to address a glaring knowledge gap in this unique pediatric, adolescent, and young adult population. The investigators will longitudinally determine antibody development and durability to SARS-CoV-2 in approximately 450-500 children and young adults with IBD or JIA receiving biologic therapy over a two year period using a highly sensitive and specific quantitative assay utilizing novel technology. This period will include a return to school or work for many with likely resurgent infections, as well as the possible introduction of anti-SARS CoV-2 vaccines. The specific aim is to study the acute and convalescent antibody responses to SARS-CoV-2 infection in a cohort of children and young adults receiving infusions of biologic therapies for IBD and JIA.
This study is an investigation of preoperative asymptomatic COVID screening nationwide. The hypothesis is that because these tests are performed without reference to pretest probability of COVID-19 disease, unlike tests based on symptoms or close contact with infected individuals, they may represent a more unbiased sample of the local population prevalence of asymptomatic COVID disease burden.
The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of dexamethasone in hospitalized adults with COVID-19 pneumonia who do not require supplementary oxygen on admission, but have high risk of developing acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). This is a prospective, multicenter, phase 4, parallel-group, randomized and controlled trial that is open-label to investigators, participants and clinical outcome assessors. Eligible participants include adults (age 18 years or older), diagnosed with SARS-CoV-2 infection, evidence of infiltrates on chest radiography or computerized tomography, peripheral capillary oxygen saturation ≥94% and 22 breaths per minute breathing room air, and high risk of developing ARDS defined by a lactate dehydrogenase higher than 245 U/L, C-Reactive Protein higher than 100 mg/L, and absolute lymphocytes lower than 800 cells/µL. Eligible participants will meet two of the three before analytical criteria associated with severe COVID-19. Patients will provide written informed consent. Exclusion criteria include patients with a history of allergy to dexamethasone, pregnant or lactating women, oral or inhaled corticosteroids treatment within 15 days before randomization, immunosuppressive agent or cytotoxic drug therapy within 30 days before randomization, neutropenia <1000 cells/µL, human immunodeficiency virus infection with CD4 cell counts <500 cells within 90 days after randomization, dementia, chronic liver disease defined by ALT or AST ≥5 times the upper limit of normal, chronic kidney injury defined by a glomerular filtration rate ≤30 ml/min, hemodialysis or peritoneal dialysis, uncontrolled infection, and patients who are already enrolled in another clinical trial. Study participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive dexamethasone base 6 mg once daily for seven days or standard of care. The primary endpoint is to prevent of development of moderate ARDS. Based on the Berlin criteria, moderate ARDS is defined by a PaO2/FiO2 ratio >100 mmHg and ≤200 mmHg. Study participants will be randomized in a 1:1 ratio to receive dexamethasone versus standard of care using a randomization platform. Included participants will be hospitalized at the time of randomization. The study will be undertaken at Infanta Leonor-Virgen de la Torre University Hospital, Enfermera Isabel Zendal Emergency Hospital, and Infanta Cristina Hospital, Madrid, Spain.
COVID-19 infection has been widely spread since December 2019 and causing many comorbidities and fatalities. The most common clinical presentation of COVID-19 patients admitted to ICUs is respiratory failure , hypoxia and acute lung injury. While new therapies and vaccines are urgently being investigated, they may take an inordinate time to get to right people. Omega-3-oil has been shown to have less proinflammatory mediators that may have immunomodulating, anti-inflammatory and antiviral effect. Two main fatty acids in omega-3-oil including eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid have shown benefit in patients with ARDS as well. So, the investigators proposed a randomized controlled study to evaluate the effectiveness of omega-3-oil supplementation 2 gm PO/NGT/OGT twice daily for 28 days or till discharge or till death in COVID-19 critically ill patients admitted to ICU who require oxygen support.
This retrospective cohort study aims to evaluate the effect of proton pump inhibitor (PPI) or histamine-2 receptor antagonist (H2RA) on the clinical outcomes and positivity rates of Coronavirus Disease-19 (COVID-19).